“Water: cause for conflict or co-operation?Water is a very important resource since no one can live without water.(van der Molen & Hildering 136) However, climate change may not be the real reason behind the water crisis, also considering that climate change whether it is true or not is still unproven.In October 2007, Alabama filed a complaint against the Engineer Corp for reducing the water released from Lake Allatoona which will have serious implications on the state’s water supply as well as the navigability of the Alabama River.India is one country that is experiencing a water crisis and it is not expected that the level of precipitation in India would increase to make up for a relatively high rate of population increase.
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Even if water from bore-wells is used for toilet flushing (50lpcd) and cleaning (10lpcd), the load on the piped water supply will come down to 50%.Desalination of sea water will obliterate the need to set up newer projects that require transporting water from 100km at a high capital cost; it will also make that resource available to other needy water scarce areas.Water harvesting in Mumbai will reduce storm water discharge as well as reduce the load of sewerage treatment, thus controlling the dreadful monsoon floods.If Mumbai British Administrators has not seriously about the agitation over drinking water problem in 1845 perhaps, would have been as stressed for water as Chennai’s people are now Like Chennai, Mumbai would also depended on...
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As a result the city faces housing crisis with an estimated 60% of its total population living in slums, adopting multiple informal housing tenures.(Mumbai FSI conundrum: The perfect storm: the four factors restricting the construction of new floor space in Mumbai – By Alain Bertaud 2004).Mumbai is the sole largest contributor to the national GDP and the economics of Mumbai further supports the fact.This was due to the sub-prime crisis in the United States and also the correcting Capital Markets and bankruptcy of the MNC’s and the Banks.The above is just a model example of how the increase in FSI would solve the Real Estate problems in Mumbai.
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In Mumbai, there are very small lane ways and little to no roads, the ones that do exist are extremely crowded and have very slow movement.An example of this is in Mumbai (India) where up to 20 people may have to live in the same small house.They save this water for washing their clothes and bathing.Many people in Mumbai steal electricity off each other by rewiring wires from house to house.In Mumbai, a water truck arrives in the morning only, to fill up anything from containers to pots for the local people.
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Commonly known as ‘Bombay’ until 1996, Mumbai is the commercial capital of India.Equipment for producing hot water and heating .Generation of waste water .The three key areas of environmental impact are energy, water, and waste.Consumption of energy and water .
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Will Garden Cities solve our housing crisis?.62% of Mumbai lives in slums: Census.– Bhavika Jain.This case is clearly visible in the city of Mumbai, where 62% of population lives in slums due to acute housing shortage (B. Jain, 2010).CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION IN BORNO STATE: A CASE STUDY OF MAIDUGURI METROPOLIS.
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A Jockin of SPARC, (the NGO that works for slums) said that the rehabilitation process is the only solution to the problem of slums in Mumbai.It is estimated that everyday 100 to 300 new families come to Mumbai.html Slums: The Magnitude of the Problem.edu/courses/GEOG61/espencer/slums.Slums in Mumbai Slums always existed in Mumbai.
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Almost 800 million litres of sewage is discarded everyday in the Mahim Creek, besides the thousands of industries that release effluents that are located in Dharavi and upstream of the Mithi Water body.Mumbai city is geographically positioned to play host to creeks and shallow waters opposite headlands.Prior to January 1994, in India was carried out under administrative leadlines which required the project proponents of major irrigation projects, water body valley project, power stations, ports and harbours etc., to secure a clearance from the Ministry of Nature and Forest, Govt.The road network in Mumbai city is based on three north-south corridor routes and there are very few continuous east-west routes.Constitutional Legitimacy of the...
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19.A common threat needs a common defence.After six months of house arrest, Hafiz Saeed is a free man, and the government says it cannot act against him unless New Delhi provides concrete evidence linking him to Mumbai attacks.Most recently following the Mumbai massacre, Pakistani troops were moved out of NWFP towards the eastern border.Latest probes in Mumbai have revealed their definite links with the Mumbai terror attacks and many such incidents across India in the past... 8.A year after the Mumbai attack, two questions have persisted: was the ISI or any other state element of Pakistan an accomplice in the attacks?
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There is also a chance that insecticidal residues may run off into human water supply, which, if at dangerous levels, could carry with it significant health risks.In response to increasing demand due to the rising rates of malaria in Mumbai, Aurochem have increased production on drugs such as artemisinin, and sales of antimalrial drugs have increased by 50% annually over the last five years.As a result Mumbai will have a generally stronger, healthier workforce in the long-term, which therefore will boost the Mumbai economy.These drugs are being produced by Aurochem, a laboratory around 150km from Mumbai.Overall there is no single solution to the malaria problem in Mumbai, but a combination of insecticides and Antimalarial drugs is curren...
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City Mayors, 8 Mar.With a population of over 20 million people, Mumbai is recognized as the business capital of India; filled with economic opportunity and trade (Mumbai Population 2014).The fertility rate in India is 2.5, which is slightly above the world replacement rate of 2.0, displaying that the cause of staggering overpopulation in Mumbai is more so due to the millions migrating from Indian suburbs to the city to escape poverty (The World Factbook).However, hopes for a better life are often dashed as overpopulation puts a huge strain on cities’ infrastructures and their ability to provide people with basic necessities such as good salaries, clean water, and adequate shelter.Estimates of 42% of residents in India receive wages below...
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Though Mumbaikars enjoyed the monsoon with parties and picnics during the .In the 24 hours preceding 5.30 a.m. Monday, South Mumbai recorded 9.04 cm rain, while the suburbs notched a staggering 18.01 cm rain, a weather bureau official said.weekend, the grim reality dawned Monday, as schools reopened after the summer break and many office-goers returned to work.The torrential, virtually incessant, rain since Saturday night has resulted in traffic moving at a snail’s pace on the Eastern Express Highway, Western Express Highway, the Jogeshwari-Vikhroli Link Road and other important roads and junctions.Heavy rains continued to lash Mumbai and coastal Maharashtra for the second consecutive day Monday, disrupting normal life in the region, ...
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Slums in Mumbai are only a reflection of many facets of poverty.“Dharavi is a sprawling, chaotic place of precariously-built brick houses, bamboo and corrugated iron-roofed huts, milky cess pits, greasy fried food stalls and noisy, dusty workshops” with unreasonably many number of population (“Slum in Mumbai” 2009).Their illegal settlements deprived them of public services such as water sewage and medical assistance.Moreover, poverty especially in Asia is also a reflection of cultural causes which exercise their life in conformity to their tradition and religion.file=/2009/2/16/lifefocus/3092984&sec=lifef .
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The University of Mumbai was founded in 1857. .The very large population of the city presents certain problems, so there is a lack of water and electricity and their access is sometimes cut in the commercial districts.The Navi Mumbai International Airport project, which would relieve existing infrastructure, has been approved by the government.The water supply is provided by six lakes: Vihar, Vaitarna, Upper Vaitarna, Tulsi, Tansa and Powai, to which is added the Bhatsa dam.Intercity trains depart from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Dadar, Kurla-Lokmanya Tilak Terminus, Mumbai Central, Bandra Terminus and Andheri stations.
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The process of rain water harvesting is a simple and effective economic solution for water conservation, thus ensuring that there is enough water for general use.In India, adequate water supply to most of the urban areas is affected by insufficient levels of services in water management, an increased demand-supply gap as well as a remarkable deterioration in both financial and technical performance.This is because most of the water received during the rainy monsoon season is usually lost as run-off water.3 Poor water quality and its effects in India Environmental problems have resulted in the deterioration of water quality supplied due to contamination from agro-chemicals, industries and domestic waste as well as water logging and deplet...
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The Cauvery River has been the subject of a conflict concerning water withdrawals by the various territories, since 1892.30 years later, in December 2014, the site was still not cleaned up, these products continued to contaminate groundwater and local populations still did not have access to safe water.230 billion cubic meters of water are withdrawn each year in India.If 50% of the water crisis is linked to the quantity available, the quality of the resource is responsible for the other half (concentration of fluoride, arsenic, etc.).60% of the water is contaminated with chromium, making it unfit for consumption.
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Hence, most of this research will be conducted in Mumbai where I will as a researcher involve myself as a part of it.So the only options which remain are either to shift the traffic under the ground, over the ground or on the water.Moreover, there is no scope to extend this city as it is geographically surrounded by water.Mumbai Metro Rail project is the joint venture of Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) which is a public body, funded by the Reliance Infrastructure, a public limited company.It focuses mainly upon the upcoming project of Metro Rail in Mumbai and the factors affecting its construction and the problems that might affect its functioning in the future.
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Large numbers of them participated during the Mumbai Riots of 1992-93 after the demolition of the Babri Masjid against Muslims and in support of the sati of Roop Kanwar  against feminist groups and progressive movements asking for a ban.The women’s movement and feminist theory went into a crisis with the advent of post modernism and identity based movements.Crisis in Feminism .Sexual minorities, religious minorities, women with disabilities and race and caste based women’s groups have come into their own with vibrant movements.It has changed its lexicon, challenged its assumptions and visibilised many sections of women and transgendered people.
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The present network comprises of 870 stations on rivers, lentic water bodies and subsurface waters are elaborated.The Powai Lake of Mumbai Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) is located about 27 Km.If future water security is to be achieved, there is an urgent need to initiate steps for protection, conservation and sustainable use of precious water resources in general and lakes in particular.Eighty six polluted water bodies were identified, which need to be prioritized in the restoration programme.Diluting and or flushing the lake with water from Oligotrophic source.
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Mineral Water under the name ‘Bisleri’ was first introduced in Mumbai in glass bottles in two varieties – bubbly & still in 1965 by Bisleri Ltd. , a company of Italian origin.Rigorous R&D & stringent quality controls has made us a market leader in the bottled water segment.In 1969 Parle bought over Bisleri (India) Ltd. and started bottling Mineral water in glass bottles under the brand name ‘Bisleri’.In 1965 Signor Felice Bisleri an Italian by origin, came up with the idea of selling bottled water in India.ORIGIN The name that epitomizes mineral water today was first introduced in Mumbai in the early 60’s.
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1 Population growth and urban problem in Mumbai, India According to G.Tyler(1994), the more poor people move from rural to urban area the more poverty is becoming urbanized.They need clean water, foods, housing etc.Surface water run-off also carries other pollutants from the site, such as diesel and oil, toxic chemicals, and building materials like cement.Sources of water pollution on building sites include: diesel and oil; paint, solvents, cleaners and other harmful chemicals; and construction debris and dirt.In this article I will discuss the problem of slum clearance in Mumbai, India.
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It has recently entered the fresh milk market in Hyderabad and simultaneously made foray into curd, ice-cream and lassi segments in Mumbai market.Today, it’s extended its operation to Haryana, Jaipur, Mumbai and Kolkata as well.They hold a 60 per cent market share in Delhi, but it is too soon to gauge where we stand in Mumbai.While Mother Dairy has been carrying out school programmes – games and activities – involving Makkhan Singh in Delhi, it has plans to take such activities to Mumbai and Kolkata as well.In Mumbai, where the liquid milk market is close to 40 to 42 lakh (4 to 4.2 million) litres a day, only about 20-22 lakh (2-2.2 million) litres a day is in the organised market – and that too is highly fragmented with a number of smal...
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7) The poorest collect their waste in the swears/rivers and they just keep heaping it on.They have no garbage men to come pick up the rubbish so they just leave it there.The waste is also very bad for the environment, as plastic doesn’t decompose for a very long time.8) There is no proper rubbish disposal, I think that someone comes around to pick up all the rubbish and then just dumps it into a “waste land” but like in the photos it was a dried up river bed.As well as the fact that when tourists come to Mumbai they see all this filth which gives them a bad impression of India.
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Although the relations between India and Pakistan have improved a lot, but the hopes of peace between the two countries are not very strong.After Mumbai attacks in 2008, India has put the hold on peace talks.Many of them want Kashmir to be the part of Pakistan, and many wants to stick with India... Another issue which is causing the problems with these two countries is the use of water.India accuses Pakistan security agencies for supporting the militant attack in recent years such as attack on Indian Parliament House in year 2001 and Mumbai attacks in 2008.
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There are many opportunities if you’re in the main part of Mumbai, but unfortunately we’re in the slums.People evacuating their bowls in the middle of the streets- 5 million residents don’t have access to toilets We don’t have showers we have to find little pools to clean off in- they’re generally dirty water It is a tough life to get used to- nothing is easy .“Dharavi – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.” Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.We don’t have access to showers- not many people do, but we have to use the water we have, or find pools of water we can clean off in.My family and I moved to Mumbai looking for a better lifestyle, but ended up in the slums pretty quickly.
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There aren’t many opportunities in the slums of Mumbai, so we have to take any work we can get.I’m live in the slums of Mumbai.We originally moved to the city of Mumbai in search of better work and schooling opportunities.My family and I moved to Mumbai looking for a better lifestyle, but ended up in the slums pretty quickly.Para 1: living conditions and hygiene and population density Moved to Mumbai 4 years ago looking for a better life- ended up in slums It is basically a tip where we live .
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He now lives in Pune with his wife, Viju, to whom he has been married for over 45 years.Dilip Chitre’s family moved to Mumbai in 1951 and he published his first collection of poems in 1960.Coming out he trembles at the sink, The cold water running over his brown hands, A few droplets cling to the greying hairs on his wrists.‘The economic value of what poets do is considered extremely dubious… The most they can hope for during a lifetime is niche audiences scattered far and wide and small publishers crazy enough to publish poetry without any regard to sales.The lines like ‘The cold water running over his brown hands, A few droplets cling to the greying hairs on his wrists’ are used to add to the effect of the life and the world of poor fa...
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Abu road is an industrial area and is located close to Mount Abu which is a famous tourist destination Heavy influx of tourists every year at Mount Abu Has a lake called Nakki Lake which can fulfill the minimal water requirements ..This location has been selected due to the following reasons: Availability of raw materials and skilled labor in Rajasthan Land is cheap Water not required for manufacturing process.Our main outlets will be in Mumbai and Rajasthan.The reasons for the outlet at Mumbai are as follows: Mumbai is the fashion capital of India.Coverage: – The coverage area would be mainly exporting outside India to different countries, as well as Mumbai and Rajasthan.
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During the period, we have faced only one crisis in 1991.India’s inland water resources comprising rivers, canals, ponds and lakes and marine resources comprising the east and west coasts of the Indian ocean and other gulfs and bays provide employment to nearly 6 million people in the fisheries sector.India opened up the economy in the early nineties following a major crisis that led by a foreign exchange crunch that dragged the economy close to defaulting on loans.Shown here is the World Trade Centre of Mumbai .Irrigation accounts for 92% of the water utilisation, and comprised 380km² in 1974, and is expected to rise to 1,050km² by 2025, with the balance accounted for by industrial and domestic consumers.
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Nandakumar, Indu.“Mumbai Port Profile.” Mumbai Port, 2013.Niskanen, William A.On the other hand Mumbai, India’s largest port is marked by inefficiency.This is attributed to the poor transport network around the port plus poor operations management (“Mumbai Port Profile”).
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