War and Peace, which he took ten years to write, is considered to be his major work.He thus gave a higher meaning to the mobilization he had experienced during the Crimean War (1853-1856), - which he had recounted in Récits de Sébastopol - and to his novel War and Peace which happened before he comes into the world, at the time of the Napoleonic Wars.Kropotkin says that he “came to share the ideas expressed by Tolstoy in War and Peace on the“ role played by the unknown masses in historical events, ”but while the former advocated the socialist anarchism, with a socialist organization of production, and considered that conflicts and wars could arise in the evolution of humanity "in spite of the will of the individuals taken in particular",...
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Only in Russian literature writers addresses so much attention to the image of private world and difficult experiences of women’s soul.Some very poetic motives of “War and Peace” develop in the character of Anna Karenina.The image of Anna Karenina, the main character of the novel, according to Tolstoy represents both a woman, who lost herself.Tolstoy tries to justify the behavior of his heroine, but at the same time her tragical destiny appears to be unavoidable.Comparing "War and peace" with "Anna Karenina," Tolstoy has noticed that in the first novel he loved thought of society and in the second the thought of a family.
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Dostoevsky, Fyodor translation by Pevear, Richard and Volokhonsky, Larissa (1990).Borges, Jorge Luis (1998).War and Peace , transl.Collected Fictions(translated by Andrew Hurley), Viking Penguin .Art is always a personal experience for both – creator and those, who perceive it, and Dostoevsky, Tolstoy and Borges make their art serve one ultimate purpose – a quest for the meaning of life.
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, and among the lollards in the tract The Sum of the Scriptures ("The Gospel forbids being men of war; The Gospel is peace and not war").Justin (known as the Martyr, - became a Christian around 130) testifies that the teaching of Christ concerning the love of enemies is common among Christians, and that this corresponds to the fulfillment of a prophecy on the end of all war: “ We who were filled with war, murder, all evil, we have on earth transformed instruments of war, swords, plowshares, spears into tools of the field, and we cultivate piety, justice, philanthropy , faith, hope… Tertullian (c. 160-230) expresses the general feeling of the Christians of his time concerning the war: “The Lord, by disarming Peter, disarmed all the soldie...
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According to the inevitability of death, it is not true that accepting death and the identification of the right unpredictable nature of life allows for peace, confidence and sometimes joy at death point.Also, there’s no genuine personal involvement because compassion and love must go both ways; both must benefit from the relationship (Tolstoy, 2010).The death of Ivan is a lesson on making sense of death by living rightly (Tolstoy, 2010).Finally, Tolstoy portrays human existence as a conflict between the inner and the outer, the spiritual and the physical in both the artificial and authentic life which is not true since they are dual things... Tolstoy portrays human existence as a conflict between the inner and the outer, the spiritual ...
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The University of Peace, which has its headquarters in Namur, founded by Father Dominique Pire, Nobel Peace Prize winner, also deals with training, in a very broad sense.This type of non-violence, which is essentially based on a philosophical, social and political analysis of the phenomena of injustice and violence, without relying on religious teaching, includes many of the authors who opposed war and conscription, founding associations for peace like Alfred H. Love (fr), Ladd, William Ellery Channing and Noah Worcester, seeking to define a legal and political ideal like Hugo Grotius, Emmanuel Kant, Victor Hugo, Frédéric Passy, Robert L. Holmes, and Leó Szilárd, by appeals to the powers in place (Hermann Hesse ), by offering research ...
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The purpose of Tolstoy in giving Aksionov’s suffering is to show us a good example of real generous man.Throughout the tittle, Tolstoy wants to tell the readers the fact that reality can be hidden but one day it comes out.By reading the whole story, the readers learn the power of forgiveness and its impact on offering inner peace.Moreover, they will learnt to be freed from being angry and indignant with the world and having achieved ‘inner peace’.Aksionov may represent Tolstoy’s characteristic because Tolstoy was a religious man.
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Leo Tolstoy encountered many things throughout his life that influenced his works.Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy was born into a family of aristocratic landowners in 1828 at the family estate at Yasnaya Polyana, a place south of Moscow.He enlisted as a volunteer, serving with distinction in the Crimean War from 1853-1856 (Magill 382).The Complete Idiots Guide to Leo Tolstoy.Tolstoy returned to Yasnaya Polyana to manage the family estate, with the purpose to improve himself intellectually, morally, and physically.
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According to Mayo on Gandhi's action: “The mystical doctrine of spiritual warfare, of war by 'fortitude', which uses language of hatred while displaying theories of love, had become , logically and persistently, materialized in the form of butchers of human beings.Gandhi thus acquired in contact with Tolstoy his understanding of the vital character of non-violence (and also that of "true Christianity" according to Tolstoy), the conviction that "the law of love is the fundamental law of life", as he has expressed it all his life: "The law of love is the law of our species"; it "rules the world"; "Moral forces are superior to brute force"; as Tolstoy had preached in the desert at the beginning of the Bolshevik revolution and before the Gre...
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Although Tolstoy started his quest with the use of scientific principles he also began to realize that he could no longer fight the same type of war.Tolstoy was brave enough to show his struggles and then when he could not refute the argument based on the living testimony of the true Christians he came to be associated with, he was willing to be converted to Christianity.He may or may not be struggling in the same way as Tolstoy was when he wrote his confession.When faced with the question regarding the significance of his achievements and what will be the ultimate meaning to his life, Tolstoy could not provide a satisfactory answer and he lamented: The questions were not waiting, and I had to answer them at once; if I did not answer The...
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The immensely successful (and one might even have the cheek to say patriotic) General George S. Patton, in all his honesty, is famous to have said, “The object of war is not to die for your country but to make the other bastard die for his.” .Patriotism, over time has acquired a fair share of critics including Russian novelist and thinker Leo Tolstoy, who is famous to have stated that patriotism: “..Is stupid because every patriot holds his own country to be the best of all whereas, obviously, only one country can qualify.Lawrence: University .It is immoral because it enjoins us to promote our country’s interests at the expense of all other countries and by any means, including war, and is thus at odds with the most basic rule of mor...
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Many of Fernández-Armesto's explanations and descriptions relied on assumed depth of knowledge of maritime navigation and world geography that many among a general audience may not possess.Explorers are the trailblazers, ... .... middle of paper ... .According to Fernández-Armesto, "explorers were the engineers of history's infrastructures, the builders of the causeways of culture, foragers of links, spinners of webs."...d that challenges contemporary American romanticized ideas about early explorers motives and contributions to global history such as Christopher Columbus' tendency to exaggerate and Captain John Smith's tyrannical forced submission of the Powhatans.
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In general, the impact of books in terms of mass communication is not only reflected upon its publication sales and economic value but in terms of its influence and effectiveness on enticing the interest and emotion of its mass audience.The Hidden Meaning of Mass Communications: Cinema, Books, and Television in the Age of Computers.In actual view, the publication sale of each book does not generally reflect its influence wherein eventhough a book’s sale is low, the spread of its ideas contained in its pages still expand through its impact on the few readers.With this nature and capability, the book medium indeed is considered as a medium for mass communication able to promote ideas and concepts for wide range and scale of human populatio...
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It is clear from these figures that being at war had no effect on film production but there was an impact on the type of films being produced.As mentioned, 1917 saw the making of Father Sergius but it also saw the end of the Great War for the Russian Empire and the empire itself.Even though French film companies dominated the Russian Empire film market up until the beginning of the First World War, Russian companies started appearing as early as 1907.The path we will take with this paper will lead us from 1907 to 1977; through the Russian revolution, the Great War and the beyond the Second World War.Lev Tolstoy, known as Leo Tolstoy in the West is better known for the epic novel, War & Peace.
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It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.We are met on a great battle-field of that war.… He was bigger than his country, bigger than all Presidents put together… and as a great character he will live as long as the world lives.It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus fa...
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When Nicholas first took the throne, it appeared that Russia was in a state of tranquility and peace However, beneath the veneer of industrial growth, the 20th Century was slowly but surely leading the Tsarist Regime into a state of crisis.I believe the 1905 revolution acted as a rehearsal for the 1917 revolution that was yet to follow.As Tolstoy said Russia lives “without lawful guarantees.” This meant that the people of Russia had no constitutional laws to protect them and no laws were “set in stone”.I believe it enabled the protestors to experiment in forms of protest and therefore protest, just as “Bloody Sunday” had helped them realise that political protests were what the Tsar feared most.Despite naval mutinies taking place, the ar...
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Especially at Anna Karenina, it symbolizes the power of death and death through Anna.Tolstoy was dissatisfied with his education and was not interested in academia.Tolstoy provided Anna Karenina with realistic performance by creating the role of Primary and Secondary contributing to realism.Author of Anna Karenina, Leo Tolstoy, was born in Yasnaya Polyana in 1828.Tolstoy himself insisted that Anna Karenina is his first novel.Tolstoy wants to check his life.
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Tolstoy informs his readers that speech is what teaches knowledge from human history, but art is what teaches the emotions of mankind’s past.Good art, for Tolstoy, is art that expresses itself through religious perception.It is fundamental to Tolstoy, as with Wordsworth, that the work be accessible and understandable to all people.This is why Tolstoy supposed that music is the... .According to Tolstoy, good art is what carries humanity towards perfection (Tolstoy 383).
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But Tolstoy does not forget to emphasize Ivan’s virtues when he was an examining judge: ‘Ivan Ilych never abused his power; he tried on the contrary to soften its expression, but the consciousness of it and the possibility of softening its effect, supplied the chief interest and attraction of his office.’ As he is unable to cope with the stress of his office and home life the hero develops hobby to as a fad: ‘The pleasures connected with his work were pleasures of ambition; his social pleasures were those of vanity; but Ivan Ilych’s greatest pleasure was playing bridge.’ The ebb and flow of Ivan’s life has been narrated in the first person by himself: ‘It is as if I had been going downhill while I imagined I was going up.I am...
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Tolstoy is criticizing the social mentality of the day by depicting Ivan and his wife as greed driven.When providing an account of Ivan Ilyitch’s life in the form of a flashback, Tolstoy writes that it, “had been most simple and most ordinary and therefore most terrible.” In the fashion of Realism, the writer is detached from his characters and presents a very objective view, which enables the reader to feel that he is observing the mundane actions firsthand.While each period offered its own principles, both periods contributed to the great literary works of the world.The boy’s actions are examined and scrutinized by the author in an impersonal manner; however, the reader also examines and scrutinizes these same actions, but with disbeli...
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What they denounced was a war that “brought disaster upon the world” which would only end when the people took “the government entirely in their hands” (Price 45).Conclusion Effectively, this established the Soviet system that lasted until the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1991 although until the end of the Civil War in 1922, the state was called the “Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic”.The Soviets began an anti-war campaign, using such slogans as “down with war” and “peace, land and bread” which became the manifesto of the Bolsheviks, who split from other communist or socialist groups in 1903.Lenin called the war a “predatory imperialist war” which the Provisional Government showed no sign of abandonin...
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He perceives himself as an “intelligent polished, lively and agreeable man” (Tolstoy unpaged).The non-linear plot of the story helps Tolstoy to depict the way in which people respond to the death of Ivan Ilyich.On the whole, Tolstoy shows that up to a certain moment, the main character remains fully satisfied with his himself.Leo Tolstoy shows how a single event can prompt a person to look more closely at one’s self-identity.For instance, Ivan Ilyich’s colleagues, who purport to be his friends, think only about their promotion, especially the opportunity to occupy the post held by the protagonist (Tolstoy unpaged).
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Anna Karenina wrote by Leo Tolstoy is a 19th century novel depicting the lives of the three families Oblonskys, Karenins, Levins.She got dissatisfied.One hundred years of solitude was written by Gabriel Garcia-Marquez (Gabriel Garcia-Marquez) in 1967, he is a 100-year story Macondo's (Macondo's) fiction Bundia family.There are 140 names and some unnamed characters in Tolstoy, and his center focuses on the role of Anna Karelina.Finally, Anna can not keep her wisdom.
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Anything else, to Tolstoy, was “insignificant art which aimed only at giving pleasureâ€¦ (and) did not deserve such esteem and encouragement” .Hence, Tolstoy maintains that the concept of beauty when looking to define art simply confuses matters, and in order to define art accurately, it is necessary to avoid considering it as a means of pleasure, but rather as one of the conditions of human life that we use to interact and to communicate emotion between one another.By religion, Tolstoy explicitly means Christianity, and it is declared that the best emotions communicated through art are those that appeal to Christian teachings of man’s love for God and neighbour.The overbearing problem here is that good art doesn’t have to be religious,...
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There are restrictions but her role is also justified in the society.The broad array of situations and ideas depicted in Anna Karenina allows Tolstoy to present a treatise on his Russian era, and, by virtue of its very breadth and depth, all of human society.Tolstoy has used real events in his narrative, to lend greater verisimilitude to the fictional events of his narrative.Anna Karenina is a novel by the Russian writer Leo Tolstoy, published in serial installments from 1873 to 1877 in the periodical The Russian Messenger.Islam takes a moderated approach for women.
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It is at this moment that he is released from the mental anguish that has engulfed him, and “in place of death, there was light” (Tolstoy, 279).That Caius – man in the abstract – was mortal, was perfectly correct, but he was not Caius, not an abstract man, but a creature quite quite separate from all others” (Tolstoy, 259).Half way through the story Ivan remarks, “Gerasim alone did not lie; everything showed that he alone understood the facts of the case and did not consider it necessary to disguise them” (Tolstoy, 264).At a certain point, however, he begins to ask, “Why deceive myself?” (Tolstoy, 257) When Ivan’s brother-in-law visits before New Year’s, he is so disturbed by his condition that he is unable to be in his presence.We shall...
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It is a great read for anyone.This story is very well written and teaches valuable lessons.till seven times?In this story, Leo Tolstoy teaches that hatred has horrible consequences, that humility is essential in forgiving, and that forgiveness saves one from a lot of trouble.Through this story, Leo Tolstoy teaches that hatred has horrible consequences, that humility is essential in forgiving, and that forgiveness saves one from a lot of trouble.
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They are appalled by the beginning of the war.For having criticized both camps about their desire to continue the war, their desire to obtain a destructive victory, Rolland became a figure not only of the international peace movement, but also of the peace movement.Through the Honduran poet Froylán Turcios, he maintains relations with Augusto Sandino, who then led a guerrilla war against the occupation of Nicaragua by the United States.Romain Rolland’s stubbornness in his fight against war and the friendship between the two men will allow Stefan Zweig to overcome this ordeal.His demand for justice prompted him to wish for peace “above the fray” during and after World War I.
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Stephan Arkadyevitch Oblonsky was a member of the liberal party, who asserted that “marriage is an institution quite out of date, and that it needs reconstruction” (Tolstoy 8).In the novel Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy, the Russian society in the late 19th century, particularly the nobility and aristocracy, is epitomized by their various social etiquettes and formalities that predominated the European continent during this time period.Evidently, when Anna was found eying and flirting with Vronsky constantly in Princess Betsy’s parties and dinners, Alexey sat her down and explained his thoughts on her affair, elucidating, in particular, the “exposition of religious significance of marriage… [and] certain rules of decorum which cannot be di...
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Outside Magazine .The wilderness, to McCandless, is a reflection of peace, solace, and consolation away from the cruel world.Tolstoy, who mainly based his code of morality on the teachings of Jesus Christ, particularly the biblical Sermon on the Mount, also believed in the concept of anarchy, as well as in the abrogation of private property.Woodcock, George.Anarchism: A history of libertarian ideas and movements .
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