Pollution of Ganges[change | change source] .There is a lot of pollution in the Ganges because everyone releases their waste into the Ganges.Industries which require a large amount of water are set up on the banks of the river.Near the border with Bangladesh the Farakka Barrage controls the flow of the Ganges by diverting some of the water into a feeder canal which has link with the Hooghly river to keep it relatively silt-free.This is a major cause of water pollution.
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 A significant form of post-Vedic Sanskrit is found in the Sanskrit of the Hindu Epics—the Ramayana and Mahabharata. Traditional Sanskrit scholars call such deviations ar?Sanskrit continues to be widely used as a ceremonial language in Hindu religious rituals and Buddhist practice in the forms of hymns and mantras. This qualifies Rigvedic Sanskrit as one of the oldest attestations of any Indo-Iranian language, and one of the earliest attested members of the Indo-European languages, the family which includes English and most European languages.Vedic Sanskrit is the language of the Vedas, a large collection of hymns, incantations (Samhitas), theological and religio-philosophical discussions in the Brahmanas and Upanishads.
763 words (1.9 pages)
Each region of India uses the writing which it uses to note its own language in order to write the Sanskrit texts; Sanskrit thus has no official writing and, above all, can be noted by different semi-syllabaries which must therefore be able to represent certain phonemes which they do not otherwise have use.In France, the most important contributors to the knowledge of the culture of Sanskrit expression are the grammarian and Indianist Eugène Burnouf (1801-1852) who held the chair of Sanskrit language and literature at the Collège de France from 1832 to 1852, the grammarian and Indianist Hippolyte Fauche (a pupil of Burnouf and known for his translation of the Rāmāya Maha and the Mahâbhârata), the Indianist Louis Renou (1896-1966), the In...
2587 words (6.5 pages)
Indo-European is an inflectional language, that is, a language in which grammatical relationships between words are signaled by word modifications (usually by specific endings).For example, * yug-ó-m became jugum in Latin, ζυγόν (zugόn) in ancient Greek, yugám in Sanskrit, yokäm in Tokharian A, yukan in Hittite ... For verbs, thematic conjugation, ending * -ō to the first person singular of the present indicative, which opposes the ending -mi of the conjugation conjugation.The radical cannot both begin and end with an un aspirated sound occlusion, for example * gwod- does not exist, hence the Sanskrit gádati “he says” has not of correspondent in other languages.Many scholars believe that the initial vowel stems originally began with a se...
4483 words (11.2 pages)
The Proto-Indo-Europeans (PIE) were, according to the most widely accepted thesis, the speaking population of Proto-Indo-European, a reconstructed prehistoric language of Eurasia.Thus, Antoine Meillet, from 1909, pointed out that Indo-European was only the form taken by an even older language, which had passed through other, older stages.The starting point is the craze for Sanskrit and the discovery of the unity underlying the classical languages (Sanskrit, Persian, Avestic, ancient Greek, Latin).The hypothetical root * mor seems originally to designate only a small body of water, such as Old English mother, French marais and Gothic husband.This conclusion is mainly based on the idea that Sanskrit is, if not the mother tongue, at least...
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... middle of paper ... .Samskrit was considered the most refined and grammatically perfect language compared to other regional languages in ancient times....back into normal social life from which they have been separated by death, and allows the spirit of the deceased to travel on its way.On the funeral, the corpse feet point south towards the realm of Yama, the god of death, and the head to the north to the realm of Kubera, the god of wealth.To quote Max Muller, the emphasis placed upon these ceremonies by the ancients disclose "the deep-rooted tendency in the heart of man to bring the chief events of human life into contact with a higher power, and to give to our joys and sufferings a deeper signific... .
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The priest also should also know how to read Sanskrit, so he can read out the Vedas and holy texts for worshippers to listen and learn.When certain Hindus need to move out of India for business or other reasons, especially the Vaishyas, who must travel a lot on business, they will want a place to continue their religion and way of life, to fulfil their Sanatana Dharma.The temple in Hong Kong is also a meeting place for Hong Kong’s Hindu community.Because of the business and inflexible working hours of Hong Kong’s business world, many people find it hard to find time to sit back and relax once in a while; there is no time for having fun and socialising.In Hong Kong, These lessons include Sanskrit, cooking, and yoga.
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Other examples include the Sulba Sutras, which are some of the earliest texts on geometry.. Epic Sanskrit literature[edit source | editbeta] Main article: Indian epic poetry Ved Vyasa’s Mahabharata and Valmiki’s Ramayana, written in Epic Sanskrit, are regarded as the greatest Sanskrit epics.The South Indian language of Tamil is an exception to this pattern of Sanskrit influence because it had a classical tradition of its own.asama), that is, it can be read in two languages simultaneously: Prakrit and Sanskrit.Other examples of works written in Classical Sanskrit include the Pa?Kalidasa is often considered to be the greatest playwright in Sanskrit literature, and one of the greatest poets in Sanskrit literature, whoseRecognition of Shakun...
5119 words (12.8 pages)
That is the nature of language.When a language imbibes words from outside, it grows.And that is why even today, though so many of us use English as if it is our first language, we still do not pray in English, and we do not sing our songs in English.So the bottom line is Hindi definitely will not extinct and English certainly is not the reason for language extinction.The (ancient) Greek language is another, Sanskrit is the third one.
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In the literature from about 1500 to 1800, the stream of reworkings of the traditional Sanskrit epics continued unabated, while at the same time the use of Urdu and of Persian literary forms arose.Much traditional Indian literature is derived in theme and form not only from Sanskrit literature but from the Buddhist and Jain texts written in the Pali language and the other Prakrits (medieval dialects of Sanskrit).In Kannada (Kanarese) from the 10th century, and later in Gujarati from the 13th century, the first truly indigenous works are Jain romances; ostensibly the lives of Jain saints, these are actually popular tales based on Sanskrit and Pali themes.The only Indian writings that incontestably pre-date the influence of classical Sansk...
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Indo-Aryan languages dominated northern India in ancient times, and Sanskrit became the major language of Indian religious and philosophical writing and classical literature.The Vedas were composed between about 1500 bc and 1000 bc in Old Sanskrit, also called Vedic Sanskrit.It also served as a common language with which scholars from different regions could communicate.This mythology has influenced Indian texts, from ancient epics in the Sanskrit language to medieval poems in the various languages of different regions to modern works in English.At the same time, Indian literature was influenced by the Persian language and its literature, which various Muslim conquerors brought to the Indian subcontinent.
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Hindi (autonym: हिन्दी hindī) is an Indo-European language, resulting from a standardization of Hindustani languages, using Sanskrit characters and vocabulary.The Hindi lexicon contains the native words which are derived from Sanskrit by means of prakrits, Sanskrit loans, Persian and Arabic loans, and English loans.Generally, Persian and non-technical Arabic words are more familiar and better known than words borrowed directly from Sanskrit.In their current and supported versions, Hindi is officially written with the alphasyllabary devanāgarī (from left to right) and its vocabulary comes mainly from Sanskrit, while Urdu is written by means of the 'Arabic alphabet (from right to left), with a vocabulary derived from Persian.Before the 194...
1914 words (4.8 pages)
Advertisements have played a big part in our life and will continue to change in the future.We are everywhere: It does not matter whether the purpose of advertising, such as television, the Internet, roads, shops, etc.Lucia dessay gergiev commented on the writing of the national financial financial hippocampus article subprime crisis essay Stormandella prose Bernabey 11 minutes article.If you want to know how to write advertisement analysis enthralling readers, you are in the right place.Please check the following guide and write a compelling advertisement analysis article.Hari raya aidilfitri essay Kebori gorilla advertisement analysis paper Irene nemirovsky le bal review paper mla research paper double spacing.
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 The Telugu script can reproduce the full range of Sanskrit phonetics without losing any of the text’s originality, whereas the Malayalam script includes graphemes capable of representing all the sounds of Sanskrit and all Dravidian languages.This is especially so for many ‘mother tongues’ with tens of millions of speakers that are officially grouped under the ‘language’ Hindi.The government of India has given 22 “languages of the 8th Schedule” the status of official language.Three millennia of language contact has led to significant mutual influence among the four language families in India and South Asia. The official language of the Central Government of Republic of India is Standard Hindi, while English is the ...
744 words (1.9 pages)
The concluding of all the Upanishads identify to find one final truth.Literature in Sanskrit begins with the Vedas, and continues with the Sanskrit Epics of Iron Age India; the golden age of Classical Sanskrit literature dates to late Antiquity (roughly the 3rd to 8th centuries AD).Some Sanskrit literature such as the Yoga-Sutras of Patanjali and the Upanishads were translated into Arabic and Persian.There are 108 Upanishads known to us, and 10 most important commented by Adi Shankara: • Aithareya Upanishad • Kena Upanishad • Chandogya Upanishad • Isavasya Upanishad • Bhahadaranyaka Upanishad • Thaittriyopanishad • Kathopanishad • Mundaka Upanishad • Prasna Upanishad • Madukya UpanishadThere are contemporary efforts towards revival, It w...
426 words (1.1 pages)
Under the flourishing Mughal empire, Persian became very influential as the language of prestige of the Islamic courts.With the coming of the British in India, works started to be written in English language.But broadly Linguistic history of India can be classified into 3 parts: Old Indo Aryan languages who’s earliest evidence is from Vedic Sanskrit.As more and more Indians became well versed with the English language, the number of works in English literature began to grow.Then came Middle Indo Aryan languages, Prakrits, evolved outside the learned sphere of Sanskrit.
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They held that if one wanted to analyse poetry, one has to analyse the language of poetry.Vakrokti is a charming, oblique and suggestive expression.Moreover, they have paid attention to all the levels of linguistic structure.It is remarkable to note that the Sanskrit Acharyas were conscious of this creative use of language of poetry.To them the language of poetry could be analysed in various ways known as sampradayas or schools- Rasa, Alankara, Riti, Dhvani, or Vakrokti and Aucitya.
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Traditionally, in northern India, it was with her that Sanskrit was written.It is also interrupted between words in modern languages but can span several words in a row in Sanskrit in the case of compounds and sandhi.The term devanagari comes from Sanskrit.If the consonant is followed by the Sanskrit diacritic virama (विराम), no vowel is pronounced.Hindi written in Devanagari is also an official language of India, so is Nepalese written in Devanagari, "language of the nation" of Nepal.
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The Bengali language derives from Pakrit Magadhi, a vernacular form of ancient Sanskrit, like other languages, the closest of which are Assamese and Oriya.106 million speakers as well as 13.8% as a second language, or 19 million speakers, for a total of 126 million speakers) and 2nd spoken language, in India, around 94 million native speakers, or around 200 million language speakers Native in the world in 2011, Bengali is the national language of Bangladesh and the official language in the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and parts of Assam.These use the "International Alphabet for Transliteration of Sanskrit" or IAST (based on diacritics), "Transliteration of Indian languages" or ITRANS (uppercase alphabets of use agreed for ASCII ...
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 Telugu has made its letters expressive of all the sounds and hence it has to deal with significant borrowings from Sanskrit, Tamil and Hindustani.Sanskrit and Telugu alphabets are similar and exhibit one-one correspondence.This inscription, dated 575 AD, was found in the Rayalaseema region and is attributed to the Renati Cholas, who broke with the prevailing custom of using Sanskrit and began writing royal proclamations in the local language.కబురు, /kaburu/ for Urdu /xabar/, خبر or జవాబు, /dʒavaːbu/ for Urdu /dʒawɑːb/, جواب) Modern Telugu vocabulary can be said to constitute a diglossia, because the formal, standardized version of the language, heavily influenced by Sanskrit, is taught in schools and used by the government and Hindu...
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However, some recent studies suggest that healthy coral reefs can adapt to rising water levels, and that islands could follow this movement (with possible shape changes).Although the air and water temperatures remain fairly high all year round, the coral islands that make up the Maldives archipelago only have lush vegetation in some places: the scarcity of vegetal soil and the absence of fresh surface water (lakes and rivers) and underground (sources), combined with the small size of the islands (most of which measure less than one km²) and the very nature of the coral reefs islands, severely limit the growth of spectacular plants, with the exception of the magnificent coconut palms that line the lagoons, mangroves and some areas of rain...
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Hindi would also be important as a second language: it is estimated that between 20 and 25% of Indians would have Hindi as a second language in 2001.Hindi and Urdu are considered to be two registers of the same language, Hindustani: they are differentiated by writing (devanagari for Hindi and an adaptation of the Arabic alphabet for 'Urdu) and their learned vocabularies, drawn from Sanskrit in Hindi and Persian and Arabic in Urdu.In 1837 English replaced Persian as the administrative language, and in the 19th century a Hindi movement set out to replace Persian vocabulary with a vocabulary derived from Sanskrit.The Constitution foresaw that English would cease to be the second official language fifteen years after Independence, but, in th...
1099 words (2.7 pages)
Sanskrit is not practically used and maybe that is one of reasons of its decline but I believe it should be conserved because of the traditional values it possesses and because of its richness in culture.Many children and young adults understand the language and pronounce a few phrases, which is a great sign as the village of San Basilio De Palenque is trying to preserve its language and spread it, the village’s resilience is commendable.I have chosen this subject of language and identity, which leads to the death of a language, if language dies.Sanskrit is one such ancient language that is loosing its prominence and its speakers decreasing everyday.As big languages spread, children whose parents speak a comparatively smaller language te...
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This happens due to official language policies and also the allure of speaking a highly prestigious global language such as English.As big languages spread, children whose parents speak a comparatively smaller language tend to grow up learning the more dominant language.Many children and young adults understand the language and pronounce a few phrases, which is a great sign as the village of San Basilio De Palenque is trying to preserve its language and spread it, the village’s resilience is commendable.These concepts are not new and modern, they have been around for a long time now, if we do not conserve Sanskrit we will loose all of this valuable knowledge and also lose a piece of history.Sanskrit is one such ancient language that is l...
1221 words (3.1 pages)
* Small portion of the literature was written in Prakrit, a vernacular form of Sanskrit.* Written in Sanskrit, the oldest extent Aryan language.– Sanskrit grammar .SANSKRIT PERIOD – 200BC- middleages) .Middle ages Sanskrit .
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Ram Mohan viewed education as a medium to implement the social reforms.After that he went to Benares (Kashi) for learning the intricacies of Sanskrit and Hindu scripture, including the Vedas and Upanishads.He learnt English language at the age of 22 years.So, in 1815, Ram Mohan came to Calcutta and the very next year, started an English College by putting his own savings.Though his father Ramakanto was very orthodox but he wanted his son to have higher education and after the basic formal education in Sanskrit and Bengali in the village school, Ram Mohan was sent to Patna to study Persian and Arabic in a madrasa.
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When we use the word Indian poetics we mean Sanskrit poetics which laid tenets and laws for different literary forms and literature in general.In this context various schools in Sanskrit poetics and their views regarding essence of poetry can be discussed.The Vedic period is pinnacle point of the Sanskrit literature with most of the intellectual and literary writings being written in Sanskrit.Rasa is one of those words in Sanskrit whose precise significance is as indefinite as its usage is widespread.Our country has never been sensitive to ideas which come from abroad but gives to all of them its own peculiar turn and imprint.’ The Vedas, Upanishads and the eighteen Puranas in Sanskrit and in the Indo-Aryan language, is perhaps the olde...
4289 words (10.7 pages)
Moreover, the activities is not only polluting the quality of water, but also changes the colour of the water because it polluting the clear water.2.This is because, the release of nutrients, sediment, metals contaminants, pesticides and herbicides may obstruct the water flow which results in the decrease of the water flow and the water quality may spoil due to the organic materials released through the mineral extraction.| .The flow of the water will be disturbed and the quality of water would decreaseExplanation Redundancy of the modal is exchanged with another suitable modal.The flow of the water and the quality of water will be decreased.”| The use of the word ‘mined’ which is not a passive verb which causes the sentence to be mean...
4986 words (12.5 pages)
The teacher explains the essence of the game: a newly born molecule of water is in the ocean starting her way in the water cycle, trying to understand what is going on and to get as much information as possible.It is also necessary to support this chart with pictures of the water circle and different ways of pollution all over the classroom, in order to hint students with ideas.In the end Molecule comes back to the group “Water”.Then the teacher asks the students to name the main states of water and define the main “stops” in water cycle (ocean, clouds and air, soil), which is written in the circle “Water Cycle”.So Molecule leaves group “Water” and passes to the group “Air”, and the discussion continues, as well as with the group “Soil”....
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The underlying causes of the decline of culture lay in the ever-increasing number of indigenous people who adopted it and in doing so adapted it to their own tradition, and also in the gradual disappearance of a cultured autocratic class, the members of which had been the guardians of the Sanskrit cultural tradition (Coedes, 1966, pp.133).Secondly, taking a look to the language and literature influence, it is obvious that nearly all of inscriptions found in Southeast Asian countries are written in Sanskrit.This influence was given the term ‘Indianization’ by Coedes who defined it as ‘the expansion of an organised culture’ that was formed upon Indian conceptions of royalty, Hinduism and Buddhist cults and the Sanskrit language.As a matter...
3979 words (9.9 pages)