But there are often serious problems of the supply of water even in urban areas where there are water pipes.Its unlimited source of water make more green house gasses so there for more pollution in the atmosphere .It doubles the amount of salt in the ocean’s and impacts on the environment for animals and humans.Desalination of sea water .All living things on Earth need fresh water in order to survive But human beings become ill and may even die if they cannot get pure or clean and are forced to drink polluted water.It reduces oxygen levels in the air and results in an increase of the density of any discharged waste water.
570 words (1.4 pages)
The advantages of these projects are minimum displacement of people and minimum areas under water.In this endeavor, Lakhra Power Plant near Karachi, which has been closed for some time, must be reactivated as soon as possible.As the saying goes, there is opportunity in crisis, and this certainly applies to Pakistan’s energy sector.This will help contain oil imports and conserve compressed natural gas.To overcome its electricity shortage, Pakistan has to come up with policies for the short, medium and long terms.
1340 words (3.4 pages)
According to the MTDF, about 65 percent of the total population in Pakistan has access to safe drinking water.This means that Pakistan will have to spend around 1.3 percent of GDP on Water and Sanitation or around Rs.Currently energy demand is increasing at the rate of 7.4 per cent per annum which created shortage of around 2,000 MW of electricity.Inadequate and irregular water supply due to low pressure has forced people to install electric pumps, bore holes, dig wells and build large storage tanks to increase the water supply thus causing inequitable distribution.Rural water supply is mostly from groundwater and irrigation canals.
2423 words (6.1 pages)
Figure 3.8(a) shows that in BAHRIA 61% students thought of availability was the most important factor for purchasing bottled water, 16% students were in view of Price is the most important for purchasing bottled water, 12% students for promotion and only 9% students thought that they were attracted by the packaging of bottled water.However, 20% were the users of tap water, 18% were the users of Mineral Water and only small chunk were the users of filtered water.In another research by the Consumer Attitude Survey on Water Quality Issues (1993), people do show signs of worrying about tap water safety even in countries where tap water is filtered and provided to people on a regular basis.In figure 3.3(a) shows that in BAHRIA, among 100 inte...
5025 words (12.6 pages)
The distribution and abundance of benthic macro fauna in near shore waters off Karachi is studied for over a period of one year.During this period the trawler AL-AHMEDI along the near shore waters off Karachi made a total of 36 hauls.For instance, Ahmed (1977) dealt with the distribution of marine organisms on some rocky, sandy and muddyshores of Karachi region in relation to pollution.For this purpose the marine benthic fauna was collected every month from otter trawl catches of “Hella” fishing trips undertaken by Karachi based commercial shrimp trawlers fishing in depths of about 12 meters.4) while in post monsoon season again low density occurred.
760 words (1.9 pages)
Investments are of little benefit to local businesses and some projects, such as the renovation of railway lines, are struggling to materialize.(en) This article is partially or fully taken from the English Wikipedia page “China – Pakistan Economic Corridor” (see list of authors).To put an end to the recurring energy shortage (estimated at 4,500 MW, which would result in a shortfall of 2 to 2.5% of Pakistani GDP), private consortia will build energy infrastructure at a cost of US $ 33 billion.In addition, Pakistan's public deficit is widening and makes it financially vulnerable given the rise in indebtedness to China.In 2018, the project contributed to an acceleration of Pakistan's growth which stood at 5.8% of GDP, its highest level sin...
632 words (1.6 pages)
Due to the lack of dams, the large amount of fresh water falls in the ocean.It has lofty mountains, perennial lakes, large reserve of fresh water in the form of glacier, and sun shine coastline for whole the year has the economic importance.Otherwise, it will be difficult to control and even to mitigate the energy crisis in the future .Unfortunately, In Pakistan, this flow of fresh water causes huge flood.But, Karachi has better condition than the cities of Punjab province.
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Dr Abdul Rashid further said and we quote “The floods will recharge the water in the soil and underground water resources will increase.” .According to them it is too early to assess the damage caused by flood and it can only be assessed once the water goes away to examine the extent of damage caused to crops, housing, roads and bridges, electrical grid and other critical elements to its economic recovery.Wheat: According to them , they estimate they due to recent flood that have damaged wheat badly will lead to wheat shortage which is main staple in Pakistan.This also shows that the former minister is of the view that yes indeed flood have caused damages to farmland in this year but it will have a positive impact in the next year with m...
5267 words (13.2 pages)
However it needs to be assessed whether the shortage of water really is the problem or if the inefficient use of available water is the actual cause of reduced output.The benefit of increased water storage capacity can be obtained by de-silting the Tarbela and Mangla dams, increased crop yield can be achieved by improving the efficiency with which water is utilized and the energy gap can be filled by completing and starting new small projects and making use of abundant coal reservoir in Thar.However, proponents of the Kalabagh Dam argue that Pakistan is facing an acute water shortage which is negatively affecting its agro-based industries.Water is not only needed for irrigation purposes but also to increase crop production; the NCS repor...
2549 words (6.4 pages)
Goods transport is also present between Delhi and Karachi using the rail then the sea route.A maritime line is active between Karachi and Mumbai, however, it includes a sometimes informal third stop which is the port of Dubai as regards the transport of goods.In 2010, Pakistan seized the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague concerning the Indian hydroelectric complex on the Neelum River presenting a potential risk of water shortage for Pakistan.The first, the Thar Express, leaves Karachi for Jodhpur via the junction starting with the city of Khokhrapar and stops at the Zero Point - station created to exercise customs measures on passengers - before continuing to the Indian city.This treaty, ensuring the necessary non-political coo...
7206 words (18.0 pages)
This huge amount of water come from heavy rain falls and snow melting that burden the rivers and results in flood.Flood is the natural disaster which causes massive destruction by over flowing of water.Air pollution, water pollution, light pollution, radioactive contamination, thermal pollution and soil contamination are the major forms of pollution.He doesn’t waste electricity and water; he only uses the amount necessary for him and leaves the rest to use by others.Eating healthy includes adding fruits and vegetable in diet, leaving junk food, eating home-made food and drinking lots of water.
8932 words (22.3 pages)
The Karachi Special Launch was a great stepping-stone for the brand’s aspirations of having long-term National Recipe loyalists in Karachi.We uphold these commitments through our values, policies and our practices.From this foundation, our CSR aspirations continue to grow, incorporating processes and activities that aim to strengthen society and ensure sustainable social delivery.At NFL, we believe that CSR starts with providing the highest quality of products and services at the least cost and with the least environmental impact.Sustainability underlines the foundation for NFL’s business endeavors, where we especially engage in strategic social investments, working to empower and uplift communities.
3517 words (8.8 pages)
The factory located at sheikhpura produces many most popular products s of Nestle Pakistan such as Milkpak UHT milk, Nevista products, Nestle pure water, Cerelac and yogurt.The other factory is present in Islamabad and one in Karachi produce packed water... Engro has been creating business relationship with farmers who supply milk to them which enables them to secure the supply and to solve shortage issues.In Islamabad Nestle purchased the AVA water plant in year 2001.The company has launched a comprehensive vaccination programme with the provision of clean water and balanced nutrition to have infection free, strong and happy animals at all times.
4518 words (11.3 pages)
As aluminum, steel, are power intensive and must be located close to the sites of power generation failing which the shortage of, or increase in cost of generating power may spell problems for their survival.The infrastructure also was a vital concern for PSM location as it needed facilities like power, water, disposal of waste etc.PSM now is strategically located 40km south east of Karachi in close locality to port Muhammed Bin Qasim.As a result on the 2nd of July, 1968 Pakistan Steel Mills Corporation was setup as a private limited company in the public sector in accordance to the Companies Act of 1913, with the objective to establish and run steel mills at Karachi and other places in Pakistan.Facilities: The primary advantage that PSM...
3171 words (7.9 pages)
AZIZ SUHARWARDY Karachi Industry hit THERE is no security of life, food, health and education for the public.Above mentioned solutions of power crisis are most practical.S.A.Only by adopting serious attitude we can solve the power problems and take pakistan out of this power crisis.Although government has conducted many conferences before this to control the shortage of energy and all of them remained useless and this time, government authorities have also made a use less conclusion of this conference.Moreover, the problem of our country has never been the lack of natural resources, but our only problem is lack of sincere leadership.
1402 words (3.5 pages)
Many southern cities are characterized by overcrowded housing, contaminated water supplies and lack of proper sewage disposal, drainage or waste collection, all of which contribute to an unhealthy urban environment.As water filters through any material, chemicals in the material may dissolve in the water, a process called leaching.It is very important to keep human waste out of water supplies.For example disposal of wastes into nallahs, canals and rivers can pollute the water supply along the whole length of the watercourse.Contaminated water can have a serious impact on all living creatures, including humans, in an ecosystem.
2555 words (6.4 pages)
Having lived in Karachi for more than seven years, I personally know all these are infamous drug-pushers, extortionists and arms dealers.Baloch was chief of defunct Peoples Aman Committee, an armed wing of the PPP Karachi chapter.However, irony of the situation is that a foreign excursion is being planned for the prime minister to boost his credibility after being convicted by the Supreme Court.One thing is for sure, criminals cannot be wiped out solely through operations as we all know violence further breeds violence.Lyari bleeds but the government has perhaps got some other important matters of ‘national interest’ to deal first.
1364 words (3.4 pages)
Solar energy is not too expensive and its best use, for now, is in domestic applications such as water heating and for UPS (Uninterrupted Power Supply) systems.The existing crisis should be addressed by the government by taking prompt measures.Pakistan, however, currently generates around 2.7% of its total electricity through its Nuclear power plants at Karachi and Chashma.With this investment, and also adding up the efforts made by Wapda (Water and Power Development Authority) and the other IPPs (independent power producers), I think this will finally resolve the problems of Pakistani power shortages in the next 5, 6 years.Control and optimization of our water resources alone can contribute a great deal to our immediate power shortfall....
1684 words (4.2 pages)
And people belong to every part of Pakistan found in Karachi.This research conduct in Karachi city, that’s why all the branches for research are in Karachi.The scope of study is not very large due to the shortage of time.The Bank has been operating in Pakistan since 1863 when it first established its operations in Karachi.The target population in this study includes (i) front line employees and key personnel working in the customer service department of the different branches SCB located in Karachi and (ii) customers having account of any type in these banks.
3105 words (7.8 pages)
Now there are under passes, bridges and three signal free roads in Karachi which are main running roads of Karachi.According to the survey the around 20 to 30 mobile snatched in a day in a Karachi.In farm house there was shot slides in Water Park there was long slides.In farm house there was a cricket ground and in water park there was no cricket ground so in farm house we really enjoys by playing cricket with my friends.Our real life vacation was nearby from Karachi it takes almost 2 hours to reach but on the other hand dreams life vacation is far away from Karachi so it takes almost 1 day to reach by car.
5303 words (13.3 pages)
The cost of living is ever increasing and shortage of funds is a usual problem worldwide.Water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff; limited natural fresh water resources; a majority of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification.Even the 38 percent of the population that receives its water through pipelines runs the risk of consuming seriously contaminated water, although the problem varies by area.However, researchers at the Pakistan Medical Research Council, recognizing that a large proportion of diseases in Pakistan are caused by the consumption of polluted water, have been questioning the “safe” classification in use in the 1990s.In 2009, many ti...
2084 words (5.2 pages)
The country has two major sea ports namely, Karachi Sea Port and Port Qasim.B., Cooper, D.R., and Schindler, P.S.Karachi is Pakistan’s main airport but significant levels of both domestic and international cargo are also handled at Islamabad and Lahore.Two major ports, Port Karachi and Port Qasim, handle 95 percent of all international trade.Initially, it was planned to have 6-lanes, however, due to the shortage of funds, it was decided to reduce the number of lanes to 4 with an option to upgrade it to 6-lanes in future.
3948 words (9.9 pages)
All of these above mentioned partnerships are based on the agreed upon the subsequent loss or th... ... middle of paper ... ...anagement of the stock portfolios, implementing an Islamic CAPM would ultimately result in more satisfying results that can potentially produce generous income for the investor.4th South Asian International conference (SAICON-2012), Pearl Contenental Hotel, Bhurban, Pakistan, 05-07 December, 2012.Selim, T. H. (2008).An Islamic capital asset pricing model.Humanomics, 24(2), 122-129.
400 words (1 pages)
The advantage of using poorly performing firms for the study will be to reduce and neutralize signaling effects of future earnings growth through cash dividend payment by well-performing firms (Benartzi, Michaely, and Thaler (1997) and DeAngelo, DeAngelo,... ... middle of paper ... ...1 Fin_ins + β2 FCF_Assets + β3 EPS + β4Dt_Assets + β5 ROA + β6 Size + εit (1b) CDiv_Assets = α + β1 Block_own + β2 FCF_Assets + β3 EPS + β4 Dt_Assets + β5 ROA + β6 Size + εit (1c) CDiv_Assets = α + β1 Non-tradable + β2 FCF_Assets + β3 EPS + β4 Dt_Assets + β5 ROA + β6 Size + εit (1d) In the regression models, we have four key independent variables i.e., Director Ownership, Financial institutions ownership, Blockholder ownership and nontradble shares to e...
436 words (1.1 pages)
Its main tributaries are the Sutlej, the Beas, the Chenab, the Ravi and the Jhelum which together form the Panjnad in the province of Punjab.The Indus River constitutes the main fluvial artery of Pakistan's waterways, without its water supply and that of its tributaries, the country would have been a desert for a long time.The Indus basin brings two-thirds of the water to Pakistan.As the Indus approaches the Arabian Sea, it expands to form a delta.The list of rivers partially or entirely in Pakistan is organized by basin from west to east, the tributaries are listed from the confluence to the source.
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The economy will face the brunt of this shortage and it will depress Pakistan’s average GDP growth rate.The acute shortage has increased agony of the nation through load-shedding.The economy of the country was on the path of economic recovery but the shortage has further delayed it.The issue of energy shortage is not going to go away in a short span of time because of the non-seriousness of the government on the construction of big dams.“An official energy demand forecast indicates that the demand for natural gas, which makes up about 50% of Pakistan’s energy consumption, would increase by 44% to 39 MTOE from 27 MTOE currently.” The crisis is worsened with the shortage of natural gas.
3095 words (7.7 pages)
The income level of people in Karachi is very low, trends of savings is not there.The People of Karachi are considered trendsetters of the country... Mountain Dew will be manufactured using advance technology and processing facility located at SITE Industrial Area, Karachi.Mountain Dew is being re-launched in Karachi, which is the largest city of Pakistan in terms of population, size and area.Majority of people in Karachi are salaried or daily wages labor.
2685 words (6.7 pages)
It started trading through the computerized trading system Karachi Automated Trading System (KATS) since 1997.Lately many investors have shown interest in Mutual funds which is why it has become an important player in Karachi Stock Exchange.With the emergence of KSE, it has attracted many foreign investors who have been investing large amounts of money in Pakistan’s stock markets and especially Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE).Bomb blasts in Pakistan have a very minimal amount or no amount of affect on KSE due to the reason that this is now a routine of Karachi and Pakistan.This is because company’s were investing more on revamping the earthquake victims rather than growing, many employees of various companies had family members, or their ow...
4218 words (10.5 pages)
It usually refers to the shortage of oil and additionally to electricity or other natural resources.Pakistan is facing 80 millions tons of oil shortage according to it’s need.In a report it is claimed that Pakistan has faced 1000 to 2000 MW shortage of power.The costly machinery amounted US $9 million is now functionless due to (rust) delay in the construction of Kala Bagh Dam, Some scientists predicted that in next 10year world has to face the water shortage also.This brings us to the shortage being faced in supply of electricity for domestic and industrial purposes (In figures I and II below the position of domestic demand and supply for electrical energy is highlighted).
4637 words (11.6 pages)
Since 2011, Karachi is again divided by a system of districts, with the megalopolis covering a large part of the Karachi division which also contains rural areas.All the other ethnic groups of the country are also found in Karachi, in particular those of Balochistan which is not far from Karachi.In 1889, Karachi established itself as the second largest vegetable market in the world after Bombay, and ten years later the volume of wheat and cotton exports from Karachi exceeded that of Bombay's exports , its great rival.Perhaps the most famous monument in the city of Karachi is the Mausoleum of Muhammad Ali Jinnah.In addition, Karachi Airport, Jinnah International Airport, is the largest airport in Pakistan.
2389 words (6.0 pages)