It also believes that the US has a bigger role to play in maintaining peace in the world by waging war against the rogue nations and terrorists.Before going into war, it is necessary to explore all non-violent options to resolve the conflict.However, the war on Afghanistan and Iraq also revived the debate over the principles of the Just War Doctrine that exists for centuries.Just War theory believes in the principle of legitimate self-defense in the form of war.Just War makes a clear distinction between the use of arms against sovereign nations and the political compulsion of going to war.
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Although, in the past, war machine was necessary because of wars; now, there are wars because of the war machine.As a result, states tend to promote peace and avoid from war.Michael Doyle, in this article, indicates that liberal states which base on individual rights are basically opposed to war.Schumpeter states that capitalism and democracy are necessary to establish peace, because when capitalism and democracy developed, imperialism will disappear.According to Schumpeter’s liberal pacifism, only war profiteers and military aristocrats gain from war.
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Political realists argue that though war is ethically wrong, it is the only way to attain peace in such a situation therefore, war is sometimes necessary.Various religions have argued that at a certain point war is justified and have tried to give it a moral perspective while they also put it that war is not permitted in their teachings which are meant to spread the message of peace.It should however be noted that, war, or jihad as Muslims call it, should be the last resort after all avenues of peace have halted at a dead end and the war should be within the laid down rules by the Quran (Kelsay 2009).Contrary to pacifism, just war theory states that war is necessary but should be instituted by governments and not individuals.It should be...
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In conclusion, I think that the just war theory is the only piece of information I’ve given you that begin to justify warfare for Christians, and all in all, I don’t think many Christians would think about war, unless forced to do so.I personally don’t believe in the just war theory, but I can see that some Christians would find a way to justify war to themselves because of the just war theory, I mean some people might believe that this is connected to situation ethics, with the point that says, ‘there must be the right intentions, the intent must be to do good and avoid evil, and some Christians might believe this to be about the most loving thing to do.I think that the only thing that could even begin to justify warfare for Christians ...
1129 words (2.8 pages)
Trusting Hitler was a risky thing for Chamberlain because while they are resting in peace, Hitler could sneak attack and take an advantage on a very important war.First of all, one reason why appeasement was the most effective response because for the time being, it kept peace throughout Europe, and after only 20 years of peace from the Great War, people didn’t want another.It was also believed that if Britain had more time, they would win the war, “time is in our favor…it would be better to fight her in say 6 – 12 months’ time, than to accept the present challenge” (Document 13).Britain used appeasement to buy precious time to prepare and Hitler thought of this as them backing down and took force, which almost won him the war.During the...
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The US provides more security to many oil producers in the Middle East and it will also gain a new provider, Iraq (This is the reason which I believe the war started).After the terrorist attacks in the United States, President George Bush started a war on terror, a war which main purpose is to finish any kind of threats all over the world.Even though the United States was breaking the peace by going to war against Iraq, this war was necessary to avoid a bigger disaster.The UN and countries like France did not give all their support to this war.The main reason to start this war was Saddam Hussein’s possession of biological chemical weapons.
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Many of the structural and institutional explanations focus on the fact that the consent of the citizenry is necessary for a democracy to initiate and sustain a war Even where emergency powers allow the executive to act without legislative approval, public acceptance, at the very least, is needed to avoid an electoral backlash (Mingst, 2004).According to Kant, in democratic states, the general public opinion will oppose war due to the costs that the mass population would be compelled to bear, hence leaders who make decisions for war will be removed and replaced with more pacifist individuals (Bharadwaj, 2002).A democratic state surrounded by autocratic and other non democratic regimes has been shown to be significantly more prone to war....
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But before the war, it wasn't strange to think that the war would last only a few months.The First World War seems to be the most emotional and useless war ever fought.Underestimating the number of causalities a war causes and the duration of a war are a natural weakness.An example is the war in Iraq, although this is a really different war.In short: the war in Iraq can be seen as a useless war.
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The first Persian Gulf War was considered a ‘Justifiable War’ by all.“Using the most powerful provisons of the United Nations Charter’s Chapter VII enforcement measures (Articles 39 and 40) the superpowers demanded a ceasefire in the seven year old Iran-Iraq war, and threatened unspecified action against either combatant if it did not accept the provisions of the resolutions.” (Pubantz & Moore, Jr., 2003) With the efforts of the United Nations and allies combined after the war, the United Nations took control of the establishment and defense of the minorities in Iraq.After the beginning of the Gulf War, however, the United States and the United Nations joined forces to rid the Middle East of Saddam Hussein.Unlike the current war in ...
1237 words (3.1 pages)
For example, when two nations have conflicts, and fight in a war, the world government can only send its powerful army to stop the war after the war has begun.If there is a war between nations or a civil war inside a nation, the world government can step in by its powerful army to stop the war.If the conflicts come from recognition, the non-violent resistance strategy will be very effective to prevent war or violence.I am arguing that non-violent resistance can prevent war or violence, but I do not mean that non-violent resistance can always prevent war or violence.Thus, without a powerful government, the human society will inevitably be in war, and “such a war, as is of every man against every man.” (Hobbes 30).
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As part of this thinking, I want to remind us of what peace has conventionally meant: freedom from civil clamor and confusion, a state of public quiet; a state of security or order; a mental or spiritual condition marked by freedom from disquieting thoughts or oppressive thought or emotion; a tranquil state of freedom from outside disturbance; harmony in human or personal relations; and a pact or agreement to end hostilities between those who have been at war.The effect of terrorism is not so very different from the effect of war; in fact, the dividing line between terrorism and war has long depended upon the difference between the use of force legitimated by a state as opposed to the laissez faire or ad hoc use of force or threat by ind...
1476 words (3.7 pages)
All these factors will be necessary owing to the fact that a peace keeping environment would not be the same as an environment of war as the former will require a great deal of sensitivity in the conduct of the operations (Simmons, 1999).The development of all fronts is necessary like infrastructural, economic, human and the leadership (Bankus 2002, p. 4) A system should be put in place to generate leaders who can articulate, evaluate, and solve problems.At the same time it is necessary to factor in the element of force mix besides other factors like training as well as the quality of the human capital.It will equally be necessary for the military officers to understand the engagement rules pertaining to the various settings besides the ...
1568 words (3.9 pages)
Absolute pacifists usually hold this view as a basic moral or spiritual principle, without regard to the results of war or violence, however they could logically argue that violence always leads to worse results than non-violence in other words, there can never be any good that comes out of war or violence.Pacifists argue that the results of war will always be bad since there can never be any positive outcome in war because; it leaves more damage on peoples’ lives.Therefore, since the Second World War, people have turned their attention to Just War again establishing rules that can serve as guidelines to a just war- the Hague and Geneva conventions.Firstly, the criteria for a just war is considered to be unrealistic and pointless because...
2010 words (5.0 pages)
The institutionalize before liberalize campaign will aid in the dissemination of a less faulty democratization and marketization formula for long term peace in post civil war states around the world.This essay therefore seeks to inquire the conduct of liberal peace operations in post conflict societies by engaging existing debates that questions the practical consequences of the liberal peace project as evident in post civil war societies.While it is still necessary to transform war torn societies towards market oriented democracies, the strategy of building viable institutions as the sub-structure upon which liberal norm is built seem plausible (Paris 2004, p.179).The end of the cold war marked a water-shed in the promotion of liberal p...
4028 words (10.1 pages)
“Never think that war, no matter how necessary, nor how justified, is not a crime.Military action was debated, and President Obama was willing to attack if necessary, but I feel this is very dangerous.I feel that it is in part due to the classical “male” approach to ethics which focuses on “independence, autonomy, intellect, will, wariness, hierarchy, domination, culture, transcendence, product, asceticism, war, and death,” Jaggar, “Feminist Ethics,” 1992 One can see that these characteristics would allow for war to be more often morally acceptable.This example allows us to see, on a small scale, when lethal force is necessary.Killing is always immoral, and killing is part of war, so parts of war are immoral, but does this mean war is in...
978 words (2.4 pages)
If the United States went to war with Cuba, then the United States would have declared war against the U.S.S.R. also.This meant that even though Khrushchev knew the United States didn’t want to start a war, if the United States did attack Cuba then the U.S.S.R. would help protect their ally Cuba.So Khrushchev once again stresses that declaring war could threaten world peace.He couldn’t make a blockade in front of Cuba because the United States was not at war with Cuba.If the United States started a war with Cuba to create this blockade, then the U.S.S.R. would have to fight against the United States because the United States declared war against one of U.S.S.R’s allies.
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If not for the intervention of the UN the outcome of the civil war would have been disastrous.Dale C. Copeland, “Economic Interdependence and War: A theory of Trade Expectations,” International Security, Vol.Jack Levy’s famous assertion encapsulates the idea behind Democratic Peace Theory as well as any written, which is perhaps why it is referenced so often: “The absence of war between democracies comes as close to anything we have to an empirical law in international relations.”  Liberals suggests that democracies will rarely go to war against one another or even threaten each other.Realist argue to contradict the liberal theory claiming that the war was preceded by high interdependence level but trade levels had been high for the...
3084 words (7.7 pages)
This paper agrees with Thayer that Evolutionary theory provides a scientific theory foundation for realism and is an ultimate cause for war and ethnic conflicts, as well as the assumption that origin of war is intrinsic in human nature as part of their evolution history.Peace and Conflict, 2, 643-652. .Built on Thayer’s and Waltz’s theory, the paper suggests that structure of the international system is central to international security and to achieve peace, suitable strategies are necessary to balance the power relations.The origins of war in neorealist theory.Peace and democracy.
428 words (1.1 pages)
A creative linkage to article 52 of the UN charter relates to NATO as a regional institution, NATO has considerably contributed to the calm of regional tension in Europe through collaboration with the UN as evident in post cold war enormous challenge.The European Union acted remarkably well in peace keeping and peace enforcement in the former Yugoslavia war.Contemporary peace keeping has been perceived to be ideological giving a broader historical and analytical context, United Nations peace keeping operations has been seen to strive to re-establish functioning and efficacious government institutions in war torn states based on liberal principles.It holds that states are responsible for providing the basic and legitimate security concern...
3430 words (8.6 pages)
This is not only because they have not been doing their job to it’s fullest extent, but also because the member states on the security council haven’t given the UN the power it needs if it is to be a successful force in peace keeping methods.The United Nation idea was first brought to head during World War II, when 26 nations of the world pledged to work together as one.Although most of the fighting was left up to the Americans, the achievement that the UN got out of this war was that it put forward a cease-fire on the war in 1988.The countries involved in the Security Council must also provide the necessary manpower quickly.They saw him as the biggest threat to peace in Somalia.
746 words (1.9 pages)
Hobbes defends, first of all, this view due to the fact that for securing self-preservation, the main aim of the law of nature, which Hobbes set, is to enforce the subjects or the people to seek peace and order and to defend himself against the dangers of the dangerous commitment of the society.Thus, it is clear from these statements and writings by Hobbes, it is only the king who has the authority and power to decide what will be necessary for the defense and preservation of the security of the people.Hobbes claims that people who act appetitive and brutally created a chaotic and war like situation.Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan is a very influential book on the politics and government written during the turmoil of the English Civil War in t...
911 words (2.3 pages)
The country has built is ability to face and solve the problems related to disasters so that the peace and prosperity of the people of United Sates could be saved for a long term.In the recent times, the world has turned in to a complex and dangerous place because after the cold war the upcoming war will be cyber war, a war which is very threatening globally.It is necessary to face the challenges and response well to such threats.The globe is in the center of a pro-longed “post-Cold War transition”.The people of America will be provided peace and they will be teaching to keep their peace safe.
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The Egyptians also used siege weaponry when necessary, such as towers and battering rams.This included the Egyptian god of war, Onuris, who is in many ways similar to Ares, the Greek god of war.” He is considered to be the son of Ra, the sun god, and is believed to hunt down and kill the enemies of his father.It worked well for them for a while, at least, though with the invasion of Alexander the Great and his army, Egypt never quite regained what it had been before.Ancient Egypt and its people went from being very religious and peaceful to needing to keep their lands free of foreign hands.
513 words (1.3 pages)
Many people around the world believe that violence and disorder on a large scale is absolutely necessary to bring about a social change.There is no better proof of the effective role of non-violence in bringing a social change that what happened during Mozambique war.Community leaders emphasized that revenge or post war punishments serve no goal and that the horrible acts committed are outcomes of any war.Gandhi wanted to force the British out of India and did not want to make peace with them.The effectiveness of peace in Mozambique lies in seeing the entire war and calamity in a different perspective.
716 words (1.8 pages)
Democratic peace theorists offer two main explanations for why democracies contribute to an absence of war among states.Definitional difficulties aside, the “statistical rarity of both democracy and war” means that the absence of war among democratic states can be attributed to a “statistical improbability” rather than the effect of democracy on states.The Institutional Thesis emphasises the “dispersion of political power” within a democracy that “constrains (a president or prime minister) from using military force” and makes peace more creditable because the policy of war can only pass if “approved by popular sanction and the action of diverse governmental bodies” .Free trade within these states, which need not be democratic, will ...
965 words (2.4 pages)
In the end the Nixon-Kissinger foreign policy boils down to stability, and in order to achieve that stability there must be a global balance of power.In fact it was clear that the Soviet Union was Nixon’s biggest partner towards peace.Under Nixon’s new policy partnership, strength, and the willingness to negotiate were the three pillars essential in keeping peace.2) The United States would provide a shield if a nuclear power threatens the freedom of a nation allied with us or of a nation whose survival we consider vital to our security.They want Americans to keep their idealistic values and promote peace, but realize what the country has the capability and authority to do in the world.
507 words (1.3 pages)
The greatest power, says Hobbes, is that which is invested in one person, by all people.In other words, a peaceful and stable society is dependent upon the presence of a common power until such a civil society is created the state of nature will be in a state of war.Man, thereby, forms a covenant amongst himself to surrender his this right to an absolute sovereign who is the ultimate arbiter in all cases.Without a civil government, violence would reign on earth.It is upon this assumption that Hobbes bases his idea of man’s willingness to relinquish his absolute liberty, through pure self-interest, in favour of a system by which he will be satisfied with as much liberty against men, as he would allow them to take of him.
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I don’t think that is possible, although at times, Brookes view seems a little innocent, and he lacks real experience of the war, unlike Owen.The title of “Peace” for the Brooke’s poem is ironic due to the fact that it informs you the poem is about peace, it is in fact, about war.I feel we must turn to Owens poem as the answer, no one should have to experience what men on the front line experienced, and everything should be done to prevent war, it does not bring people back to life, it de-humanises and destroys them.Brooke seems to be convinced that war is good, and without it, everyone becomes lazy and weary, war is necessary for the world to carry on turning.War is to be avoided, men are nothing but scum in war, senses of compassion ar...
981 words (2.5 pages)
Wireless wiretapping also keeps the peace of the United States.Even though some freedoms don’t seem to be, it is only to keep the peace in the United States and to have a safer nation.This is necessary so America can keep their security intact.It had cause America do begin a war on terror which were the like no one has seen.They did this by giving the executive branch the power to enforce laws and keep the peace.
593 words (1.5 pages)
On January 12th, 1919, the Paris Peace Conference (PPC) opened at several different venues, in and around Paris, France, but was moved to the Versailles Palace because of the number of attendees.(April 12, 2011).At the end of World War I (WWI), as with most wars, it was necessary to hold a peace conference and due to the number of countries involved in the war, this task was extremely imposing.Duffy, Michael.The desired conclusion of this conference was world peace, but with approximately 75% of the world nations represented and each country having it’s own agenda, the search for peace was elusive because of a desire for vengeance.
429 words (1.1 pages)