Furthermore, many potential criteria, such as distance from residential areas, distance from main roads, investment costs, availability of solid waste, and land slope must be considered in the selection procedure of a landfill location .Solid waste also is the term to describe non-liquid waste materials from the public (Nair et al., 2007).Nema and Gupta (1999) proposed an improved formulation based on a multi-objective integer programming approach to reach the optimal configuration of a regional hazardous waste management system.The planning and design of a solid waste landfill management system involves selection of treatment and disposal facilities, allocation of solid wastes and waste residues from the generator to the treatment and d...
3064 words (7.7 pages)
This section of The Waste Land is notable for its inclusion of popular poetic forms, particularly musical ones.But Eliot also uses these bits and pieces to create high art, and some of the fragments The opening two stanzas of this section describe the ultimate “Waste Land” as Eliot sees it.The final section of The Waste Land is dramatic in both its imagery and its events.The title of this, the longest section of The Waste Land, is taken from a sermon given by Buddha in which he encourages his followers to give up earthly passion (symbolized by fire) and seek freedom from earthly things.The Waste Land Section III: “The Fire Sermon” .
3268 words (8.2 pages)
Its purposes are to help the analyst organise and structure the procedures that the analysis to be performed in a study will require and to identify the data needed to complete them.The land use maps was queried because site location must fall outside the land use areas so that settlement will not be polluted by the exhume/stench from the waste.It is a spatial analysis known as proximity analysis, generating zones of a given distance around a feature theme.720 questionnaires were distributed among the various stakeholders, which include the public, planners and officials of Ibadan Municipal Government and Waste Management Board.These are, buffering, overlay, query, network analysis and nearest neighbourhood analysis ..
1208 words (3.0 pages)
The life-cycle assessment of paper bags is presented in relation to life-cycle inventory, life-cycle impact assessment, and life-cycle improvement analysis.Totals for all material requirements and environmental emissions are presented for all stages of production, from raw materials acquisition to waste management.The magnitude of releases into the air, water, and land are not enormous; however, the are nevertheless substantial.The life-cycle improvement analysis is an evaluation of the needs and opportunities to reduce the environmental burden associated with energy and raw material use and waste emissions throughout the life cycle of a product or process, which in this section is a product-plastic bags.In the broadest sense, as stated ...
2184 words (5.5 pages)
Hazardous waste and medical waste are handled separately and not co-mingled with normal waste.This study goes through most of the available techniques related to disposal of waste, as well as the environmental and health impacts created by them and different ways of treating municipal solid waste: Recycling, composting, incineration and land filling.Inert waste: Inert waste is waste which is neither chemically or biologically reactive and will not decompose.Biodegradable waste can be commonly found in municipal solid waste (sometimes called biodegradable municipal waste, or BMW) as green waste, food waste, paper waste, and biodegradable plastics.Domestic hazardous waste & toxic waste .. Biodegradable waste: is a type of waste, typic...
4898 words (12.2 pages)
However, the project failed due to limitations and in 1942 the Hooker Chemical and Plastics Corporation bought it and buried 22,000 tons of toxic waste in the area.The Hooker Chemical and Plastics Corporation should plan the proper way to dispose the hazardous waste properly without effecting the environment.Although taking into the account of these aggressive strides to make sure that hazardous waste is safely managed, it becomes a questionable issue.In year 1953, Hooker Chemical and Plastics Corporation sold a land which was used for chemical waste dump to the Niagara Falls School Board for the use of building school on it.Besides, they should identify the hazardous waste and manage it differently.
3878 words (9.7 pages)
This paper evaluates the complex linguistic structure of The Waste Land, The Hallow Man, and The Four Quartets.This structure Subject + to be + copula will be used again in the first lines of part III (this is the dead land; this is the cactus land) and part IV (the eyes are not here; there are no eyes here).T. S. Eliot, in some of his poems, especially The Waste Land, adopts this mode of writing: And when we were children, staying at the arch-duke’s My cousin’s he took me out on a sled, And I was frightened.The Waste Land is rather an obscure poem.This is the dead land S V C This is the cactus land S V C Dead and cactus seem semantically parallel but perhaps the poet is associating deadness with the place, which breeds cacti.
3618 words (9.0 pages)
51, p. 12-15 Merinews 2009, “Global Dimming” Is the Latest Environ mental Scourge.The technological development all over the world has seen an increase in generation of wastes which have polluted the land, air and even water bodies (Merinew, 2009, 1).An analysis on research on pollution within the previous century shows a very big difference on the pollution tactics levels between the 20th Century and the 21st Century.The land has also become less productive due to the continued pollution by chemical inputs.References Lee, Dwight 2001, The Efficient Amount of Pollution.
498 words (1.2 pages)
Such a waste is hard to control unless the Victoria government pass a policy that will encouraage3 the use of unleaded gas for motor vehicles and also increased manufacture of environmental friendly vehicles that use ethanol instead of petroleum and diesel.The Victoria government should establish a policy that encourages the use of bio fuels instead of the petroleum by industries firstly to reduce the environmental pollution and secondly to reduce the cost of chemical and petrochemical waste management.In 1986 the Victorian government took up an industrial waste strategy that gave a framework for the correct and the best management of chemicals and petrochemicals industrial wastes.The act spells out the powers, duties and functions of th...
926 words (2.3 pages)
The segregation of food waste from general waste for composting and energy creation is a technology that eliminates landfill cost which could potentially create revenue and reduce disposal costs.A junior manger in the Defence Forces can be paid from €37.000 to €40.000 depending on rank and service, an operator is paid €34.000, therefore with waste disposal being controlled in sixteen installations throughout the country the Defence Forces would have a total cost of €592.000 to €640.000 for junior managers and €544.000 for privates.The National Policy and Waste Management Planning enforced by the Department of the Environment, & Community and Local Government (DoEHLG) have primary responsibility for waste policy and legislation (McCar...
1424 words (3.6 pages)
Perceived risk of developing cancer due to solid waste burning was significantly higher in females, younger, with an educational level lower than university and who believed that improper waste management is linked to cancer.Findings show that the best system is the one that collects mixed waste, organic material and multiproduct waste door-to-door, and glass from drop-off points.Waste recycling through informal sectors is very active; recycled waste accounted for about 9.3% of all waste generated in 2003.(2012), showed how the business model of two leading Swedish municipally owned solid waste management companies exposes them to four different but related markets: a political market in which their legitimacy as an organization is deter...
5404 words (13.5 pages)
Boundaries:Ministry of Food Production, Land and Marine Affairs, the Land and Surveys Division.Assuming a substantial increase in waste collection to the vicinity of 1000 tonnes per day the landfill’s size can be adjusted, increased to 0.70 km2.Soil type:Ministry of Food Production, Land and Marine Affairs.Excessive runoff may mix with waste liquids and possibly get into watercourses.Over the last thirty years the island of Trinidad has utilized four (4) major landfills for waste disposal: * Beetham Estate Landfill – located in North-West Trinidad, size of sixty-one (61) hectares, * Guanapo Landfill – located in North-east Trinidad, size of seven (7) hectares * Forres Park Landfill- located in Central Trinidad, size of eight (8) hectares...
2678 words (6.7 pages)
Waste from humans and animals consist of disease causing microorganisms and therefore need to be disposed of safely (Morris, 2007).The process where sewage sludge or materials obtained from it are sprayed, injected or spread on land is defined as land application.In addition, they also have little direct cost and provide a method to dispose waste.In addition, it is analysis of content is very precise and can utilize waste from other manufacturing process (Morris, 2007)... Sewage sludge also known as bio-solid is the remainder product of domestic or urban waste water cleaning at waste water treatment plants.
2809 words (7.0 pages)
Various resource or energy consumption items are converted into biologically productive land areas.There are six basic types of biologically productive land: Cropland, grazing land, forestland, construction land, fossil energy resource land, and water (marine) area.Multiply the figure by the corresponding equivalent factor, and we have the required area for this type of land under local or international standards.This space includes biologically productive land and water area that produces the resources devoted by that person such as food, water, energy, clothing, and building materials.Ei: is the equivalent factor for the type of the land which produces this type of goods.
2384 words (6.0 pages)
4) Environmental Justice calls for universal protection from nuclear testing , extraction, production and disposal of toxic/hazardous wastes and poisons and nuclear testing that threaten the fundamental right to clean air, land, water, and food.3) Environmental Justice mandates the right to ethical, balanced and responsible uses of land and renewable resources in the interest of a sustainable planet for humans and other living things.7th ed., Conn.: Dushkin/McGraw-Hill, 1997.ôThe Landmark Studyö, a report written in 1987 and a study ômost often citedö when questioning the ethics of environmental racism ôhad two important components: an analytical survey of commercial waste TSDFås [treatment, storage, and disposal facilities] and a descri...
1198 words (3.0 pages)
A nation’s ecological footprint correspond to the aggregate land and water area in various ecosystem categories to produce all the resources it consumes, and to absorb all the waste it generates on a continuous basis, using prevailing technology.Main functions include resource production (such as fish, timber or cereals), waste assimilation (such as CO2 absorption or sewage decomposition) and life-support services (such as UV protection, biodiversity, and water cleansing or climate stability).Land type: The Earth’s approximately 11.9 billion hectares of biologically productive land and water are categorized into five types of surface area: cropland, grazing land, forest, fishing ground, and built-up land.Garbage that is not contaminated ...
2569 words (6.4 pages)
The effluent which had been released from the industry has generally high temperature and it affects land.Present work is based on the physico – chemical analysis of effluents released from gayathri Sugar Factory.The sugar industry effluent is highly polluted and they do not satisfy the BIS Indian standard values .Sugar mills place a major rolling polluting the water bodies by discharging a large amount of waste water as effluent.Damage to paddy crops due to sugar industry waste-waters entering agricultural land have been reported (4).
1263 words (3.2 pages)
Waste of the municipal solid consists in electronic and electrical equipments.Waste of electronics and electrical equipments increases the mass of the toxic inputs into local waste streams.There are many environmental indicators as water use, land filling and CO2 emissions.Waste of electrical and electronic material was considered as cost factor in past.Electronic waste known as E-waste is one of the growing and emerging problem in this world.
2663 words (6.7 pages)
The below Process flow diagram 1.2 demonstrates the above processes waste with service requests due to duplication of service logging process.•Deliver land to the market within 12 months of declaration for a PDA .4.3 Process Waste .A lot of this waste can be reduced if IT services are brought in-house and ULDA IT has more control to fix the issue, thus reducing doubling of processes (Harrison, 1992).Urban Land Development Authority (ULDA) is a state government owned organisation.
2188 words (5.5 pages)
In order to provide a broader understanding of this issue, following section will discuss the existing plastic waste management options to gain a better understanding of the processes related to waste management and their environmental effects.Secondly, by reviewing waste management methods author will try to find out which is the acknowledged environmentally sustainable plastic waste disposal option.Purpose of this section is to provide an overview of measures taken by Government agencies and environmental protection bodies to reduce the environmental impacts of plastic waste.According to Science for environmental policies ,European commission, (2011) Municipal waste collection and separation is a vital part in all waste management meth...
4646 words (11.6 pages)
An example is the Life cycle analysis of sugar beet production using different forms of nitrogen fertilizers.Therefore, the second product that produces solid more waste may be viewed as producing less cradle-to-grave environmental harm or impact than the first technology due its lower chemical emissions.This study was carried out with the use of the SimaPro 7 software for the inventory and interpretation of the analysis.air, land and water e.g.For example, when choosing between two rival products, it may appear that product A is better for the environment because it generates less solid waste than product B. .
1133 words (2.8 pages)
By reading the comments and discussion above, it can be seen how the use of the juxtaposition forms of montage are effectively used by TS Eliot in The Waste Land to convey spirituality, imagery and meaning.In a nutshell, Eliot’s 1922 poem The Waste Land is a social comment on the poor state that the world is in after the First World War, made up largely of quotations and comments taken from other sources.This essay describes how the juxtaposition forms of montage (which, as described by the Oxford English Dictionary as the technique of producing a new composite whole from fragments of pictures, text or music) contributes to the meaning of “The Waste Land” by T.S.In the “What the Thunder Said” section of “The Waste Land”, Eliot introduces...
1784 words (4.5 pages)
Hence, information on land use / land cover and possibilities for their optimal use is essential for the selection, planning and implementation of land use schemes to meet the increasing demands for basic human needs and welfare.This has therefore resulted in increased land consumption and a modification and alterations in the status of her land use land cover over time without any detailed and comprehensive attempt (as provided by a Remote Sensing data and GIS) to evaluate this status as it changes over time with a view to detecting the land consumption rate and also make attempt to predict same and the possible changes that may occur in this status so that planners can have a basic tool for planning.Changes in land cover by land use do...
4721 words (11.8 pages)
Last, waste and recycle management to advance customers protect environment and reduce wasting.Also, the local waste and recycling management can influence the travelers concern the environmental issues and choose the ‘green tourism’ product and services.The Australia waste and recycling management which is a long term environmental protection can provide the travelers a natural protected travel destination.The waste and recycling management is not only to affect the local people living, but also it affects the tourism industry development.According to the data which estimated per capita waste generation and diversion rates for Australia from 2006 to 2007, there were 4,181,000 people in Queensland.
3064 words (7.7 pages)
Based on this view, Europeans thought that the way that Indians lived their lives was a waste.Overall, the Indians who were present on the land before settlers came over entailed changes, but the shift from Indian to European dominance entailed drastic changes that are still present and changing today.Indian poverty was the result of Indian waste: underused land, underused natural abundance, underused human labor” (Cronon, 56).Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England.In the book “Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England”, William Cronon describes a variety of changes that followed the contact of European Settlers and Native Indians with the land in New England.
1437 words (3.6 pages)
Local governments and populations, even if they are concerned by these problems, do not have mechanisms available to compel these comp... ... middle of paper ... ...rom the indigenous lifestyle how to remain in balance with the environment, by recognizing that what goes around, comes around.Efforts to save resources have led to recycling and conservation programs, which are good steps in the right direction, but these programs do not prevent future environmental degradation.California, once a land of legendary beauty, is now easier to see as a concrete paved state, overrun with cars and absent of the old growth redwoods that once defined the coasts.As shown in the film, “Redwoods,” private companies who own the majority of Coastal Redwoo...
409 words (1.0 pages)
Analysis of Decision / Final Result .Dumping of waste into our streams, rivers and oceans, as well as oil spills, industrial waste, and more contribute to the issue of water pollution.The main issue relating to sustainability in our society is the lack of regulation globally in regards to pollution and waste management.The U.S. alone has up to 40,000 abandoned landfills filled with plastics and other items like electronic waste that can release harmful toxins into the air and water (p. A-4).Ferrell, O. C., Fraedrich, J., & Ferrell, L. (2011).
1029 words (2.6 pages)
Instead of two steps, “It is a one-step process going from the neodymium oxide to the neodymium master alloy,” Gschneidner explains, “and since the end-products are completely utilized, there are no waste materials to dispose of” (Ingebretsen, 2011).1) Comparing the EROI of wind power to potential future generation options (attach figure) makes it a significant winner; however issues with the nature of wind power (intermittent and uncontrolled), excessive use of land, and increases in raw material prices are causing it to be overlooked.This is especially true when the land is a signficant source of aesthetic and/or recreational value” (Cleveland, 2007).“At about 6 or 7 megawatts per square kilometer of net power potential, wind plants ar...
2394 words (6.0 pages)
They also depicts three categories of textile and apparel waste in ‘Textile waste Lifecycle model’ namely, post-producer waste generated by manufacturers, pre-consumer waste generated by retailers and post-consumer waste generated by the public.The author also quoted various examples of textile recyclers in order to establish the fact that what they are doing with the post-producer textile waste which is discussed in section 2.2.Authors in the end of this research paper provides further framework for further dialogue about what constitutes the textile waste and finding means by which textile waste is or can be disposed.The research has shown the amount of waste produced by different industries, and how much it is reused, recycled and hw ...
3871 words (9.7 pages)
According to Huang and Hsu (2003), each year in Taiwan over 10×10 tonnes of construction material are extracted for their usage and more than 40×10 tonnes of construction waste are disposed without recycling.Structure waste consists of fragments, reinforcement bars, abandoned timer plate and pieces which are generated during the finishing stage of a building.(2004) that from the recycled aggregate found in the construction and demolition waste, concrete blocks can be manufactured.In managing the unavoidable waste, there are three options in order of preference.The second procedure is to improve the management of the unavoidable waste generated on site.
3949 words (9.9 pages)