Welfare State In Britain Essays

Found 164840 essays.

New Right Ideology In Unsettling The Welfare State

The welfare state was built upon the assumption that there would be full employment for all (males) making sure that an individual would provide contributions and this in turn would make sure the welfare state wasn’t costing.However, people who were not in full-time employment who were drawing on the welfare state may not have made enough or any contribution to the welfare state causing it to become tested.With questions over the state in which welfare was being provisioned and the state of the economy at the time, was concluded a attack on the welfare state and system for the provision of welfare for many reforms and changes.Criticisms of the welfare state led to the ‘unsettling’ of the welfare state.The Conservatives sought to ‘reconce...

1638 words (4.1 pages)
Factors Leading to the Emergence of Modern Welfare in Britain Essay examples

Histories of the welfare state usually are much discussed.Primarily, this document considers the most elements which caused the emergence of the modern welfare state in Britain?Who securely routed the guide into a cooperative welfare state terminal.This was called the start of Britain’s modern welfare state, (Wilde, 2014) .The huge system of volunteer welfare services fused into the new administration scheme.

436 words (1.1 pages)
The Labour Government as The Creator Of The Welfare State Essay

legislation for creating a Welfare State Sir William Beveridge's .attitudes in Britain, the Beveridge Report and Wartime Socialism.contributions in to a state Insurance Fund.Welfare State."of these provided some movement towards a Welfare State and as such .

467 words (1.2 pages)
Liberal Government’s Welfare “Measures” Between 1906 and 1912

Perhaps it is from the set of the variety of means, in which the role of the State was extended, that explains why Liberals are viewed as founders of the Welfare State.Evans, E 1978, Social policy, 1830-1914: individualism, collectivism, and the origins of the welfare state.Page, R 1996, Altruism and the British welfare state, Avebury Publishers, London .Titmuss, R 1963, Essays on the Welfare State 2nd Edition, Unwin Publishers, London .A state that supports its populace from cradle through to the grave in the provision of a vast array of social services is called a welfare state.

1479 words (3.7 pages)
Welfare State Development in the UK

There emerged new and radical liberalism that called for increased welfare provision and the emergence of limited welfare states.Thane, P. (1996) Foundations of the Welfare State 2 edition Longman, London .In Britain the liberals originally achieved their aims for welfare state development with the 1834 Poor Law Act that finally replaced the long lasting but no longer effective act of 1601.Welfare states started to develop when surveys of poverty by people such as Charles Booth showed the inadequacy of welfare provisions that could not deal with poverty particularly with increasing urbanisation and industrialisation (Thane, 1996, p. 7).Four key theories of welfare state development are based around liberalism, Marxism, Neo-liberalism an...

2422 words (6.1 pages)
Welfare State: An Introduction to Social Policy

There emerged new and radical liberalism that called for increased welfare provision and the emergence of limited welfare states.The reforms needed to amend, extend and continue welfare state development would best be considered under a Post-structuralist framework.Based on the facts of aging populations with fewer people of working age paying taxes to fund welfare and benefits expenditure the latest trends in welfare state development tend to stress targeting expenditure to the most needy, providing value for money and preventing fraud.In Britain the liberals originally achieved their aims for welfare state development with the 1834 Poor Law Act that finally replaced the long lasting but no longer effective act of 1601.State provision o...

2189 words (5.5 pages)
Roles And Purpose Of British Welfare State

The welfare state involved introducing new services these included family allowances, the (Laybourn, 1995) this is where a major criticism lies within debates regarding the welfare state within current governments.In conclusion the welfare state was developed due to the number of factors contributed by world war such as unemployment, sickness and poverty.In the 1950’s the provision of welfare state services became problematic, government interventions at the time didn’t help and caused further problems so the Conservative government took over and cut the help given to the poor and sick.Regardless of Conservative critics of the welfare, new labour argued that new welfare policies were needed to improve poverty, inequality, health and educ...

1559 words (3.9 pages)
Achievements of the Attlee Government and the Birth of the Welfare State

The war had already prompted increased welfare provision.Britain was already a ‘welfare society’, if an incomplete one, before 1939. .Labour was building on a series of welfare reforms going back at least to the Liberals’ reforms of 1902-12.Labour was building on welfare reforms passed between the wars and even before 1914, but it did bring some of its own distinctive approaches to the social and welfare reforms of 1945-51.The key aims of the Labour government in 1945 were to take industry into public ownership, to bring in universal State welfare provision, and to set up the NHS.

1491 words (3.7 pages)
Social democracy as a force in contemporary britain

The advantage of Social Democracy is that Socialism uses the welfare state to abolish exploitation within the market system and destroy the division of society in class groups.There is also the belief of the hyperglobalisation thesis where states believe that if their state does not increase incentives for businesses to invest in their state businesses will go elsewhere.“The Third Way was used to mark out Labour’s departure from the politics of the Social Democratic state, signifying a reconfiguration of relationships between the economy and state.” (Newman.In the Labour revolution of 1945-1951 Britain was a planned economy, nationalised industry and expanded welfare state, a Social Democratic state.There are characteristics of the welfa...

1803 words (4.5 pages)
The Creation of the Welfare State

The Welfare State developed in the .improvement for the Welfare State, let alone a 'major' improvement.The introduction of the Welfare State was a major improvement in .Welfare State helped move society on to a .Overall, the Welfare State was an improvement but not an improvement .

2781 words (7.0 pages)
Welfare State and Social Policies in Britain

Asa Briggs’ classic essay identified three principal elements of the welfare state which were distinctive from the pre-war period.Although it is important not to overlook the pre-1940 foundations upon which the welfare state was built, one cannot deny that the concept of the welfare state was most fully realized in Britain between 1940 and 1970.Thatcher certainly espoused the merits of small government and individualism and bemoaned the high levels of government spending associated with the economic crises of the 1970s, but the welfare state had become entrenched in British society, practically to the point of no return.Of course, the ideal of the welfare state was never truly realized and disagreements regarding policy were common, but ...

1124 words (2.8 pages)
Service Provisions for the Homeless in Britain

The welfare state legally defined which organisations are obliged to provide services, namely government departments, local authorities, and voluntary or non-governmental groups (Jones & Lowe, 2002 p. 1).The welfare state was intended to reduce poverty through the payment of unemployment benefit, supplementary benefit, rent rebates, and Family Allowance.The main foundation of social welfare policies in modern Britain was the welfare state as established during the Labour governments of 1945 to 1951, which was intended to make poverty, social exclusion, and homelessness disappear from British society... Set out below is an evaluation of how social welfare, democracy, and government relates to the issue of service provision to avert o...

3270 words (8.2 pages)
Economic policies of Thatcher

Just because of this programme, Britain became the first welfare state in the world.In the report about the British welfare programs that Thatcher submitted to the Cabinet in 1984, there are some fairly radical view such as stopping funding to all colleges and setting up fewer scholarships to compress the education funding; cutting down the welfare spending and eliminating all the subsidies because of inflation; and individuals paying all medical fees etc..In the welfare policy, the Conservative Party returning to power in 1951 preliminarily reached a consensus with the Labour Party to left the major sections of the welfare state unchanged.In his view, economic welfare depends on both the amount of national income and its distribution am...

1942 words (4.9 pages)
Elimination of Poverty in the Welfare State Essay

Unemployment is still high although the state does .One of the aims of the welfare state is to eliminate poverty, .for the health and welfare of its citizens/subjects.The state uses .the Welfare state cannot be improved in this way.

479 words (1.2 pages)
The Welfare Provided For British People at the Beginning of World War Two

They were sent to a child prison school called borstal named after the village in which the first one opened.All these areas I covered were all part of the early welfare state and were all put in place to allow Britain to grow in to the powerful nation we know today.All the drugs and law acts passed helped keep Britain healthier and helped increase the life expectancy of everybody in Britain and also helped to create the welfare state.The children's act in 1908 forbade parents to neglect their children and you couldn't send a child under 14 into prison anymore.During the 1900's there was a growing fear that people of Britain were becoming degenerate.

576 words (1.4 pages)
How Successful Has the Welfare State Been in Delivering Equality? Essay

(1991) The state and Social Welfare: The objectives of Policy.These welfare programs are usually provided at public expense with little or no cost to the recipient of the services.The majority of those who have a reasonably satisfactory understanding of the welfare state will agree that the definition entails; a nation whereby the government undertake appropriate action to ensure the provision of social goods and benefits.(1988) Reasons for Welfare.Ÿ Dean, H (2002) Welfare Rights and Social Policy.

415 words (1.0 pages)
The origins of social welfare

However, most commentators incline to associate the term ‘Welfare State’ with the start of the modern welfare state of Britain in 1945 (Harris 2004, p.15).Contrary to this conception, in my view, the origins of welfare state could go back as the earliest medieval Poor Law which came into existence in 1349.On the other hand Roberts argued that the basis of the welfare state was laid between 1833 and 1854.Consequently, the social work was modernised social work as it brought together the separate department offering social services to different client group into a single social services departments (James 2004) .Subsequently, social work in Britain reached its peak and saw massive state social work expansion by 1970 with the implementation...

1666 words (4.2 pages)
The Success of the Welfare State Essay

The welfare state has had many positive achievements, including the .The Success of the Welfare State .suggesting that the state should not give away too much.I do not want the Welfare Stare to be removed because it has .the reasonable age, we receive state pension so that we can look after .

495 words (1.2 pages)
Marketisation of Social Care

In Finland, as in much of Europe, welfare provision has been dependent on social solidarity or the view that both the state and the society have responsibilities of care.The New Labour Government that came into power in 1997 have continued the welfare reforms introduced by the Conservatives laid out their welfare to work policies in a 1998 Green Paper which have been further extended in policy documents such as the New Deal 2004 and Youth Matters 2004.In a Conservative-corporatist state such as pertains in both France and Germany welfare services are only marginally influenced by market principles but they are not equally available to everyone.The ideal model of welfare is one of universal welfare provision where the state provides for e...

2382 words (6.0 pages)
Clement Attlee’s Government

One of the aspects of the introduction of the Welfare State was the nationalisation of part of the British economy.The damage had cost the government millions of pounds which could have been used to develop the welfare state.The successes of the welfare state for me far outnumber the failures.He made Britain a founding member of NATO and Britain received Marshall Aid from the USA.Britain’s foreign policy in the years that Labour was in power has been said by Peter Hennessy to show that Britain was still determined to be a great power, even if that meant spending a huge percentage of the budget on defence and less money being available for the development of the welfare state.

2702 words (6.8 pages)
History of Welfare in Ireland: Poor Law and Beveridge Report

This paper has aimed to briefly illustrate the changes in Ireland’s welfare system highlighting several factors such as the Poor Law (1598-1948) and The Beveridge Report (1942) that have played a significant role in the shaping of this welfare approach known as ‘residual welfare’, a system, aimed to be available if and when an individual needs its services.The development and implication of welfare provision in Britain is a lengthy and complicated issue, therefore this paper aimed to provide a brief summary of some of the key events leading to its present situation known as a ‘residual welfare system’.Universal welfare is based upon the premise that welfare services are accessible to everyone, usually determined on the basis of citizensh...

1122 words (2.8 pages)
Principal Ways of Financing the Welfare State Synthesis Essay

Kirkup, J 2013, ‘Autumn Statement 2013: Britain can no longer afford welfare state, warns Osborne’, The Telegraph, 2 December, p. 45.Although labour is still the main tax base for financing welfare states, the dilapidation of other means is highly influencing welfare state funding.The changes in ways of financing welfare states can be comprehended through the merits and demerits of the disparate techniques of financing and the varying demographic and fiscal perspectives that most welfare states are undergoing.First is the historical background of economical angle welfare state, which briefly discusses the welfare history in UK.Morel, Palier, and Palme (2012: 631) argue that this scenario has not played out in Britain, which is principall...

3527 words (8.8 pages)
The History Of The Social Welfare Sociology Essay

Welfare reform was a new labour agenda which led to a change on the welfare state.After 2010 the welfare state was identified by the incoming of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition there was change in the areas such as: healthcare, schools and social security.The conservative government discouraged individuals and families from relying on the welfare state and promoted business and private enterprise.Regardless of Conservative critics of the welfare, new labour argued that new welfare policies were needed to improve poverty, inequality, health and education.In conclusion the welfare state was developed due to the number of factors contributed by world war such as unemployment, sickness and poverty.

1924 words (4.8 pages)
A Study On The Social Policy Social Policy Essay

Essentially this means that regardless of who was in power from 1945 to the mid 1970s both parties agreed to the broad principles of the Welfare State, Interventionism and State Control of Industry.’ Governments strived to be philanthropic in their nature, to support people, to enable people to realise their potential.Essentially the five major components of the Welfare State were re-orientated in way to create a more flexible workforce, and a way where the principles of the market were the most important.Essentially he asked the questions: what has the Welfare state achieved thus far and, more importantly, what is the future?The welfare state for example is not some altruistic gift from government – it is actually paid for by the prolet...

2088 words (5.2 pages)
Labour Government And The Welfare State In Britain History Essay

Some historians think that the Labour government was not the creator of the welfare state (that they created a welfare state is undeniable) as there was a lot of previous work to build on from the Liberal government of 1906-1911, The National Government, and the Wartime Coalition .The Beveridge Report, published in 1942, proposed the creation of a Welfare State (A Welfare State is a system in which the government undertakes responsibility for the well being of its population).The most important factor behind Labour being the creators of the welfare state is that labour made the health service, national insurance and all the other changes for the entire country to benefit from, regardless of class or any other factor.All of this meant tha...

2288 words (5.7 pages)
Essay about The British Welfare State

This desire for the welfare state was rooted in many causes.One of the main motivating factors behind this desire towards a welfare state was the universal hatred of the so called "Poor laws."The idea behind the welfare state was to relieve poverty, reduce inequality, and achieve greater .social integration and solidarity, and in Britain these aims were sorely wanted after world war two .Poverty and Inequality in Britain 1942-1990 .

401 words (1.0 pages)
The Historical Development of the Welfare State Since 1945 Essay

The Historical Development of the Welfare State Since 1945 .The welfare state as we know it .of poverty so the new welfare state is based on ‘work for those who .creating equal opportunities despite social class or income group.In this task I am going to examine and describe how the welfare state .

496 words (1.2 pages)
Von Neumann Architecture Essay

There were important factors which stimulated the government to contemplate poverty (welfare system) as an important issue.The greatest social transformation in Britain can be traced back in early 19th century.The Edwin Chadwick report led down the first lime stone for the formation of the first health act in 1848 also Charles booth made an outstanding study on poverty and the Courses he argues poverty should not be linked with laziness or poor people should not be blamed for their states.The economy was market wise economy system(free market).There were no social welfare amendments or services provided by the state , it was commonly considered as commodity and they were mainly provided by private sectors or volunteers (philanthropy’s )....

434 words (1.1 pages)
How Effective Were Liberal Reforms In Tackling Poverty History Essay

But as Hill suggests it was an important stride, which led to the welfare state which fully alleviated child poverty.This is clearly illustrated in the welfare state when the NHS was established, enabling the right for all, to free medical treatment.therefore the immediate attempts made by the liberal government were limited, although it did ease the situation of poverty for most people, but the full impact of the reform can be seen in the welfare state which fully alleviated poverty, as noted by Harold Macmillan, who commented that by 1959 the British “never had it so good” , through the aid of the Liberal Government, so it is fair to say the liberal reforms were successful.These reforms were classed as stepping stones to the welfare s...

3615 words (9.0 pages)
Welfare and Social Policy

Restructuring the German Welfare State-Health Care Policy and Reform in Germany.This paper will address re-structuring of the Welfare State and its effects on social policy in Germany and the rest of Europe.It’s believed that the British adopted the welfare state that had a social insurance policy that had initially existed in Germany and which had conservatively guided Germany into considering the 1880s social insurance legislation the commencement of their welfare.Restructuring the Welfare State .Restructuring the Welfare State.Political Institutions and Policy Change.

1460 words (3.7 pages)

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