Language Analysis Structure Essays

Found 131848 essays.

Discourse And Discourse Analysis English Language Essay

Though, an analysis of language tent to be theoretically oriented toward either one of them, it practically ends up with both views.They relate the analysis of language use to the analysis of purposes and functions of language in human life which cannot be separated.Their major concern is to examine how any language produced by man is used to communicate for a purpose in a context which can turn out into a more general and broader analysis of language functions.This is consistent with Brown and Yule (1983), stating that “the analysis of discourse is necessarily the analysis of language in use”.It follows that discourse analysis is also concerned with language use in social contexts, and in particular with interaction or dialogue between ...

1990 words (5.0 pages)
Critical Discourse Analysis Compare and Contrast Essay

Discourse analysis constitutes a variety of genres such as phonology, pragmatics, and critical discourse analysis among many other genres that study language use in social contexts.From the paradigms of discourse analysis, all genres can be adequately analysed via studying language structures such as prepositions and microstructures of the texts.These changes call for the expansion traditional approaches to language analysis and talks and texts in new mechanisms that reflect material and socio-cultural discourse contexts.Discourse analysis focuses on a variety of genres, including phonology, pragmatics, communication ethnography, conversation analysis, critical discourse analysis, rhetoric, text linguistics, and functional grammar amongs...

2702 words (6.8 pages)
Structuralistic Criticism and Gerard Genette Essay

Literature, being primarily a work of language, and structuralism in its part, being preeminently a linguistic method, the most probable encounter should obviously take place on the terrain of linguistic material.Structuralism by structural analysis makes it possible to uncover the connection that exists between a system of forms and a system of meanings, by replacing the search for term by term analysis with one for over all homologies (likeness, similarity)”.” Thus, structuralism would appear to be a refuge for all immanent criticism against the danger of fragmentation that threatens thematic analysis.Genette believed that the structural study of ‘poetic language’ and of the forms of literary expression cannot reject the analysis of th...

1091 words (2.7 pages)
Importance and uses of contrastive linguistics Essay

Contrative Linguistics found its way into sociology, anthropology, language arts, foreign language learning and teaching.It is however unlikely that it can be dispensed with completely either in the training of translators or in the assessment of translations, even in its more traditional lexico-grammatical manifestations; CL has arisen as a result of the needs of the language teaching profession and this project is no exception in that one of its major objectives is to provide teachers with assistance in the use of parallel concordancing in the classroom.It gives valuable evidence for translators on the transferability of certain collocations and colligations from one language to another.Apart from this applied aspect, however, it also ...

1607 words (4.0 pages)
Trends of Punctuation in English and Lithuanian

The examples used in the analysis of the punctuation marks are taken from Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics and the Forsyte saga, and their translations to the Lithuanian language.Intonation “signalled grammatical structure, […] reflected the information structure of an utterance, highlighting constituents of importance.” (2006:1) The punctuation marks, used in the field rhetoric analysis, provided a reader the stylistically presented text.The unbounded interest in the development and variation of a language, and its constructions presented to the world the new approaches analysing the oral and written forms of any language: the phonology, phonetics, grammar and semantics.Analysing the language as the changeable system of sounds an...

4232 words (10.6 pages)
Development of Children’s Language Awareness in English Teaching Materials

Still, formal teaching of grammar is not a major objective in teaching English to YL but teachers can try to develop language awareness through basic sentence patterns (for example imperative constructions) and attention to the forms of a target language.In particular, all language syllabuses in the early stage of primary school focus on development of communicative skills, comprehension of the target language (functions e.g.As far as language awareness is concerned the idea is to stimulate children’s interest and curiosity about language (cf.Ur, 1988:6): |Skills |Form of structures |Meaning of structures | |Listening |Perception and recognition of the spoken form of the |Comprehension of what the spoken structure means in | | |structure...

3370 words (8.4 pages)
Natural Language and Programming Language

.. A compiler is a specific computer program that converts the statements written in any high level (such as C, C++, etc) into the language that computer can understand, i.e.The original program, which needs to be converted, is known as the source code and the generated machine language program is known as object code.For example, an expression of ‘C’ language: sum=2+3; would be converted into tokens (such as ‘sum’ into IDENT, ‘=’ into ASSIGN_OP, ‘2’ into NUMBER, ‘+’ into ADD_OP, ‘3’ into NUMBER and ‘;’ into SEMICOLON).The compilation process analyses the syntax of programming language.machine level language.

556 words (1.4 pages)
The Notion Of Machine Translation English Language Essay

This representation functions as a neutral that is distinct from both the source language and the target language.She says that the direct strategy is based on a predefined source language-target language binomial in which each word of the source language syntagm is directly linked to a corresponding unit in the target language with a unidirectional correlation, for example from English to Spanish but not the other way round.Whereas the Interlingua approach necessarily requires complete resolution of all ambiguities in the SL text so that translation into any other language is possible, in the transfer approach only those ambiguities inherent in the language in question are tackled; problems of lexical differences between languages are d...

3677 words (9.2 pages)
Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis

Individuals tend to transfer the forms and meanings, and the distribution of forms and meanings of their native language and culture to the foreign language and culture (p. 2).CA has been used as a tool in historical linguistics to establish language genealogies, in comparative linguistics to create language taxonomies and in translation theory to investigate problems of equivalence.Operational contrastive studies, the former states the similarities and differences across languages, the latter seeks to formulate “a series of conversions performed on the source language in order to produce the forms of the goal language” (Di Pietro 1971, as cited in Krzeszowski, Tomasz, 1990, p. 24).Foreign language teachers who understand this field will...

4769 words (11.9 pages)
Source Of Errors In Language Learning Research English Language Essay

In a traditional second language teaching situation, they are regarded as the linguistic phenomena deviant from the language rules and standard usages, reflecting learner’s deficiency in language competence and acquisition device.Carl James (1998) viewed,” EA developed out of the belief that errors indicate the learner’s stage of language learning and learner is seen as an active participant in the development of hypotheses regarding the rules of the target language just as a young child learning the first language.A modern definition of language transfer is provided by Slinker (1992): “language transfer is best thought of as a cover term for a whole class of behaviors, processes and constraints, each of which has to do wi...

5000 words (12.5 pages)
Translation as a Process Essay

Note that there will be cases, like idioms and metaphors, in which you will have to use literal expressions in the target language, because it does not have any corresponding idioms or metaphors.Text analysis in translation: Theory, methodology and didactic application of a model for translation-oriented text analysis.The translator will unwrap the syntactic structure of the original text and then formulate the corresponding message in the target language, thus giving the original text added value in terms of both wording and impact.Random, unpredictable things that just seem unnatural in the target language makes things more complicated as naturalness often depends on the situation, such that something might seem natural in one context ...

1319 words (3.3 pages)
Applied Linguistics Essay

They also claim that many errors do not result from native language interference but rather from the strategies employed by the learner in the acquisition of the target language and also from mutual interference of items within the target language.Psycholinguistics is interested in the way in which the mind deals with language, including matters such as how language is stored in the mind, and how language is understood and produced in real time (Bauer, L.2007).Taking this into account, teachers must attempt to improve language teaching and to foster language learning through the appropriate instruction and language exposure.Contrastive Analysis Banathy, Trager, and Waddle (1966) define the idea of the contrastive analysis (the strong ver...

5199 words (13.0 pages)
Contrastive Lexicology Essay

Most vocabulary words gives the collection of one or another language in alphabetical order.It can be used in all styles of the language.There are even inversion dictionaries – in the words given them by letter words end.The whole of the word-stock of the English language can be divided into three main layers: the literary layer, the neutral layer and the colloquial layer.Transform analysis – is to change language unit into a unit with another structure without changing the content(e.g.Component analysis – a method of linguistic analysis of lexical units, lexical expansion and the value of the minimal semantic components and representation of lexical meaning (e.g.

3003 words (7.5 pages)
Analysing Different Teaching Syllabus’

They could do it through a notional approach to language teaching, because the basis of this approach comes from the belief that what learners need in the domain of language is significantly more important than language mastery as unapplied system (Wilkins, 1976).The distinction lies in the fact that the strategy of language teaching in a synthetic approach relies on the process of acquiring language through a gradual accumulation of language parts.linguistics … is concerned with the description of speech acts or texts, since only through the study of language in use are all the functions of language and therefore, all components of meaning, brought into focus ( Halliday:1970:145).Because, as Richards and Rodgers (1986) observe, the mo...

4000 words (10 pages)
Applied linguistics Essay

3 Language Universals and the Formal Encoding of Meaning Word order universals appear to be motivated in terms of processing of linguistic structure in the act of producing and comprehending language.Аpplied linguistics must take into consideration the nature of language and the nature of the particular world in which language is used, the beliefs, social institutions, and culture of its users, and how these influence language use.Discourse Analysis, Linguistics, and More Discourse analysts research various aspects of language not as an end in itself, but as a means to explore ways in which language forms are shaped by and shape the contexts of their use.Language structure is determined by factors of language use, such as ...

5111 words (12.8 pages)
English As An International Language English Language Essay

Collection of a sample of learner language by which deciding what patterns of learner language to use for analysis and how to collect thesis patterns.So, because of the widespread use of English as a second language, the subject of language teaching in general and teaching English as a foreign or second language in particular, has become the focus of attention of most Arab researchers (Al-Khatib, 2000).Lado (1957:2) pointed out that the forms meanings and distribution of native language and culture can be transferred to the target language.The term ”second language acquisition” refer to the subconscious or conscious by which a language other than the other tongue is learnt in natural or a taught setting.These problems are even more accen...

3795 words (9.5 pages)
The Immediate Constituent Analysis In Linguistics English Language Essay

All the above is applicable also to fenglish or any other language a meaningless sequence of morphemes like a man are can easily lube found in normal speech.Also called IC Analysis, in linguistics, a system of grammatical analysis that divides sentences into successive layers, or constituents, until, in the final layer, each constituent consists of only a word or meaningful part of a word.The manly on the street is inclined to identify language with words and to think that to study words is to stuufyul; language this view l incorporates two errors.In the immediate constituent structure five of them given above are seminal things in linguistic so, it is very difficult to analysis of these things without making diagrams so lets to analysis...

1987 words (5.0 pages)
The History of Linguistics Essay

Paini’s theory of morphological analysis was more advanced than any equivalent Western theory before the mid-20th century (Staal, 1988 (Staal)), and his analysis of noun compounds still forms the basis of modern linguistic theories of compounding.Reports in the non-linguistic media make the issue of remote language relationships appear to be one of the biggest concerns of present-day linguists.” One dialogue, the Cratylus, is devoted to linguistic questions, though in some ways it is disappointing in its content; and references to language and its analysis are found in several other Platonic dialogues in which Socrates is the main speaker.The primary task of the linguist, according to Chomsky, should not be to discover the structure of t...

2138 words (5.3 pages)
Structuralism in Linguistics Essay

In: Language 2, pp.In: Language, vol.Language Monograph No 16.In: Language 27, pp.In: Language vol.

3536 words (8.8 pages)
An outline of the history of linguistics Essay

• A further aspect of Saussure’s work is an emphasis upon two different approaches to the study of language: a synchronic approach, in which we focus on the structure of a language at a particular moment in time (not necessarily the present), and a diachronic approach, in which we look at the development of a language over time.A pioneer of American Structuralism Leonard Bloomfield (1887-1949) is another linguist who turned American linguistics somewhat away from its anthropological and cultural connections toward a more focused concentration on language structure in its own right.He argues that the structure of our language must, to some extent, determine the way we perceive the world.• Jakobson (1896 – 1982) is a pioneer of the structu...

2455 words (6.1 pages)
Contrastive Analysis And Error Analysis

” Error analysis provides a broader range of possible explanations than contrastive analysis for researchers/teachers to use account for errors, as the latter only attributed errors to the native language” (M.Gass & Selinker, 2008).“There are other factors that may influence the process of acquisition such as innate principle of language, attitude, motivation, aptitude, age, other language known…” (M.Gass & Selinker, 2008).It holds that second language would be affected by first language” (Jie, 2008, p. 36).In Robert Lado’s words (1957:p.2): “The ‘fundamental assumption’ is transfer; ‘individuals tend to transfer the forms and meanings, and the distribution of forms and meanings of their native language and culture to the forei...

919 words (2.3 pages)
Historical linguistics Essay

This focuses on the system of rules followed by the users of a language.Literary theorists study the use of language in literature.This includes the study of evolutionary linguistics, which investigates into questions related to the origins and growth of languages; historical linguistics, which explores language change; sociolinguistics, which looks at the relation between linguistic variation and social structures;psycholinguistics, which explores the representation and function of language in the mind; neurolinguistics, which looks at language processing in the brain; language acquisition, on how children or adults acquire language; and discourse analysis, which involves the structure of texts and conversations.The earliest known activ...

377 words (0.9 pages)
Traditional Structured Systems Analysis and Design

There are a number of different notations for representing these models, such as the Unified Modeling Language (UML).The result of object-oriented analysis is a description of what the system is functionally required to do, in the form of a conceptual model.Object-oriented design (OOD) transforms the conceptual model produced in object-oriented analysis to take account of the constraints imposed by the chosen architecture and any non-functional – technological or environmental – constraints, such as transaction throughput, response time, run-time platform, development environment, or programming language.Analysis models do not consider any implementation constraints that might exist, such as concurrency, distribution, persistence, or how...

1953 words (4.9 pages)
Essay about The Audio-Lingual Method for Teaching Languages

... middle of paper ... .Firstly the analysis of Language was becoming increasingly prominent and structural linguistics was seen as the best way forward after grammatical analysis had been under heavy scrutiny in western culture due to its inaccuracy in language acquisition within a real life context where the learner would put the language into a direct use in a different country.Techniques and principles in language teaching (freeman 2nd edition) (2000) OUP .The reason for this documenting was to preserve the language of native American tribes before they disappeared due to America's fast development and urbanisation.Due to this interest in foreign grammatical structure, it was decided to document natural foreign language and analyse ...

366 words (0.9 pages)
Errors Made By Polish Students In English English Language Essay

.. Error analysis (EA) is a type of linguistic investigation which deals with the differences between learning a language and using the language by native speakers.As Brown (1980,p.164) claims second language learning in contrary to the first language learning is a process “in trial-and-error nature”.In 1960 some new theoretical concepts were brought in to foreign language teaching that is: Contrastive Analysis and Error Analysis.It provided comparative and contrastive description of the learner’s native language and the target language.Teaching adolescent foreign language learners is a challenge for second language teachers and there are many reasons behind it.

5027 words (12.6 pages)
Analysis of Poetry Essay

Exhaustively lists instances of figurative language and use of imagery .figurative language .Read the poems a few times, noting each one’s theme, mood, form, structure, rhyme scheme, and use of imagery and figurative language.Evaluates and compares the effect of figurative language and imagery in the poems to some extent .Lists most instances of figurative language and use of imagery .

1322 words (3.3 pages)
Linguistic Automatic Generation Natural Language

Syntactic theories try to predict and explain what patterns are used in a language.Natural language generation systems convert information from computer databases into normal-sounding human language, and natural language understanding systems convert samples of human language into more formal representations that are easier for computer programs to manipulate.A grammar is a declarative representation that defines the syntactic facts of a language.Object Oriented Analysis: The System Analyst must manually process The Natural Language Requirements Specifications Document and perform an OO Analysis and produce the results in the form of an UML Model, which has become a Standard in the Software Industry.Natural Language Processing (NLP): If ...

4919 words (12.3 pages)
Theoretical Grammar Essay

2The grammatical structure of the English languageThe grammatical structure of language is a system of means used to turn linguistic units into communicative ones, in other words – the units of language into the units of speech.Hypotaxis is the grammatical arrangement of functionally similar but “unequal” constructs (hypo=”beneath”, taxis=”arrangement”), .However, we cannot speak of languages as purely synthetic or analytic – the English language (Modern English) possesses analytical forms as prevailing, while in the Ukrainian language synthetic devices are dominant.Morphology is a sub discipline of linguistics that studies word structure.It is primarily concerned with the analysis of utterances from the point of their communicative va...

801 words (2.0 pages)
Definitions And Forms Of Language English Language Essay

The concept of language as ‘a sign system’ enables the reader to understand language both as form of rules and as well as the meaning within the language.The language that one learn while growing up is known as a natural language, structure of language is concern with the unique system of sounds that has meaning (Ellis, 1999, p.1).When language is used in non-literal term then it is known as figurative and some of the figurative part of language is metaphor, irony, metonymy, hyperbole and litotes (Saeed, 2003).Hence symbols play a crucial in defining the syntactic analysis since each symbol is represented for a specific feature in understanding the grammatical structure of language.Therefore language can be said to be arbitrary since the...

3001 words (7.5 pages)
The Diverse Features Of Classroom Discourse

Bringing discourse analysis into the language classroom cannot be reduced exclusively to the adoption of a series of new categories and analytical techniques.Both language and education have interest in discourse analysis.It is therefore of immediate interest to language teachers because we need to consider how people use language when we design teaching materials, or when we engage learners in exercises and activities aimed at making them proficient users of their target language, or when we evaluate a piece of commercially published material before deciding to use it (Michael McCarthy, 2002).Discourse is, in very much simple words, defined as “the language in use” (Cook, 1989:6) where discourse analysis is concerned with the “the analy...

2132 words (5.3 pages)

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