The main characteristic of Premchand’s writings is his interesting storytelling and use of simple language.His early education was in a madarasa under a Maulavi, where he learnt Urdu.He died on October 8, 1936. .He worked to generate patriotism and nationalistic sentiments in the general populace.His novels describe the problems of rural and urban India.
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Also given the poor socio-economic conditions in the Watan bagh and Momin Mohalla, the Muslim children are unable to go to school due to reason of not having Urdu medium schools or any other school for that matter and their poor economic conditions does not permit them to acquire education by attending to schools located in faraway places in the town.Data has been collected by observation, interview and discussion technique with selected samples.... middle of paper ... .There are 4 girls’ religious (Madaris) institutions.There are more than 40 Educational institutions located in Zaheerabad, Which provide modern education and 11 religious (Madaris) institutions are promoting Islamic education among Muslim.
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The reader feels apart of Premchand’s stories.All his fictional characters are real.Theprotagonist of Ghaban is out to impress his newly wed wife.They are living and breathing.In 1914, Premchand started writing in Hindi (Hindi and Urdu are considered different registers of a single language Hindustani, with Hindi drawing much of its vocabulary from Sanskrit and Urdu being more influenced by Persian).
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It consists of a long, loose fitting tunic with very baggy trousers.Apart from Urdu poetry, Pakistani poetry also has blends of other regional languages.Over a period of time, a body of literature unique to Pakistan has emerged in nearly all major Pakistani languages, including Urdu, English, Punjabi, Pashto, Seraiki, Balochi, and Sindhi.The common and shared tradition of Urdu literature and literature of South Asia was inherited by the new state.The Urdu language has a rich tradition of poetry and includes the famous poets Dr. Allama Iqbal (national poet), Mirza Ghalib, Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Ahmad Faraz, Habib Jalib, Jazib Qureshi, and Ahmad Nadeem Qasimi.
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Overall, the performance of candidates was good, with a high proportion of excellent scripts.‘’The effect of expanding cities on the countryside” “sahyt awr tandurusti” “health and fitness” 3 “jadeed terz-e-zindagi tandurwsti ki rah men sab se bari rwkavat” ‘A modern lifestyle is the biggest obstacle to health.’ “musawi muwaq’e” “Equal opportunities” 4 “har shakhs ke liye hwsul-e-ta’lim ke yeksan muvaq’e” ‘Equal opportunities for everyone in acquiring education.” “Mahauliat” 5 “Environment” ‘aap khwd apne mwhale ko keyse behter bana sakte hain’ “What you can do yourself to improve your neighbourhood.” The wide range of topics allowed candidates the opportunity to choose one that that was appropriate for them and demonstrate their linguis...
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However, the Sanskritization of Hindi and the Persianization of Urdu since the partition of 1947 in the respective schools and institutions of the two countries no longer allow such a great understanding between the speakers of the two languages.Before the 1947 partition between India and Pakistan, Hindi, the official language of India, and Urdu, the official language of Pakistan, were one and the same language in their colloquial version called Hindustani.Rencontrant une forte opposition des États dravidophones (dans le sud du pays), particulièrement au Tamil Nadu et handicapé par sa difficulté à moderniser son lexique et sa syntaxe, le hindi n'a pu se substituer à l'anglais et n'a pu se diffuser dans tous les États de l'Union indienne....
1914 words (4.8 pages)
The first part contains quatrains in Persian, and the second part contains some poems and epigrams in Urdu.Barni), Iqbal, Poet-Patriot of India (1987), focusing on nationalism and secularism in his poetry.The Urdu portion of the book contains some categorical criticism of the intellectual movements and social and political revolutions of the modern age.He is considered the greatest poet in Urdu of the 20th century.Three significant poems from this period, Shikwah (“The Complaint”), Jawab-e shikwah (“The Answer to the Complaint”), and Khizr-e rah (“Khizr, the Guide”), were published later in 1924 in the Urdu collection Bang-e dara (“The Call of the Bell”).
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Trade along Indian Ocean was decentralised and cooperative.It was the dis-unification of India that allowed the Muslims to attack, and it was unification that ensured the existence of each of the empires.The primary changes into this time period have to do with religion and the structure of government.Swahili Coast provided gold from East Africa.Governments during this time period have changed to be more unified.
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Besides Urdu, there are six major and over fifty regional languages.Since the independence of the country in 1947 and establishment of Urdu as the national language, poetry is written in that language as well.The common and shared tradition of Urdu literature and English literature of South Asia was inherited by the new state.Over a period of time, a body of literature unique to Pakistan has emerged in nearly all major Pakistani languages, including Urdu, English, Punjabi, Pashto, Seraiki, Balochi, and Sindhi.Urdu played a dominant role in the re-awakening of Muslim nationalism in the sub-continent, which culminated in the Pakistan Movement.
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But he had to wait for Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak (1988) by his cousin Mansoor Khan alongside Juhi Chawla to impose himself with the public and obtain a first prize, that of Best Male Newcomer at the Filmfare Awards 1989.This has occasionally sparked controversy, most notably at the National Film Awards in 2017, where Khan was taken away the Best Actor award for his performance in Dangal.In addition, Khan has received honorary distinctions including Padma Shri in 2003 and Padma Bhushan in 2010, and an honorary doctorate from Maulana Azad National Urdu University (MANUU) for his distinguished contributions to the Indian sector.He has also won four National Film Awards, as an actor in Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak (1988) and Raakh (1989), as a produc...
2191 words (5.5 pages)
To enhance and highlight Urdu teaching programmes for British Asian learners through native British Urdu exemplars through radio or internet.Medicine with Urdu, Pharmacy with Urdu, Dentistry with Urdu, Nursing with Urdu, Healthcare with Urdu etc.To enhance Urdu popularity Urdu books should be readily available in Roman Urdu and Traditional Urdu writing scripts.To save the future of Urdu in the era of Computer technology, there is a need to run and introduce specially designed programmes to cater everyday life in Urdu and to make Urdu a language of the internet.To relate Urdu to the cutting-edge research and usage of Urdu to the modern information and communication technologies in education and businesses.
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Urdu is the most progressive language and it has dramatic effects on the social, culture and literature of the generations..this interaction developed a common communicative language called Urdu Basic source to spread Urdu language is poetry.During the Mughals reign, Urdu was spoken in palaces and court and till the end of the Mughal rule; Urdu was the official language of most of Mughal states.In the history of Urdu literature Josh Mallihabadi was the grand poet who’s contribution is remarkable in the Urdu literature.Eliot says, “Poetry should help, not only to refine the language of the time, but to prevent it from changing too rapidly.” Sixteenth to till nineteenth century has the masters of Urdu poetry .it is the golden time period f...
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» Urdu Workbook “Gul-e-Lala” (Urdu ka Guldasta) .» Workbook “Hamari Urdu 6” .» Workbook “Hamari Urdu 5” .» Urdu Workbook “Champa” (Urdu ka Guldasta) .URDU (class 7) .
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Urdu or Urdu (autonym: اُردُو, urdū or لشکری, lashkari, in a longer form lashkari zūban لشکری زبان) is a language belonging to the Indo-Iranian group of the Indo-European language family .Hindi and Urdu, two closely related languages, are spoken by around 530 to 540 million people (2018) as mother tongue and second language throughout the Indian subcontinent, and this example of two very close languages is similar to very close languages like Yiddish and German, like Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian, which once formed Serbo-Croatian, or even from the example of Scandinavian languages (Swedish, Danish and Norwegian).In some universities in India, Urdu is considered a prestigious language.Urdu is the official language of Pakistan.Urd...
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Urdu is the national language of Pakistan and one of the two official languages of Pakistan.This research is based on the analysis of English newspaper and to check the frequency of words occurred in Urdu or other local languages.It is the natural consequence of its regular contact with the Urdu language.This research centers on the variations in the English language due to language conversion in Pakistan and also shows the significant role of the Urdu and other local languages in the formation of Pakistani English.This study of newspaper provides us a thorough survey to what extent the Urdu words have been used in English newspapers.
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The choice of Urdu as the national language, where Urdu is seen as a symbol of national identity and national integration, has given a great boost to Urdu.The language shift in many urban educated regional speakers may be seen as a result of the assimilation policy being followed by the state, where Urdu as the dominant language is replacing other minority languages, rather than an integration policy which aims at cultural pluralism, where all languages coexist side by side, without feeling endangered of becoming extinct (see Skutnabb-Kangas, 2000).Although Urdu was declared the official medium of instruction for schooling (classes 1Á/12) in the public sector soon after the country’s independence, the period assigned to the transfer from...
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This feature contains several Urdu characters in it.We have offline text i.e., scanned pre-processed B/W Urdu characters and we are using Matlab ver., x (k)} where each X (i) represents a feature (in matrix form) for each shape in an Urdu character set; x (k) is a position vector in the matrix X (i).To work with handwritten Urdu text.In our study we have used a line of Urdu text.
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Despite the declared will of power, Urdu is struggling to establish itself in the face of regional languages.Urdu has also been promoted because it is seen as favorable to national unity, since it avoids favoring certain local languages which predominate in the different regions of the country.Article 251 of the 1973 Constitution proclaims that "the national language of Pakistan is Urdu, and arrangements must be made for it to be used officially ... within 15 years from this day ".Thus, if English and Urdu are often presented as official languages side by side, the spirit of the texts provided that only Urdu be the official language, while English would have been simply authorized as a transitional language before Urdu does not reall...
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It will never stop being a conflict in not only The Kite Runner, but also in everyday life.As proven above, there really isn’t a cure to racism....example of irony.The most important theme in Hosseini’s The Kite Runner is racism because it represents Assef as the antagonist, and creating many conflicts Amir and Hassan will face.Ideas like racism never will change because it take time for these ideas to change, and the time to change these ideas has already ran out.
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Urdu is our mother tongue everyone can speak Urdu easily.Disraeli.Disraeli saying about success.At that time Urdu became the official language and language of common people.They are unwilling to introduced English at the place of Urdu.Because it is an international language also a living language, and it is also important for our success.
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The Urdu poets almost always wrote in Persian forms, using the ghazal for love poetry in addition to an Islamic form of bhakti, the masnavi for narrative verse, and the marsiya for elegies.The celebrated Urdu poet Ghalib has often been termed a “light tower in the Urdu literature”.The ghazals of Mir and Ghalib mark the highest achievement of Urdu lyric verse.Urdu poets remained faithful to the old forms and metres while Bengalis were imitating such English poets as Percy Bysshe Shelley in the 1840s or T. S. Eliot in the 1940s.Urdu then gained use as a literary language in Delhi and Lucknow.
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On the other hand, Urdu was the language of public discourse which was controlled by the males.For instance, the Hindi elites showed themselves as different, they identified the Awadh elites with Urdu and the people from Urdu side identified Hindi with “Hindi”.For instance, the Khari Boli Hindi poetry was realized as a powerful invention which was slowly taken over by Urdu.Hindi was described as the legitimate first wife, whereas Urdu became the language of dancing girls and mincing courtesan.Urdu gradually became the language of male excess, while Hindi was used by Hindu women.
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4 (1998): 267-80. .“Ethics and Responsibility in Journalism: An Islamic Perspective.” Media Development 46, no.Hafez, K. “Journalism Ethics Revisited: A Comparison of Ethics Codes in Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, and Muslim Asia.” Political Communication 19, no.2 (2002): 225-50. .Ghaffari-Farhangi, S. “The Era of Global Communication as Perceived by Muslims.” Gazette 60, no.
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The class difference in this novel was not only between Amir and Hassan but between the Talibans and Hazaras as well, which caused a lot of political tension.When Amir and Hassan participated in the Kite flying competition, Amir controlled the kite and Hassan was the kite runner.If it were not for the class difference and discrimination, there would be no story at all.His people pollute our homeland, our watan.Hassan and his wife were killed because he was protecting his home and was claimed a liar by the Taliban’s, also because he was a Hazara.
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If Urdu speaker is speaking English language the transfer of the English language into Urdu is called borrowings.This study of newspaper provides us a thorough survey to what extent the Urdu words have been used in English newspapers.This study shows that there is a lot of Urdu and other local words are used in English newspapers.On the basis of this classification we have checked the frequency of the Urdu words occurred in English.The newspapers were scanned carefully and all Urdu and local language items were taken out.
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Urdu symbols and metaphors are used regularly and frequently in Pakistani English.This study of newspaper provides us a thorough survey to what extent the Urdu words have been used in English newspapers.The educated people of Pakistan consider it an ordinary thing to use Urdu feature into English.A large amount of Urdu and other loan words have been entered in Pakistani English.This study shows that a lot of Urdu and other local words are used in English newspapers.
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5)Al-Watan (Saudi Arabia), June 26, 2006 translated at Public Debate in Saudi Arabia on Employment Opportunities for Women .Andrea Dworkin.Retrieved on 2007-09-20. .Retrieved on 2007-08-21,from www.nostatusquo.com .7)Islam, women, and Saudi Arabian society (2002).
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The main purpose of this policy was to impose education on Islamic system and to impose Urdu language by means of education.Implementation: This policy was not implemented properly and failed due to lack of planning and financial resources.Policy 1979. .Mosque schools.Separate instates for male and female.
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Urdu was the official language of the state of Hyderabad until 1948 and Telugu was introduced as the language of instruction only after its annexation by India.The city of Amaravati, however, is under construction as the new capital of Andhra Pradesh.On February 20, 2014, the Indian Parliament, after heated debates, approved the creation of the new state which takes effect on the following June 2. .The state of Telangana has ten districts: .Given the proximity between the Urdu and Hindi languages, a significant portion of the population is therefore able to speak Hindi.
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The Pakistani speakers mix up the sounds of English with that of Urdu sounds and try to shape their speech organs according to sounds of Urdu while pronouncing English.It is here that we notice the main difficulty for the Urdu speaking learners to understand and produce the exact phonetic realization of the English phonemes.The listeners find it difficult to comprehend this incorrect pronunciation of diphthongs and hence the meaning is hampered.Both English and Urdu languages have diphthongs, whereas English vowels have different articulations system, nearly all the Urdu vowels are lax and unstressed.Along with various other considerations our main attention was therefore focused on diphthongs the main consideration was to evolve and try...
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