This handful of popular feminist ideologies are just a very few of the many, many more that exist.These are some of the questions one might ask oneself when taking a deeper look into the diverse and sometimes complicated spectrum of feminist ideology.After summarizing theses most prevalent feminist theories, I feel the single sub-type under the feminist ideological umbrella that appeals to most women as a populous, and carries the strongest, most active argument is liberal feminism.Although each and every feminist ideology has its own role in the feminist movement, this important and vital attribute of being able to appeal to so many people sets it aside from any other ideology.Because the liberal form of feminist ideology can be applied...
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She sustains this argument through an examination of feminist emancipatory writings, feminist periodicals and the literature of both the campaign against the application of the Contagious Diseases Acts in India and the campaign for the vote.In the process, she recovers some quite interesting subgenres within feminist writing.Thus, Burton’s texts are treated either self-referentially or with reference to current feminist debates.Another problem is Burton’s failure to address the question of how feminist imperialism worked in the world more generally.Certainly, Burton’s survey establishes the centrality of imperial issues to the British feminist movement, providing a helpful genealogy of some styles of argumentation that have persisted to ...
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Thus a proto-traditional feminist is someone who advocated for, and encouraged others to advocate... ... middle of paper ... ...hat he does not endorse equity for women who are weaker than men, but the proto-traditional feminist would not reject him.Although Plato endorses some feminist ideologies, his motivation behind his endorsement of these ideologies does not come from the belief that women should be equated to men, but that everyone must play their role in Kallipolis.Nevertheless, Plato does not endorse equity, and so he would not be considered a modern feminist.Furthermore, I will consider the objection that Plato cannot be a feminist due to his motivation for equality.I will then consider the differences between the traditional d...
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Over-time several sub-types of Feminist ideology have developed.Feminist theory aims to understand the nature of gender inequality and focuses on gender politics, power relations and sexuality.This understanding led to abortion-rights work, which demanded access for poor women, not just for middle-class women who could afford to pay for it.Radical feminisms have been very vocal and ac... ... middle of paper ... ...debate has occurred within socialist feminist circles about the exact relationship between sexual, economic class, and racial oppression.Modern feminist theory has been extensively criticized as being predominantly, but not exclusively, associated with western middle class academia.
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Attempts to rectify this distortion were made through the use of feminist empiricism and standpoint feminism which endeavoured to garner women’s perspectives by turning to women themselves and seeking their own accounts of the criminal experience.This notion of hegemonic masculinity which Sumner highlights in his critique of Foucault is a growing area of criminological research which draws on feminist theory and postmodern critique and it seeks to interrogate the gender question behind the criminality of men.It has been feminist work, especially in the area of men’s violence’s, which has challenged the subsequent pathologising of the crimes of men that results from such a division, by seeking to explore instead what men may share, as opp...
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In short, a feminist survey of western languages shows that the meaning of some words, such as ‘power,’ ‘woman,’ ‘human,’ ‘reason,’ depicts gender bias against women; the words are not universal.See K. Lennon and M. Witford, Knowing the difference: feminist perspectives in epistemology, London: Routeldge and Kegan Paul, 1994, pp.Unlike feminist scholarship in the West, feminist theory and scholarship in Africa have formed neither a neatly .By grounding itself in feminist ideology, gender inherits most of the weaknesses and shortfalls of western feminism.The feminist propaganda so narrowly construed was reduced to a feminist fight for space and time in the public spheres of life especially the workplace, which was supposed as a predominan...
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Although the ideology has noble intentions, the word itself has become taboo and those who identify as feminist are perceived to have the quality of misandry: the hatred of men (“misandry”).In the United States, the feminist movement was a civil rights issue that sought to establish equality for women.With this in mind, this essay will explore why all individuals should adopt a feminist perspective by analyzing the political aspect in an attempt to reduce corruption, offer effective representation, and allowing new and diverse ideas and perspectives in government offices and applications that deal with stimulation and growth of the economy due to the feminist movement.Today, individuals who support this movement are identified as femini...
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The equality notion by Hillary will be explored to determine whether it pointed to progression as a feminist and its implications in relation to other feminist movements.Feminist analysis: rhetorical criticism.Communicating third wave feminism and new social movements: challenges for the next century of feminist endeavor.It further provides the frameworks that can be applied to establish meaning for feminist ideology.Feminist research in theory and practice.
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Some socialist feminist even suggest that this can be overcome by subscribing to early utopian socialist ideas such as communal living and ‘free love’ as advocated by Charles Fourier.Postmodern feminist reject ‘essentialist’ theories of female oppression which is where radical third wave feminists differ from the second wave.However, separatism and indeed political lesbianism are not advocated by majority of modern day feminists so it would be wrong to say that their views represent those of the feminist movement as a whole.Feminist author Ti-Grace Atkinson is credited to the slogan ‘feminism is the theory; lesbianism is the practise’.Nevertheless instead of the fading of the feminist movement, the effect of these developments was to fra...
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Marxism is a approach which suggests that we are brainwashed by ideology; ‘you must respect authority, if you work hard you will do well, you must respect the rule of law’.Ann first became interested in feminism when she herself became a subject in the 1960’s becoming a mother of two and realising herself how deeply undervalued and isolating womans work in the home can be.Suggesting that most crimes of violence are committed by men.People choose what to do and think and are not brainwashed by ideology.She is best known for her work on sex and gender, housework, childbirth and feminist social science.
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Furthermore, this starts a lineage of American literature revolving around feminist ideology.I credit Nathaniel Hawthorne to be a person that supports feminist ideology through his works, his life and his past.Hester Prynne, the protagonist of The Scarlet Letter, is considered to be one of first strong willed, independent female protagonists in American literature that she became classified as a feminist.Clayton, Delaware: Prestwick House Literary Touchstone Classics, 2008.It should be known that if Hawthorne is a feminist and made Hester that way purposely then he had just fueled feminist ideals in women and English literature.
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In her introduction to her 1984 Feminist Theory: From Margin to Center, bell hooks criticizes Friedan’s suggestion that wo... ... middle of paper ... ...sten to each other, and the differences between us no longer have to be important.While my focus will be on promoting the inclusion of American women of color with particular emphasis on Black women, these women are by no means the only group that has been ignored within the larger feminist movement.Though this kind of theory is important for all women, it is particularly important for disenfranchised minorities, since it gives them access to common language and invites them into the feminist discourse.Feminism began because of our desire for equality.In this essay, I argue that in order...
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The question of gendering in Hollywood film, the scope of feminists analysis in identifying issues of race and class and the limitations of traditional feminist analysis in assessing these complex issues.Subsequently the ramifications of capitalism and racism are issues that have often been negated, both by classical feminist theory and made invisible within mainstream popular culture arguably reifying capitalist and Eurocentric hegemony (ibid.To energise gender debate solely on this single praxis is to reinforce the Enlightenment dichotomies that have informed classical theorists.Hence representations in film are the results of triple ideologies, patriarchy, racism and capitalism.In contrast the central theory in feminist film criticism...
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The Black Feminist Agenda seeks to rationalize these questions and focuses on those that are most applicable to African American women.The black feminist movement formed in response to the needs of women who were racially under-represented by the Women's Movement and sexually oppressed by the Black Liberation Movement.black nationalist discourse is very prevalent in feminist work and this is why scholars are divided between the association of womanism with other similar ideologies such as black feminism and Africana womanism or the position that womenism three are inherently incompatible.With this definition, it can be said that the feminist agenda encompasses different issues ranging from political rights to educational opportunities in...
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Across the globe gender equality pose as a problems especially in religion.Feminist movements in the past emphasize rights for political and economic positions, but in modern day, feminist movements are advocating to end sexual assault and rights to their own bodies.However, one solution to decrease gender conflict could be having the gender the differences balance out.The need for feminist movements is because gender inequality still exist.There are many dimensions to being a feminist and we have a tremendous number of people supporting the feminist movement.
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The girl wants to keep the ancestral piano that contains the engraved faces of their ancestors who were sold in lieu of the piano.We can infer from the theme of the novel that the author Henrik Ibsen was a strong Feminist as he created characters that fought for the rights of women.The feminist beliefs of Nora rise up at last and she comes to know that she has been a foolish doll in a toy-marriage and walks out of her house slamming the door behind her and surprising Torvald.The author highlighted the self realization of the main character Nora and the way she becomes an example to feminist ideology.The novel thus becomes an extraordinary work in which a man portrays strong feminist ideologies.
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Yet the criticisms of the Marxist feminist perspectives include the fact that women’s roles are not the same in all families now consist of dual- worker couples, with both partners in paid employment.Also feminists emphasize that housework is unpaid labour.He proposed that the family is one of the ideological state apparatuses, along with others such as the education system and the mass media, which are concerned with social control and passing on the ideology of the dominant class.For feminists, the family and marriage are major sources of female domination and gender inequalities in society.They provide a healthy solution to functionalist and New Right accounts, which tend to emphasize the ‘functional’ aspects of the family and downpla...
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Politically speaking, the works by these two very different influential female artists speak to the universally held ideology of the predominant ‘gendering way of looking’, addressing the concept of the ‘male gaze’ through the representation of the female identity.The concept of the ‘gendering way of looking’ became a visual construct through the way the male visual ideology treats woman as an object of art to secure the artist as primarily male (King, 1992, p. 135).Although during the years 1850 to 1914 had the first official wave of feminism occurred, the feminist movement gave way to several woman activists part taking in the political actions performed by all female organizations scanning across the globe, that also gave way to the t...
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As a feminist writer, Charlotte Bronte created this novel to support and spread the idea of an independent woman who works for herself, thinks for herself, and acts of her own accord.She is a strong woman, both mentally and physically, who seeks independence and is in search of individuality, honesty, and above all equality both in marriage and in society in a world that does not acknowledge women as individuals.As a creative, independent woman with a strong personality and will growing up during this period of female repression, Bronte wrote Jane Eyre as a feminist message to society.Bronte’s Jane Eyre is brimming with feminist ideology rebuking Victorian-Era gender-roll ethics and ideals.She does this through her protagonist Jane, who ...
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Liberal feminists accept the basic organisation of our society but seek to expand the rights and opportunities of women. H. Barnett Introduction to Feminist Jurisprudence, pp.Liberal feminists support equal rights and oppose prejudice and discrimination that block the aspirations of women.” 2) Socialist feminism is an evolution from Marxist conflict theory, essentially made in reaction to the little attention Marx paid to gender.The essence of patriarchy is emphasised by the Marxist legal theory, developed by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in the 19th Century, which places no emphasis upon gender, and consequently belittles the feminists fight for gender equality.1179-80  Textbook on Jurisprudence – Hilaire McCoubrey and Nigel...
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Martin, Douglas."colonization, n." OED Online."feminism, n." OED Online.While at times she falls into the same generalization trap that she accuses the Western women of making, she ultimately proves that the feminist believe that Third World societies oppress all women elevates the Western world view as the superior one again and is similar to the colonialism of previous times.Parker, Robert Dale.
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However despite this entire Marxist is useful for the importance of economically influences within the family, as it raises the possibility that the family as an institution benefit some other social groups.Although not everyone agrees with the functionalist view of the family and its roles, as Marxist and feminist reject this idea of who benefit from the family.Marxist has different views as he believe the family are serving the economic and ideological needs for capitalism, the feminist view sees family serving not the ideological needs of capitalism but the needs of a man and the patriarchal control of woman.However the functionalist views is criticised in many ways for its falls such as its believe that it creates an out of date as w...
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When we deconstruct the text from feminist perspective, the client has power over the female (whore) who he had purchased to satisfy his sexual lust.Feminist then without realization , reinforce the dichotomous relationship between women and men created by society.Thus in feminist literary work and criticism, women are still being described as inferior to men.It is valuable that feminist shed light on the oppression or the powerlessness of women .Feminist Literary Criticism without doubt brings women’s oppression into light and celebrate women writers and their literary contributions.
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We live in a patriarchal society.In what way(s) does he either reinforce or criticize this ideology?How does the work define masculinity and femininity?What does Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men suggest about the experience of groups of people who have been ignored, under-represented, or misrepresented by traditional history?Looking through a Feminist Theory lens, discuss the following questions about Of Mice and Men: .
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When we deconstruct the text from feminist perspective, the client has power over the female (whore) who he had purchased to satisfy his sexual lust.Feminist then without realization , reinforce the dichotomous relationship between women and men created by society.Yet again there is another weakness in feminist literary theory in my view point.“Feminist Literary Criticism.” LANGUAGE IN INDIA Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow 10.4 (2010): 403-10.Feminist Literary Criticism without doubt brings women’s oppression into light and celebrate women writers and their literary contributions.
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Walker became an active member of the feminist movement in 1992 shortly after she graduated from Yale.While Walker was staying in San Francisco, she spent most of her time being looked after by relatives or neighbors because her mother was frequently away working in the feminist movement.She argues against radical feminist ideas that motherhood is a burden to women and instead calls it a blessing.She is the daughter of Alice Walker, who was also a famous feminist and writer.In her book To Be Real: Telling the Truth and Changing the Face of Feminism, Walker talks about her feminist views and call out her mother’s generation of feminists for “for denigrating men and encouraging women to seek independence whatever the cost to their families...
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The feminist beliefs of Nora rise up at last and she comes to know that she has been a foolish doll in a toy-marriage and walks out of her house slamming the door behind her and surprising Torvald.The author highlighted the self realization of the main character Nora and the way she becomes an example to feminist ideology.What she has done is perfectly justifiable in the light is modern ideology and culture.We can infer from the theme of the novel that the author Henrik Ibsen was a strong Feminist as he created characters that fought for the rights of women.The novel thus becomes an extraordinary work in which a man portrays strong feminist ideologies.
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Radical feminists stress that the media reproduces patriarchy.This cult is manifested both as a social group to which all those born female can belong, and as a set of practices and beliefs: rights and rituals, sacrifices and ceremonies whose periodic performance re-affirms a common femininity.These journals are not merely reflecting the female role in society; they are also supplying one source of definitions of and socializations into that role’.‘I have argued that women’s magazines collectively compromise a social institution which server to foster and maintain a cult of femininity.The perspective I am intending to take continues from research conducted by one particular feminist sociologist, Marjorie Ferguson, who conducted a content...
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The first time period that I would like to discuss was the 1920s in America."Roaring Twenties Feminism."The 1920s ... ... middle of paper ... ...hael.These women worked hard and During the start of feminism until the modern generations of young women, the ideology has always been about equality, but within the millennium that has changed to women who want to be better then their male counterparts.Three reasons that might be the major causes of the shift in feminism are the differences in the time periods, the changes in role models, and the shift in ideology.
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As a African-American female Marxist, .it easy for the reader to be actively engaged and follow her argument.more often than not she allows the evidence to speak for itself before injecting .This allows her to present and analyze history in a way in which it had not been .Feminist Movement.
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