The construction method of using conventional bricks has been revolutionized by the development and usage of interlocking concrete masonry units (CMU) and lightweight concrete blocks (CIDD Malaysia, 2001).Construction Industry Master Plan 2006-2015 (CIMP 2006-2015) (2006), Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) Malaysia, December 2006, Kuala Lumpur .In Malaysia, Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) has classified the IBS system into 5 categories as follows (IBS Roadmap, 2003): .. IBS has been introduced in Malaysia since early 1960s by the use of pre-cast concrete beam-column element and panelised system (Thanoon, 2003).IBS Survey 2003 (2003), Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia (CIDB), Kuala Lumpur .IBS R...
3421 words (8.6 pages)
The David A. Kolb styles model is based on the Experiential Learning Theory, as explained in his book Experiential Learning: Experience as the source of learning and development (1984).The ELT model outlines two related approaches toward grasping experience: Concrete Experience and Abstract Conceptualization, as well as two related approaches toward transforming experience: Reflective Observation and Active Experimentation.Accommodators use concrete experience and active experimentation.In this model, there are two perceptual qualities 1) concrete and 2) abstract; and two ordering abilities 1) random and 2) sequential.There are four combinations of perceptual qualities and ordering abilities based on dominance: 1) Concrete Sequential; 2)...
2307 words (5.8 pages)
Sheets are normally 8ft by 4ft except for Finnish Birch, the outer grain runs in the length of the board.For most applications the shape matters, and concrete has to be molded or formed.Block board is not suitable for outdoor use because the glues used are interior glues.Block board is made up of a core of softwood strips.The improvement relates to a continuous round rod secured near the apex of each projecting web member parallel to the longitudinal axis of the joist and a reinforcing wire mesh draped between said rods, thus permitting greater spacing between said joists, whereby said protruding apex portions, said rods and said draped wire mesh will be encased within the slab to act as shear interconnection and reinforcement devices th...
2957 words (7.4 pages)
Between concrete fill blocks and 50mm reinforced screed will be lied aerobeam infill block insulation of 50 mm thickness.So that I decide to use precast concrete floor, which contains concrete t-beams (170×115 mm) and lied between concrete fill blocks (440x100x215mm).Concrete upper floors provide improved sound Insulation between the floors and rooms.Insects are less likely to infest solid concrete houses.When necessary to bring any courses to the required height, clipped courses shall be formed , as in no case shall any mortar joints finish more than 10 mm thick.
4577 words (11.4 pages)
The basic characteristic of prestressed concrete is that, by compressing concrete and keeping it under compression, the tensile stresses caused by loads are neutralized (CEMENT).Third, precasting of concrete members has been used as a mass production technique and to provide solid and robust in construction, more unchanging in form concrete, but presents some transportation problems.If considered as a structural material in large building construction, wood has already been largely replaced by concrete framing, brick or concrete walls, and concrete floors.By reinforcing concrete with steel rods, or by using steel machinery to form concrete blocks as prefabricated building blocks, builders further diversified their architectural technique...
2201 words (5.5 pages)
Blocks are filled with concrete below floor level.FOUNDATION 600 x 200mm concrete strip footings (in foundation trench dug down to solid bearing ground).You should work out what you need so that you don’t waste money.I’m not sure what building materials to buy for the alteration we’re planning.75mm concrete slab on DPM (Damp Proof Membrane) on soil compacted in layers of maximum 300 mm.
964 words (2.4 pages)
Almost all of the women in the population and many of the men have been sterilized due to... ... middle of paper ... ...r women in the society, but she longs for her freedom and for the life she once lived.He gives her forbidden presents and asks for romantic gestures as to hint as his true feelings towards her.Because she was caught trying to run away to Canada at the beginning, she is scared to attempt escape again.Offred is happy to rebel against the Gilead rules and happy to do so with the Commander.He hides away with her and they play board games, which is double forbidden as women are strictly not allowed to read, and normal friendships between men and handmaids are also forbidden.
456 words (1.1 pages)
In contrast to the substitutes for wood used in structural and architectural such as brick, concrete, metals and plastics, wood can be produced and transported with little energy consumed and the products are renewable and usually biodegradable (Koch, 1991).Demolition waste includes actual building components, such as full length studs and concrete slabs.Waste concrete removed, for example, from a floor may be mixed with contaminated soil, other materials or other wastes.Construction and demolition waste includes bricks, concrete, soil, rock, masonry, paving materials, lumber, shingles, glass, plastic, aluminum, steel, drywall, asphalt, plumbing fixtures, wood or timber, cardboard and so on.The largest component of demolition waste is co...
4867 words (12.2 pages)
This is the opportunity for the board of directors to state their opinion and to detail the rationale of the company in terms of previous decisions and the direction which the company is taking in the longer term.However, just because it is desirable for the accounts to be a concrete reflection of what is ‘out there’ in the company does not mean that this is an assumption which can be drawn as being true.Shareholders need the accounts in order to determine whether their investment is safe, whether they should be investing more, withdrawing their investment or asking certain questions of the board in relation to policies or activities.This, however, has not been fully achieved yet and, therefore, it is not fair to assume that all accounts...
2157 words (5.4 pages)
His Usonian houses continued to exemplify affordable housing at its best.Frank Lloyd Wright died on April 29, 1959, in Phoenix, Arizona.In the 1920's, Wright explored the use of poured concrete and abstract sculptural ornamentation in residential construction.Wright's basic philosophy of architecture was stated primarily through the house form, and he had few major commissions for public buildings, office buildings or skyscrapers in the early years.Combining features of the prairie houses and the California concrete block houses, Fallingwater has been described as "the apotheosis of the horizontal."
1500 words (3.8 pages)
The inner lining of the walls is made up of wood-based board products, gypsum fibreboard, or plasterboard plastered white and then finished with a coat of paint or wallpaper.This form of construction allows for widely spaced columns in timber or in combination with steel or reinforced concrete.These walls are generally constructed of brick or concrete block.The importance of the environment created by the building form and its use as an educational tool is very important.Facade cladding is usually wood-based board products or solid timber, with good, long-lasting protection in the form of opaque surface treatments.
4851 words (12.1 pages)
Cellular concrete roofing units, pavement overlays, bridge decks airport runways, pressure vessels, blast-resistant structures, tunnel linings and ship-hull construction are some applications of a particular fiber reinforcement concrete.Carbon fiber reinforced concrete is an electric conductor concrete and by this, they are normally used in locations where electrical contacts are necessary.in terms of durability, FRC is more durable compared to conventional concrete this is because of the presence of fibers in FRC that adds to the durability of the concrete and thus, making it more flexible to be used widely in construction.There are many applications with different types of fibers and these were affected by the characteristics of the ce...
2493 words (6.2 pages)
NDT – UPV test for concrete uniformity .15 .. *If total precast concrete volume exceeds 20% of total structural concrete volume, assessment will be carried out for precast concrete construction.Concrete Quality .The inspection is only site inspection, the inspection cannot be done at precast yard due to all the structure works to be inspected is cast in-situ concrete works, not the precast component.The points will be distributed proportionately between formwork/rebar assessment and precast concrete assessment based on the respective concrete volume percentage.
4487 words (11.2 pages)
.. After 3 steps have been completed the project team is formed and attention to the low level details are paid attention such as schedules, procedures, job descriptions, support documentation, subcontractors, areas of risk, quality plans and documentation plans.These complete requirements were met with an effective utilization of a fleet of 30 marine vesselsincluding 13 barges for concrete, segments and material transport, eight steel boats for material and workers transport, three tug boats and six smaller passenger boats.High performance concrete (grade M60 with micro silica slurry) will be utilized for the structure.The Bandra-Worli Sea Link, also officially the Rajiv Gandhi Sea Link, is a cable-stayed bridge with pre-stressed concr...
2351 words (5.9 pages)
Then store the crushed concrete in a separate area, so no other materials are dumped there... Each quantity of concrete waste that is recycled for aggregate in fresh concrete would protect almost a quantity of key aggregate that comes from the countryside or dredged from the seas.Figure 00: Concrete Waste (Block) .This is faced to concrete waste, which is more often produced in commercial sites involving demolition.Recycle the concrete and use it as aggregate for other local site as new concrete; it will protects/save the aggregate and waste disposal charges.
4596 words (11.5 pages)
The Board of Directors invites you to send us your comments until October 26.Today, the board of directors of the wikimedia foundation is launching two calls for comments.The other concerns the candidates for the board of directors in order to consider new, more efficient methods of evaluating them.If everything works as expected, the banner should only appear for users located in French Guiana.Hello everyone, Would you mind if I submits a request for a banner on central notice to announce a photo reuse competition dedicated to French Guiana?
689 words (1.7 pages)
The constructions of Burj Khalifa was not easy as the building moves on, the filling of concrete into the walls was a problem.The Project Board meet at the end of each stage, including Project Initiation, to review the achievements of the concluded stage and authorize proceeding to the next.Failure to achieve those benefits reflects as much upon the control exercised by the Project Board as it does on the execution of responsibilities by the Project Manager and Project Team.Project Manager schedule standing Project Board meetings at the beginning of the project.On the one extreme, a very high level of detail is likely to result in micro-management.
4006 words (10.0 pages)
Defects are often interpreted as originated from the strokes of designer or on the drawing board in many instances but in some cases they can be attributed as occurring at an even earlier stage.The porous concrete surface will enable moisture penetration which can cause corrosion of the steel bars and cracking of the structure.Besides, the construction contractor wrongly increases the water content to the concrete mixture will yield porous concrete which in turn will causes corrosion to the steel reinforcements and then, collapse of the structure.The dried concrete will not totally combine or fix together and lines will appear on the concrete.Insufficient concrete cover may result in the corrosion of the steel bars and cracking of the co...
3073 words (7.7 pages)
• Use concrete ideas and mix with abstract to make the essay alive and vital.Descriptive essay topics could be fictional or non-fictional in which you will need to make a comprehensive and detail description of a person, place or thing.We understand students have plenty on their plates, which is why we love to help them out.At ProfEssays.com, we have over 500 highly educated, professional writers standing by waiting to help you with any writing needs you may have!Let us do the work for you, so you have time to do what you want to do!
1291 words (3.2 pages)
The whole construction of the flat is constructed using the prefabrication of concrete box method which is similar to the “British Truscon System” whereby a standard through-shaped concrete boxes, which incorporate facade walls made from lightweight materials, ceilings consisting of plaster boarding stapled and as well as internal fittings.Compared to cast in-situ concrete, the following percentages of savings can be expected: 75 per cent in terms of formwork and scaffolding and 90% for wet concrete.The hard materials (such as rocks and broken concrete) can be reused in reclamation works and/or recycled for construction work as granular materials, drainage bedding layers and concrete application.However, because of the significant differ...
4146 words (10.4 pages)
Effective language is: (1) concrete and specific, not vague and abstract; (2) concise, not verbose; (3) familiar, not obscure; (4) precise and clear, not inaccurate or ambiguous; (5) constructive, not destructive; and (6) appropriately formal.* Parts of speech: Lots of detail on using nouns, verbs, etc.Notice how much more effective the statements become as the language becomes more specific and concrete.The statements at the bottom, which are more concrete, are less open to multiple interpretations.The statement at the top is abstract, but the statements become increasingly concrete and specific toward the bottom.
2306 words (5.8 pages)
Longitudinal Section: Cut through the length of a building Transverse Section: Cut 90 degrees from the longitudinal If a detail or other assembly (such as a wall) needs to be presented to convey more info, indicator marks are drawn on the building section for cross-reference to another location where this detail is drawn to a larger scale.), or cross-reference to the finish plans .Call out (with generic names) wall and cabinet base materials, mirror, wainscot, molding, chair rails, and shelves (adjustable or fixed).Specify or clearly show substitute construction materials.(not in contract) .
896 words (2.2 pages)
Columns are often the breech_ block of the fabricated concrete structure in order to enable the use of other standardized concrete elements in a structure one has to allow for deviations from standardization in the columns.The system shown is formed by H-shaped frames with cantilever beam.Keeping in mind that cladding options (ex: stone) for concrete panels are also available.The connections between the H-shaped frames are formed as pin-joints at the mid-hieght of the columns and between the cantilevers beams.This is also the case for precast concrete, not only in comparison to steel, wood and masonry structures, but also with respect to cast in-situ concrete.
2117 words (5.3 pages)
What’s interesting, these changes are very often influenced by the management board changes, or new strategy development and its implementation.External problems estimation needs help of the consultants, and thus managers fail to analyse the environment.Managers can just set “the strategic goal and during implementing the chosen scenario change the ideas into the concrete plans” ( Gierszewska, 2007 ), but they may face some problems in the meantime, for example lack of precision in formulating the goals of the actions.They begin from the sociological models ( which are general and synthetic ) to the microeconomic models ( more complex, and bring more concrete analysis tools and techniques ).Situation on the market helps the company prepa...
2055 words (5.1 pages)
When the water is totally driven off, a new anhydrous mineral namely as aluminosilicates are formed with is broken down from the mineral name as Kuolinite.Composite walls are a more vital substantial type of stud walls, they are constructed of cementations materials such as pre-cast concrete and weatherproof sheetrock as an external sheathing, and sheetrock as an internal finishes.Sheetrock, so called a wallboard or gypsum board is a panel of gypsum covered on both side with papers and used as the primary wall materials in building construction.Mah Kwai Kuen is a building draftsman that registered with Architects Malaysia Board.While the cavity walls consist of a half brick or block outer leaf, a brick or 90 mm /100mm lightweight load be...
5473 words (13.7 pages)
Tomlinson, C. A.Integrating Differentiated Instruction & Understanding by Design.First, the plan should strike the balance between theoretical and practical information where concrete examples should be directly related to theoretical foundations.Alexandria, Virginia: Association for Curriculum and Instruction.How to Differentiate in Mixed Ability Classrooms, 2nd Edition, Alexandria: Virginia, Association for Curriculum and Instruction.
1386 words (3.5 pages)
Heavy steel, concrete .-Reinforced concrete Building with Pre-cast concrete slab .Basically, the precise formation and alignment of the two bases is the most important aspects of the rapid success of precast concrete erection (Rahman and Omar, 2006).This system refers to the use of concrete block (precision block works), including lightweight concrete blocks; the blocks are locked (interlocking block) and so on.-Pre-cast concrete wall system .
4896 words (12.2 pages)
My emphasis remained on the built-form that represented the theme of the subject and the required spaces were closely knitted into this form.These features would in turn explore the various design solutions that only add to the process of achieving a concrete and harmonious solution.As the research focus and facilities available in your department complement my research interests and requirements, I believe that being a part of your department would not only enrich my career, but would also help me to exhibit my maximum potentials.The Building Form began to overwhelm me.Your University can rightly provide me those and I hope that I will be given an opportunity to not only study at your University, but also to become fully absorbed in you...
1108 words (2.8 pages)
The design of the Menara Mesiniaga is not using the technique of soaking to the building, it only plant it at outside of building.The design of the planting is very different with the London’s Gherkin Tower if the building compare with Menara Mesiniaga.The function of using reinforced concrete is because the reinforcing schemes are generally designed to resist tensile stresses in particular regions o the concrete that might cause unacceptable cracking or structural failure.The roofing had imported metal deck roofing for the sky gymnasium and the local tiles on a reinforced concrete slab on the roof terraces and also painted mild steel outrigger for the roof structure and mezzanine.Besides that, the ceiling also had imported the mineral f...
1715 words (4.3 pages)
For a strong, ductile and durable construction the reinforcement will have high strength, high tensile strain, good bond to the concrete, thermal compatibility and durability in the concrete environment... Formwork system is defined as the total system of support for freshly placed concrete including the mold or sheathing which contacts the concrete as well as supporting members, hardware, and necessary bracing... Reinforced concrete is concrete in which reinforcement bars, reinforcement grids, plates or fibers have been incorporated to strengthen the concrete in tension.According to the sources from the web, these interlocking and modular systems are used to build widely variable, but relatively simple, concrete structures.Any breakdo...
2105 words (5.3 pages)