Critical Summary Of Can The Subaltern Speak Essays

Found 276331 essays.

Essay about The New Subaltern : A Silent Interview

Also, Gramsci used the term subaltern to refer in particular to the unorganize... .• Subaltern studies: considers the button layer of society, not necessarily put together by capital logic alone.Additionally, she shows both the trajectory and the challenges facing the subaltern studies group if it tries to be both historian in this traditional sense as well as postcolonial voice, not only for the subaltern but for the subaltern studies group itself.All in all, Spivak states that the term Subaltern is barrowed from Gramsci and that the definition has been modified to fit that of its present day meaning which comes from the South Asian Subaltern Studies group.The New Subaltern: A Silent Interview .

406 words (1.0 pages)
An Analysis of Hybridity in Ahdaf Soueif’s Works

To follow Spivak in her claim about the subaltern, who cannot speak, would mean that Ahdaf Soueif narrates her stories in a lingual and structural model that pleases the West... Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak discusses the problematic issue of ‘voice’ for oppressed people in her essay “Can the Subaltern Speak?” in which she refers to this group as the “subaltern” minorities (Spivak 1988: 66).The significance of the discussion of the subaltern to this thesis relates to the identity of writer Ahdaf Soueif, who is a female, Anglophone author writing in the former-colonizer’s language in a postcolonial era.Spivak argues that this is a case which does not allow those subaltern peoples to really speak their mind and therefore they will never achi...

5096 words (12.7 pages)
Green Postcolonial Reading in Kocharethi

It tries to spell out some of the obvious differences between the two critical schools, search for grounds that allow a productive overlap between them and define “green postcolonialism”.Hers is a humble attempt to evolve a subaltern essence.The legacy of colonial modernity, language, education, nationalism, gendered subalternity, cultural history and ecopolitics is examined within the framework of green postcolonialism, thereby indicating the moral urgency for a fruitful alliance between the two critical schools of postcolonialism and ecocriticism to envision an alternative future.Postcolonialists are typically critical of nationalism, whereas the canons of environmental literature and criticism have developed within a national (and oft...

3926 words (9.8 pages)
India After Independence

Postcolonialism as a literary theory (with a critical approach), deals with literature produced in countries that once were colonies of other countries, especially of the European colonial powers Britain, France, and Spain; in some contexts, it includes countries still in colonial arrangements.[5] For example, in Colonial Latin America, the oppressed subaltern woman conformed to the colonial culture of the Spanish Empire, and applied the filters of religion and servitude to her voice and language, when addressing the colonial oppressor.Post-colonial studies entail the critical destabilization of the intellectual and linguistic, social and economic theories that support the Western ways of thinking (Deductive reasoning, Rule of Law, Monot...

2913 words (7.3 pages)
Framing the Feminine – depictions of women in Indian film

We find such specimen of Gayatri Spivak’s Subaltern in Aparna Sen’s movie Sati also.We have heard that retrospectives on Shabana Azmi and Smita Patil who represented mostly the ‘exploited Indian subaltern women’ type characters (as Sati, Mirch Masala, Paar, Chakra, Akrosh etc.It questions the feminist utterances, ‘Can the subaltern speak?Hurling various controversies the film voiced a strong utterance by a subaltern woman who being raped severely by many and being harassed wretchedly became a notorious dacoit and afterwards became a member of the Parliament coming back in a normal life.Indeed her voice represents the voices of the repressed subaltern Third World women including India.

1643 words (4.1 pages)
Postcoloniality and Subaltern Studies Essay

Chakrabarty mentions, how the subaltern regions now feel obligated to rather link their histories with the West’s history in order to make it seem more legit.Chakrabarty explicitly says this as he says “that the rhetoric and the claims of the (bourgeoisie) equality , of citizens’ rights, of self determination through a sovereign nation state have in many circumstances empowered marginal social groups in their struggles is indispensable to the project of subaltern studies” (pg 21).This is to say that the subaltern studies are studies that target regions like India and the problem is that these subaltern regions always feel obligated to link their histories with that of Europe and this stems from the euro-centrism.However, the goal of suba...

982 words (2.5 pages)
The Need for Subaltern Literature Essay

This act of recording trauma and witnessing, the essay proposes, is one of subaltern agency.“, Cary Nelson and Lawrence Grossberg (1988)encourage the efforts of the subaltern studies group, which re-appropriated Gramsci’s term “subaltern” (the economically dispossessed) in order to locate and re-establish a “voice”/collective locus of agency in postcolonial India.Some of the subaltern literatures which shook the world and also shaped the world are: “The Wretched of the Earth”- by Frans Fanon which is to this day used as the guide book in the Pentagon.Subaltern literature The word ‘subaltern’ is a military term for a junior officer, literally meaning “subordinate”.In “Can the Subaltern Speak?

2941 words (7.4 pages)
“The White Tiger” by Aravind Adiga

Critical Perspective to Post-colonialism .Critical Analysis of the Story.Graves, Benjamin.“Can the Subaltern Speak?”.This paper will be discussing the life of the protagonist as he journeys towards his present where a critical analysis of its events will be integrated.

1532 words (3.8 pages)
Gramsci's Concept of Critical Understanding Essay

Political education can transform this common sense into critical understanding.Critical understanding is dependent on three mutually supportive conditions.Gramsci's concept of critical understanding states that all men are philosophers, and that the inherent common sense that the average individual has is not critical and coherent but disjointed and episodic.The leadership of organic individuals make it possible for members of the subaltern class to change their ... ... middle of paper ... ...tive struggle."Gramsci's Concept of Critical Understanding 1.

374 words (0.9 pages)
The theme of subalternity in mahasweta devi’s Rudali Essay

Subaltern perception towards their relationship is, they are busy in finding the keys of dead man instead of lamenting for his death.Literally subaltern refers to any person or group of inferior rank and station, whether because of race,class,gender,sexual orientation, ethnicity or religion.Subaltern view of survival is prevailing in every scene of the story.Dominant class in the society want the subaltern to work like a cattle.Here we need to discuss an interesting character Dulan,a knowledged subaltern and his perception towards the social system of the village and his capacity to guide his co-villagers to find a means of livelihood makes him important in this story.

1772 words (4.4 pages)
Spivak and Kincaid: an Analysis of the Reproductive Rights of Subaltern

Xuela’s position in life may be the one viewed as the intersection of Critical Race Theory, whereas blacks were forced to reproduce for slave labor (and modern day surrogacy), and Native Americans were encouraged not to reproduce to ensure population genocide.Spivak argues that the Subaltern cannot speak.However, because of her choice of silence instead of being assertive in changing minds or voicing her opinions, she becomes a Subaltern that does not speak.The effects of settler colonialism and reproduction is illustrated through Dorothy Robert’s Killing the Black Body: Reproduction in Bondage; Making Reproduction a Crime; Race and the New Reproduction, Andrea Smith’s Conquest: Sexual Violence as a Tool of Genocide; “Better Dead than Pr...

5142 words (12.9 pages)
What Is Post Colonialism In Africa?

This led to ethnic conflicts between the borders resulting in terrible wars.Spivak however believes that essentialism can sometimes be used strategically by these groups to make it easier for the subaltern to be heard and understood when a clear identity can be created and accepted by the majority.Gayatri Chakraborty Spivak, an Indian literary critic, theorist and self described “practical Marxist-feminist-deconstructionist” is best known for her article, ‘Can a Subaltern Speak?’, considered a founding text for post-colonialism.The after math of this still is visible today in the controversy of Jammu and Kashmir.The partition resulted in questions of identity, homelessness, alienation and rootlessness.

2276 words (5.7 pages)
Essay about The Things Fall Apart By Chinua Achebe

Baldonado explains that if a culture is left out of the sphere of popular culture for a period of time they begin to become a subaltern which has historically led to the denial of further representation.They felt that these people need there help our they would never advance there society and would all end up going to hell.It’s clear that the locals could have been a much more successful society with out the interference of white culture.The majority begin to perceive the subaltern on the small sample size they’ve already seen and may start rejecting any new forms of representation simply because it wouldn’t fit their current view.Things Fall Apart presenting the clash between men and women of the African Igbo society.

455 words (1.1 pages)
An Analysis of Spivak’s Translation of Mahasweta Devi’s Essay

New York: Methuen.1987.London: Routledge.2000.Mahasweta Devi: An Anthology of Recent Criticism.Gayatri Spivak played a great role in making Mahasweta Devi known to the literature world through her translations and her work of subaltern studies on Devi’s texts.Sen, Nivedita and Nikhil Yadav, ed.

418 words (1.0 pages)
Essay on Subaltern Children in The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison

Swain, S. P., and Sarbajit Das.Effectively, a type of domestic colonialism, exercised by the respective national elitists, silence and exploit the subaltern women and emasculate the men.Ed Prasad, Murari.Delhi: Pencraft International, 2006. .Rajeshwar Mitta Palli and Claudio Gorlier.

418 words (1.0 pages)
Toni Morrison Post Colonial Feminism

The title of the poem is “Color” which is a “speak back” attitude to the white: .Thus the Third World Feminism is giving all the women especially the Black ones power and confidence to speak and now they are not silenced as were before.(Weedon).These blue eye speak about her wish to have liberty not from ugliness of blackness but the ugliness of the dark thoughts and her desires to bring in a change in her black society.According to the post colonial theory the female part must speak back to the so called norms which are carved out by the males.The question of voice was raised by Gayatri Spivak in her influential essay ‘Can the Subaltern Speak?’ (1988) in which she analyses ‘the relations between the discourses of the West and the possib...

5273 words (13.2 pages)
The Scar of Colonialism and Ongoing Post-Colonialism Essay

Can the Subaltern Speak?” is a provocative essay by Gayatri Spivak that shows the subjectivity associated with the subaltern woman.It was also evidence that ‘there is no space from where the subaltern subject can speak’ (Spivak 271-317).Spivak, G.1988.Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture.“Beyond the Politics of Location: The Power of Argument.” Feminist Theory 1.2 (2000): 109–207.

4839 words (12.1 pages)
Theoretical Accounts of Great Power Politics

Postcolonialism is primarily concerned with the south, the subaltern and its past because as Abrahamsen argues, “Any understanding of contemporary IR requires a careful account of the multiple and diverse power relationships that link the North and the South, both in the colonial past and the postcolonial present.” (Abrahamsen, 2007) Postcolonialism finds its origins in work done with a view to give a voice to the history of the south and the subaltern that was not heard as it was silenced, even gagged by the actions of imperialist Europe.Said is, along with Fanon, one of the most important academics within postcolonial theory, “It is Ahmad who has identified Said’s lasting contribution, as the first to provide, ‘a whole critical apparat...

3213 words (8.0 pages)
Significance n symbolisn of merry go round Essay

Long—– Unit 1—Ban bhatt prose style or shakuntala indian athetic text unit 2— Geetanjali as a religious text or Aadhe adhere existentalism unit 3—phaniyamma { gender discourse } or revenue stamp reconstruction of life unit 4— samskara as a subaltern text or river of fire {religious} short —– hanuman ,shakuntala ,revenue stamp autobiography ,manu ,sanjay ,phaniyamma social satire ,river of fire title , divya as a feminist text ….. narratve technque of sea wall r. t. c. .Uses of arias in hard godygm8yiiyvkviyvtiyigkvivglujlo guhj uu uguggugyb7vyvb bhigygyyg sixty eight poets theme n title .2— Geetanjali as a religious text or Aadhe adhere existentalism unit 3—phaniyamma { gender discourse } or revenue stamp reconstruction of life unit 4—...

302 words (0.8 pages)
Subaltern Realism Mohammed Ayoob Analysis

It also makes states less influenced and feared from other powerful ones, remarkably declining the possibility of armed rivalry and wars.But vice versa those countries started working even harder on their nuclear programs.Mohammad Ayoob’s subaltern realism theory with its five variables are applicable in Afghanistan considering the facts about weak or no security and corrupt state building process since the very beginning.In the end of 1980s and beginning of the 1990s; Mohammad Ayoob, a scholar of international relations, proposed and developed the subaltern realism theory.The theory provides a critical tool for the root and main causes of current conflict and state behaviors in the Third World.

1682 words (4.2 pages)
Postcolonial Theory & Literature

J.M Coetzee—Foe (1986) .Arundhati Roy—The God of Small Things (1997) .Peter Childs—Post-Colonial Theory and English Literature: A Reader (1999) Edward Said—Culture and Imperialism (1993) .Isabel Allende—The House of the Spirits (1982) .Peter Carey—Jack Maggs (1997) .

285 words (0.7 pages)
Perelmans Argumentation Theory And International Relations Philosophy Essay

– L. Olbrechts-Tytega (1969): The Treatise on New Rhetoric and Argumentation.Accessed 14.12.2010. .Initially, I thought my emphasis would not be on economics and on the economical analysis, however during the research process my research is directing me more and more towards the international political economy and critical geography.Thus, the history of the subaltern classes and counterhegemonical forces is bound to be sporadic, depending on the political space that the subaltern classes manage to create for themselves at certain periods of history.As Gramsci sees the society as an organic process, much like the modern physics, he also sees the prevailing hegemony as a process on many levels, including the struggle between the authoritar...

2881 words (7.2 pages)
Cultural Rape in Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart Essay

Perhaps the reason for this ambiguity and uncertainty lies in the difficulty in finding a language or a voice for expressing and describing white intervention.Similarly, his fellow clan members seem unwilling to recognise him.This is potently reflected towards the close of the novel with Achebe's assertion that ''even now they have not found the mouth with which to tell of their suffering'' (Things Fall Apart, 145), an issue keenly raised in Spivak's essay ''Can the Subaltern Speak?''.Things Fall Apart.New York: 1959.

421 words (1.1 pages)
The Dynamics of Representation and the Bases of Structure of Comprehension of the East in Monica Ali’s Brick Lane

New Delhi: Indialog Publications, 2001.Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1988.- Mohanty, Chandra T. “Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses.” Feminist Review 30 (1988): 61-88.Cary Nelson and Lawrence Grossberg.- Hall, Stuart.

399 words (1.0 pages)
Postcolonial Criticism Has Embraced Cultural Studies Essay

.. Postcolonial theory, as any other theoretical approach, has conceptual boundaries and limitations.According to Wail Hassan and Rebecca Saunders, Anglophone postcolonial studies have sustained British literature as a “frame of reference” (18).Although it offers a theoretical approach that highlights the importance of examining the present colonial legacies, most of the early literature in postcolonial theory has emerged from the decolonized world of the twentieth century that theorizes mostly from the British imperial discourse.Thus, for the most part, it has not only overlooked the (post)colonial texts written in native languages, but also created a kind of postcolonial canon that has so far reinforced and maintained the supremacy of...

1240 words (3.1 pages)
Literature, Translation Essay

In short, if we believe that nativisation is a value system explicit in theory and practice of Indian literature we should initiate a process of critical reconsideration of our existing culture material and practice it with confidence.Towards Nativistic Literary Theory: i)A number of approaches to the study of Indian Literature are in vogue today – the Marxist, the feminist, the Orientalist, the Postcolonial, the subaltern, to mention a few.Therefore, in this section, an attempt has been made to evaluate Nativism as a critical theory in Kannada and Gujarati literature.Indian Critical Discourse .The Indian Marxists, Neo-Marxists and subaltern theoreticians were (and still are) the skilled practioners of this genre of literary theory.

4154 words (10.4 pages)
Friendship Between An Indian And An Englishman English Literature Essay

Post – colonialism can be linked to other critical theories such as Marxism and Deconstruction which have influenced the Post – colonial theory.Post- colonialism is a critical theory which is defined as writing that is grounded in the cultural realities of those societies whos subjectivity has been constituted at least in the part by the subordinating power of European colonialism’, in the novel A Passage to India it was the English people living in India had the power as colonizers which caused the split between the two.A Passage to India as a novel represents many critical theories throughout but pacifically post – colonialism is represented as throughout the novel E.M Forster uses the obfuscatory words ‘muddle’ and ‘mystery’ to charac...

1461 words (3.7 pages)
Indigenous Churches Essay

(Hedlund, Christianity is Indian – The Emergence of and Indigenous Community 2004, 223) [ 31 ].Bangalore, Karnataka: TETRAWPOI, 2010 [ 30 ].It must be noted that the movement is predominantly among the Dalits and indigenous Tribal populations who are people of the ‘subaltern’ “little traditions”.Two significant theories that I have stumbled upon during this past semester through my readings in preparation for the Essay are “Great Traditions and little Traditions” and “subaltern”.For a better understanding of this movement, it is critical to be familiar with the ‘great traditions and little traditions’ that have governed indigenous movements in various parts of the world.

5236 words (13.1 pages)
Hybridity is the sign of the productivity of colonial power

The fact that, for example, black slavery was founded on a trade with African slave-kingdoms such as Benin, ought to rein in the excesses of pan-nationalist ‘Eden’ discourses.There they may be able to find the repressed histories and identities they seek.Hence, there has been increased interest in the fissures and margins of colonial discourse which may – if not providing the authentic voice of the subaltern – allow the uniform presence of the dominant ideology to be breached.It is little surprise that hybridity in literature has become symbolic not only of the complexity of colonial experience, but also the possibilities of transgression and disruption.How are they to recover the histories from the years of subjugation, those of the sub...

2334 words (5.8 pages)
Recovering Paul Ricoeur's Intervention in the Gadamer-Habermas Debate

Again, the theme of distanciation or detachment becomes critical here.Ricoeur then returns us one again to the theme of the hermeneutic of suspicion we referred in the discussion of Habermas's critical strategy, and drawing increasingly from Derrida's unbounded 'deconstruction' to supplement Heidegger's own 'restrained criticism', he proposes this as a means of unhitching the latent in metaphysics and dead metaphors which accumulate and occlude a tradition's understanding of cosmology, and the deeper symbolic truth undergirding certain of its discourses.McCarthy, Thomas (1982) Habermas: Critical Debates (Cambridge MA: MIT Press), esp.(Marx) A highly critical review of Gadamer's leading treatise, Truth and Method, was issued in 1967 in th...

7990 words (20.0 pages)

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