Counter-Argument Or Counter Argument Essays


Found 43138 essays.

Analysis of the Assignment Question

Environment Civil engineering Functionality of the building Efficiency of Architecture Durability of the building | What arguments can I provide to support the statement?1、From the point of view of the civil engineers , functionality,efficiency and durability are the most basic property of construction which need to be considered at the first place.“I almost entirely disagree/ agree./ I agree/disagree to some extent, as….1、 Functionality,efficiency and durability are more important than environment.2. clearly state your opinion 3. provide arguments to support this opinion 4. state counter-arguments 5. explain why you disagree with themIn your plan I want to see: * Analysis of the question * At least 2 arguments – STATEMENTS * At least 2 ...


494 words (1.2 pages)
The Role Of Forewarning And Inoculation Psychology Essay

This suggests that attempts to apply or replicating findings from forewarning and inoculation studies to real world situations, may observe effects of persuasive resistance in attenuated form to that observed in the lab setting, as the person concerned often has more control over the extent of exposure to a persuasive attack (Compton & Pfau, 2008).The present essay thus proposes that whilst the influence of forewarning and inoculation upon resistance is salient in empirical and applied terms, the process of persuasion resistance by inoculation may represent a more complex process than theoretically outlined, with multiple factors needing to be accounted for (Pfau et al., 1997).It was proposed that whilst inoculation theory provides a...


4175 words (10.4 pages)
Essay on Is Islamophobia a Form of Racism?

On the contrary, arguments against this claim include the lack of any link between the concept and racism, Islam is not a race, statistics on stop and searches, and difficulties in determining what makes a racist attack.On the contrary, opponents have argued that Islamophobia is not a form of racism because of lack of a clear link between the term and racism as well as the fact that Islam is not a race but religion.While it has been widely used, there are numerous debates on whether the phenomenon is a form of racism.People who consider Islamophobia as a form of racism have supported their argument through various reasons including the division and exclusion associated with the fear of Muslims.Some of the arguments raised to support the ...


439 words (1.1 pages)
How Slippery is the Slope? Essay

Ethos is also an integral part of this essay, without credibility then the argument has no foundation and gives the audience no reason to believe in the author.Initially it presents the counter which is the slippery slope essay, and then it breaks it down by four categories being; (1) slipping to absurdity, (2) slipping the other way, (3) slippery slopes in general, (4) concept of choice.A prime example of this use of logos is in the third category called slippery slopes in general and the author said, “It is disingenuous, and callous, to treat any potential change as part of some seamless process of an alleged disintegration of an institution.” That being said, that iss not the only example of the author using logos to argue the counter...


1025 words (2.6 pages)
Paley’s Argument from Design Essay

He presents the argument by suggesting that a person finds a watch and may not even know what it is.Cambridge:, 1934.Paley’s central metaphor in his argument is that of a watch.The idea that Paley’s argument is rational and logical is stressed throughout Paley’s writings, but the teleological argument for the existence of God, even in Paley’s logical and methodical approach ultimately becomes an emotional argument because Paley is actually saying: it feels like the universe must be designed and I assume that means there is a designer which is God.So, the teleological argument for the existence of God is, stated simply, that because design is evident in nature a designer is evident in nature and that designer is God.


909 words (2.3 pages)
Advantages and Disadvantages of Fracking

As expected from a government report counter arguments are provided very effectively, this is a vital part of a cost benefit analyse; the main purpose of the document.Again this source presents both sides of the argument, the converse of which is that methane emissions from the extraction of natural gas “will severely reduce or entirely negate the climate benefits of lower CO2 emissions”.the argument over orphaned wells and who should take responsibility for them.Despite this potential downfall not necessarily fitting my counter argument of the environmental and social impacts, it could be used to evaluate the potential benefits of fracking.I hope that by formulating my ideas in a logical way using my sources both as the basis for my rea...


1876 words (4.7 pages)
Forewarnings And Inoculation In Persuasion

Participants exposed to the inoculation condition, which is a two-sided persuasive message, showed smaller changes in their beliefs and intent in planning to enquire following a negative experience than subjects exposed to 1-sided appeals (Jalnawala & Wilkin, 2007).Moreover, a two-sided message is seen as a more fair and balanced view as it incorporates both the pro and con side of an argument.Political campaigns, smoking prevention and commercial advertising are just some of the avenues that have applied the social psychological concepts of forewarning and inoculation.The study was conducted to examine the effect of sidedness of appeals and argument types in comprehending beliefs formed after exposure with advertisements.Research ha...


1789 words (4.5 pages)
Is Abortion Morally Acceptable? Essay

Therefore, from my understanding of the Law of Nature, abortion would be immoral because it does not preserve life, but instead takes it away.This paper defines abortion and the case Roe v. Wade, argues why abortion in not morally acceptable, provides a counter argument that supports, objects to the counter argument and gives another reason why abortion is immoral.The human embryo is the simplest form of human life.Abortion is the termination of a human embryo or fetus, which is the basic form of human life, which would then break this law.Therefore if abortion is the termination of an embryo or fetus, ... ... middle of paper ... ...y means of preserving life, then ending another’s life would be considered wrong.


455 words (1.1 pages)
Famine, Affluence, and Morality Essay

I also believe that a person giving charity should not be held at a higher pedestal then someone that is not able to give to charity.The third counter argument is the difference between duty and charity.The argument is that in some utilitarian theory that everyone should work full time to increase happiness over misery.I do not agree with how he insinuates that the richer you are the more you should give.Singer’s response to this argument is, “unless that principle is rejected, or the arguments are shown to be unsound, I think the conclusion must stand however strange it appears.


911 words (2.3 pages)
Essay about Descartes ' Argument On Substance Dualism

This argument is also given by Descartes in his response to Princess Elizabeth’s argument concerning the mind-body problem.This argument, which argues for the belief that substance dualism is in fact true, is called the mind-body separation argument.Both of these points suffice as a counterpoint to the criticism of this mind-body problem.This argument revolves around the following train of thought: (a) Due to the assumption that the mind is an immaterial thing simply by the nature of the mind, we can safely assume that the mind is an indivisible thing, (b) Due to the assumption about the physical nature of the body, we can safely assume that the body is a divisible thing, and therefore, (c) the mind and the body must be separate entities...


464 words (1.2 pages)
The Argument For The Ontological Argument Essay

Aquinas believes, as humans we don’t have the intellect to prove God’s existence Overall, this shows that the ontological argument doesn’t prove God’s existence, as existence can’t be a predicate, so any deductions made from this assumption can’t form valid conclusion... .To counter this, the philosopher Malcolm disagrees with Kant by saying that existence can be a property of a necessary being such as God.Again, it comes back to the fact that not everyone will define God the same way, which is an intrinsic flaw in the argument.He also says that the argument is infantile because of this.As the argument is reliant on this assumption, it falls apart as the deductions made are based on this whole concept.


482 words (1.2 pages)
Analysis Of Andrew Sullivan 's ' For Gay Marriage Essay

Each author goes about addressing rebuttal arguments in varying ways, providing insight into the strength and validity of his own argument.... much this technique impacted the work as a whole tells the reader how strong the argument would be on its own.It is important to look at how Bennett frames his argument around the counter one because most arguments are negligible if they can be easily refuted.Sullivan does not mention the possible contradictions to h... .If Bennett had not addressed the opposition in the way he did, and more so tried to show how his argument makes the counter one void, then Bennett 's overall argument would have been enhanced.


448 words (1.1 pages)
Position Paper Essay

The Resolution of the Problem – where you either support the original view by overcoming the counter arguments or you reject the original view by showing the objections constitute unanswerable difficulties.The expression of your opinion or feelings, although important in its own right, must be supported by rational argument or justification (with supporting details) acceptable to a reasonable person.Each paragraph should address a different point that supports your main argument.Be sure to present this argument or thesis as persuasively as possible.Also, by asking students to put their ideas in writing, an internal position paper can force each student to condense a large amount of research and ideas into a small, more comprehensible arg...


1561 words (3.9 pages)
Foundationalism And Its Scepticisms Philosophy Essay

Much like the argument against the foundationalist response to the Regress Problem, this scepticism shows that properly empiric basic beliefs are not possible.This shows that foundationalism does not address the Regress Problem properly and can be considered somewhat inadequate – as it cannot counter one of its most important scepticisms.As foundationalists cannot effectively counter this anti-foundationalist argument, the scepticism effectively proves that foundationalism is an inadequate way to justify knowledge, because it cannot provide any justified knowledge of the external world since empirical basic beliefs are impossible.For this reason, the internalist response, as well, does not affectively counter the criticism.There are two ...


1716 words (4.3 pages)
Utilatarian, Deontology and Virtue Ethics Essay

John Mills’ actions are right as long they promote happiness, wrong if they produce the opposite of happiness as the reply for the counter argument.Counter argument from Mill, general happiness is the foundation of standard moral deed.The two counter arguments will be cultural relativism and self-centred theory.A reply for first counter argument is that any character quality defined as a virtue must be universally regarded as a virtue for all people in all times, so that such cultural relativism is not relevant.Counter argument of Immanuel Kant’s moral deontology claim, it is immoral to consider a human being as a means to an end.


1651 words (4.1 pages)
Business Law

However if Jason Miao had not come to this inheritance, then Damien is legally bound to accept the $20,000 from Jason and is estopped from recovering the $15,000, following the doctrine of ‘promissory estoppel’.Furthermore after Jason Miao inherited a large sum from his sister’s estate, Jason Miao must pay the balance of $15,000 to Damien as he is no longer in ‘economic duress’.Assignment Question Part A .Total word count is 1,637. .Following this line of argument, it is not possible that Jason Miao go back on his promise of paying the extra $5,000 to Damien.


1904 words (4.8 pages)
The Argument Culture

Without a doubt, the argument culture to which Deborah Tannen refers in The Argument Culture exists, but it is nevertheless countered by a distinct interest in goodness and compromise rather than strictly confrontation.There are a plethora of examples of facts which don’t warrant news coverage because they are not disputed.It is merely that the media exploits conflict.Hearing two sides of an issue which then requires personal thought and reflection are usually more interesting than undisputed facts, so even factual information is spun to involve controversy.Both arguments and the lack thereof are essential to a functioning society, However, as Tannen states, the automatic leap towards confrontation can be disastrous and counter-producti...


490 words (1.2 pages)
An Insight into Academic Writing Essay

As Graff and Berkenstein, quotes are like literary orphans that have been taken from their original context, “they need to be integrated into their new textual surroundings.” In simpler terms, a quote needs to be introduced, interpreted, and then connected to the central idea.I felt like their writing had a constant flow from introduction of a move, to implementing balance, to common problems, how to fix those problems, and then to exercises that would reinforce their primary concepts.Their style and content kept me engaged and focused.The way they tied all their information to a central idea, while explaining how to do just that fascinated me.


682 words (1.7 pages)
Teleological Argument

In conclusion, one of the most fascinating aspects of comparing Paley’s teleological argument for the existence of God with Hume’s refutation of that argument is the fact that Paley’s harmonious, linear, and straightforward analogous argument on behalf of the existence of God actually demonstrates the conclusion drawn by Hume in his more complex study of human rationality and human consciousness.As we will now see with David Hume’s counter-argument to Paley’s teleological argument for the existence of God is much more steeped in logical processes as modern thinkers understand them.Hume’s argument involves observing human consciousness and human rationality.Before examining Hume’s highly credible objections to Paley’s teleological argumen...


1473 words (3.7 pages)
Argumentative logic Essay

First, we will present the notion of argument and its philosophical foundations.Unlike proof, an argument can be defeated.The premises of an argument can generate counter-arguments that contradict it.This is the case of an autonomous and social agent.An argument is only allowed on condition that all objections that have been raised are in turn defeated.


602 words (1.5 pages)
Famine, Affluence, and Morality Essay

In this era, lots of people are selfish as well as greedy and don’t usually stop to take into consideration other people in need of assistance.To conclude, I will provide my own position in response to Singer’s argument.I will explain Singer’s idea of marginal utility and also differentiate how it pertains to his argument.I agree that it is our moral duty to assist any person in urgent need even when it’s an individual thousands of miles away.The life of an individual is invaluable and must come first of all.


1205 words (3.0 pages)
The Campbell’s Soup Lab Argument Writing

Finally, summarize your position.This should be typed using 12 point-font and double-spaced.Be sure to identify all assumptions.It should take about ¾ of a page to fully present this argument.This assignment should be coherent and free of spelling and grammar mistakes.


250 words (0.6 pages)
Objections to Business Ethics

For instance, some factories flow chemical waste in rivers and lakes, therefore affecting fish, which is considered an important food source for humans.Most companies have as their target only profit and the reduction of costs without paying attention to the interests of society.In terms of the counter-argument, behaviour in business is covered by law.Then she left her job and resorted to the law and won the case.The second argument is the loyal agent’s argument (Velasquez, 1998).In some cases in business people have the right to reject something which is conflict with their ethics.


462 words (1.2 pages)
Utilitarianism As The Principle Of Happiness Philosophy Essay

Introduction to utilitarianism.And so because of that, I will present two such common counter-examples and the expected utilitarian response for these counter examples.Would you kill someone to save one hundred people?This could indeed be the main argument of the opponents.Mill, John Stuart (Reprinted in Penguin Classics 1985, first published in 1859): On Liberty.


1734 words (4.3 pages)
Singer’s Famine, Affluence, and Morality Essay

Published by Springer.Famine, Affluence, and Morality.229-243 [revised edition].Retrieved from .Singer’s argument can be summed as: 1.


1636 words (4.1 pages)
Philosophy Unit Essay

Key Terms | Introspection – Looking inwards i. e. Internal experiences Tautology – Saying the same thing twice E. g. Reverse Backwards (i. e. Analytic) | David Hume | Hume’s Fork Reason is limited to the meaning of words | Descartes | Experience is limited to immediate awareness We can never be sure that the external world corresponds to out experiences (we might be dreaming/demon) | .Simple, complex, and abstract ideas Simple ideas come from sensation Complex + Abstract come from reflection | Sensation creates impressions in our minds Ideas are ‘faint impressions’ of sensations which are ‘vivid and forceful’ All thoughts are combinations of ideas e. g. Golden Mountain | Counter Arguments: Not all simple ideas come from experience Miss...


1478 words (3.7 pages)
Famine

It is very clear that we live in a selfish society.Singer proves that the joint effort of both the citizens and the government is what those in need want and need when experiencing poverty and natural disaster.Singer proves that when he addresses the issue of why people don’t donate.I will then present my personal response to Singer by developing an argument either in support of Singer’s position, against his position, or somewhere in the middle in relation to his position.In this essay we will discuss Singer’s goal in this article, and then present Singer’s argument that supports his position; Explain three counter-arguments to Singer’s position that he addresses in the article, and then summarize Singer’s responses to those counter-arg...


497 words (1.2 pages)
‘How to Argue About Abortion’ by John Noonan

Noonan attempts to prove his point by first showing counter arguments to many of the traditional pro-choice themes that have been brought up over and over in support of abortion.I believe that Noonan can effectively respond to criticisms, however, there are some minor flaws in the first argument.Noonan’s counter argument is that the child is never consulted to the choice (Noonan, CC, p13).But to counter the pro-choice’s rape argument, Noonan suggests that the mother can not punish the fetus because she was brutalized by another.Yet counter argues this point by saying that the unborn fetus responds to touching of the mothers stomach and also kicks to show it’s response.


2137 words (5.3 pages)
Design Argument for the existence of God Essay

Although the use of Darwin’s theory of Natural Selection can be cancelled out by its counter, Freud’s idea of illusion both successfully argues that the apparent design is created out of fear of chaos and not the result of a supremely powerful source, and the Epicurean Hypothesis argues that the God of classic theism can’t exist under the premise of evil and suffering.Overall, despite the Design Argument’s in depth ideas such as the anthropic principle and design qua purpose and regularity, there are stronger scholarly arguments to support the claim that the Design Argument fails to prove the existence of God.From this argument, he concluded that either God isn’t the God of classic theism or God isn’t the designer of the universe at all....


1214 words (3.0 pages)
Argumentative Essay Abortion Essay

Counter arguments: .Personhood at fertilization, is not a proven biological fact.Stuart W. G. Derbyshire, PhD, “Can Fetuses Feel Pain?,” British Medical Journal, Apr.A lot of people have the counter argument “abortion is murder”.According to Stuart W. G. Derbyshire, PhD, Senior Lecturer at the University of Birmingham (England), “not only has the biological development not yet occurred to support pain experience, but the environment after birth, so necessary to the development of pain experience, is also yet to occur.” .


655 words (1.6 pages)

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