Countries such as Pakistan who showed a small liking for Afghanistan backed off and let America use its airfields after this declaration of war against terror even Russia who weren't great freinds of America were letting the americans use a big airbase near afghanistgan.Thus beggan the war on terror after NATO allowed that some action must be taken against Afghanistan and the Alquieda.After the bombings of Sept 11th America had the worlds support in the fact that Afghanistan needed to be taught a lesson.The Hijakers were working for al quieda a fanatical religious group who controlled Afghanistan ( ring any bells ).After the soviet troops retreated the Americans left Al quieda to run Afghanistan.
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Afghanistan the other of the two major wars in the war on terror is similar to Iraq in that the war is seemingly unwinnable with a never ending supply of terrorists to join the Taliban and fight the “imperial invaders”.While many question the morality of using drone strikes due to civilian casualties, it is undeniable that to have a similar effect in removing Al Qaeda without the use of drones would have caused many more casualties and stretched the US forces by committing to another war In conclusion many aspects of the war on terror have been instrumental in destroying the western reputation in the Middle East hindering its future ability to combat terrorism.Because Afghanistan is a legitimate war with widespread international support ...
1759 words (4.4 pages)
The members of the Taliban were one of the mujahidin (‘holy warriors’ or ‘freedom fighters’) groups that formed during the War against the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, led by a man by the name of Mullah Muhammad Omar.So through the affects it has had on Afghanistan and the entire world it is made clearly apparent that Terrorism must be stopped altogether.For the people of Afghanistan, this is the only life that they know and it has led to the attitude of violence and thus terrorism being normal and justified.As a result of Terrorism within Afghanistan, it has become a violent and war-torn country, with constant struggles and fighting between the Taliban and American troops.Terrorism has been affecting Afghanistan and the World for c...
3985 words (10.0 pages)
Therefore it was not just a war between North and South Vietnam but a proxy war between the Soviet Union and America.However America should not have been so quick to invade Afghanistan.As the Cold war can be describes as a war of ideas, so can the war on terror be describes as a war of ideas and values.America was wounded deeply on 9/11 which lead the nation to fight on open ended war against terrorism and to invade Afghanistan.The cold war marked the struggle between America and the USSR after the Second World War.
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In this assignment my aim is to give account on the meaning of terrorism, background of terrorism the 9/11 tragedy and its repercussions, Pakistan become an ally of the US in the war against terrorism.In the war against terrorism, province of KPK suffered the most as having border with Afghanistan.Pakistan Ulema Council echoed the Taliban’s call for a holy war against the United States and its allies if they attacked Afghanistan.Soon after the war US abandoned her activities in Afghanistan and Pakistan.Pakistan put its army on alert ahead of a possible US attack on neighbouring Afghanistan over last week’s terror attacks.
4570 words (11.4 pages)
Duffy, H 2005, The War on Terror and the Framework of International law, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.The main reason why the U.S waged war on Afghanistan in 2001 was because of the 9/11 attack that led to the demise of many Americans.The use of force against Afghanistan by the United States in 20001 was just under the just war theory.It was necessary to use any means possible to stop them and destroy their network in Afghanistan.However, the war was inevitable because the terror group had infiltrated the leadership of Taliban and posed great threats to American security (Duffy 2005).
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The American media, not surprisingly, acclaimed the US for its attack on Afghanistan and cleverly described the war as a measure to eliminate terrorism.WAR ON THE ENEMY: SELF-DEFENCE AND STATE-SPONSORED TERRORISM.The US military action against Afghanistan, in response to the September 11 attacks was welcomed in the US.According to Vice-Admiral Mike McConnell, US national intelligence director, troops from the US and its allies are facing great difficulty in Afghanistan, while maintaining order there (Lorimer, 2008).Afghanistan: US spy chief admits war going badly .
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Thus, it allowed USA its logistical support and military bases for war in Afghanistan.Later on after the defeat of Soviet Union, Afghanistan was left on the mercies of war lords which led to the development of mujahidins later forming into an alliance.Ever since Pakistan joined hands with America on war on terrorism, it has plunged into a dilemma.After the US invasion in Afghanistan, there was an influx of Afghan refugees in Pakistan on a large scale.Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and NWFP are considered to be a safe haven for the terrorist elements, with its roots in Afghanistan and Iraq.
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With a continual NATO presence, smaller countries are able to play a role in the Afghanistan war and a stable multinational headquarters is always present.In Afghanistan, NATO must be a more cooperative unified bloc if it wants to be successful in reconstructing the country.In addition, a main inhibitor of the progress made in Afghanistan has been the limit of each country’s involvement.NATO’s mission in Afghanistan has brought to the surface several tensions between fellow members.In Afghanistan, beginning in 2001 and continuing still, NATO has been determined to wipe out terrorism and to establish a stable government even though Afghanistan has never been a particularly stable nation.
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Given the above-mentioned arguments concerning the scope of application of the law of war to “war on terror”, it is reasonable to argue that neither Taliban nor al Qaeda reserve the right to be treated as legitimate subjects within the legal framework of International law and particularly jus in bello.2 Kenneth Roth, The Law of War in the War on Terror.If the “war against terror” both theoretically and in practice is nothing to do with the laws of war, how it could be classified then?Wilson., International Law and the War on Terror , International Law Studies, 2003, (see: Adam Roberts, The Laws of War in the War on Terror) Vol.Is “the war against terrorism” really a war?
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“War On Terror” Has INCREASED Terrorism.” Washingtons Blog.The War Against Terrorism gave many Afghanis and Iraqis more reasons to r... ."Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction."The flaw in initiating a War on Terrorism is that terrorism is not a tangible substance that can be precisely targeted.Through his declaration, Bush waged war against Afghanistan and Iraq, asserting that these nations threatened American security.
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After the war, the U.S.A left the region in distress and civil war started in Afghanistan.So similar to this happened in Afghanistan and tribal areas of Pakistan.After 9/11 incident, Pakistan supported the war on terror in Afghanistan.Pakistan has sacrificed the most in the ongoing war on terror; criticizing Pakistan’s efforts at national/international forum will be counter-productive to the overall objectives of war on terror.The whole episode of Al-Qaeda taking refuge in Afghanistan and 9/11 attack gave rise to a new fear.
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To sum up, it is obvious that talibanization in Afghanistan and in tribal areas of Pakistan appears to be enduring and threaten the territorial integrity of the Pakistani state.Since the late 1970s Afghanistan has suffered brutal civil war in addition to foreign interventions in the form of the 1979 Soviet invasion and the 2001 U.S. invasion.Strategically it had been noted that Afghanistan and Pakistan are two nations which have the most strategic impact on the current anti terror war.When we see Pakistan’s security dilemma, it is necessary to analyze the Afghanistan complex situation, the resistance movement, afghan civil war, afghan refugee problem, Talibanization, and then evaluate the security situation.The coalition between Pakistan...
2938 words (7.3 pages)
This multilateral influence in Afghanistan is an implicit erosion of its sovereignty because its regional partners will be stakeholders in Afghanistan’s domestic politics as well.Afghanistan has grossly suffered because of terrorism.Afghanistan is cognizant of Pakitsan’s ulterior motive to control it therefore it is forging greater ties with other neighboring states in Central Asia but most importantly with India.The world today is indeed at cross-roads that requires a concerted effort by the world leadership to disrupt, dismantle and defeat the terrorist network emanated from the badlands between Pakistan and Afghanistan.Terrorism has also hampered efforts to introduce the real essence of democracy in Afghanistan.
2048 words (5.1 pages)
A famous American actor and activist, Woody Harrelson, in response to the bodies falling in the "war against terrorism" said, . "The war against terrorism is terrorism".At Camp David George W. Bush in his speech said "This crusade – this war on terrorism – is going to take a while, ... " and that was the beginning of the frequent use of the term to legitimize and justify the actions taking place that had larger and hidden agendas.Day in and day out facing the music of the "war against terrorism", the term, again, imposed on the people of Pakistan who live the "term" as their reality, disinterested in the background an origin of the term.The western contrived term was first used by used by the American President, George W. Bush, during te...
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Therefore, the logical consequence is that the Afghanistan became one of the most influential origin of unprocessed substance for the manufacture and trade of illegal drugs.The story of Jihad revolves on the author’s participation in the conflict between the Afghanistan and Union Soviet during 1980’s.The Secret War in Afghanistan, 2000 .In relation to the preceding paragraph, others would also be reminded of the September 11 bombing of the World Trade Center by the terrorist group that prompted the unification of countries on War against Terrorism.In the end, one cannot help to think how did Carew manage to carry out such expedition by neglecting his responsibility as a secret air service, without questioning his possible accountabilit...
1329 words (3.3 pages)
Afghanistan has been traditional wealthy with natural resources, including oil and gas.The United States of America has always pursued political goals in Afghanistan.The main justification of this military conflict was the war with terrorism, started by the United States of America after well-known terrorist attacks of 2001.War with terrorism was only a legal justification of such decision (Chossudovsky).The government of Afghanistan was accused of being loyal to terrorists.
507 words (1.3 pages)
Also, it is quite certain that it could reach the same result even if the U.S. intervened elsewhere than in Iraq or Afghanistan.Fighting against terrorism represents a war, strategies made in detail, not only large-scale actions such as the counterblast of the U.S and their allies in Afghanistan and Iraq.Since the events on 9/11, the U.S. spent a huge amount of money in order to financially support the war of terror.Now, the countries worldwide were at risk of preemptive war if they were accused for terrorism actions or for financially supporting terrorism.Other people, espacially those who opposed to the Iraq War, deny the fact that a preemptive action could be ever justified.
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War on drugs in afghanistan complicates war on terror.Domestic terrorism is defined by the U.S. Patriot Act as a dangerous action that is intended to intimidate or coerce a “civilian population,” influence government policy by intimidation or affect a government’s actions by “mass destruction, assassination or kidnapping.” Terrorism can be the work of one isolated individual, or a larger network of criminals.Another issue with terrorism and drug trafficking is domestic terrorism .The correlation of drug trafficking and terrorism is called , narco terrorism which is a subset of terrorism in which terrorist groups participate directly in the cultivation, manufacture, transportation, or distribution of controlled substances and the monies d...
1699 words (4.2 pages)
According to Bush JR (2006) in his speech on global war on terror in 2006, says that there are two major goals of military presence in Afghanistan is to arrest terrorists responsible for 9/11 and to promote freedom in country.Nevertheless the major consequences of “war on terror” policy were an intervention to Afghanistan and Iraq.After the US “war on terrorism” policy gives US right to made a terrorist actions against some countries, they start open military warfare in Afghanistan and Iraq not only against Al-Qaeda and Saddam Hussein, but also against common citizens, and it’s similar with Islam fundamentalist’s which achieve their goals by any means.According to Biddle (2005) “war on terror” is closer to “war on strategic bombings” or ...
3002 words (7.5 pages)
...xterminate not just Al-Qaeda, but all groups affiliated with terrorism.Although the assassination of the mastermind of Al-Qaeda marked the conclusion of one conflict against terrorism, terrorism had not been dispelled once and for all.Contrary to popular belief, terrorism has reigned over society for centuries.The concept of terrorism first emerged into European culture during the French Revolution of 1789 when the government in Paris attempted to enforce its new order upon its citizens (Roberts, 2002).On October 7th, 2001, Operation Enduring Freedom, an American-led global effort, began to fight against Taliban regime in Afghanistan and Osama bin Laden 's terrorist network throughout the Middle East (History.com Staff, 2010).
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Whether or not the current 10-year war was actually waged against Osama Bin Laden, Saddam Hussein, Muammar al-Gaddafi, or any other tyrant is truly unknown, and if the September 9/11 attacks were hoaxed and just a coercion for the American people to be tricked into war, who knows.Former President George Bush described al-Qaeda as “a fringe form of Islamic extremism that has been rejected by Muslim scholars and the vast majority of Muslim clerics; a fringe movement that perverts the peaceful teachings of Islam (Holloway, 2008).” This declared War on Terror was against terrorist groups, like al-Qaeda, but many did believe that the Former President had a hidden agenda.At the beginning of the war, the American people being full of patriotism...
928 words (2.3 pages)
So, by Afghanistan and Iraq fighting back, they were only fulfilling the teachings of Koran.Immediately the US president declared war on Afghanistan which was said to harbor the world’s terrorist Osama bin Laden who masterminded the attacks.The war in Afghanistan and Iraq are referred by President Bush as wars against terror.On the other hand, I think America had all the rights to attack Afghanistan.This is because all the evidence was pointing on Afghanistan.
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It was an act of war done on American soil to innocent citizens.The Taliban regime was replaced with a new government.He also asked the support of other countries to fight against terrorism and destroy the leaders that fund terrorist training camps.He also emphasized that the warning was also directed to other countries that would protect these terrorist groups and said “We will take defensive measures against terrorism to protect Americans” and use all their resources to win the war against terror.” 20 September 2001. .
374 words (0.9 pages)
Indeed, America was on a state of war however this decision was not approved by all.This declaration of war was followed by attacks in Afghanistan and Iraq.Furthermore, the domestic cohesion of the country is also being affected as the American citizens especially the ones leaning towards the democratic side were against Bush decision of invading Afghanistan and Iraq.Lastly, the social situation of the country is also affected by this act of terrorism.This kind of dilemma is not only observable in countries under war or chaotic situations but rather it is affecting even developed countries with stable government systems.
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Policy makers need to develop viable proposals that could be used to front an effective war on global terrorism rather than relying on political or ideological rhetoric.To keep winning the war on global terrorism, the U.S. needs to stay on the offensive and elevate preemptive strikes against terrorist targets with a view to either kill the operatives or keep them on the run (Apostolou, n.d.).Such a mechanism will heighten the public’s perception about the global war on terrorism.Several issues, however, need to be incorporated in the war on global terrorism to keep it on track.George W. Bush: Winning the war on terror.
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However supporters of the war claim that it is “the first truly just war since World War II,” (Kurt Stand, 2008), what they fail to understand is that how can daily killing of thousands of innocent men, women and children; who had no claim attached to the religious extremists groups, could justify a war?If this war against terrorism is trying to eradicate terrorism and bring peace in Afghanistan, then it is working through the creation of unbound terror in the hearts of the population, through the destruction of an entire country, and costs of individuals who remain priceless.Afghanistan: A Just War .The concept of just war needs to be reconceived with the idea as to what is the intention of the war, is it the destruction of a group...
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Measures the elect President Barrack Obama has to consider in preventing eruption of another war and bringing rivalry between him and the Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai, is creating an Afghanistan National Army Trust Fund where the oil kingdoms along the Persian Gulf shall feel free to contribute.The war caused by the communist party lead to the creation of a very weak state that was filled with hatred to certain religions and the first world countries, thus building a base for terrorism in Afghanistan (Smith, 1979).The US elect President Barrack Obama an advocate of peace has formed strategies referred to as the ‘Obamas surge plan’ to end the war with Iraq and deploy those forces and resources in Iraq to Afghanistan to end the fight...
3231 words (8.1 pages)
I think the idea of just war theory must be reconceptualized.The paper would analyze the definitions for terrorism proposed by some authors deeply along with criticizing them and proposing a global definition of terrorism.Just war theory proposes the idea that lies between permissivism and pacifism.Therefore, just war theory says that war must be fought when it is fair or when there is a reason to be fought with the enemies or for a legitimate cause (Wilson, 2006).Secondly, “the concept of ‘just war theory’ would also be evaluated by highlighting its limitations.
633 words (1.6 pages)
actions that would have effects on combating terrorism.claim that these U.S. hostile policies are an act of war against a sovereign country.In response to terrorism, further terrorism is not authorized.It does not make sense to use terrorist tactics in a war against .Sudan were called anti-terrorist raids, but they were actually acts of terrorism by the U.S. .
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