However, the contradictory perspectives, upon which these attempts have been based, have made the project of defining “literature” more complicated; they have constituted a hindrance to the production of an authoritatively established definition of “literature”.In conclusion, on the basis of what has been stated above concerning the two major reasons why “literature” is difficult to define authoritatively: the difficulty to distinguish between fact and fiction in literature; and the irreconcilable differences between the socially-based definitions of “literature” and the linguistically-based ones, indeterminacy remains the only true nature ascribed to “literature”.Theory of Literature.To elaborate on this definition, R. Wellek and A. War...
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Marxism and Literature.Colonial and Postcolonial Literature.This paper is, therefore, an attempt to shed light on the indeterminacy of the concept "literature" by explaining and extending on these two main reasons.Wellek, R. and Warren, A.To begin with, the concept of "literature", originated from the Latin word "littera", was introduced into English in the fourteenth century.
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The application of specific psychological principles (particularly those of Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan [zhawk lawk-KAWN]) to the study of literature.Psychoanalytic criticism may focus on the writer’s psyche, the study of the creative process, the study of psychological types and principles present within works of literature, or the effects of literature upon its readers (Wellek and Warren, p. 81).“It is a shift from seeing the poem or novel as a closed entity, equipped with definite meanings which it is the critic’s task to decipher, to seeing literature as irreducibly plural, an endless play of signifiers which can never be finally nailed down to a single center, essence, or meaning” (Eagleton 120 – see reference below under “Gener...
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NY: Kennikat Press, 1969. .The Norton Anthology of World .New York: Norton, 1992.Jebb, R. C. Homer: An Introduction to the Iliad and the Odyssey.Slatkin, Laura M. The Power of Thetis.
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Dictionary of Burning Words of Brilliant Writers.Gilbert, Josiah Hotchkiss.Both approaches share the same objective, in that they look to better understand literature, but their paths diverge on how exactly they go about this.Critical Inquiry (1978): 611-624.This particular description on the importance of books, fantastic as it is, can also easily be applied to the broader spectrum that books belong to, literature.
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A fierce Achebe radically condemns Conrad as "a thoroughgoing racist" in his article, arguing that Heart of Darkness is not a piece of great literature, but "an offensive and deplorable book" (Achebe 1791).Bucuresti: Humanitas, 2002.New York: Vail-Ballou Press, Inc., 1965.Toronto: Random House, 1993. .Popescu, C. M. Trans.
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Wellek, Rene, Editor, Dostoevsky, A Collection of Critical Essays, Prentice-Hall, 1962. .Wasiolek, Edward, Dostoevsky, The Major Fiction, Harvard University Press, 1964. .Toutonghi, Pauls.“Eviction.”1992.“Dostoevsky and Autobiography-Prison.” Web.
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Saïd also contributed to The Nation as a music critic for several years.Saïd became the Parr Professor of English and Comparative Literature, in 1977, and after the Old Dominion Foundation Professor in the Humanities ”.Said has been awarded numerous honorary doctorates by universities around the world and received the Columbia Trilling Prize and the Wellek Prize from the American Association for Comparative Literature.In November 2004, Beir Zeit University renamed its music school National Conservatory of Music in honor of Said.They were awarded the Princess of Asturias de la Concorde award.
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Throughout the day the point of view shifts between Clarissa Dalloway and Septimus Warren Smith, showing the differences between the two; almost in a contrasting fashion.Mrs. Dalloway surged us into a new generation of literature.Virginia Woolf broke down so many norms in the world of literature.One of the main themes in modern literature is destruction, “During the First World War, the world witnessed the chaos and destruction of which modern man was capable.This day with the inside view of a war torn Septimus Warren Smith is a good example of this destruction.
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unthinkable’ (Wellek & Warren 1963: 235).London: Longman Wellek, René & Austin Warren (1963): Theory of Literature.division in literature is between poetry, prose and .narration (Brooks & Warren 1972, 44).Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press Brooks, Cleanth & Robert Penn Warren (1972): Modern Rhetoric (Shorter 3rd Edn.).
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Putting things in this broad frame of reference one can well argue that all texts have been ‘influenced’ in some way or another, and that all works of literature are intertextual in nature.As S.S. Prawer says, comparative thematology enables us to examine and contrast the spirit of different societies and epochs as well as those of individual talents: for the same reason, literary studies cannot be divorced from study of literary style (102).First of all, the comparative study of themes and motifs enables us to see what type of writer chooses what type of material, and how the material is dealt with at various times.Now, this casual admission of fact by Wellek can be taken as an excellent launching point, though his statement may be some...
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In P. Lauter, The Heath Anthology of American Literature, 2nd ed.New York: Creative Education.The Love and the Separateness of Miss Welty.Ird.yahoopis.com .Warren, R. (1944).
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There may be a few times when there is a caring human, or a courteous animal, but that occurs very rarely.His writing really gets into the mind of a rabbit, and through these rabbits he celebrates the natural, undisturbed world in which the rabbits live ("Literature in Brief Information about Watership Down.").The inciting point is the cause of sub-division development ("Literature in Brief Information about Watership Down.")www.answers.com/topic/watership-down-2 .At the same time, Holly relays the story of what happened in their old warren, Sandleford.
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California: The Crossing Press, 1997.Our Dreaming Mind.Van de Castle, Robert.New York: Ballantine Books, 1994.Tanguay, Edward.
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: Philosophical Hermeneutics for the Church.Which Interpretation?Whose Community?Critical Inquiry, 4 (4), 611. .The New Criticism: Pro and Contra.
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12 Wundt emphasizes the importance of education for conditioning the will in a logical manner: “Rather must education pay most attention to that inner volition which is occupied with ordered thinking.In his Principles of Physiological Psychology, Wundt lays down the outline of a psychology that will be constructed using experimental techniques analogous to those of physiology (famously, a rigorous ... ... middle of paper ... ...h the individual mind with habits, inclinations, archetypes, and stereotypical modes of perception and cognition.17 Wellek (1967), encyclopedia entry on Wundt, Wilhelm, p. 350.14 Lectures, p. 314.To make this strong, to make this able to resist the distracting play of associations, is its most important a...
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The findings presented by Warren show that there is a strong contradiction in what the Supreme Court claims is the established rights of women to have an abortion and the actual state of affairs.One of the biggest issues, Warren states, with the current state of affairs for abortion is that the access to abortion differs radically by state.literature review, however, strongly supports the latter findings, suggesting that, in fact, there is support against the notion that medical abortions lead to long-term negative mental health outcomes in women.This literature review finds that most higher quality studies found almost no significant differences in the mental health outcomes of women who have had abortions performed and those who have n...
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Servant-leaders try very hard to understand and empathize with others, accepting them as they are, and as they come and go (Greenleaf, 2002).Bennis was able to grasp this truth, in that.Habit 5, Seek First to Understand, Then to Be Understood, that the would-be-leader must try his best first to identify with the other person before he himself expects to be understood by that person (Covey, 1900).Over 228 years of US Military fighting history and existence, only in the past 8 years, already two military volumes of the US Army on Military Leadership had been printed, as we have seen above: the year 1999 FM 22-10 and the year 2006 FM 6-22, representing the US’ foremost military leadership literature.Civilian leadership may be further subdiv...
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Walzl, Florence L. "Joyce's Dubliners: Substance, Vision, and Art by Warren Beck."Literature Resource Center.Studies in Short Fiction 30.2 (1993): 127+."Beyond the 'Holy See': Parody and Narrative Assemblage in 'Cyclops'."Twentieth Century Literature 45.2 (1999): 174.
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Warren watches out for his mom, to make sure she does not get hurt emotionally by his father Silas.The authors use of characterization and symbolism proves the theme of relationship, among Willy and his son Biff and spouse, and Mary and her child Warren, and spouse.Some are good and stay good some are good and go sour.As does Mary to Warren.Family's and there relationships are everything especially in these two pieces of literature.
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"Fanny Fern (Sara Willis Parton) 1811-1872."The Values, Ideals, and Actions of Fanny Fern Literature from the 1820âs to the 1860âs brought attention to the expanse of the American experience and gave rise to many unique voices.For twenty-one years Fern reminded people that America needed to work on it problems with literature, education, prisons, prostitution, venereal disease, family planning, divorce, education, child rearing, and rights for women.The Heath Anthology of American Literature.The Heath Anthology of American Literature.
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I thought it would be appropriate to start this chapter with a foreword, explaining the difficulties I had in obtaining relevant literature for this review.To confound matters, the only literature that had been conducted was extremely dated.Some social commentators have argued that Godkin’s work was the direct inspiration for Warren and Brandeis’s groundbreaking article, ‘The Right to Privacy’, that argued for privacy to be protected by law (Warren & Brandeis 1890).Indeed, it is the only comparable piece of literature I have found on the subject.Whilst informative, it does seem somewhat odd that this one-sided approach to the issue remains the only obtainable source on the behaviour of the photographer and their considerations of pri...
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They were wild type, petite, and rosette(McKeon and Warren, 2012).The plants were divided into three separate sections because they were sprayed with three different solutions: water for control, Gibberellic Acid (100ppm solution), and Cycocel (1:100 dilution) or B-Nine (McKeon and Warren, 2012).“Seed Dormancy and Effects of Plant Growth Substances on the Seeding Growth of Hog Plum (Spondias mombin) Linn..” Apr.San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings, 2010. .Reece, Jane B., Lisa A. Urry, Michael L. Cain, Steven A. Wasserman, Peter V. Minorsky, and Robert B. Jackson.
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New Critics like Cleanth Brooks, John Crowe Ransom, Robert Penn Warren and W.K.Michel Foucault is another philosopher, like Barthes, whose ideas inform much of poststructuralist literary theory.structure) rather than social or historical content; and that both bodies of thought were intended to put the study of literature on a scientific, objective basis.As a strategy of reading, “New Criticism” viewed the work of literature as an aesthetic object independent of historical context and as a unified whole that reflected the unified sensibility of the artist.“New Criticism” in this regard bears an affinity to the Southern Agrarian movement whose manifesto, I’ll Take My Stand, contained essays by two New Critics, Ransom and Warren.
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This was done by warren Hastings.This policy of warren Hastings holds good even to this day.This means all these defects prevailed until the Hindu and Muslim law was codified by warren Hastings.The same motives which dictated the preparation of a code of hindu law and also induced warren Hastings to promote the preparation of a comparable work in Muslim law, so that this love could also be ascertained and some authentic guide furnished to the judges to handle cases in that area.Of all the provisions made by warren Hastings for the administration of justice in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa, the most enduring, and most significant was that which prescribed the Hindu law to the Hindus and Muslim law to the Muslims, for certain heads of litigatio...
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Evanston, IL: McDougal Litell.132-208.Works Cited .Mass hysteria can turn seemingly innocent girls into cold-hearted killers who inflict pain on others.McDougal Litell Literature: American Literature.The town’s attitude towards the execution changed into sympathy for the people who had fallen victim to the girls.
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It seems that Warren is sure about his decisions because he has focused on stable earning and predictable ones.By Warren measures intrinsic value is the present value of the future .By looking in the historical data that would make Warren Buffett choice his investments, I agree with this element because it would give you a full look on the history of the company.The simple methods of investment strategy that Warren Buffett created are 8, I will discuss them in an individual bases, and write my honest opinion on each one of them.In the seventh element which talks about the proper research I totally agree with Warren Buffett at this point, an investor should do all the research that he could do before even thinking of a company or a Corp ...
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“There is a bond between him and the priest, a bond that they both recognize” (45), said Warren.Those who are unaware of it just go with the flow; it is “the contrast between the disciplined and the undisciplined” (49), as said by Warren.He has the “discipline of his profession” (Warren 49); he loves what he does and that he believes that sensual pleasure isn’t everything to life as the officers believe it is.In fact, it is a “compelling love story” (Warren 45).Frederick “is reborn into another world; he comes out into the world of the man alone, no longer supported by and involved in society…he makes a separate peace” (Warren 50).
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How modern workplaces have multi-stressor environments and that individual differences are not taken into account.The model predicts the core reasons for stress at the workplace which helps occupational health professionals to understand workplace stress better.Fourth, this type focused on improving the health by changing the work environment and promoting behaviours (Landsbergis, Schnall, Deitz, Warren, Pickering, & Schwartz, 1998).Karasek’s theory of job demand-control (JD-C) about work stress has had a great impact on the academic literature and job redesign (Bright, 2001).Al (1998) in their work about health risk behaviours that lead to cardiovascular diseases researched on employees who were engaged in behaviours like smoking, h...
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In “University”, the protagonist believes that he has become more educated compared to his parents, while in “Warren Pryor”, the protagonist feels as if education has degraded him.In “University”, written by Leona Gom, and “Warren Pryor”, written by Alden Nowlan, the poems present both negative and positive effects of education on society.“University”, written by Leona Gom, and “Warren Pryor”, written by Alden Nowlan, both show the positive and negative effects of education in modern day situations.Warren Pryor describes himself as a “young bear inside his teller’s cage”.In “Warren Pryor,” the parents “marveled how [Warren] [wears] a milk-white shirt on work days” as this not something a farmers working on the fields would wear.
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