Susan Gelfand Malka, Daring to Care: American Nursing and Second-Wave Feminism (University of Illinois Press, 2007), 96.Susan Gelfand Malka, Daring to Care: American Nursing and Second-Wave Feminism (University of Illinois Press, 2007), 89.Susan Gelfand Malka, Daring to Care: American Nursing and Second-Wave Feminism (University of Illinois Press, 2007), 1.Susan Gelfand Malka, Daring to Care: American Nursing and Second-Wave Feminism (University of Illinois Press, 2007), 128.Susan Gelfand Malka, Daring to Care: American Nursing and Second-Wave Feminism (University of Illinois Press, 2007), 94.
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The deepening relations through greater economic cooperation, regional assistance and promotion of democratic institution throughout the middle East, Black sea and in the Turkish republics of Central Asia, demonstrates a new found confidence in turkeys role in the world as a versatile multiregional actor.The fourth condition which was the last for Turkey Citizens to continue warming up its relation ship to Greece.Kibarogiu, M. Turkey, Usan Nato: An alliance within the Alliance, internationals, vol 12 2005 30. . Kibarogiu, M. Turkey, Usan Nato: An alliance within the Alliance, internationals, vol 12 2005 30.p 49. .Mehmet Ugur, Nergis Canefe, Turkey and European integration: Accession Prospectus and issues New York: Routlodge, 2004....
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He judges people before he gives them a chance to show what they are really like.THe quote shows that shylock feels almost hurt at the fact the Christian characters are looking donw on him and hir religion although he was doing the exact same to Bassanio.In one part of the play Shylock shows a side to him we have never seen before.You Call me a misbeliever cut-throught Dog and spit on mu Jewish Gabardine. "Another theme in the play that Shylock brings out is predjudice.
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What is the role that the 73rd Amendment Act envisages for Scheduled Caste and what is the role they end up playing?(Palanithurai 2003: 27) Villages ruled by its dominant elites and upper caste have been very conservative and are based on traditional caste structure.An intersectional caste violence and atrocities against Dalit women occur at two levels: as an inherent part of the caste system whereby violence is utilised to reinforce caste norms and Dalit women are seen as legitimate target for all forms of violence, especially sexual violence, and when they transgress caste norms, such as caste endogamy or untouchability norms, or assert their rights over resources, public spaces or cultural spaces.Vulnerably positioned at the bottom of...
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It is beyond the scope of this paper to state conclusively that caste is a positive colonial legacy, but how caste has altered over time from hierarchical to inclusionary practices is certainly a testament to the Indian people’s historical ability to find strength in numbers.Instead, the vertical pure/polluted spectrum is not mimicked by caste parties, but replaced by a system of “horizontalization,” whereby political alliances between caste parties are not entrenched, but commonly formed and dissolved based on party desires.Before one can debate the current role caste plays in India’s contemporary societal and political realms, it is important to trace the emergence of the caste model that Dumont observed and wrote about.Whereas Dumont ...
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In my opinion greed in a bad thing almost all of the time.Deriving a picture from this play is extremely easy due the descriptive and emotional content of it.The comicness is also brought out by each character by the necessary parameters to do so for the viewer or reader.The reason why greed is so bad is because it turns you into a bad person, usually.William Shakespeare most likely wrote this play The Merchant of Venice to display how human greed could be so consuming to the soul of a person, which he did very well if I may say so.
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Atheist and Humanist reformers like Periyar (1879-1973) and Gora (1902-1975) fought against the indignity of the caste system and introduced inter-dining – thus trying to break one of Hinduism’s biggest taboos.When walking in front of a powerful upper caste man’s house, they take off their footwear till they clear the exclusion zone.Many people attempted to change the system: Buddhism condemned both the caste system and the practice of untouchability.Father of the Indian Constitution and one of the greatest Indian intellectuals and political agitators, Dr. Ambedkar was born into an ‘untouchable’ caste.When they cross an upper caste house they routinely alight from their bicycles and push the bicycle rather than ride it.
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On one hand, the British slighted the role of Brahmins as Indian intelligentsia and reformers, and on the other, portrayed them as oppressors and tyrants.Along with caste politics prospered criminalization of politics and corruption ridden leadership scenario in the country with large number of scams and scandals.Reports of that period confirmed the active role played by Brahmins in National movement.Brahmins long tradition and undisputed role in the field of knowledge and learning, their intelligence, sincerity and hard work helped them not only to occupy almost all the lower levels posts in administration available to Indians, as desired by the rulers.The long tradition and undisputed role in the field of knowledge and learning, their ...
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The key role of citizens in a democracy is to participate in public life.The instruments created by Right to Information Act, 2005 in our country enable citizens to play their role effectively.Caste System: The most detrimental and inhuman example of the prevailing caste system is the practice of untouchability which is continuing in spite of the constitutional ban imposed on it.In fact, the corrective measures to meet the challenges faced by Indian democracy, as discussed above, can be actualized only when citizens play a proactive role.23.4.1 Appreciation of Opportunities for Citizen’s Role .
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-Class distinction was based upon accumulation of wealth and monopoly on agricultural or specialized production.• The Caste System was based on the ideals of Varnas that brought their patriarchal system of life to India.-Politics defined the roles and status of classical civilizations.Compare the caste system to other systems of social inequality devised by early and classical civilizations, including slavery.-The Sutte went along with the ideals of the Caste System.
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The incapacity of social capital to bridge segmentary boundaries has hindered collective action among all caste groups specially the rural poor, greater participation and democratic functioning of Panchayts.Lastly he argued about the domain of upper caste in the grass root democracy and the pathetic condition of the lower ones.In that case women’s quotas may well transform the quality of public life, political participation in the decision making processes is the one mechanism through which such radical change might take place and this could undercut the force of gender in politics and alter the nature of power itself.Thus a question of demarcation arises in the term of jurisdiction which is not dealt and also the role of Panchayts in Le...
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Manuela Ciotti in a field study done with BSP and Hindu right women activists in UP has drawn attention to the role played by “women’s husbands or other male family members, who are often not only responsible for women’s ‘release’ into public life, but also act as a source of advice, experience, encouragement and financial support for their political activities.” (Ciotti: 2007) .“Dalit women do not play any important role in the political leadership of maharastra” (Zelliot:2006:209) .Chaudhuri has observed that the early women’s movement comprised of the women from upper caste and class strata who distanced themselves from party politics and confrontational mode of assertion.He argued that “practices of sati, enforced widowhood and child...
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One of the reasons for the development of Pulaya caste was the missionary care for them.The domination of caste in the theocratic state of Travancore as the determinant of social life started to wither away by the end of 19th century, replacing caste with material position and organizational power.Irrespective of the violent protest and clashes, caste Hindus objected to admission of lower caste children in schools throughout the 1900s, and Pulaya students constituted the most oppressed section in Travancore.The pace of changes that colonialism and missionary education brought to Pulaya caste would be evident if one could understand their miserable plight in the 19th century.The ambivalence between class and caste interests gave advantage...
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10 The world of low caste women is generally shaped at the intersection of class, caste and patriarchy.Without denying the enormous changes witnessed in the caste system, ‘India Working’ argues that the elements of the caste system are often rearranged, leaving the principles intact.Thus, each individual caste is linked with the other in such a hierarchical manner that privileges of high caste, both in the economic and social domain, become the reason for the subordinate position of the lower caste.The caste system as theorised by Ambedkar (B. R. Ambedkar, ‘Caste in India: The Mechanism, Genesis and Development’ in B.R.The upper caste violently reacted and claimed that the upper caste only has the prerogative to use this particular cultu...
13669 words (34.2 pages)
In the following I will talk about how the caste system works in modern India and how it affects the politics and the policies of modern India.A member of the upper cast could become impure just by the shadow of an untouchable or by his approaching within a certain distance of that member of the upper caste.Also, no caste let a member from the other caste take up their work.Division in society and how the various castes functioned – Castes were groups with well developed lives of their own, and individuals membership to his or her own caste was determined by his birth in that particular caste.Whatever be the reality the truth is that the caste system is probably not as apparent in modern India as apparent as it was in the ancient India b...
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In such traditional country like India with strong male role perception as a head of large family it is important to have sons who continue family line and look after their assets.The girl made a mistake of joining the dancing in the main square of her village, in which most of the participants were of the upper caste.Women play significant role in agriculture, taking on any job required in land farming.Usually this role does belong to a father.Through socialisation female children are throwing into women role expectations in Indian society.
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As a consequence of a male dominated role in a family and kinship system women are treated as a less important tool in a kin, and often an easy disposable member, simply replaceable by new brides.Usually this role does belong to a father.In such traditional country like India with strong male role perception as a head of large family it is important to have sons who continue family line and look after their assets.For complaining to the police constantly the upper caste families in a village intimidated her mother and members of her family until it had been withdraw.From the moment of birth girls are subjected by parents’ reinforcement to take on traditional role in a society and secondary position after male.
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If the actor does not like the role then they don’t get paid, which for most actors, they cant afford.First of having an actor portray another race usually results in a more stereotypical role.This has caused an increase of public concern roe Cross racial/ ethnic casting leaving people involved in American cinematic questioning whether or not actors should be allowed to have a role as a person from another race/ethnic group.By allowing any race to play any role we are removing race from the picture, eliminating a reason to portray a Caucasian as an African American.To stand up for an injustice would get the actor fired and someone who would be ok with the role to take his or hers place.
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Within these groupings, marriages and other interactions which were tightly controlled even forbid physical touch across caste.“A caste is an endogamous social grouping into which a person is born and within which a person remains throughout his or her lifetime.Through the elimination of caste ranking, socioeconomic and sociopolitical class rankings no longer limit Nayar people from changing class levels and limits have become more aligned with performance and education.Evidence of this breaking down of prior systems has been described as “The expansion of trade, the introduction of new technological devices, and the opening up of new occupations, produce new economic classes between which there is mobility, and which to some extent cut ...
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Caste related violence or hate crimes are frequently witnesses in various parts of the country despite decreasing caste consciousness in the urban parts of our country.All high caste, middle caste and low caste groups come into contact with the Lohar (Blacksmith), Thakur (Barber), Dhobi (Washer man), Chamaar (Shoe maker) and Dom (Toilet cleaner).It is a caste which specializes in rites and rituals and its role in the society is of vital importance too.Though the caste solidarity is more pronounced among the caste groups, politics is controlled more by the Bhumihars.Features of the Caste System, caste in India.
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This can also be applied to India as discussed with patronage being the rainson d’etre for many caste groups, and the rise of Mayawati for example, using her power to increase her own faction.In this way caste as well as religion, have materialized as the fundamental base of support in Indian politics.India’ modernisation and liberalisation, have thus witnessed the country become less secular and more ethnically divided than before, entrenching caste and religious divisions instead of facilitating the demise of caste and communalism.Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (a member of the untouchable Mahar caste), provided the Dalits with their first real hope of transcending caste discrimination (Luce, 2007), ensuring that equality along caste lines was...
3744 words (9.4 pages)
For example, the pharaoh was considered a divine ruler, making him a leading priest, while rajas were military figures and even after the rise of the caste system warriors confined with priests for power.The way Egyptians and Indians blended religion with politics bears certain similarities.In India, on the other hand, the caste system and the concept of dharma taught the lower classes what their place in society, and this place was subordinated to the upper classes and the government.First of all, the central role of priests, who were the Egyptians pharaohs most important advisors during the New Kingdom and at one point gained more power than the pharaoh himself.Here, we can see yet another difference that started with the emergence of ...
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Vaishaya is the third caste, and most of them are merchants and landowners.However, Islamic society in Pakistan and Bangladesh, the role of women were not clearly appearing to be equal.Shudra is the fourth caste recognized as workers and carpenters so they worked for the others.The primary factor that forced India to play a major role in global affairs is their serious poverty.The caste system was not too strict comparing within the past, but the areas which are small community or villages still strictly follow those systems unlike in the big cities.
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Language politics in India With this concept, colonial education elevated western is contested because of the moral content with which many local knowledge and culture that represented the colonizer.English is seen not just as a skill language, but a mechanism of exclusion language due to upper caste as a means of a better life, a pathway out of exclusion and nationalists’ creation as they differentiated native language and suppression from the unequal society.Language schools is a caste or class divide based on social and economic category.The last part discusses the response of the Dalits towards the English education and how they attack the upper caste nature towards role of mother tongue in the Indian education .In an attempt to loca...
3232 words (8.1 pages)
Is the caste system the best way to achieve an organized and effective society?The caste system was built and based on the idea that each caste or jat has a special role to play in the society but shouldn’t an individual have the right to choose what role he/she will play in the society?Generally, each caste follows its own dharma with such devotion believing that their good deeds will result to good karma and to being reincarnated to a higher caste in the next life.If you take a look at our society, even without the caste system, you will see that this never-ending cycle of poverty is also a major problem in the Philippines, and one question still stands, that is, “How can one break free from poverty?” Poverty is a problem, because thos...
3662 words (9.2 pages)
If you take a look at our society, even without the caste system, you will see that this never-ending cycle of poverty is also a major problem in the Philippines, and one question still stands, that is, “How can one break free from poverty?” Poverty is a problem, because those experiencing it, the poor, are marginalized.Therefore, the caste system or these political divisions continue to live in the minds of many, leaving millions of untouchables or Dalits trapped in a world of oppression and poverty.Each category or jat has a special role to play in the society as well as a unique function: this structure is a means of creating and organizing an effective society.There is very little pressure for change, especially within India: it is s...
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The caste system was built and based on the idea that each caste or jat has a special role to play in the society but shouldn’t an individual have the right to choose what role he/she will play in the society?It is understandable that breaking away from the caste system would be difficult or something very hard to get used to.Each category or jat has a special role to play in the society as well as a unique function: this structure is a means of creating and organizing an effective society.The new bonds were based not on caste but on common occupation and class.Is the caste system the best way to achieve an organized and effective society?
4050 words (10.1 pages)
In document 9, a Hindu nationalist is quoted in the newspaper Muslim India and speaks of how it is not right that the Muslim Indians are not cheering for their own country but instead for Pakistanis because they are Muslim.It would also be conducive to include an article written by an Indian ruling elite who was the main source of any sort of political power or political relations with British elites so the reader can get a greater understanding of the actual role of cricket in politics and to experience if there were any conflicts over the solve issue of cricket during political debates.In all, cricket was more than just a game and greatly impacted British and Indian/Pakistani relationships.In conclusion, cricket was a huge factor in po...
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Sir Aurobindo once quoted “Caste was originally an arrangement for the distribution of functions of society, just as much as class in Europe, but the principle on which the distribution was based in India was peculiar to this country.” In the 3rd century BC the Greek traveller Megasthenes highlighted two elements of caste system, namely, (1) there is no intermarriage and (2) there can be no change of profession.Members of a particular caste cannot have full freedom of social intercourse with members of others whereas in the caste system, there is greater economic distance than social distance.Class has certainly taken over caste to a major extent in the contemporary India.Caste system is still prevalent in rural areas and some part of ur...
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Rs1 = £0.0097 .1 .. [i] Rs = India Rupee .The Indian economy due to political changes has become very strong, there has been an increase in the GDP and India is now mentioned among the top four developing countries (BRIC).In addition, there has been a lot of social changes in India including factors like caste, marriage system, education and family structure; these factors have played a significant role in the changes recognised in India today.Hereditary social structure, fixed occupations and food restriction were prominent in India whereby you have to continue your family’s occupation and behaviour also there are different jobs for different caste types for example there is a certain caste to become a soldier.(BRIC) = Brazil Russia I...
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