Another popular feminist ideology that took rise during the 1980s is socialist feminism.The heart of feminism strives for equality and the liberal feminist belief system supports this basic, yet powerful notion of gender neutrality through sexual equality.Looking further into the ideas of gender inequality under a liberal feminist perspective, the division of labor is a predominant issue.Because the liberal form of feminist ideology can be applied to women in the masses, men, and everyday lifestyles, it can be activated into a reality and not live just in theory.Although each and every feminist ideology has its own role in the feminist movement, this important and vital attribute of being able to appeal to so many people sets it aside fr...
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While the author has read almost every piece of feminist literature, she has not gone beyond this source base to systematically examine either competing official documents, Indian feminist writings, or imperial discourses.She sustains this argument through an examination of feminist emancipatory writings, feminist periodicals and the literature of both the campaign against the application of the Contagious Diseases Acts in India and the campaign for the vote.In the process, she recovers some quite interesting subgenres within feminist writing.Another problem is Burton’s failure to address the question of how feminist imperialism worked in the world more generally.Thus, Burton’s texts are treated either self-referentially or with referenc...
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Nevertheless, Plato does not endorse equity, and so he would not be considered a modern feminist.Although Plato endorses some feminist ideologies, his motivation behind his endorsement of these ideologies does not come from the belief that women should be equated to men, but that everyone must play their role in Kallipolis.However, I will show that Plato is only a feminist under the proto-traditional definition of feminism.I will then consider the differences between the traditional definition and modern definition of feminism to show that Plato is indeed a feminist.Thus a proto-traditional feminist is someone who advocated for, and encouraged others to advocate... ... middle of paper ... ...hat he does not endorse equity for women who a...
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Early feminists and primary feminist movements are often called the first-wave feminists, and feminists after about 1960 the second-wave feminists.Radical feminisms have been very vocal and ac... ... middle of paper ... ...debate has occurred within socialist feminist circles about the exact relationship between sexual, economic class, and racial oppression.They believe that the economic class aspects of women's lives define their life choices and that these differences between women must be addressed before women can understand one another's needs.Over-time several sub-types of Feminist ideology have developed.Modern feminist theory has been extensively criticized as being predominantly, but not exclusively, associated with western midd...
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The target of feminist critiques of the discipline which have emerged during the past 20 years has been with the nature of this recognition, the way in which the sex-specificity of crime has been conceptualised.It has been in seeking to understand this issue of what men may share that, in the work of the second phase criminologists writing from feminist and pro-feminist perspectives, the concept of masculinity has been seen to have had a particular, and rather different, heuristic purchase.It has been feminist work, especially in the area of men’s violence’s, which has challenged the subsequent pathologising of the crimes of men that results from such a division, by seeking to explore instead what men may share, as opposed to the attribu...
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It was then a normal spectacle for a woman feminist to be decidedly non-married, although she could be attached and have children.Unlike feminist scholarship in the West, feminist theory and scholarship in Africa have formed neither a neatly .By grounding itself in feminist ideology, gender inherits most of the weaknesses and shortfalls of western feminism.They are not wary of historical, social and political situation of knowledge-claims.32 Trapped in their own ideological cocoon, the western feminist women still think that western rationality is the only rationality; that western science is superior to other forms of rationality (if any), so that in regard to, say, family planning strategy, African women have to be ‘helped’ by their mo...
4958 words (12.4 pages)
Although the ideology has noble intentions, the word itself has become taboo and those who identify as feminist are perceived to have the quality of misandry: the hatred of men (“misandry”).Today, individuals who support this movement are identified as feminist: an ideology that all individuals should identify with.This is incorrect because feminism, unlike misandry, is the ideology that all genders should be tr... ... middle of paper ... ...n in office increasing approval ratings of those who are being represented, new ideas and perspectives are going to be introduced to individuals, possibly sparking the change for new laws, bills, amendments, and discussions.In the United States, the feminist movement was a civil rights issue that so...
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Therefore, for a feminist, it becomes a difficult landscape to navigate.The equality notion by Hillary will be explored to determine whether it pointed to progression as a feminist and its implications in relation to other feminist movements.Hierarchy, unity, and imitation: a feminist rhetorical analysis of power dynamics.Feminist Review, 86 (1), 195-196.Feminist research in theory and practice.
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This increasing divide within the feminist movement has resulted in the emergence of ‘post-feminism’ whereby different groups of feminists tackle different issues such as pornography, abortion, prostitution and censorship, all with different methods and ideas.Feminist author Ti-Grace Atkinson is credited to the slogan ‘feminism is the theory; lesbianism is the practise’.Socialist feminist ideas stemmed from Friedrich Engels’ The Origins of the Family, Private Property and the State published in 1884 in which he argued that the position of women in society had fundamentally changed with the emergence of capitalism and the institution of private property, though socialist feminism didn’t fully emerge until the second wave.Nevertheless inst...
2329 words (5.8 pages)
Marxism is a approach which suggests that we are brainwashed by ideology; ‘you must respect authority, if you work hard you will do well, you must respect the rule of law’.She is best known for her work on sex and gender, housework, childbirth and feminist social science.She also has strong beliefs that gender issues in violence and crime cause huge social problems in todays society.Ann believes that we still have ongoing sex equalilty issues today, woman still earn less and have less political power and do most of the worlds menial (but important) domestic work.Marxism is based on social class dominant ideology, just like functionalism it is a macro structure which means it is based on a larger scale.
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Therefore, because Puritans beliefs were mainly anti-feminist this leads to the question whether Hawthorne was a feminist or not.On the contrary, his work The Scarlet Letter, introduces the first protagonist that is a feminist.Clayton, Delaware: Prestwick House Literary Touchstone Classics, 2008.It should be known that if Hawthorne is a feminist and made Hester that way purposely then he had just fueled feminist ideals in women and English literature.Therefore if Hawthorne is a feminist then it is beyond the restraints of logical doubt that his works and many others may have helped women procure their equality in social, economic, and political standards.
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The times have changed, but our overarching doctrine has not.Feminism began because of our desire for equality.In her introduction to her 1984 Feminist Theory: From Margin to Center, bell hooks criticizes Friedan’s suggestion that wo... ... middle of paper ... ...sten to each other, and the differences between us no longer have to be important.Unless we use our differences to promote a new feminist ideology that advocates for complete equality, we will disenfranchise our fellow women in the same way that men have disenfranchised us.Though this kind of theory is important for all women, it is particularly important for disenfranchised minorities, since it gives them access to common language and invites them into the feminist discourse.
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A sanguine analyst may have noted that Waiting to Exhale is an empowering feminist text, however the devices used to parody and satire, although humorous, are essentially inverted archetypes and, according to Bell Hooks (1997) are predicated upon reverse dualisms of sexism and racism.To energise gender debate solely on this single praxis is to reinforce the Enlightenment dichotomies that have informed classical theorists.In contrast the central theory in feminist film criticism is that mainstream popular culture, namely Hollywood film, fails to challenge dominant patriarchal structures in society, gender being the sole signifier within classical feminist theory.One can perhaps understand the influence of popular mainstream cultural forms...
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The Black Feminist Agenda seeks to rationalize these questions and focuses on those that are most applicable to African American women.One such interpretation is that black feminism responds to the needs of African American women that the feminist movement largely ignores.With this definition, it can be said that the feminist agenda encompasses different issues ranging from political rights to educational opportunities in a global context.Black feminist writer Barbara Smith blames it on the black community's difficulty in considering homosexuality.In Africana Womanism: Reclaiming Ourselves, Hudson-Weems explores the limits of feminist theory and explains the ideas and activism of different African women who have contributed to feminist t...
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However, one solution to decrease gender conflict could be having the gender the differences balance out.Across the globe gender equality pose as a problems especially in religion.Feminist movements in the past emphasize rights for political and economic positions, but in modern day, feminist movements are advocating to end sexual assault and rights to their own bodies.Gender Ideology provides beliefs, theories, and idea for why gender inequality exist.Gender inequality would be very difficult to banish.
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This ancestral and sentimental background of the piano made the girl fight for retaining it.The novel thus becomes an extraordinary work in which a man portrays strong feminist ideologies.The feminist ideologies of Nora were revealed in the end of the novel.The Piano Lesson thus explains the conflict between the maternal and paternal line .The attitude of Nora reveals the strong feminist views of the author.
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He proposed that the family is one of the ideological state apparatuses, along with others such as the education system and the mass media, which are concerned with social control and passing on the ideology of the dominant class.If women ironed clothes, cooked and cleaned for others outside the family they would be paid for it, but in the family they are not.Yet the criticisms of the Marxist feminist perspectives include the fact that women’s roles are not the same in all families now consist of dual- worker couples, with both partners in paid employment.Through socialization into this ideology in the family, the dominant class tries to maintain false consciousness by engaging the hearts and minds of the working class.Conversely Feminis...
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The issues that feminist artists fight for have been around for many centuries, but only up until the 1960’s had it truly been acknowledged.Politically speaking, the works by these two very different influential female artists speak to the universally held ideology of the predominant ‘gendering way of looking’, addressing the concept of the ‘male gaze’ through the representation of the female identity.“Most Feminist Political theory, in contrast, sees women and their situation as central to political analysis; it asks why it is that in virtually all known societies men appear to have more power and privilege than women, and how this can be changed.” .She builds on the feminist analysis of representation as political ” .Although she was...
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She does this through her protagonist Jane, who embodies all of Bronte’s ideal feminine characteristics.Charlotte Bronte’s novel Jane Eyre embraces many feminist views in opposition to the Victorian feminine ideal.Bronte’s Jane Eyre is brimming with feminist ideology rebuking Victorian-Era gender-roll ethics and ideals.Charlotte Bronte herself was among the first feminist writers of her time, and wrote this book in order to send the message of feminism to a Victorian-Age Society in which women were looked upon as inferior and repressed by the society in which they lived.As a feminist writer, Charlotte Bronte created this novel to support and spread the idea of an independent woman who works for herself, thinks for herself, and acts of he...
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 Textbook on Jurisprudence – Hilaire McCoubrey and Nigel D. White  Textbook on Jurisprudence – Hilaire McCoubrey and Nigel D. White  Textbook on Jurisprudence – Hilaire McCoubrey and Nigel D. White  Sociology A Global Introduction – John J. Macionis and Ken Plummer  Textbook on Jurisprudence – Hilaire McCoubrey and Nigel D. White  Textbook on Jurisprudence – Hilaire McCoubrey and Nigel D. White  H. Barnett, Introduction to Feminist Theory (London: Cavendish Publishers, 1998, p. 180.This in a society strongly founded upon a male-orientated legal system, which historically fails to recognise the social and legal rights of women, and instead focuses upon “male-orientated theories and ideologies.” It is this pa...
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"feminism, n." OED Online.Chandra Mohanty argues in her essay “Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses” that many Western feminists write about women in the Third World as if they were a homogenous mass.Parker, Robert Dale."colonization, n." OED Online.“Ideology and Ideological State Apparatus (Notes Towards An Investigation).” Critical Theory: A Reader for Literary and Cultural Studies.
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As well as this some families are very mush so anti-capitalists and choose to socialise their children into benefits which are critical of the ruling class.All of the following, Marxist, liberal and radical feminist believe in different causes of woman’s oppression and how it could be overcome.This idea of Poultantzas is then supported by David copper (1972) as he sees the family as an’ ideological conditioning device’ this is the believe that children learn to adapte to authority so that they will become cooperative and easier exploited workers.Although not everyone agrees with the functionalist view of the family and its roles, as Marxist and feminist reject this idea of who benefit from the family.Alongside this all of the Marxist and...
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When we deconstruct the text from feminist perspective, the client has power over the female (whore) who he had purchased to satisfy his sexual lust.Yet again there is another weakness in feminist literary theory in my view point.Feminist reading, of the poem, “Buying the Whore” by Anne Sexton through tells us that the whore is commodified with having sign value attached to her.Feminist then without realization , reinforce the dichotomous relationship between women and men created by society.Feminist Literary Criticism without doubt brings women’s oppression into light and celebrate women writers and their literary contributions.
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How does the work define masculinity and femininity?Patriarchy is defined as any culture that privileges men by promoting traditional gender roles.How are women portrayed?What does Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men suggest about the experience of groups of people who have been ignored, under-represented, or misrepresented by traditional history?In what way(s) does he either reinforce or criticize this ideology?
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Thus in feminist literary work and criticism, women are still being described as inferior to men.Feminist literary criticism deconstruct works by men which usually promotes the idea( ideology) of patriarchy and male dominance over women.When we deconstruct the text from feminist perspective, the client has power over the female (whore) who he had purchased to satisfy his sexual lust.Yet again there is another weakness in feminist literary theory in my view point.Feminist then without realization , reinforce the dichotomous relationship between women and men created by society.
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Growing up with a mother who was an active radical feminist heavily influenced her ideologies, although she states in her autobiography that she disagrees with many of Alice Walker’s more radical views.Rebecca Walker is a writer, philanthropist, feminist, and mother.She is the daughter of Alice Walker, who was also a famous feminist and writer.Her autobiography Black, White, and Jewish: Autobiography of a Shifting Self was given the Alex Award by the American Library Association.Walker became an active member of the feminist movement in 1992 shortly after she graduated from Yale.
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The feminist ideologies of Nora were revealed in the end of the novel.The feminist beliefs of the author hated this attitude of Torvald and encouraged Nora to break away one day from the ‘doll house’.We can infer from the theme of the novel that the author Henrik Ibsen was a strong Feminist as he created characters that fought for the rights of women.This shows the feminist views of the character or the author.The author highlighted the self realization of the main character Nora and the way she becomes an example to feminist ideology.
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Social and Marxist feminists believe that the stereotypical portrayals of women are a by-product of the need to make a profit.The perspective I am intending to take continues from research conducted by one particular feminist sociologist, Marjorie Ferguson, who conducted a content analysis on women’s magazines in Britain between 1949&1974 and 1979-1980: .‘I have argued that women’s magazines collectively compromise a social institution which server to foster and maintain a cult of femininity.I am also going to conduct short, informal interviews on a small selection of young women to see how influenced they feel by media pressure.Radical feminists stress that the media reproduces patriarchy.
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"Roaring Twenties Feminism."The feminist movement in America started in the late 1800s and spread in the early 1900s.Three reasons that might be the major causes of the shift in feminism are the differences in the time periods, the changes in role models, and the shift in ideology.The first time period that I would like to discuss was the 1920s in America.There have been many great feminist role models such as: Susan B. Anthony, Margaret Sanger, and Eleanor Roosevelt.
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it easy for the reader to be actively engaged and follow her argument.The book benefits greatly from Davis ' clear and assertive prose.Davis views on the feminist movement in the United States has a unique perspective.traditional feminist icons, but rather tells the story of women 's liberation from the .This allows her to present and analyze history in a way in which it had not been .
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