These studies have debated climate vulnerability to impacts from climate variation and change.Although there will be an increase in some crops production in some regions of the world, the overall impacts of climate change on agriculture are expected to be negative, intimidating global food security... Agriculture is extremely vulnerable to climate change.It also highlights many other aspects of vulnerability to climate change across the region that includes undernourishment, poverty and slow productivity., all of which are aggravated by the effects of climate change.This research study is an attempt in addressing and ultimately solving the problems faced by Pakistan’s agriculture sector due to uncertain climate revolutionization.
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Climate change can be both beneficial and detrimental to the agriculture industry.Another step is to increase the efficiency of water delivery which helps in reducing the declines in supply of water for irrigated agriculture due to the climate change (6).The projected changes of climate, effects of climate change on the Australian agriculture, effects of Australian agriculture on climate change, ways to lessen the effects by means of mitigation and adaptation will be discussed in detail later in this paper.Moreover, the emission trading scheme in Australian agriculture industry introduced by the government is also a way to decrease the adverse effects of climate change by making sure that farmers taking appropriate steps to reduce their ...
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Table 5 Marginal impacts of climate change and variability on agricultural production .. .Table 4 Fixed Effects Regression analysis of climate variability ..Selvaraju and Baas (2007 ) stated that climate variability is the way climate fluctuates yearly above or below a long-term average value while climate change is the long-term continuous change (increase or decrease) to average weather conditions or the range of weather.The elaticities of climate change and variability of temperature and precipitation are derived from equations (3) and (4) respectively by dividing both equation (3) on and equation (4) on .Therefore, the impact of climate change on agriculture has received increasing attention in the last decade literatures.
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One of the biggest threats is growing climate unpredictability, which makes subsistence farming difficult, the impact of the change will be difficult to handle and it will be potentially very long lasting,Droughts are getting worse and climate uncertainty is growing, Climate change is thus an unprecedented threat to food security (Medugu, 2013).Climate change which is attributable to the natural climate cycle and human activities, has adversely affected agricultural productivity in Africa (Ziervogel .Chapter three is an overview of global climate change and its effect on food and food security that is the major changes that have been experienced since the inception of climate change in Nigeria especially in Ogun State.“Regional Evidence...
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As for the evaluation of the risks which the humankind puts itself under when letting the climate change take its course, it is necessary to mention that every single organic life form is threatened by the effects of the climate change.No matter how sad it could sound, the process of climate change is completely irreversible; the only reasonable thin that one can possibly do in the given situation is to make the effects of the climate change the least harmful and noticeable, taking as little loss as possible Therefore, one of the only reasonable solutions can be accepting the sustainable agriculture and, therefore, take proper care of the nature, at the same time making use of its resources.Like a clockwork mechanism, climate change trig...
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The agricultural sector is highly dependent on rain-fed agriculture; thus, it is highly susceptible to climate change.Climate change refers to a change in the records of the climate lasting for a period.To show how the changes in climate condition of Bahir Dar is from the period of 1960 till 2000 and comparison of the predicted climate projection for A2, A1B and B1.1.4 Climate Change .To evaluate the potential impact of United Nations Development Program projected climate changes during the year 1960 to 2060 under A2, A1B and B1 forcing on soil loss, surface runoff and crop yield under three types of crop rotation using three different slope types (2%, 6% and 10%) on a site in Northern Ethiopia (Baha Dir) using WEPP model.
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The main purpose of this research is exploring the impacts of climate change on agriculture trends and socioeconomic life of Nepalese farmers.Food Crop Genetic Resources.The accetability of climate change in agricultural communities: Comparing responses across variability and change.d) To find out what kind of influences was seen in agriculture sector?Effect of Climate Change on Rice Production: A case of Six VDCs in Jumla District.
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Climate change, thus, threatened the attainment of the MDGs in particular those that focus on the reduction of poverty and hunger.However, projections of a rapidly growing population, coupled with global climate change, is expected to have significant negative impacts on food security.Long-term food security will require adapting to climate change.Adapting food systems to climate change will take long-term visioning, targeted research, development of new technologies and human capacity development.The scale of these changes will have to take place on a range of levels: from the individual family level to national levels, and in some cases regional level.
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Although at present, the overall impact of climate change on global scale agricultural productivity is not reliably estimated (Gornall et al., 2010).A new global climate model predicts that in the coming decade the surface air temperature is likely to exceed existing records (Smith et al., 2007).Developing countries are said to be more vulnerable than developed countri... ... middle of paper ... ...local agriculture and food security, this paper attempts to give an overview of observed and projected climate change in Sri Lanka, its impact on the agriculture sector and climate change adaptation strategies through reviewing recent literature on climate change.Agriculture is considered to be one of the most vulnerable sectors to climate ch...
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Incentives are needed to persuade crop and livestock producers, agro-industries and ecosystem managers to adopt good practices for mitigating climate change.Many studies on crop production suggest that agriculture is the most vulnerable part of the climate change ( ).Successful climate change adaptation are likely to diminish the food insecurity that we are facing now.defines “adaptation” as a key factor that will shape the future severity of climate change impacts on food production.In its Fourth assessment Report (AR4) of 2007, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) state that,, focusing on Africa, “by 2020, in some countries, yields from rain-fed agriculture could be reduced by up to 50%.” Agricultural production, includ...
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Taking note of the issue of climate change, it would be much difficult for the countries in Africa to survive during this changing time.Few of the affected regions due to climate change is Africa.With the issues involving environment and climate change it is best that everyone should stay together and work hand in hand in order to create a better environment for the people.“Dry Season Agriculture in Burkina Faso.In one of the few studies made, it is presented that Morocco is one of the seven (7) agriculturally affected countries due to climate change.
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The main objective of evaluation of future irrigation water requirement is to promote the rice production with proper management to meet the crop water requirement under changing climate.This study will compare and evaluate the impact climate change and estimate and manage the crop water requirement to cope with the future scare water resources.As climate change affects hydrological cycles locally and globally, its potential changes will have a significant impact on agriculture and water resources.Irrigation water requirement will change under changing climate with the effects of decreasing rainfall patterns and increasing temperature.to find out the future irrigation water requirements for rice production with climate change impact usin...
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Agriculture was impossible in the Pleistocene ice age because the climate was extremely cold and dry, containing higher levels of carbon dioxide, and varied greatly sometimes in periods of a decade or less.The climate change has an impact in China, which created higher rainfall and warm temperate forest belts... For this report question I agree with it that I think the development of agriculture is the beginning Holocene period the climate change, which has an affect the globe by the temperature have been rise that have caused the ice sheet slowly melt, which will cause the sea level rise and it has produced warmer and wetter weather.Many people began to domesticate plants and animals at this time, both as a direct and indirect response...
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Finally, climate change may also rise serious infectious diseases for example, malaria.Global warming is becoming the biggest problem in the world and it is constituted one of the most climate changes.In summary, global warming considers the most important role in climate changes, and it is major source rising of earth’s temperature because of greenhouse gases, industry, and deforestation.Also it has possible to cause problems on climate change because of increasing of CO2 emission atmosphere.Thirdly, warming climate of the earth surface may causes risk on human health; thereby resulting in wet air is providing a good medium for growth of bacteria and diseases that they threaten human life.
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The rural population of the developing countries, for whom agriculture is the primary source of income and employment, will be affected due to agriculture’s vulnerability to the changing climate.According to a report published by United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) on 11 June 2011, the world will face a water scarcity for agriculture as a result of climate change.If we were to solve the root of all these problems, then we would look at climate change and global warming.Currently, the world as a whole faces a food crisis mainly due to climate change.Climate change will have a momentous effect on agriculture in terms of water quality and quantity.
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The recovery and study of rice phytoliths at the Cave of Diaotonghuan in the Jiangxi province of China has revealed a correlation between climate change and the development of the domesticate.The transition into the Holocene, however, saw a shift to a more stable climate, with warmer and wetter conditions (Bellwood 2005: 20).Within Zone G, which correlates to a period of more favourable climate, there is relatively high number of rice phytoliths.This theory is particularly desirable as it not only accounts for why agriculture was adopted, but for why it occurred at differing rates at various different loci – ‘Population pressure had simply not yet reached the point where reliance upon agriculture was called for (Rindos 1984: 33)’.By Zone...
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For instance, UNDP’s climate change work in Cambodia focuses on strengthening the capacity of government to respond to climate change, creating opportunities for knowledge sharing and building partnerships, as well as supporting research into the impacts of climate change on the country’s economic and human development.(What is Climate Change and the Difference between Climate Change and Global Warming) Global warming and climate change can impact agriculture and food production around the world due to: the effects of elevated CO2 in the atmosphere, higher temperatures, altered precipitation and transpiration regimes, increased frequency of extreme events, and modified weed, pest, and pathogen pressure.At first Cambodia could not fulfill...
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The early Helocene was a moist climate, so the recovery of forestry may have provided more room for expansion given the ‘tight’ years previously.Stable temperatures meant that earlier developed techniques could be used in abundance in contrast to earlier erratic climates that did not allow certain plants to reach full potential Plants put more energy into seed growing that wood fibres they adapted to the climate and so humans can be seen to have adapted also to suit the plants suggesting the evolutionary theory that he switch to agriculture was a natural development.Theories such as Demographic explanations for the development of agriculture, the oasis theory and ‘hilly flanks’ all can coincide with the climatic alterations and suggest r...
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The study would as well make use of participatory rural appraisal methods when visiting the field for data collection to get first hand information on the impacts of climate change and adaptation in the various regions.Some studies have used climate induced changes in crop yield to estimate potential global economic impacts (Kane et al., 1992), while others have examined the indirect impact on economic variables such as farm revenue and income (Lang, 2001; Molua, 2003).Although there will be gains in some crops in some regions of the world, the overall impacts of climate change on agriculture are expected to be negative, threatening global food security.Current climate hazards and the impacts of projected climate change threaten human de...
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Climate change.The Merriam-Webster online dictionary (2014), defined climate change as a change in global climate patterns apparent from the mid late 20th century.Climate change .According to Health and Safety executive (HSE), (n.d), heat stress is a component of climate change “that causes the body temperature to fail”, and is a global problem which affects agriculture and livestock.The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC, (2007) predicts that by 2100 the increase in global average surface temperature may be between 1.8° C and 4.0° C. With increases of 1.5° C to 2.5° C, approximately 20 to 30 percent of plant and animal species are expected to be at risk of extinction.
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This relates to agriculture in many important ways.There are a dwindling number of positive thinkers in the scientific community that believe that we will be able to adapt to the consequences of global climate change.Global climate change is a two-sided coin; the first argument is perhaps best overly dramatized by the recent movie The Day After Tomorrow, the preverbal we are all doomed aspect of it.Stillwater, MN: Voyager, 2002.Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change: Issues of Longrun Sustainability.
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The government of Pakistan together with all the agencies involved should focus on capacity building, circulation of funds and technology, research for agriculture development, institution and framework and therefore, develop effective adaptation strategies and policies to reduce the vulnerability of wheat industry regarding changes in climate.1.2 Agriculture among the various sector of the economy of Pakistan is considered to be the most fragile sector to the unexpected changes in the climate that not only affect the amount of its production and quality but also put pressure on the availability of natural resources needed for the development of agriculture sector.Climate Change 2007.Climate change and its realities for Pakistan.IPCC (20...
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This can become controversial because even with evidence of climate change occurrence, it is difficult to gain public acceptance.Since there is scientific evidence that climate change is occurring now, it is more beneficial to address the problem and propose solutions now as opposing to wait in the future.Agriculture depends on services such as pure air and water and fertile soil for production, and can be maintained through practices such as crop rotation, energy/water conservation, and organic farming techniques.First of all, the preparedness plan highlights the importance of agriculture in Connecticut.The preparedness plan takes into account the existing and impending impact on individual farmers and agriculture systems, and have deci...
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2009, ‘Anthony Costello: Making Climate Change Part of Global Health.2010, ‘Climate Change: Grazing and Nitrous Oxide’, Nature, vol.According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 10-12% of global emission of greenhouse gases was as a result of agricultu... ... middle of paper ... ..., J. L. 2015 ‘Climate Change, Human Health, and Epidemiological Transition’, Preventative Medicine, vol.& Banga, S.S. 2013, ‘Global Agriculture and Climate Change’, Journal of Crop Improvement, vol.Climate Change: The Effects on Agriculture and Society Student Name: Vanessa Abdallah Student Number: 44616643 Over the past century, climate change and global warming has become increasingly prominent issues.
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Agriculture is highly sensitive to climate variability and weather extremes, such as droughts, floods and severe storms.Climate change may lead to an increase in sea surface temperatures in higher latitudes and a resulting increase of typhoon activity in North Vietnam.In summary, climate change is a very real threat to Vietnamese socio-economical development.Although the impact of climate change is relatively moderate in the major rice-producing region of the Mekong River Delta, the average rice yield is projected to drop by 1.4-8.3 percent by 2030 (Bingxin et al.In the last decade, an overwhelming consensus has emerged among the world’s most reputable climate scientists that the world has entered a period of rapid global climate change,...
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Ministry for Primary Industries > Agriculture > Horticulture >.www.mfe.govt.nz.- Economic cost: A probelm for many things, money also bars the way for moving orcha... ... middle of paper ... ...8/full/srep02418.html>.- Water: These states also have water limitations, which makes it challenging to expand agriculture.Ministry for the Environment.
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Childe has failed to address factors other than climate change and geography.V. Gordon Childe, an archaeologist, proposed that non-human factors, specifically climate change and geography led to the development of agriculture.Therefore, the climate change and geography would have been useless and have no effect.Agriculture was large-scaled, and this allowed for technological advances.What caused human beings to focus on agriculture as the main source of food supply?
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As Kyte illustrates, it is crucial that the international community adopt innovative strategies toward improving and implementing sustainable agriculture and food system strategies to tackle issues of food security, but also to prepare for future climate change challenges.Ghana is fortunate both politically and economically, and the government must heed Kyte’s words and invest in innovative practices now for an improved, more sustainable future.Given this success, Ghana possesses the ability to look forward toward achieving new food-related goals, including tackling issues of food and resource scarcity in the post-2015 landscape.As such, it is critical that Ghana develop an innovative sustainable agriculture and food system strategy, as ...
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Braidwood states that if cultural change, the transition to agriculture, depended solely on noncultural factors, the climate, then there should be evidence of cultural change before the last Ice Age that separates the end of the Pleistocene and the Holocene (3 Nov 2009).Against Klein’s Big Bang Theory regarding human cognition, agriculture simply did not happen before the Holocene because humans were not ready or complex enough to have the capability of creating the idea of agriculture (10 Nov 2009).He questioned that if cultural change is reliant on climate change stated by Childe, then why did agriculture not start before the large changes occurred during the interglacial periods, such as 125 million years ago (3 Nov 2009)?Braidwood an...
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Climate change is the transformation in the distribution patterns of weather or changes in average weather conditions of a place or the whole world over long periods.Such changes in climate have become a major global problem Climate changes have many causes.The negative effects of climate change grow with time and threaten the very existence of both human beings and our planet’s unique biodiversity.Human activities contribute substantially to climate change and this in turn destroys his ecosystem, activities, biodiversity and livelihood at large.Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Agricultural Systems.
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