The Cold war changed the world forever, no longer would wars be fought in trenches and battlefields.Russia had reasons to mistrust the west because Russia had been invaded by Germany inn 1914 and the west joined them to crush communism.Any country facing a war against Communism would be helped by the U S. .He knew that the only way the west could stop him from creating the countries in to communists was to go to war and he knew they would not want to do that because of the consequences they had suffered in the War.After the Second World War all the armies had removed their troops from Eastern Europe, but Russia still kept theirs there.
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This was called the Cold War.big reason that the cold war started was because of something called the Atomic Policy.Economical issues also were a big reason that started the Cold war.This war took place everywhere it also took place out of space, when they wanted to see who would reach the moon first.This war started in 1945 and finished in 1989.
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Russia wanted influence in Europe after World War Two as the war damaged countries provided the perfect basis to inflict communist ideology and expand the Soviet ‘sphere of influence.’ Russia wanted to increase its influence not only to spread communism but for security reasons as well.But, in contrast to this, during the origins of the Cold War Stalin made clear his policies for expansion in Europe which is what caused the threat to America, resulting in the Cold War.Consequently, it turned the Cold War into a hot war as it heightened the tensions and suspicion of the Soviets towards America.Therefore the Cold War not only started as a desire for a balance of power but continued to be a competition throughout the whole of the war.Theref...
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The view that War Communism is dictatorial is expressed by Volkogonov who believes that War Communism was a “harsh regulation”, as there was an acute food shortage in 1920 and a famine in 1921, in which 10 million Russians died.This is because Lenin was able to see the errors that had been caused by War Communism and offer an alternative that did not agree with his ideology.The view that War Communism was not dictatorial is also supported by Laver, who believes that War Communism was “the response of a regime desperate to feed the towns”17.Volkogonov expresses a view in which Lenin appears to have approved of complete control over all aspect of society, and it was his attitude towards the government of Russia that led the way for War Com...
3596 words (9.0 pages)
Almost 40,000 American soldiers died in the war and more than 100,000 were wounded.The united states is worried about communism spreading out in Europe and Asia .The Russians , Chinese , and north Korea all support Communism.The United States kept the war limited so they don’t go in a all out war.No one won the war because no one achieved what they really wanted to achieve so it was a draw.Also, the Russians enter the war to support North Korea and China.
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Once the Bolshevik’s had won the Civil War, a single party state rule was established in Russia, later to be known as the USSR.The Civil War had a great negative impact on the economy because many of the workers were fighting in the Civil War itself so factories operated much slower than usually.The Civil War had an immense negative impact on the economy of Russia, and something needed to be done.This can be seen as a revolutionary process against tradition as Lenin was intending on eliminating and suppressing all the anti-Bolshevik supporters, with the help of War Communism (The Russian Civil War).War Communism was an economic and political system that Lenin had brought in to Russia in order to aid the Bolshevik’s to victory in the Civi...
1489 words (3.7 pages)
We know that the cold war started in 1945 but the origins went way back, as far as 1917, when communism broke out in Russia, with the Bolshevik revolution.Despite their early suspicions, the Russians and Americans were forced to ally during the Second World War, to stop the spread of Nazism into Russia and Eastern Europe.Once the war in Europe was over, the allies had to turn their attention to Japan and the Pacific battle.The war in Europe ended in may 1945 and Germany was defeated, the second front by the allies had worked and they could start rebuilding Europe once more.The Cold War was fought mostly in the second half of the twentieth century and involved The United States and Russia and their allies.
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The war began on 25 June 1950 it was a result of the political division of Korea by agreement of the victorious Allies at the conclusion of the Pacific War.It was soviets foreign policy that lead to them being involved in the Korean War however it was China who physically participated in the war, where as Russia was acting behind the scenes to not actually cause a physical war between them and the US.This resulted in an increase in world spread fear of communism due to Stain basically going towards the thought of another World war, which could have lead to a nuclear war.This suggest that even though Russia had not got the rewards they was expecting from World War two and the contribution of the west in the civil war in 1918 all contribut...
3066 words (7.7 pages)
Evan Mawdsley argued that ‘both the Civil War and Stalinism were likely consequences of the seizure of power' and that ‘the costs of the Civil War were the costs of the Revolution.' The Bolsheviks efforts to win the Civil War were an attempt to consolidate power rather address the needs and treatment of the Russian people through War Communism.' Wise also agreed with Mawdsley that despite the use of War Communism and centralisation of industry, the Bolsheviks still had control, ‘perhaps the peasants did not live for the soviets, but they fought for them as their guarantee of their gains from the Bolshevik Revolution.The Bolshevik’s had used War Communism to centralize industrialisation and agriculture to consolidate power durin...
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Also, without War Communism and a lot of people dead because of it, Lenin would not have thought about creating a new economic policy (which caused many people to believe that Lenin betrayed the communist belief) that would benefit his people.War Communism and the New Economic Policy The brutal economic measures that the Bolsheviks made during the Civil War were known as ‘War Communism’.This meant that Lenin had to abandon the policy of War Communism and put in place a new economic policy.On the other hand, War Communism was extremely crucial in creating the Soviet Union.Also, there would have been a possibility that Russia would have been taken over by other Countries, as ‘War Communism’ led the people to be venerable (as many of them w...
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The policy of “War Communism” helped the cause of the Reds at Civil War and was the term applied to Bolshevik economy policy between 1917 and 1921.The industry was collapsing due to the policy of War Communism, the economy was in ruins, cities were depopulating, strikes were happening due to famine, especially in 1920-21 where 5 million died in the countryside and at this was all accompanied by the Civil war.In comparison to the policy of War Communism the New Economic Policy had a great economic, social and political impact on the Soviet state.The Communist regime instituted there series of drastic economic measures to sustain the war effort in the years of the Civil war, and Lenin abruptly abandoned state capitalism.Trotsky and Preobra...
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However, the Korean War did help to contain communism especially in Korea.I will now discuss the war in more depth stating the causes and important events during the war.The cold war certainly did not defeat communism as many countries were still communist and the Warsaw pact made this chain of communist countries even stronger.I also believe they should try to contain communism because they were more successful in containing communism than they were in defeating it.Some people feel that as communism was not defeated and therefore the war cannot be seen as a success.
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War communism caused the peasants to manufacture less food for the State, as they had no incentive to make any surplus due to the fact that it would all be taken away no matter if they worked hard or not.The Reds on the other hand, under the brilliant leadership of Leon Trotsky, were able to pick the different White factions off quickly, and so therefore were able to win the war.Lenin was always conscious of public opinion in relation to how he could successfully establish Communism.Due to the failures of the previous two administrations to pull out of the war, Lenin was faced with a dire situation when he came to power.An excellent example of this is his change from War Communism to the NEP (New Economic Policy).
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However, because Russia was at fault for being overly-ambitious while the US’s only crime was being judicious about entering war, Russia is more to blame for the Cold War than the US.In conclusion, because Russia took control of other European countries, thereby demonstrating warlike ambitions, it is Russia and not the United States, who is primarily responsible for the Cold War.All of these documents show how Russia trying to spread Communism through Europe caused the US and her allies to fear and mistrust Russia, contributing to the mutual fear and mistrust that comprised the Cold War.Whether it is true or not that the US departed from democratic principles, by waiting too long to become involved in the war in Europe, the US lost Russi...
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The CIA attacked foreign countries when they turned against the United States, during the Cold War they attacked Ukraine.As a result of these actions the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union turned into violence and hatred which resulted in a inevitable Cold War.As shown above the United States pushes the Soviet Union time and time again until the Soviets get fed up and finally develop their own nuclear weapon and are ready for war.The most important new countries in communism that help Russia are China and Cuba.As a result of the creation of the hydrogen bomb the United States weight their arguments once more and come up with the conclusion that it is not worth it to use nuclear weapons to fight communism as it en...
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Since nationalism would prove more durable than communism, Keenan expected international communism to break up sooner or later.Containment policy within Asia did not have the success it had within Europe either, yet the United States would continue to implement the policy until the end of the Cold War.To help Europe rebuild after the war, the USA gave millions of dollars under the Marshall Plan.Secondly, tensions were increased during the civil war of Russia, as the U.S. backed the white army alongside other western countries .The allies agreed to divide Germany into zones and to claim reparations for war losses.
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He was a brilliant war strategist and was skilful at defeating the White armies.It was also seen as one reason the Bolsheviks won the war.In the beginning, before the Civil War, Lenin’s past seemed to be the one of spreading ideology to communism by his speeches, slogans and other forms of propaganda.He was also the one to have led the Bolsheviks to victory in the Civil War.Trotsky was also the one who was able to lead the Bolsheviks to victory in the civil war against the Whites.
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War Communism- helped Lenin achieve his aims of controlling Russia and move towards a more socialist state.As War Communism made Lenin able to win the civil war and secure his power, it was therefore very possible to argue that Lenin’s rise to power was not complete until after the civil war when he had full control over the country.All helped Lenin and the Bolsheviks win the Civil War and so securing their power as well as carry out Bolshevik ideology.War Communism was an emergency programme established by Lenin during the civil war.Additionally, in March, the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed with the Germans, was the Bolsheviks ending the war.
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It is true that Russia did not join the United Nations, and Hull said that this security could be achieved with a post war peacemaking organization, but in this case the UN was an American organization.Since the October revolution took place in Russia (1917) followed by the start of the civil war (1918), the West became worried.The Vietnam War was a very good victory for the Russians.It is a conflict inherited from the Second World War which did not lead to a hot war but to many proxy wars, coalitions, propaganda and espionage.The origins of the Cold War date since World War I, in 1914 when the competing ideas of communism and liberal democracy came into conflict.
3296 words (8.2 pages)
The tension that characterized cold war and the need to develop socialist ideologies to social development were key factors whose balance determined the nature of foreign policies that the USSR adopted.However, one cannot ignore the fact that the failure of the Tsarist approach to operation due to the onset of a war in which Russia suffered a great deal played a great part in developing Stalin’s approach.Thus, the Tsarist regime and the break of the first world war affected the approach that Stalin had to foreign policies before the second world war.However, the security that came with the signing of the treaty was short lived as Hitler in less that two years repudiated the treaty and the Russians with the aid of American’s recaptured Be...
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To conclude, Lenin’s strengths can ultimately be seen as his weaknesses; his inability to compromise led him to dissolve the constitute assembly, and consequently Lenin secured Bolshevik party but arguably triggered the start of the Civil war and so can be seen as a major weakness.Lenin’s outlawing of all other parties and considering that the Bolsheviks had only a limited grip on Russia in the early days after the October Revolution, meant civil war was highly likely.However, what can be seen as strengths can also be interpreted as weaknesses; Lenin’s unwillingness to compromise with other parties and the dissolution of the Constitute Assembly arguably led to the Civil War; war communism although it perhaps got Russia through the war, r...
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War communism also caused dissatisfaction within the proletariat.Large industry was much slower to recover from the detrimental effects of war communism as was the proletariat, who were supposed to be the beneficiaries of the October Revolution.The great number of illegal strikes and demonstrations caused Lenin to rethink his policy of war communism in order to preserve the revolution.The features of war communism were that peasant land was seized and then nationalised, however the peasant’s control.Historians such as Maurice Dobb, E. H. Carr, and Stephen Cohen — have interpreted war communism as a short-term expedient imposed on the Bolsheviks by the emergency demands of civil war and foreign intervention.
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Communism relies upon only a small dictatorship party or a single dictator.George Orwell’s Animal Farm is an allegoric fairy tale type novel that uses irony, satire, and allegory to portray the true identity of media censored Communist Russia.What Orwell is desperately trying to say is that Communism does not work due to a person’s underlying egotistical urges.When Blair served for Stalin, he was finally disillusioned, allowing him to see the horrors of Russia under the censored façade.Blair became fearful of Russia, and wrote the book to warn others of the terrible civil atmosphere in the USSR.
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When Lenin first took power in 1918, Russia was in what he called a “state of War Communism” (Carr 147).A civil war erupted because of this, and in the chaos, Tsar Nicholas II was executed.The NEP stated that requisitioning of food and agricultural surpluses, a ideal of War Communism, must be ended.Also in 1920, agricultural output had been reduced to only half of its pre-World War I level, foreign trade had decreased, and industrial production had fallen to only a small fraction of its pre-war levels.In order to thwart their rule, Lenin revised the War Communism policies, and produced the New Economic Policy.
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While the hostility had already started way before 1949All three events had qualities that may count to mark the beginning of the Cold War but none of them can be the definite start point.Where the Truman Doctrine was the decision, the Marshall Plan was the action which seemed to bring the two nations (USA and Russia) more towards the Cold War than ever.The closest to mark the start of the war may possibly be the Marshall Plan.Although Winston Churchills Iron Curtain Speech in 1946 may seem like the start of the war but it is considered not to be one.As a result, the Cold War was founded on mistrust and concrete hostile policies and actions originated by two superpowers not being able to negotiate their way through it peacefully.
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However, this school believed that the USA accompanied by Truman held responsibility for the start of the Cold War.Russia had too set up policies and organisations to aid and support communism such as the World Wide Workers Revolution, the Cominform and Comercon, which would inspire growth, strength and ultimately a breeding ground for communism.Truman’s inexperience with the sort of conflict that arose in Germany and his hard line approach often resulted in America making decisions of an extremely aggressive nature, fuelling the Cold War and rivalry between the USA and the USSR.The change of analysis from Orthodox to Revisionist was a direct result of the social reform present during that timeframe, with more shocking information emergi...
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The Russian Revolution was a turning point in history because it tried to use communism as its main principal.When World War I came along... .The Russian people were also mad that Czar Nicholas II was keeping Russia in war.The Russian revolution started due to the lack of food in Russia, and the huge difference between the rich and the poor....ution of 1917.
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Secondly, the apparent fear of communism in the West was exacerbated by the economic and political instability in Europe at the end of the Second World War.The apparent fear of communism from the allied West is often sighted by most Cold War historians as the main driving force behind not only the break down in relations between America and Russia, but also the subsequent drive behind the Marshall Plan and Berlin Blockade.The Berlin Blockade represented a significant episode of early Cold War evolution, as the decision to isolate Berlin was one which could have easily resulted in major military confrontation; the very fact that it did not, highlights the nature of a post-Second World War international environment where a major war would ...
2778 words (6.9 pages)
Noam Chomsky, a US philosopher, stated that if a country better its economy due to communism, neighboring countries would try to improve their economy using communism, as seen when China influenced North Vietnam.Some wars that stopped countries from controlling others are the second world war, the war in Vietnam, and the Revolutionary war.War is a big thing that stops countries from trying to gain total global domination or keeping them at bay until they give up.Firstly, the Vietnamese war was necessary because, the war would’ve stopped the spreading of communism to neighboring asian countries, also known as the “domino theory”.Going back to the Vietnam War, the Vietnamese War could’ve been avoided because the US could’ve stayed neutral ...
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George Orwell’s political fable Animal Farm portrays a reenactment of the Russian Revolution, with major characters cast as farm animals and communism renamed “Animalism.” True to the historical story, the aristocratic players manipulate the proletariat, deluding them with illusions of dignity and improved living conditions .George Orwell wrote the book during the war as a cautionary fable in order to expose the seriousness of the dangers posed by Stalinism and totalitarian government.In effect, Orwell’s warnings were more than valid, as events such as the Berlin blockade, the Korean War and the Vietnam War, soon followed; as an attempt to contain communism.It is clear from the political references in ‘Animal Farm’, that Orwell considere...
1377 words (3.4 pages)