Noted novelists or biographers were Valeriano Hernandez Peña, Lope K. Santos, Iñigo Ed.During the first year of the American period, the languages used in writing were Spanish and Tagalog and the dialects of the different regions, but Spanish and Tagalog predominated.The Tagalog Short Story Two collections of Tagalog stories were published during the American Period.These included Lope K. Santos, Iñigo Ed.If Manuel L. Quezon is called the Father of the National Language, Lope K. Santos is called the Father of the National Language Grammar.
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Noted novelists or biographers were Valeriano Hernandez Peña, Lope K. Santos, Iñigo Ed.Led by Lope K Santos, Jose Corazon de Jesus, Florentino Collantes, Patricio Mariano, Carlos Garmaitan, and Amado V. Hernandez.These included Lope K. Santos, Iñigo Ed.The word CRISOTAN (meaning Balagtasan) in Tagalog is taken from his name.VALERIANO HERNANDEZ PEÑA Together with Lope K. Santos he reached the summit of his novel-writing.
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Abadilla’s poetry began the era of modernism in Tagalog poetry, a departure from the traditional rhymed, measured and orally recited poems.Regalado, Ildefonso Santos, Lope K. Santos, Aniceto Silvestre, Emilio Mar.Among the early Tagalog novelists of the 20th century were Ishmael Amado, Valeriano Hernandez Pena, Faustino Aguilar, Lope K. .He is considered the father of the modern short story in Tagalog Among the more popular fictionists who emerged during the period are two women writers, Liwayway Arceo and Genoveva Edroza Matute, considered forerunners in the use of “light” fiction, a kind of story telling that uses language through poignant rendition.The separate, yet parallel developments of Philippine literature in English and those...
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“Luhang Tagalog” (masterpiece) .June 12, 1898-Independence day .Julian Cruz Balmaceda ( 3 Kinds of Tagalog Poets ) .Tagalog Drama: .Lope K. Santos .
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The K to 12 curriculum will be flexible enough to accommodate local conditions and culture in Mindanao.The Madrasah curriculum is a component of the K to 12 Program.The K to 12 basic education curriculum will be in accordance with the College Readiness Standards from CHED, which sets the skills and competencies needed of K to 12 graduates who wish to pursue higher education.Will the K to 12 Program be applicable in ARMM?How will teachers be prepared for the K to 12 Program?
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org/wiki/Education_in_Philippines.Now the National Achievement Test is administered to second year students.Like its primary school counterpart, NSAT was phased-out after major reorganizations in the education department.Vocational colleges usually do not have entrance examinations, simply accepting the Form 138 record of studies from high school, and enrolment payment.Preparatory schools usually add some business and accountancy courses, while science high schools have biology, chemistry, and physics at every level.
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Noted poets in Tagalog during the American period were Julian Cruz Balmaceda, Florentino Collantes, Pedro Gatmaitan, Jose Corazon de Jesus, Benigno Ramos, Inigo Ed.Lope K. Santos, Banaag at Sikat has almost the same theme and motif as the hero of the novel, Delfin, also falls in love with a rich woman, daughter of a wealthy landlord.Lope K. Santos, epic poem, Ang Panggingera is also proof of how poets of the period have come to master the language to be able to translate it into effective poetry.He is considered the father of the modern short story in Tagalog Among the more popular fictionists who emerged during the period are two women writers, Liwayway Arceo and Genoveva Edroza Matute, considered forerunners in the use of “light” ficti...
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Vocational colleges usually do not have entrance examinations, simply accepting the Form 138 record of studies from high school, and enrolment payment.Filipino is based on Tagalog, so in Tagalog areas (including Manila), Filipino is the foundational language used.Higher education institutions, both public and private, administer their own College Entrance Examinations (CEE).The former education system of the Philippines is composed of 6 years of elementary education starting at the age of 6 or 7, and 4 years of high school education starting at the age of 12 or 13.Reference: .
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However, with the growing acceptance of Youtube during the late-2000s as a popular music sharing plattform, K-pop has since become increasingly well known in many parts of the world, including the West. In 2011, Billboard launched the Korea K-Pop Hot 100 chart and YouTube created an official K-pop channel.It would be nice to see that foreigners singing our songs, watching our dramas, speaking tagalog, or cooking our dishes.In October 2012, Psy became the first South Korean artist to hit the number 1 spot on top UK charts. K-pop music videos were viewed… POSITIVE EFFECT OF KPOP IN THE PHILIPPINES: .
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Regalado, Ildefonso Santos, Lope K. Santos, Aniceto Silvestre, Emilio Mar.Like the writers in English who formed themselves into organizations, Tagalog writers also formed the Ilaw at Panitik, and held discussions and workshops on the value of literature in society.Fiction in Tagalog as well as in the other languages of the regions developed alongside the novel.Lope K. Santos, epic poem, Ang Panggingera is also proof of how poets of the period have come to master the language to be able to translate it into effective poetry.The separate, yet parallel developments of Philippine literature in English and those in Tagalog and other languages of the archipelago during the American period only prove that literature and writing in whatever lan...
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NURTURING THE HOLISTICALLY DEVELOPED FILIPINO (COLLEGE AND LIVELIHOOD READINESS, 21ST CENTURY SKILLS) After going through Kindergarten, the enhanced Elementary and Junior High curriculum, and a specialized Senior High program, every K to 12 graduate will be ready to go into different paths – may it be further education, employment, or entrepreneurship.K to 12 will facilitate mutual recognition of Filipino graduates and professionals in other countries.The early years of a human being, from 0 to 6 years, are the most critical period when the brain grows to at least 60-70 percent of adult size..[Ref: K to 12 Toolkit] In Kindergarten, students learn the alphabet, numbers, shapes, and colors through games, songs, and dances, in their Mother ...
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Ancient literature was collected and translated to Tagalog .Many of these have 12 syllables.Vocabulario de la Lengua Tagala (Tagalog vocabulary) .Leron-Leron Sinta (Tagalog) .Compendio de la Lengua Tagala (Understanding the Tagalog language) .
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Gregoria de Jesus, wife of Andres Bonifacio, wrote notable Tagalog poetry.Verse narratives, or komedya, were performed in the regional languages for the illiterate majority.His narrative poem, “Florante at Laura,” written in sublime Tagalog, is about tyranny in Albanya, but it is also perceived to be about the tyranny in his Filipino homeland.They were also written in the Roman alphabet in the principal languages and widely circulated.The most gifted among the Ladinos was Gaspar Aquino de Belen who wrote Mahal na Pasion ni Jesu Christo, a Tagalog poem based on Christ’s passion, was published in 1704. .
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“Ang Dapat Mabatid ng mga Tagalog” (What the Filipinos Should Know), by Andres Bonifacio (1863–1896), rallied Filipinos in the struggle against Spain.Philippine independence, declared by the revolutionary government on 12 June 1898, proved to be short-lived, ending with the invasion of U. S. forces.The cultural policy of the Japanese occupation (1942–1945), which encouraged Tagalog writing, resulted in a harvest of works.(1901) The Filipino Drama.The first printed literary work in Tagalog, the poem “May bagyo ma’t may rilim” (Though There Be Storm and Darkness) was published in Memorial de la vida Cristiana, (1605), by friar lexicographer Francisco Blancas de San Jose.
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A few examples are the lullabyes or Ili-ili (Ilonggo); love songs like the panawagon and balitao (Ilonggo); harana or serenade (Cebuano); the bayok (Maranao); the seven-syllable per line poem, ambahan of the Mangyans that are about human relationships, social entertainment and also serve as tools for teaching the young; work songs that depict the livelihood of the people often sung to go with the movement of workers such as the kalusan (Ivatan), soliranin (Tagalog rowing song), the mambayu, a Kalinga rice-pounding song, and the verbal jousts/games like the duplo popular during wakes.There are numerous metrical romances in Tagalog, Bicol, Ilonggo, Pampango, Ilocano and in Pangasinan.Others like Lope K. Santos, Valeriano Hernandez Pena and...
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Stevan Javellana’s “Without Seeing the Dawn” (1947), the first postwar novel in English, was published in the United States.Against a background marked by political unrest and government battles with Hukbalahap guerrillas, writers in English in the postwar period honed their sense of craft and techniques.Among the writers who came into their own during this time were: Nick Joaquin, NVM Gonzalez, Francisco Arcellana, Carlos Bulosan, F. Sionil Jose, Ricaredo Demetillo, Kerima Polotan Tuvera, Carlos Angeles, Edilberto K. Tiempo, Amador Daguio, Estrella Alfon, Alejandrino Hufana, Gregorio Brillantes, Bienvenido Santos, Dominador Ilio, T.D.During the Japanese Occupation, when Tagalog was favored by the Japanese military authority, writing in ...
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(This fact appears to be unknown to students and historians of Tagalog literature, not mentioned in Inigo Ed.Francisco’s contribution to the development of Tagalog literature lies in the novel.He hardly misses the heat, the native accents of Tagalog or Ilongo or the company of his brown- skinned cheerful compatriots.Chronologically considered his Cababalaghan ni P. Bravo might be regarded as the first novel to be published in Tagalog literature.He has discarded the barong tagalog or “polo” for a dark, sleek Western suit.
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These reservations and suspicions by non-Tagalogs were somehow reinforced by the initial writings and proclamations of key Tagalog personalities of the Revolution.Besides apathy, there were those, such as some Albayanos of Bicol, who were even apprehensive of rumors of a “Tagalog rebellion” aimed at ousting the Spaniards and exercising Tagalog hegemony over the non-Tagalog ethnic groups.Bonifacio wrote a revolutionary piece which he entitled “Ang Dapat Mabatid ng mga Tagalog” or “What the Tagalogs Should Know.” Aguinaldo, in his memoirs, wrote chapters entitled “The Tagalog Government Begins” and “Long Live the Tagalogs.” But in the absence of a general, generic term to collectively refer to the inhabitants of the archipelago, Filipino b...
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In one of his letters (dated May 26, 1882).Many people had died and more were dying daily.Evidently, heeding his advise, Rizal left Barcelona in the fall of 1882 and established himself in madrid, the capital of Spain.Another sad news from the Philippines was the chatty letter of Chengoy recounting the unhapiness of Leonor Rivera, who was getting thinner beacause of absence of love.He sent his article to his friend in Manila, Basilio Teodoro Moran, publisher of Diariong Tagalog, the first Manila bilingual newspaper (Spanish and Tagalog).
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(3) A full 12 years of basic education will eventually be required for entry into tertiary level education (entering freshmen by SY 2018-2019 or seven years from now).4 ANALYSIS K+12 means Kindergarten and the 12 years of elementary and secondary education.This model involves Kindergarten, six years of elementary education, four years of junior high school (Grades 7 to 10) and two years of senior high school (Grades 11 to 12).12 Education in the Modern Period The expansion in the availability of education was not always accompanied by qualitative improvements.* Insufficient mastery of basic competencies is common due to a congested curriculum.
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refers to the use of musical ideas or motifs that are identified with a specific country, region, or ethnicity, such as folk tunes and melodies, rhythms, and harmonies inspired by them.The lyrics of the Kundiman are written in Tagalog.* Bituing Marikit (Beautiful Star) .It is actually a musical form (parallel minor and major keys in triple time with verses each consisting of about 12 syllables).The melody is characterized by a smooth, flowing and gentle rhythm with dramatic intervals.
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Armed with provisions in the defect-ridden 1987 Constitution that nakedly favor Tagalog, the Philippine government busily orchestrates the final destruction of all non-Tagalog culture groups.By design this confers an inferior social status on citizens who are not Tagalog and discourages them from cultivating their local way of life, their downgraded culture.The better it will be then for Manila to control its provincial colonies once their languages have been replaced by its very own Tagalog.To make them forget their own tongues, the government coerces local schools to instruct only in Tagalog and English from the primary up to the tertiary level.The law should be based on pluralism in our multicultural country.
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The book gives me much difficulty, for many of the ideas cannot be expressed freely without my introducing many neologisms, and moreover I lack practice in writing Tagalog…” (Ocampo, p. 96) .* Rizal wanted to write his next novel in Tagalog, addressing Tagalog readers rather than Europeans.He has already translated a lot… While I rest from my professional work, I write the third part of my book in Tagalog.It deals only with Tagalog customs, exclusively for the usage, virtues, and defects of the Tagalog.* Untitled Tagalog novel written on October 18, 1891 .
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Most of the time my family and I speak in tagalog and taglish.First of all, I speak tagalog all the time and my dominant language is tagalog.Addition to this is that I may be hesitant to speak in English but at least I’m trying to practice it.So in order to communicate and interact with other people effectively, we should have to learn how to speak in English.Personally, it is important for me to enhance my English language for it will help me to future endeavors and in order to socialize I have to fully understand the languages that engaged in so I easily understand ones feelings.
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Other writers of this period were Juan Collas (19440, Tomas Confesor (1945), Roman A. de la Cruz and Elisa Tabuñar .HOW MY BROTHER LEON BROUGTH HOME A WIFE – by Manuel E. Arguilla (Short Story) 3.Among the writers who came into their own during this time were: Nick Joaquin, NVM Gonzalez, Francisco Arcellana, Carlos Bulosan, F. Sionil Jose, Ricaredo Demetillo, Kerima Polotan Tuvera, Carlos Angeles, Edilberto K. Tiempo, Amador Daguio, Estrella Alfon, Alejandrino Hufana, Gregorio Brillantes, Bienvenido Santos, Dominador Ilio, T.D.Radio broadcasts echoed the mingled fear and doubts in the hearts of the people.LITERATURE AND SOCIETY – by Salvador P. Lopez (Essay) 4.
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Heaven and earth; the gap between Tinio’s works in English and those in Tagalog.In response to this, Tinio published an article in the scholarly journal Philippine Studies, which contained parts of English poems translated into Tagalog.The article’s purpose was to prove the inadequacy of Tagalog as the writer’s medium.Tinio was known for translating Western classics, which includes the works of Sophocles, Shakespeare, Ibsen, Chekhov, Puccini and Verdi, into Tagalog.(Lumbera) In the mid-1960s, however, Tinio decided to try writing in Tagalog and the product of this trial was the collection of poems now called Bagay.
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Naturally, being a normal young man, he found certain bliss in the company of a pretty Belgian girl, Petite Susanne.Another one is the Denied of Human Right to Filipinos, when Mariano Herbosa husband of Lucia died of cholera, friars denied Christian burial to him.Rizal brother Paciano and their brother-in-laws were deportd to Mindoro.Meanwhile the tenants and the Rizal family persecuted.Thus the Hispanized Tagalog word salacot should be written salakot.
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Filipino natives generally were not taught Spanish, but bilingual individuals called ladino, notably poet-translator Gaspar Aquino de Belen, produced devotional poetry written in the Tagalog language using Roman script.Gaspar Aquino de Belen is a Filipina poet and translator of the 17th century, author in particular of Pasyon, a famous poetic of passion, died narration and resurrection of Christ.Pasyon, begun by Aquino de Belen, is a narrative of the passion, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, which has circulated in many versions.Aquino de Belen was known for his work Mahal na Passion ni Jesu Christong Panginoon Natin na Tola, which was published in Manila by the Imprenta de la Compania por Nicolas de la Cruz Bagay in 1760.Generall...
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Jose Rizal- .He describes the surroundings of his place of exile in Dapitan.It also tells the significant role of the youth for the betterment of the country.It tells the gratitude for whatever we have is a powerful prayer or calling.My Retreat .
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The political system revolved around a kinship-based power or influence hierarchy headed by a leader called Mampus or Mapalon among the Ivatan, Mabacnang or “Amaen ti ili” among the Ilocano, Apo among the Igorot, Benganganat among the Ilongot, Mingal among the Gaddang, Gator Lakan among the Tagalog, Rajah among the Bisayan, Timuay among the Subanun, Datu among the Lumad and Muslim of Mindanao, and Nakurah among the Sama.The members of the lowest class were the dependents called Alipin among the ancient Tagalog.They all eventually work their way up to the highest heaven, which usually is the one right below that inhabited by the Supreme God.There also existed an idea of dying persons leaving a “portion” of themselves with other family mem...
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