Next, the human relations approach, instead, focuses on the people, the social and psychological effects on their performance including motivations, leadership, communications and group dynamics and the informal relationships in the formal environment, which was early studied by Elton Mayo (1880-1949).This approach was obviously supported by the concept of an ethical business in combination with several extra benefits which gives MAS’s employees a lot of incentives.While the roles of managers were well played in MAS and help sharply strengthen the business, the human relations approach did that from the very inside of the firm: the satisfaction of each of the people working for it.MAS would still need these advantages for its further dev...
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The tribal system of the Arabian Peninsula around 600 CE kept everyone captive in an endless cycle of blood-feuds.The closest thing to an actual title or position of leadership for the Buddha was that he was head of the sangha, although the Buddha himself stated that the people worshipped the beliefs, not the man.Individuals needed the protection of large tribes so that they could not be killed without impunity.Both men accomplished their respective goals.Needless to say, it was a very violent time period.
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The human factor: The critical importance of effective teamwork and communication in providing safe care.Canadian fundamentals of nursing.Western Journal of Medicine, 175(1), 59-60.Online Etymology Dictionary.Empathy: A lost meaning?
365 words (0.9 pages)
Currently,Muslims are living under secular governments and must pay taxes to them.Zakāt: Giving Alms .The principle of knowing that all things belong to God is essential to purification and growth.Because there is no central Islamic state, each person must choose where to give his money.Muslims are expected to give alms to the Muslim community that amount to 2.5% of one’s income.
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However; emperors and aristocrats found themselves threatened by the relaxed Buddhist teachings that undermined the authority of the pro-Confucian government and weakened peasant work ethic.In conclusion, historically, the spread of Buddhism into China was regarded negatively by the ruling, high-ranking, and aristocratic class.Although the general impression from Chinese officials and scholars towards Buddhism is negative, there were a few discrepancies; Chinese scholars who favored Buddha’s teachings.A Chinese scholar wrote positively in 500 CE of the Buddha in comparison to Confucius, stating “To compare the sages to the Buddha would be like comparing a white deer to a unicorn…” (Doc 3).He speaks of Buddhism negatively, citing the lax ...
732 words (1.8 pages)
Muhammad, however, was responsible for both the theology of Islam and its main ethical and moral principles.Although Jesus was responsible for the main ethical and moral precepts of Christianity (insofar as these differed from Judaism), St. Paul was the main developer of Christian theology, its principal proselytizer, and the author of a large portion of the New Testament.For instance, neither Iran nor Indonesia, both oil producing states and both Islamic in religion, joined in the oil embargo of the winter of 1973 74.It is this unparalleled combination of secular and religious influence which I feel entitles Muhammad to be considered the most influential single figure in human history.But even these enormous conquests — which were made ...
1696 words (4.2 pages)
“Enron Ethics (or: Culture Matters More Than Codes).” Journal of Business Ethics 45 (2003): 243-256. .Research 3 (2003): 106-110. .International Institute for Management Development.“The Enron Implosion and Its Lessons.” Journal of Management .The corporate culture made it hard for ethical objections to be heard or taken seriously.
1174 words (2.9 pages)
Operations Strategy Formation – A Continuous Process, Integrated Manufacturing Systems.Strategic Management Journal, 28 (9), p.935 -955.Neilson-Englyst, Linda.Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.What is strategic management, really?
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Vaszily, Scott.“Fabliau plotting against romance in Chaucer’s Knight’s Tale.” Style.Muscatine, Charles.Wilmington, Summer 2001: 268-271.The Geoffrey Chaucer Home Page.
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edu/writing/Handbook/ReviewofLiterature.pdf The University of Wisconsin-Madison Writing Center.Email at [email protected] edu University West, room 129 (361) 570-4288. .Created 2003 by Candice Chovanec-Melzow.Academic writing: Reviews of literature.
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Created 2003 by Candice Chovanec-Melzow.Due to space constraints in this packet, it has been formatted differently.Academic writing: Reviews of literature.edu/writing/Handbook/ReviewofLiterature.html *In traditional APA style, this section would be entitled “References” and would be listed on a separate page double-spaced.
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He was unpredictable, persuasive and ruthless.Calling in a favor owed him by the immediately Cleisthenes gained power.Cleisthenes was born in 570 BC and died 507 BC.He also was a great leader and he ruled Athens for the rest of his life.Cleisthenes inspired me with his intelligence and the fact that he was a great leader; however, he was a rebel that killed his brother in law and took over Athens Greece.
477 words (1.2 pages)
They also benefit the parents in assisting them with day to day parental issues.Bibliography .Low achieving schools are usually caused by insufficient leadership and poor teaching.Alcock, P. (2003) Social Policy in Britain 2nd ed., Palgrave Macmillan, Hampshire Barnard & Burgess A & T, (1996) Sociology Explained, University of Cambridge, Cambridge BBC News (2012) Education and Family Available at: .(2006) Sociology in Focus for AQA AS Level, Causeway Press Ltd, London Haralambos, M. & Holborn, M. (1990) Sociology Themes and Perspectives 3rd ed., Collins, London Langley, P., Pilkington, A., Richardson, J.
1675 words (4.2 pages)
Imagination runs rampant at the end of the story.The Norton Anthology of Children’s Literature: the traditions in English .New York, NY: WW Norton & Company, Inc., 2005.Works Cited .The girls have cleaned everything in preparation for the return of their mother, only to find a strange person outside their door.
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New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, Exodus 20:13.Philadelphia:Macmillan.Explain the choices made at each step, decide which follow-up actions are needed, and indicate whether or not an ethic of care was considered in the decision-making.Ethical and legal issues in the changing healthcare system [Video recording].The purpose of this section is to use the model of ethical dilemma to solve the situation with Mrs. Smith.
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82 Issue 2, p36-37, 2p.Applegate, Lynda M., McFarlan, F. Warren & McKenney, James L. (1999).Clearly, ethical, social, and political issues are interrelated…” (Laudon & Guercio Traver, 2002, p. 457) This lack of accountability and responsibility by Internet users whether they are buyers or sellers of Internet merchandise and services, citizens or business consumers, they are involved in transactions at great risk(s).The Halo Effect, Revisited.Corporate Information Systems Management – Text and Cases, Fifth Edition.
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tests and likelihood ratio tests as basis, it is more likely that feeding preference followed by water depth are the most influential to the body shape evolution of the Tanganyikan cichlids (Clabaut 570).Disparity values of tribes with largest influence on disparity of the morphospace with their equivalent 95% confidence intervals (Clabaut 570).Clabaut’s study (570) showed that differences within and among the tribes is slightly parallel with the number of specimen species per tribe and greater disparity correlation is observed with the number of species belonging to the tribe.Thus, feeding preference and water depth are the two most significant ecological traits that affect body shape evolution of the Tanganyikan cichlids (Clabaut 570)....
3886 words (9.7 pages)
He simply hid this information and the nation never knew of his participation.A leader, and worthy to be the son of Ninoy and Cory Aquino.A leader that does not boast of his achievement.But what was so interesting is that he did not boast of his role in crushing the coup.The coup attempt left 99 people dead and 570 wounded.
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Women were equal with men before god and they also were allowed to fight amongst the men in conquests.In 570 AD a man to be by the Islamic people as the last prophet was born into the world; his name was Muhammad.He also brought a new ethical system and promoted social equality in the eyes of Allah.In the late 800s Arab trading ships set up and expansive trading system from Spain to China.The civilization gained great wealth and power through controlling trade routes and supply other empires with what they needed.
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Following his death in 632, leadership fell to Abu Bakr, the first caliph.The Islamic world in ascendency: From the Arab conquests to the siege of Vienna.It was under the leadership of Caliph Umar (634-44) that this pattern of garrison settlement emerged.London: Routledge.Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
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My personal stand is that though the behaviour, values, traits and personal characteristics such as leadership integrity, of an ethical leader is important, but, the ability to influence and affect followers to model such moral behaviours places an even greater emphasis in building a reputation of ethical leadership.Furthermore, other studies have suggested that in addition to the first key attribute of leadership integrity, there are five other attributes that characterise ethical leaders, which includes, ethical awareness, managing ethical accountability, people oriented, motivating and encouraging and empowering (Resick et al.The personal characteristic of an ethical leader, such as leadership integrity is one key factor in building e...
3010 words (7.5 pages)
In comparison to the multi dimensional concept required of an ethical leader stated earlier, a leader who has high emotional intelligence will also openly communicate ethical issues to display ethical awareness, motivate and inspire employees to stimulate an ethical organisation (Gregory 2010).The people orientation characteristic highlights the selflessness, externally focused and responsibilities required of an ethical leader which clearly demonstrates another vital characteristic and element of ethical leadership and rebuts the claim that ethical leadership is mainly about integrity.As it is clearly demonstrated that ethical integrity is only one sixth of the characteristics required of an ethical leader and there are evidently numero...
2229 words (5.6 pages)
Hence, ethical leaders are used to help their subordinates by differentiating the ethical and unethical conduct of an organization values.In order to build ethical behaviours, company has started some ethical programs such as ethical training to change internal values of employees, reorganization of ethical violations and finally increase awareness on organizational ethical code of conduct among the employees.People and task orientation leadership is also effective in the organization to develop effective ethical leadership because the leaders are more legitimate and open to their subordinates.This can be done through ethical leadership because most of the employees in the organization are motivated by these ethical leaders.In order to i...
2300 words (5.8 pages)
The first one implies that the ends and outcomes are consistent with the influence process of transactional leadership, specifically the norm of reciprocity and the mutual altruistic motive.5 The second one focuses on the morality of the means rather than the ends.6 The results of their research indicated a strong relationship between transformational leadership and deontological values, while transformational leadership is closely related to teleological leadership.(2003) The Relationship of Leadership Style and CEO Values to Ethical Practicees in Organizations.It has been questioned which personality traits of leadership styles correspond to ethical values in order to influence followers.The third paragraph combines leadership styles, ...
1051 words (2.6 pages)
A cross-cultural examination of the endorsement of ethical leadership in Journal of Business Ethics, 63, 345-359. .Ethical leader must look within himself and upon reliable sources for guidance in determining what is ethical.Had their leadership been ethical then they would not have consented to such actions.In addition to decision making ethical leadership also implies that a leader must be ethical in their attitudes and interactions.In conclusion ethical leadership is difficult because knowing the right and ethical course of action is difficult.
897 words (2.2 pages)
According to R. Scott Appleby, a professor of history at the University of Notre Dame,”Shiite Muslims, who are concentrated in Iran, Iraq, and Lebanon, [believe they] had suffered the loss of divinely guided political leadership” at the time of the Imam’s disappearance.In 1928, four years after the abolishment of the caliphate, the Egyptian schoolteacher Hasan al-Banna founded the first Islamic fundamentalist movement in the Sunni world, the Muslim Brotherhood (al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun).Another difference between Sunnis and Shiites has to do with the Mahdi, “the rightly-guided one” whose role is to bring a just global caliphate into being.The Shi’a and Sunni religions came about for various reasons; beginning with the birth of the leader Mu...
1909 words (4.8 pages)
, Collins, London Langley, P. , Pilkington, A. , Richardson, J.html (Accessed on 4th November 2012) Haralambos, M. , Richardson, J. , Taylor, P. & Yeo, A.& Haralambos, M. (2005) Sociology in Focus for OCR A2 Level, Pearson Education, Essex Moore, S. , Aiken, D. & Chapman, S. (2008) Sociology for AQA 3rd ed, Collins, London Ofsted (2012) who we are and what we do Available at: .tonyblair (Accessed on 5th November 2012) .shtml (Accessed 5th November 2012) .
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The second style of leadership, where ethical leadership fails, is the authoritative leadership style.A leader acquires ethical leadership after agreeing to sacrifice personal interests for the interests of the followers, and as a result, the followers get motivated to give their best to the organisation.There are some instances where ethical leadership is practised, but does not yield the expected results.Ethical leadership is a kind of leadership that upholds ethics.Another form of leadership whereby ethical leadership can hardly be practised is the pacesetters form of leadership.
1939 words (4.8 pages)
There is no doubt that such an approach to understanding ethical leadership and its implementation is the need of the present as well as future time so that higher order thinking and learning can be obtained making the students ethically strong.Four major areas were listed in this study, which were directly or indirectly influential for the strength of ethical leadership.According to Covrig, D. M. 2000), ethical leadership “is the practice of effective ethical decision making and leadership which responds to, preserves and clarifies the organization’s core values.The process of ethical leadership is not simply top-down or bottom-up (which in contrast to traditional views of leadership); in fact, it is a combination of a number of process...
1841 words (4.6 pages)
So that the leader can use the tools of position of leadership to promote ethical conduct at work, they make ethics salient by modeling ethical conduct to their employees.Price’s primary perspective on ethical leadership is grounded on Kant’s admonition that ethical duty is recognized “universalizability”: “Act as though the maxim of your action were by your will become a universal law of nature.” In principle, no leader is ever allowed to act in a way that is “exceptional” to the principle of “universalizability.” .[Ethical Leadership for the Professions – Fostering a Moral Community, 41] .[ETHICAL LEADERSHIP – Keeping Values in Business Cultures, 13] .. [Impact of Ethical Leadership on Employee Job Performance, 231] .In the Ethical le...
2211 words (5.5 pages)