If so, the manufacturer may have a “cost justification” defense to the differential pricing and the policy would not violate the Robinson-Patman Act.A seller charging competing buyers different prices for the same “commodity” or discriminating in the provision of “allowances” — compensation for advertising and other services — may be violating the Robinson-Patman Act.The Supreme Court has ruled that price discrimination claims under the Robinson-Patman Act should be evaluated consistent with broader antitrust policies.Although proof of a violation of the Robinson-Patman Act often involves complex legal questions, businesses should keep in mind some of the basic practices that may be illegal under the Act.Under the Nonprofit Institutions ...
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If prior to or during the course of Bob Shumaster’s employment, he was required to acknowledge and sign a (Nondisclosure) Confidentiality Agreement with his employer, Dracca, he has committed a crime by working for TrendBaby.What factors would a court consider in this type of analysis under the Robinson-Patman Act?The scenario does not state whether there was a patent on Dracca’s process or not, however, there should have been an agreement between employer and employee which states that there should be no communication between employee and another company regarding the information of the process-especially the competing company.What are the ramifications for the Philadelphia area?What are the ramifications for Dracca if it continues to e...
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There are many substitutes for luxury goods, including counterfeit and homemade goods.While the industry shows high margins, LVMH has outperformed its competitors.Rivalry Among Existing Competitors .This Act prohibits infringement activities such as false advertising and trademark copying.For example, country regulations such as the Lanham Act that protects the sale of counterfeit merchandise.
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This act does not include situations where a person can show that price discrimination does not reduce competition, such as discounts for students and senior citizens.In 1938, the Natural Gas Act was passed that allowed the FPC jurisdiction over interstate natural gas lines.They include the Federal Power Commission, the Federal Energy Regulation Commission, and the Natural Gas Act.This act investigates and challenges any unfair methods of competition, deceptive acts affecting commerce (UNC).The fourth act, which is the Robinson-Patman Act, limited price discrimination in the form of special promotional allowances.
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Revisiting the Boyeng Company example, what I realize is that businesses are more interested in maximizing profits and therefore they may not care much about the consequences of their actions (Jennings, 2005).Take an example of clothes companies in America not providing an option for the so called plus-size people and concentrating on slender people markets that they think are more desirable and profitable.Referring to the example presented earlier, the fashion market in the United States had for a long time ignored the plus-size minority by not manufacturing for them clothes that go with the fashion.Werhane, P. (2008).Ethical Issues in Business: A philosophical Approach.
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"First Amendment Rights Timeline."“Music censorship (part 1): A brief history.” Examiner: Inside Source For Everything Local.24 January 2014. .ProQuest Staff.Sparrow, Kelly.
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The Sherman Antitrust Act stopped limits on competitive trade and made it illegal to form a monopoly.The nest next antitrust act was the Clayton Act, which was passed in 1914.Another major piece of legislation was the Robinson-Patman Act from 1036, which made it illegal to practice price discrimination by allowing some businesses to purchase products at lower prices than other businesses.In the United States these laws basically began with the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890.The major functions of these agencies are to monitor the conditions under which goods and services are produced, the safety of those goods, and the side effects of production on society.
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The act was due to highly ranked corporate organizations that were getting bankrupt due to unethical practices that they were engaging in such as Enron inflation of their assets.Some of the information might not be availble to the public for example, the antitrust case about the microsoft vs US governement case concerning antitrust is availble in bits and pieces from books.As a result of the act, many managers especially those in big internationally known companies, have had to ensure that they are well aware of all the activities that go on in organizations to increase accountability for employees and for the decisions that are made in the organization.Trusts that led to the formation of the Sherman act were shown to have had an effect ...
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Companies that stand-in alone can be controlled beneath the Sherman Act who are unlawfully endeavoring to monopolize a market or employ in monopolistic practices.A big company that functions as a distributor or manufacturer in two (or more) diverse geographic (or product) markets and slashes wholesale prices in one market and not in the additional market can be indicted underneath the Robinson-Patman Act for alluring in unlawful price discrimination.Taking a positive view in the direction of investments can obstruct judgment and direct to higher risks being taken.Yet it’s rather several people find astonishingly hard to do every time in practice.The requirement to ensure you base your investment decisions on apparent reasoning sounds so ...
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School of Information Management & .Systems, University of California at Berkeley.Mine was cheaper!Joseph Turow, writing for the Washington Posts, cites an example regarding airline Web sites that offer lower fares for first-time customers (Turrow, 2005).Wallenberg, Fredrik.
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C. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act strives to improve the overall quality of corporate reporting.A coffee shop may have excess capacity in terms of servers, brewers, and the amount of brewed beverages available to customers.D. The Robinson-Patman Act strives to improve the overall quality of corporate reporting.Bringing a new product to market faster than a rival firm, responding to customer concerns and problems faster than the competition, and reducing production downtime are a few of its key elements.The value chain is a set of activities that work together to create value for an organization.
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It was concluded by Robinson, ( 2002 ) that although a large section of media coverage in the US encouraged the deployment of ground troops, it added little pressure on the government to do so ( Robinson, 2002 ).KLA attacks on Serb forces were answered with considerable force, which included civilian targets ( Robinson, 2002; Pg 94 ).The latter two intent on creating ‘ethnically pure ‘ regions in Bosnia ( Robinson, 2002; Pg 73 ).Robinson, Piers.The media expelled a ” do something ” ( Robinson, 2002; Pg 82 ) attitude and it came at a time when US policy-makers were unsure of just how much force they should exude.
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” (Robinson, 2005).Also if killing another is equivalent to attaining justice then others will think/believe that such is the right way of addressing a situation wherein other people aggrieved others (Robinson, 2005).Again, this is because of the fact people commit the act of killing or murder for different grounds and under various situations/conditions (Encarta, 2007).This is evidenced by the fact that people commit the act of killing or murder for different grounds and under various situations/conditions (Encarta, 2007).In opposition to the claim above, death penalty does not actually serve as retribution and it does not result to justice (Robinson, 2005).
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He is also very disrespectful towards Robinson in court “I seen that black nigger yonder ruttin’ on my Mayella!” .This also shows the town peoples prejudice because they would believe the dirty, antisocial Bob Ewell over Robinson because “if scrubbed with lye soap in very hot water, his skin was white”.Atticus says he feels sorry for Mayella, but not so much that he can condone her “putting a man’s life at stake, which she has done in an effort to get rid of her own guilt.” This shows prejudice because Mayella is so ashamed of herself for trying to seduce a black man she goes along with her father’s story and has Robinson arrested so she doesn’t have to live with her guilt.Despite Finch’s speech the jury are unable to overlook their deep...
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When Tom Robinson was accused of committing a rape, every person knew that no matter how good Atticus’s arguments were, Robinson would be found guilty simply because he was black.Unfortunately, Tom Robinson could not change the outlook of the people.Scout, Atticus, and Tom Robinson are only three examples of how society handles issues that contrast the primitive belief of normalcy.Atticus, a white man, is asked to be a lawyer for Tom Robinson, a black man accused of raping a white girl, Mayella Ewell.. After carefully examining evidence, Atticus realizes that Tom Robinson is 100% innocent.Unlike Atticus and Scout, Tom Robinson does not have the ability change his ways in order for him to be seen as an equal because Tom’s fault was that h...
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Atticus views that it is his duty to do his best in the Tom Robinson trial and feels no .Tom Robinson and Bob Ewell is another example of a character foil in the book .cares a lot about family background and she wants Scout to act and dress more "lady like".Two characters that are similar to each other are Tom Robinson and Boo (Arthur) .We can see these similarities and differences .
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Robinson, L., Saisan, J., & Segal, J.They are often doubled-billed for the same medical services or devices (Robinson, Saisan, Segal, 2014).This includes failing to provide proper: medication or therapy, hygiene, and living conditions (Robinson, Saisan, Segal, 2014).Other ways to keep tabs on their well-being include: making sure their medications are current; if possible, monitoring their financial accounts for unauthorized transactions; and calling or visiting as often as possible (Robinson, Saisan, Segal, 2014).Non-verbal forms of intimidation consist of: ignoring; isolating the elderly from friends or activities; and invoking fear or terrorizing them (Robinson, Saisan, Segal, 2014).
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It is without a doubt that Jackie Robinson greatly influenced modern professional baseball by breaking the color barrier in 1947.Robinson himself was a great activist when it came to Black rights, giving his support to the Republican Party and their efforts to pass a Civil Rights Act.Robinson also helped the National League excerpt its dominance over the American League, led by their marquee Black players.However, in 2010, 63 years after Robinson broke the color barrier, the number had dropped to just 9.The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed following much effort by the Republican party, and Frank Robinson was soon hired as the first Black manager in baseball in 1974 (Light 120).
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Serving as only a few examples of true courage are these three points in “To Kill A Mockingbird”, Atticus’s defense of Tom Robinson, Atticus’s shooting of the mad dog and Boo Radley’s protection of Scout and Jem.These points reinforce the statement that true courage is not the act of losing fear; it is the act of overcoming that fear for the greater good.Don’t wake him up.’” Shows that Atticus is trying to avoid an obvious confrontation, he knows that the mob is here to harm Tom and therefore doesn’t care at all whether he is woken up or not, but Atticus adopts the naïve visage of someone who doesn’t realize the current situation.The mob members see through this act and directly order Atticus to “Get aside from the door,” it i... ... mid...
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As Tom Robinson lacked power, he also lacked the ability to act against the threats of Bob Ewell because of his fear.It is also an example of onomatopoeia, hinting at negative connotations.Another example of power, although it is negative, is the projected power that Bob Ewell possesses over Tom Robinson.Bob Ewell, as an example, believed that he was better than the African Americans despite the fact that he was considered the lowest class in white society.It explored the concept behind power and powerless and therefore is relevant.
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Prayers for the dead must be performed by the living (Robinson).In fact, in purgatory the souls of those who died in the charity of God and truly repentant, but who had not made satisfaction with adequate penance for their sins and omissions are cleansed after death with punishments designed to purge away their debts (Robinson).A single Hail Mary of the Rosary will get a person more than 2000 days indulgence (Robinson).Based on the number of prayers received for a soul in purgatory, the prayers are supposed to help the soul move on toward heaven (Robinson).Like prayers for the dead, these can be applied to a person’s own credit or to the credit of someone already in purgatory (Robinson).
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But if you think, as it were, This is an emissary sent from the Lord, and some benefit is intended for me, first of all the occasion to demonstrate my faithfulness, the chance to show that I do in some small degree participate in the grace that saved me, you are free to act otherwise than as circumstances would seem to dictate.” (Robinson 124) .It might sound as if I were trying to establish some sort of equivalency between his failings and mine, when in fact I would have meant he was a better man than I ever thought he could be” (Robinson 231).At one point in the story line, Jack says to John, “So, Reverend, I would like to hear your views on the doctrine of predestination” (Robinson 149).In the novel Gilead, author Marilynne Robinson...
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When Atticus is explaining his decision to take the Tom Robinson case, he states, “This case, Tom Robinson’s case, is something that goes to the essence of a man’s conscience – Scout, I couldn’t go to church and worship God if I didn’t try to help that man” (Lee 139).For example, in the Parable of the Good Samaritan, the Samaritan man goes against all societal values to help the Jew after he had been left for dead by muggers.In To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus provides a clear example of how to be the better person when forced into an uncomfortable situation.Based on this evidence, it is clear that Atticus understands that some of the choices that he has to make will be difficult, such as defending Tom Robinson in court, or protecting him ...
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Sir Ken Robinson discusses how human creativity is being suffocated by education systems and societal expectations.What Robinson propositions is not a learning ‘evolution’, but a ‘revolution’, and this is an appealing idea.So, 15 minutes left.” Robinson did this throughout the speech.The solution, concurring to Robinson, is that schools should embrace Art, Music, Dance, and other forms of creative learning, as enthusiastically as are mainstream subjects like Science and English.Sir Ken Robinson left the audience with food for thought.
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Because the book is set in the 1930’s in America the racism in the society is not as strong as it used to be but it is still around and people cannot trust black people as much as white people just because of principle, for example the jury in the court case probably want to say that Tom Robinson is not guilty but because of the society and the principle they cannot.I feel that the book ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’ has many different ways of showing prejudice.In conclusion Harper Lee wrote a lot of morals into the book including Prejudice, Racism and Peer pressure to teach people about common life in the 1930’s and the life of black people in these times.Making close reference to the text discuss what you think Harper Lee wants us to learn ab...
470 words (1.2 pages)
Tom Robinson, a black man, is accused of raping Mayella Ewell, a white girl.Tom Robinson though could only use his right hand as his left hand was disabled.Tom Robinson was trapped by the state as he was accused of raping a white girl, whereas Boo is being trapped by his brother for the trouble he caused to the neighbourhood many years ago.Tom Robinson was found guilty of rape by the jury.Tom Robinson represents a mockingbird as he is innocent and seems harmless as he would not hurt anyone.
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J.C. and Mrs. Robinson have shown the ultimate rebellion by showing that they can break these social norms and are not trapped by society.The movie The Graduate depicts a story about an older woman named Mrs. Robinson who is tired with her marriage and sex life and decides to spice up her life a bit with a different man.One could easily see that this myth is not true because Mrs. Robinson has a very hardy sexual drive and is very aggressive at her ‘old’ age.If both women, Mrs. Robinson and J.C., were employed they would probably have more male oriented positions because of their aggressive nature and sexual drive.These concepts are important because even though the two films The Graduate and The Last Picture Show were made in the 60’s an...
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Tom Robinson was killed because of his kindness and the color of his skin.He accepts the Robinson case in an effort to fight against that, even though he is sure to fail.Tom Robinson is a mockingbird figure in the Book.Boo is the outcast of the neighborhood, but at the time, Tom Robinson was the outcast of the society.like Boo Radley people only knew Tom Robinson through what others said about him.
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The frontispiece of the original edition emblazons the word “LIFE” from the full title, which reads “The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner”.“Economic Growth and Robinson Crusoe.” .Coleridge’s Submerged Politics: The Ancient Mariner and Robinson Crusoe .The German sociologist Weber made the observation that the character of Robinson Crusoe was the ideal example of the Protestant work ethic in action (118).However, even the most vivid realism would not have made Robinson Crusoe a novel, if it was not for the continuing conversation that Crusoe establishes with God.
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Standing up for what you believe in, racism is painful and avoiding mob mentalities are really important life lessons that Harper Lee expresses throughout the novel, epically in the Tom Robinson trial.Atticus was appointed to defend Tom Robinson in his case.Atticus actually took the time to consider all the evidence in the Tom Robinson case.The Tom Robinson case is a prime example of how racism can negatively affect the lives of many.Tom Robinson was brutally exposed to racism and never got the chance to live it down.
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