CP-KNN: Seasonal to Inter – annual Climate Prediction using Data Mining KNN technique.If the data is noisy it can be cleanse using any of... ... middle of paper ... ...on-1 and Topex/Poseidon data for seasonal climate prediction studies, AVISO Altimetry Newsletter 8, Jason-1 Science Plan, pp.Santhanam; Weather Data Mining using Component Analysis, Journal of Machine Learning Research 5 239-253 2004  WILLIAM W. HSIEH; Nonlinear Canonical Correlation Analysis of the Tropical Pacific Climate Variability Using a Neural Network Approach: journal of Climate Vol – 14 June 2001 Muhammad Abrar Lecturer in Agricultural University Peshawar Pakistan This is synopsis for MS Degree that are recently approved by the concern Board of StudiesThis wil...
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If global climate change causes the global average temperature to rise, there will be less cold weather, and a greater probability of hot and record hot weather.From the selected articles, we can find that climate change will also increase the frequency of extreme weather events occur.The human actives influence the climate change, the climate change causes natural disasters.Indeed, many of the world’s extreme weather happened in these years, some astronomy, as well as El Nino, ocean circulation weather these have occurred.Authors look into the contribution of climate change to hydro-meteorological and climatological disasters and the health impacts of these events, and explore the reduction of climate change on both shorter and longer t...
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National Climatic Data Center, 27 Mar.These higher temperature recordings are due to normal weather patterns according to scientists.Although there is an increase in global carbon emissions, the fact that climate measurements have been increasing since the beginning of the 20th century, long before society began using fossil fuels as an energy source in large amounts, illustrates the idea that “global warming” is actually just a normal, cyclical global weather phenomenon.“New Global Assessment Reveals Nearly 1,200 Proposed Coal-Fired Power Plants.” WRI Insights.World Resources Institute, 20 Nov. 2012.
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The influence exerted by the seasonal weather as 50% and this can be seen in literature of traditional grapevine growing and winemaking as well as recent research findings (Shanmuganathan, et al.Once several blocks of vineyards have been established in a broader area, its climate patterns (or macro climate) becomes identified with certain grapevine clones of Vitis vinifer (or wine styles) for that area covering about 100 to 1000 miles, also referred to as the regional scale (Jones, et al.Base climate reflects the weather conditions experienced over a longer time period i. e. , 3-5 decades.Seasonal climate change effects on the quality of Chilean and New Zealand wines Seasonal weather is the major influencing factor in determining the qua...
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Others believe in global warming and climate change, but don 't believe that people are responsible.One of the most important problems is crucial to focus on and it is climate change or “the greenhouse effect.” The greenhouse effect is a serious problem that is destroying the planet and its atmosphere.The small changes in temperature can cause a devastating effect on the planet 's climate and weather patterns.According to them, the data are being corrupted by the urban heat island, an effect produced by cities ' transportation, large amounts of heat-absorbing asphalt, and high concentrations of carbon dioxide coming from the many homes and businesses in high-population areas.What is climate change?
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gives us a clear picture of what weather and climate are when they discussed that weather can be described as “day-to-day variations in our atmosphere” and are short-term in nature, while climate a long-term-average of weather, can be described as estimates made on compilations of weather statistics of a region which includes “daily, monthly and annual means, medians and variability of the weather data”.However, the study of climate gained more ground in the 15th century when explorers begun to search for new lands across the seas, seeking for gold, spices, and lands to conquer, meteorological instruments invented by Galileo (thermometer) and by Torricelli (barometer) enabled men to measure the state of climate in different places and ti...
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Consequently, it serves as a prime area for exploration of human impacts on climate and climate change.More widespread collection of weather data was taken beginning in the 1870Õs through the newly-establish Meteorological Observatory, which introduced meteorological stations throughout the country, but civil unrest later on... ... middle of paper ... ...ents.ÒReconstructing the Climate of Mexico from Historical Records.Ó The Holocene.With latitude 19 degrees and an elevation of 2250m, Mexico City has a temperate climate year-round.The Mexico City newspaper, El Sol, was the publication that first made regular weather reports available (OÕHara and Metcalfe, 1995).
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Similarly, subject from Arizona were tested under extremely hot climate as well as during pleasant climate.A new “weather therapy” can be useful in treating people with psychiatric disorder such as depression and post-traumatic diseases.The results supported the hypothesis that very hot climate as well as extremely cold weather affect negatively our mood.Our research, which was a combination of correlation research and experimental study, was run in Alaska which is known for its bitter and cold weather, Arizona which is known for its heat waves that can reach 110 degrees Fahrenheit, and Florida which has a very pleasant weather with optimum temperature.According to the French philosopher Blaise Pascal, who strongly denied any correlation...
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According to the data collected from numerous sources for the IPCC, the total radiative forcing is positive, which has led to a large uptake in energy by the climate systems.Many lines of evidence have been presented to the public to prove that climate change is and has been in progress for years now.Weather Underground, n.d.Climate models are able to show us that al... ... middle of paper ... ...s) are the only ones that need to change for the better.Glaciers | Weather Underground.
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Moreover sometimes the rain falls with such an avalanche that it drowns the low lying area and people have to undergo great hardships so this weather is a mixed blessing.The temperature is moderate to warm during days whereas the weather is cooler in nights.This is the most perfect weather of Lahore.In fact, the climate of Lahore is hot and dry for the maximum period of the year with a short winter period with very refreshing weather.Warm and dry weather remains in the months of October and November.
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According to Garnaut Climate Change Review, the number of days with extreme fire weather will be increase approximately 5% to 25% in 2013 (6).The projected changes of climate, effects of climate change on the Australian agriculture, effects of Australian agriculture on climate change, ways to lessen the effects by means of mitigation and adaptation will be discussed in detail later in this paper.This fact is being accentuated by Wall and Smit (2005) (4) who said that the main aspects in the success of agri-food sector are the weather and climate conditions.The climate impacts on agriculture are best being observed at local stage rather than at global stage because the impacts are more related to local climate.This is wrong since the clim...
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Singapore must prove herself as a worthy destination with many alternative activities that is available for visitors facing extreme hot weather or sudden rainfall due to the changing climate.Tourists indicate that they would likely substitute beach tourism for other activities such as indoor sightseeing attractions within Sentosa which are not weather dependent.Despite acknowledging that climate is an important resource for tourism in Singapore, this study made an interesting finding that weather did not prove to be the ultimate choice affecting tourist’s decision to Sentosa.On the other hand, in the case of an increase in temperature or rainfall events which are highly unpredictable, it seems that tourists would more likely accept and p...
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This species was then replaced by oak, which thrives in relatively cooler weather.This led to weather anomalies like seasonal extremes, storms, and extreme cold.The oscillations produced continuing anomalies on the weather in the region, that when looked upon a span of time, produced the little ice age.Just as the components that make up climate are capable of fluctuation, it would interesting to observe if long-term climate change can occur in a given region.Looking at a region’s climate gives an overall account of that region’s weather patterns.
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Even with empirical data presented, there are skeptics who attribute climate change to natural causes rather than man-made causes.In relation to climate change, the global temperature is higher because the Earth is closer to the sun (35).As of recent years, global warming has made a significant impact on Earth (Weeks, “Climate Change” 523).These scientists postulate that climate change is “brought about by variable ‘forcings,’ a term for agents of climate change that are not themselves affected by climate” (qtd.People need to accept the presence of climate change, and they should do something to either fix it or decelerate the rate it is growing.
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Well planned construction schedules are prepared to take advantage of favorableseasonal, local, or regional weather patterns and avoid the unfavorable ones.The inefficiencies can only be quantified by actual measurement of productivity in hot weather and then comparing with normal weather productivity.In the construction industry most of the contractors take careful note of variation in local and regional weather patterns, the norms andtrends, and based on these they schedule their construction projects.Thus, when a Project doesn’t start on time, or it gets delayed during the time of execution weather may become an all important factor in the overall delay, reducing planned productivity and efficiency.Hot weather and cold weather create ...
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Meanwhile, Plummer (2000) argued that perspectives of combining ecological models and remotely sensed data would focus on the estimation of accuracy, the issues of spatial and temporal scale, and long-term comprehensive datasets.The main reason of application of fuzzy model is the pre-existing and inherent uncertainty in data.More effective methods for increase accuracy of assessment and analysis of remotely sensed data are applying models which can combine in data layers.Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are used to combine the layers of data in the modeling of drought.Recently, IPCC (the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) in Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) concluded that South Asia and the Middle East would experience sever,...
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Additional reasons for providing weather forecast uncertainty information are to establish and retain user confidence and to avoid m is representing the capabilities of weather prediction science.” .When hazardous weather threatens their community, SKYWARN spotters form a communications network, reporting current weather conditions and helping the National Weather Service track the behavior of developing storms.The proponents will choice this project to improve the monitoring of weather, flood and information about the weather conditions.Fetty (2012) Today, Warning Coordination Meteorologists in 122 National Weather Service offices across the United States coordinate with over 290,000 trained volunteers to report weather conditions on ...
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So, as many sci... ... middle of paper ... ...carbon emissions will benefit agricultural yields and benefit humanity (Climate Consensus’ Data Need a More Careful Look).However, a minority group, scientists and public skeptics alike, believe this warming trend is merely a coincidence with the earth’s naturally cyclical climate, and that the activists are overstating something they know little about.There is too much uncertainty in how emissions actually have affected, and will affect the climate.This means that no one has any idea of what CO2 levels did to the earth’s climate before meaningful history.Upon moderate investigation, weather events that have been blamed turn out to not have any correlation.
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There was a sharp drop in oil palm yield in 1994 occasioned by a drop in all the weather parameters.Nienwolt S. (1982), Tropical Climatology: An Introduction to the Climate of the Low Latitude.This division when upgraded will play advisory roles on the effect of climate factors on the various crops that is cultivated by this institute.Monthly and annual temperature, rainfall and sunshine data were collected from the Agrometerological division, while the monthly and annual oil palm yield data were collected from the harvesting unit both data were collected for ten year periods.The Agroclimate unit of NIFOR should be upgraded to research division and the attached weather station should be well equipped with modem Agroclimatic facilities/eq...
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While the past and existing national policies and initiatives may have indirectly addressed climate change concerns under the context of sustainable development, the need to formulate a dedicated climate change policy is increasingly recognized.Though SPSS appears like a very user-friendly statistical package since it is the easiest method to translate the data into SPSS; this significantly reduces the preliminary work needed to explore new data.Most of them only concern about the impacts of climate change without knowing the exactly causes of climate change.The aim of the study was to develop a national policy and strategies on climate change in fostering sustainable development in Malaysia to meet the needs of the country and respond t...
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Tree ring data has shown droughts lasting a decade or more staggered throughout the state happening randomly since the 1600’s.[NG,2005] Drought also must be included when focusing on high impact weather in Texas.Annual tree ring data can give a precise year-to-year temperature and precipitation records.Texas climate cannot be simply explained by variations in mean temperatures and rainfall, but must be combined with variation in severe and high impact weather too.Texas climate is challenging to categorize because of its great size and varying topographic characteristics.
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Increasing sea levels, irregular temperatures, melting glaciers, extinction of species, and warmer oceans are only a few signs that worldwide climate is changing.Excess greenhouse gases in Earth’s atmosphere are leading to rapid climate change in the form of global warming and are irreparably harming plants, animals, and people.The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) explain that "climate is the 'average weather' over a period ranging from months to thousands or millions of years."As with other serious problems, the solutions to human-forced climate change require collaboration, flexibility, and creativity.An enormous part of the debate about the possible solutions to climate change revolves around the misapprehension ...
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Throughout this project we will be dealing with time series models based of data which has been collected over years and try to foresee future events based on the fundamentals patterns confined within those data.Moreover, it is helps to evade weather hazards.Finally the following is applied to rainfall and wind speed data.Mauritius has being confronted to drastic changes in weather conditions recently.We have already a weather station which is deploying its best methods for weather forecasting but is unable to predict accurately unexpected changes in weather, for example the recent flash flood in March 2013 or one of the most worst drought that stroke Mauritius in 2002.
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As one of the key compelling arguments to support climate change, including with extreme weather events and global temperature rise, the past and present evidence and future predictions for sea level rise are tied to both natural and human caused global warming.The potential catastrophic outcomes from sea level rise in relation to the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets and the large number of the population living in vulnerable areas presents many reasons for those that deny climate change to consider looking further into the research and data that is available.While the immediate issue at hand may be settling the dispute about accepting human causes and effects of and solutions for climate change, many also deny that the evidence for se...
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From Maine to the Midwest, locals are convinced that their weather conditions are the weirdest.Keith Heidorn, Keith, And Now…The Weather, Publisher: Fifth House, Jul 13 2005, pp.Keen, Richard A., Michigan Weather, Publisher: Two Bears Press, September 1993, pp.They’ll tell you about the big blizzard, the great flood, or the hideous humidity, convinced that decades of harsh weather have shaped the characters of the local people (Keen, 19-27).Furthermore, recent literature is largely silent on the question of how springtime low temperature risk is conditioned by antecedent weather patterns, that is, for example, whether a warm April is normally followed by a lower-than-average frost risk in May.
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According to a survey was conducted by the Oklahoma Climatological Survey in January 2003, the climate of Oklahoma positively affected the agriculture, commerce, natural resource development, government and the transportation.Some people cannot handle the change in the weather conditions while moving a place to another.Oklahoma is located in a temperate region and experiences occasional extremes of temperature and precipitation typical of a continental climate throw the whole year (ESRL: PSD: United States Climate page: Displays various climatological).OCS Climate Information Group.The climate is considered to be one of the warmest, and having positive effect to the environment and the economy.
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Although extreme weather conditions depend mainly on natural variability, yet the odds of heavy rain and heat waves will eventually occur.Thanks to modern industry.Nowadays, luxuries of life once enjoyed by only the super-rich and the privileged are now available to the ordinary person.What can be done about climate change?...ur weather, but we are the main reason for it.
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The official definition of manmade climate change is given by The United Nations’ report “Framework Commission on Climate Change”, as “change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods” (Bell, 2011, p. 45).The source of energy for the Earth’s climate is electromagnetic radiation, more specifically the sun.Carlin who was a senior research analyst at the EPA, wrote their “Internal Study on Climate” Report.This means that the sun is the main driver behind the climate, unless something else acts upon it.In fact, there is more evidence showing that the rise in temperatu...
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These computer models could not even predict weather from the past.The models are designed from past weather data and possible factors effecting the weather.The representatives claimed that the report also had “scientifically inaccurate statements about the potential implications of climate change for air pollution and human” (Torres 1 and 2).In order to make predictions about weather, people have designed computer models that estimate changes in weather patterns.Global warming wouldn’t be all that bad, but we do not have a way to tell if there is or will be any warming because of the difficulty to predict the weather.
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As water availability and weather pattern changes, farmers have the only option of changing their agricultural patterns to adapt to the surroundings.The changing weather pattern should be analysed... After researching on this topic, I am very much concerned about the effects of climate change on agriculture.This is usually prevalent among farmers who have a low income as they do not have enough money to buy these chemicals and the abnormal weather conditions frequently lead to crop failures.Farmers should be made aware of this pattern so that they can plan their practices to match with the weather pattern to ensure greater yield and productivity.
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