As wealth is concentrated in the hands of the smaller part of the population, wealth inequality can be viewed as one of the most important causes of inequality in the United States.As global inequality refers to the disproportionate distribution of income and wealth across all nations, different nations have unequal benefits from economic operations.In fact, wealth increase is one of the basic motivators of behavior of Americans.One more cause of inequality in the United States is inequality in wealth.According Mott Tracy (2010), “wealth inequality is much more severe than income inequality and is the major contributor to income inequality” (p. 136).
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In a social democratic state, individuals should be free and equal in the determination of the conditions of their own lives in that they should enjoy equal rights and equal obligations (Mookherjee, 2010).Unlike in capitalistic liberals where the wealth is unequally distributed, in this model there is equity for all irrespective of their social status.In the social welfare state which advocates for equality most of the assets are owned by the state and it somehow controls wealth.Countries using the two models have been economically equal unlike countries like the United States where the gap between the rich and the poor is very wide.People can be able to apply their talents in generating more revenue or wealth for their nation.
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Equal voice: it ensures equal voice of the citizen i.e.Political equality also affect the health sector positively by: (1)Increased reliance on the market forces will make health care cheaper,(2)Change of tax code to provide equal tax relief for individuals who purchase their own insurance,(3)Changing the tax code will also break the link between employment and insurance(4)Insurance for those whose employers do not offer a plan(5)Creation of medical savings accounts( Microsoft Encarta) .Equal rights to emergency services: such as the right to those health care schemes, free medical services for the less privileged, equity in the local judicial system.According to the Canadian law the provinces must ensure that their health care system ...
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As a result, older people have much higher average wealth than younger people, but older people generally have lower incomes than younger people.The ABS survey – used by Credit Suisse – also presents two ways of looking at the distribution of wealth: first, by ranking households simply by the amount of wealth they have; second, by ranking households by how much income they have.As early as the 1880s, visitors remarked on Australia’s relatively equal distribution of wealth, the lack of visible poverty, the country’s generally comfortable incomes and its relatively few millionaires.These figures suggest that wealth is actually more equally distributed than income when the joint distribution of income and wealth is used – which is a more co...
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Fourth National Report on Health Sector Performance Indicators – A Report to the Australian Health Ministers’ Conference.But for the context of our knowledge and study we base our understanding on the definition of culyer & wagstaff, ‘the appropriate positive criteria for mormative judgement regarding equity in distribution of health and health care is equality of health status and health care access (Culyer, A.J., & Wagstaff, A., 1993).Since 1990’s National & State health Minister worked alongside of many health care professional to develop a certain Universal framework to assessing the Australian health system (NHPC, 2000).Health Service efficiency is also considered to be great important dimension of quality health because...
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While the institutions influence the direction of transaction costs in the economy, wealth distribution impacts on the economic efficiency and thus creating influence on the developmental adjustments in the economy.In a more broader sense, there may be a buffer between economic growth and economic development in that, while economic growth will measure the rate at which the GNP and per capita income are changing, the latter may be realized with or without economic growth and it involves social and structural changes such as demographics, environmental sustainability, political relations, literacy levels, social diversity and health.According to Hoff and Stigliz (2001, p. 391), the government ands markets as the determinants of economic d...
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Moreover, human beings are all equal in this respect: they all have the same dignity, and deserve to be treated as equals.This was especially the case if people’s wealth had come to be through hard work or natural talent (Brown).His principles are chosen by the individual, but that individual is required to be under a ‘veil of ignorance.’ He argues that in order to find the basic principles of a society, each of us need to imagine that we know nothing about our own social class or amount personal talent or wealth (Brown).Nozick felt strongly about individual liberty, and advocated a minimal state that upheld the law but did nothing to redistribute wealth.Furthermore traditional rights, like health care and education, are gradually transf...
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Utilitarian ethics on its own part conflates the expansion of wealth in society as a whole with greater happiness for the greater number of persons in society, thus losing sight of the proportional increase in unhappiness for most members of society that create the wealth, with the expansion of such wealth, which a few appropriate (Ferguson 2008).That means high earners can accumulate more and more wealth as time goes on (assuming they don’t blow it all, of course).Wealth accumulates over time.On the tax front, note also that people who have already accumulated wealth stand to earn a lot in capital gains, which are also taxed at a lower rate.China gave the world a horrific double-shot of rural poverty and relative urban wealth; it is onl...
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The imbalances of wealth, power and prestige that exist is ironic as people continuously preach their cultural commitment to values of equality and justice.Their ability to access health care services and a willingness to obtain treatments can have an impact on their health.Class refers to socio economic status (SES) which is an individuals or groups position in a hierarchal social structure and where they are placed depends on their occupation, education, wealth, income and residence.Wealth and income are key determinants of class.These forms of social inequality are shaped by various factors including geographical location, distribution of wealth, income and social status.
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As a country develops, it acquires more capital, which leads to the owners of this capital having more wealth and income and introducing inequality.Related to wealth condensation are the effects of inter generational inequality.Scientists such as Richard Lynn argue that there are innate group differences in ability that are partially responsible for producing race and gender group differences in wealth.Here we say that countries with low levels of development have relatively equal distributions of wealth.Many people believe that there is a connection between differences in innate ability, such as intelligence, strength, or charisma, and between an individuals level of wealth.
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An individual can choose to work more or less hard and have more or less material wealth.One can make the argument that limited natural resources such as the non-renewable resources of petrochemicals, metals and minerals will serve to make it so that this amount of wealth cannot be produced indefinitely.While the definition of “poverty” might change based on one’s perspective and on relative conditions, a reasonable definition would be lacking sufficient shelter, food, potable water, medical care to maintain one’s health, capability to take care of one’s child, better transportation to one’s place of work and to one’s residence, and education.The environment and science, ABC-CLIO.Unless a society absolutely affixed wages or resources so ...
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Concentration of wealth in the hands of a few is partly promoted by the tax system.Following the decline in economic growth in 1950s, and rising discontent among the citizens, the government decided to improve distribution of the country’s wealth.Despite having a lot of wealth, inequality and poverty still exist in Saudi Arabia.However, as a country begins to experience rapid growth, more wealth is generated and owned by the owners of capital, thereby causing inequality.The main causes of inequality in Saudi Arabia include the political system, wealth concentration and development patterns.
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The capitalist philosophy gives rise to a distinct class system, where the elites are the rulers (they own the wealth, therefore they make the rules).All profits were kept by these individuals and companies increasing their wealth.Marx ideal society, based on the communist theory, would see the disappearance of class structure, equal rights for men, women, and children, equal and adequate housing for everyone, with everyone working for the benefit of each other.There were no equal or fair compensation for these workers.Cary, NC, USA : Oxford University Press .
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However, my life experiences have equipped me with the mental strength and perseverance to conquer each and every obstacle standing in my way.It will be my privilege to serve the needy for their requirement through this profession.The health and living draws maximum attention for uplift.Some aim at wealth, some at power, some at fame, some at business and some at education and knowledge.I am aware that becoming a doctor involves dedication to my field of interest and many years of school.
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To ensure equitable access to quality health care, governments should improve the public health insurance programs, provide employment to the underprivileged, and develop health care infrastructure.The high cost of medical care, the increasing disease complexities, and the unequal distribution of wealth due to the varied degrees of determinants of health, are regular health care concerns (Baldwin, 2003).In countries with low economic stabilities, patients can easily contract simple communicable illnesses and die in the millions, because the local health care practitioners have limited expertise and health care facilities to avert the health care menaces (Bezruchka, 2010).The imbalanced distribution of the ill health burden seems to resul...
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Through enhanced wealth distribution we can create a fairer, more productive society which has endless benefits for this generation and for generations to come.The upward trend of child poverty is set to continue unless the barriers to creating additional wealth through employment are broken down.Financial resources alone will not fix child poverty; but a more even distribution of wealth has been proven to address the inequality that creeps silently throughout society, decaying the hope of opportunity and change for whole generations.Maternal health however has also been shown to impact on child health; it thrives by transcending generations like beggarly bacteria from mother to child.A 2008 report by published by the Joseph Rowntree Fou...
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The Forum, 7(2), 1312.The richest in the United States will see potentially higher taxes to cover health care costs for the poorest, while the poorest of the poor will see for the first time a health care system that allows them to attain the same health care available to the rich of the country.U.S. health care and real health in comparative perspective: Lessons from abroad.When changes to different publically funded programs such as health care in Canada or the creation of publically funded health care in the United States have a large impact on the society.Health care as citizenship development: Examining social rights and entitlement.
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However, the problems could generally be reduced by the equal distribution of basic resources such as food, land and water.While food, land and water are not the only needs unavailable to the poor in developing countries, they are the stepping stones to greater equality and the eradication of poverty.The first step is to keep the existing water supply free from pollutants which cause diseases, and to make public health education readily available.Thirdly, they believe that by helping poor farmers gain control of their land, and thereby their water supply, and helping them become economically independent they can promote community development, which in turn enables communities to solve their own problems.Action must be taken immediately.<...
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Through his speeches and travel, he brought together the African American people and accomplished the goal of gaining equal civil rights (The Nobel Foundation, 1964).Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. had a solution to bring the people together and spread the word of equal civil rights through speech, and motivation.Martin Luther King Jr. – Biographical.These contributions affect society as they provide better health by helping prevent illness and helping better the lives of those less fortunate.Martin Luther King Jr. had addressed the civil rights issues to help gain equal rights for African Americans in the United States by use of nonviolent civil disobedience.
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In a Capitalist society there is great suffering because of the great inequality but in a Socialist society it seems that, even though the idea of everyone living equally in harmony is appealing, the fact of the matter is that the only equality that people will share is the equality of no choice and oppression.A true mix between the two must be achieved to sustain a healthy economy and a happy society.However individuals purchasing power is drastically unequal because of the inequality of wealth within the economy.In this type of economy all the resources are owned by the state, and wealth is divided equally.Because of the inequality of wealth in a truly Capitalist society with no Government welfare great poverty will occur.
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In addition to the “rich people, poor people” paradox as just mentioned, inflation also has impact on the wealth redistribution of resources owners.The end result is that income and wealth are redistributed from some resource owners to others.The result is that income and wealth has been redistributed from food resources to health care resources.Yes, the Gini-coefficient is the most commonly used measure of inequality of income or wealth.This example shows that unexpected changes in prices redistribute wealth among debtors and creditors.
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Jesus is saying that wealth is one if the biggest obstacles to coming to faith in Christ.Whenever there is misdistribution of wealth, and of the good things of life, there is jealousy and despair in the deprived section of human.Anyone who develops this madness for money becomes, like the greedy Jew and the miserly Slot, a devotee, or rather a slave, of the goddess of wealth.Thus they lost both the wealth they had earned by laboring ceaselessly, and the health in the process.So the conclusion is, in the words of Goldsmith, “I’ll fares the land to hastening ills a prey, where wealth accumulates, men decay.” But such decay also seems inevitable where there is utter, soul-killing poverty.
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Social mobility describes the movement or opportunities for movement between different social groups and the pros and the cons that come with it, example income and wealth, housing, education and health.Wilkinson (1996), argue that health gradient is caused by income inequality.A major review of health inequalities by BBC news health correspondent Jane Dreaper says that NHS should spend more money illness than the current four per cent it is spending.They conducted a study on civil servant working in Whitehall and concluded that the cause of ill health was being lower in the hierarchy.Over the last 30 years the health across the population has improved but the rate of improvement for working class is much slower.
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This allows us to understand how different social classes (here represented by wealth in an international setting) can negatively impact the health of a population.The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines health as follows: “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” This view offered by the WHO is contested; the holistic view of health incorporates the physical and mental, emotional and spiritual elements and encompasses the whole person.As we can see, the job position, and therefore the wealth status of these individuals guided their decision making process.There are some strong correlations between the equality in wealth distribution and the life expecta...
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Equality, may also take another form popularly known as equality before the law or legal egalitarian, which entails that all persons are entitled to equal treatment before the law.gender, race, age, sexual orientation, origin, caste or class, income or property, language, religion convictions, opinions, health or disability that may result in unequal treatment.In the egalitarian doctrine, equality is referred to as a condition in which all humans are equal in fundamental worth or social status should be treated equally in politics and economics cycles.Redistribution of wealth for the sake of common good is one key element of socialism (Democracy Consolidation Programe, 2004).However, scholars have argued that the provision of adequate op...
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Nowadays, economists have realized that among the three human capital – human knowledge, skills, and entrepreneurship – is the core of national wealth.Ann Crittenden cited some proposals for change namely: “to give every parent the right to a year’s paid leave, shorten the workweek, provide equal pay and benefits for equal part-time work, eliminate discrimination against parents in the workplace, equalize Social Security for spouses, offer work-related social insurance programs to all at home parents, offer work-related social insurance programs to all at home parents, provide universal preschool for all three- and four-year-olds, stop taxing mothers, provide free health coverage for all children and their primary caregivers, add unpaid ...
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University of Chicago Press: 2004 .Holcombe, Randall G. Public policy and the quality of life: market incentives versus Government Planning.More importantly, health insurance that extends to the dependents of employees can help mitigate the hospitalization costs as well as providing other health and wellness initiatives such as sports clubs and other health clubs that are sponsored by companies in order to promote physical fitness.The ultimate goal of redistribution does not culminate with the distribution of wealth for the labor class that may rightfully belong to them by virtue of their increase productivity but the enhancement of the quality of life and social well being of the general populace (Holcombe) by government providing th...
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Another thing that could be done in order to make sure that employees are getting adequate health care is that the government could place regulations on companies about health care.I am not even saying that there should be free national health care but rather that there are some ways that the availability of health care should be improved for all people.These people will continue to struggle on a monthly basis, will continue to face homelessness, hunger and inadequate health care if there are never any changes made to the structural system that is indeed causing the problems for the worker.Capitalism would allow the working class poor to be able to have control of more wealth and to control more of the terms of wealth that was available ...
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According to Nussbaum, nations concerned about national prosperity too often focus on marketable skills that are viewed to generate short-term profit.The capabilities approach urges “… all nations to consider educational attainment one of the most crucial elements of their national success,” (Nussbaum, 155).Only then can a country truly enhance its standard of living.Conversely, the Capabilities Approach to human development offers a framework to quality of life that focuses on the individual’s pursuit of a full life rather than the wealth of a nation, as a whole .Theoretically, greater prosperity at a national level results in the attainment of material goods and wealth for a country’s residents.
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* In the past, the state would assign Zakah workers.* Religious Waqf “adds to the social welfare of the community because it helps satisfy the religious needs of people and reduces the direct cost of providing religious services for any future generation”.* Islam emphasize on the importance of distributive justice through Zakah, waqf… * The main objectives of Zakah are to promote stable economic growth through investments, employment and balance consumption, and the achievement of greater income equality through an equitable distribution of wealth, thereby eliminating poverty and extreme disparities of wealth between the rich and the poor.* There are three types of Waqf, religious Waqf, philanthropic Waqf, and posterity or family Waqf.* ...
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