‘Suicide in the Trenches’ by Sassoon is also a prominent example of trench warfare in literature.Blackadder goes forth focuses on the futility of trench warfare.As WW1 was considered the first ‘total war’ (it involved those in Britain and abroad), much of its literature features on the home front.All quiet on the Western Front – A novel by Erich Maria Remarque.For this reason the frontline trench was often dubbed the ‘forlorn hope’ trench.
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They were proved to be useless as modern warfare removed the momentum from conflict.The naval blockades helped starve the enemy.The Front stretched for hundreds of miles, meshed with complex trench systems and barbed wire.Railroads and roads were used to bring ammunition and troops quickly to the front, to restock losses.WW1 was the first total war- a conflict between highly industrialized economies and militaries.
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It was the introduction of trench warfare and the new more impressive artillery that dictated artillery bombardments as the most prominent battle feature throughout most of the war.It was trench warfare that dramatically changed the role of the infantry making the infantry men the backbone of the infantry charge.In conclusion, I have argued that the most significant change to weapons in the war was the transition from cavalry to infantry, brought about by the introduction of trench warfare and the boom in artillery.However, as trench warfare began to be introduced in the early stages of the Great War, the cavalry became far too vulnerable to artillery and machine guns.This marked change is very apparent when comparing the Western Front i...
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Source H has much strength as a source, even though it also has many weaknesses as an interpretation of the war on the Western Front.Artillery is shown in photograph B to destroy the enemies’ defences, so the attacker can advance and take the enemies fortification or trench, but the picture looks suspicious because there is a British soldier is standing over the remains of a German machine gun post and that would be unlikely in September 1916 and probably propaganda for current battle The Somme which ended in a stalemate and the trench also looks suspicious because a lot of German trenches were concrete and very advanced, but this particular trench is wooden and primitive.It coincides with the general feeling of front soldiers.The Govern...
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Artillery is shown in photograph B to destroy the enemies’ defences, so the attacker can advance and take the enemies fortification or trench, but the picture looks suspicious because there is a British soldier is standing over the remains of a German machine gun post and that would be unlikely in September 1916 and probably propaganda for current battle The Somme which ended in a stalemate and the trench also looks suspicious because a lot of German trenches were concrete and very advanced, but this particular trench is wooden and primitive.Source G is useful at explaining why the war lasted so long because the bad conditions, which caused trench foot etc., also lowered morale and hampered soldiers who fought.The source could be exagger...
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The idea was that the artillery would fire upon the enemy front line, and then progressively further and further away, with the advancing soldiers close (ideally100m) behind the line of fire.Then, in mid 1916, with the need for more manpower to break the stalemate on the Western front, the ‘Kitchener armies’ were introduced.The last thing that didn’t change was the geography of the front.By the time the war ended in 1918, over 10,000 planes were in operation at the front lines.“Punching the line” was when there were a series of little attacks along a large area of the enemy’s front line instead of a huge attack on a small area – the idea of pricking a plastic sheet many times with a pin to weaken it, rather than trying to punch your fist...
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The chief culprit for blowing this conflict out of all imaginable proportions was the trench style warfare, which in turn was developed as a response to the onslaught of machine guns.As the war advanced, machine guns were adapted for use on tanks on broken ground, particularly on the Western Front (where the majority of machine guns were deployed).The German, British, and French machine guns dominated the battlefields of the Western Front in 1914-1918, and have become one of the major hallmarks of the Great War.The relentless rapid gunfire from machine guns during World War I made armies abandon conventional battlefield tactics and adopt a new system of warfare called trench warfare.The number of grisly casualties on both sides was mount...
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A certain amount of blame can also be laid on intelligence officers and subordinate officers.He proceeded to place thousands upon thousands of guns along the entire length of the front.After all, it is lives that we are talking about, and you cannot just shrug it off and try to lay the blame elsewhere when you are directly responsible.But I think the majority of the blame must be laid on the Generals who failed to adapt to modern warfare.However, my conclusion is that public school boy generals like Haig have to take a substantial amount of the blame for the immeasurable number of casualties in WW1.
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Technical Warfare: Discuss the impact that the Industrial Revolution had on the course of World War 1.Stalemate was the result of a number of developments in military technology in the late 19th century and reflected the fact that the WW1 occurred ‘at a very particular period in history in military technology and transport.’ (Kennedy, P 2012) Success in the war was partly because of the advanced technologies in weaponry and communications.Units at the front line needed to know where their enemy troops were, while the commanders working behind the lines could only control their men if they had a reliable source of information.This caused higher casualties and trench warfare was introduced to keep soldiers safe while not attacking.Through ...
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The Germans lay low in these safe and comfortable trenches while the British bombarded the German front line with shells.Haig would have seen his best soldiers healthy and ready to fight for their country when desperately needed, but till that time he could use volunteers.For many people, the Battle of the Somme was the battle that symbolised the horrors of warfare in World War One, this one battle had a marked effect on overall casualty figures and seemed to epitomise the futility of trench warfare.This meant that many didn’t even make it to the starting line and could not attack; this would have been a huge disappointment as tanks were a major breakthrough in machine warfare.Haig thought about this but then he realised that if the Germ...
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There, they realize that warfare is a bloody, fatal dealing, although they are inspired by the attendance of their commander, wily veteran Stanislaus Katczinsky.And as horrifying warfare plods on year after year, Paul holds prompt to a single vow: to wrestle against the values of detestation that senselessly pits young men of the similar generation but diverse uniforms against each other; that’s if simply he can come out of the battle alive.He is overwhelmed and soon after admits to Kat and Albert, who attempt to console him and encourage him that it is simply an element of the warfare.This is a warfare film with direct conflict, damage and demise, even though there is slight gore.Paul’s mother cautions him against French women and infor...
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There are many reasons why soldiers fought in ww1 firstly; most men were pushed into by peer pressure.The most effective way to get people to fight in ww1 was peer pressure because if you didn’t fight you were considered a coward and no man wants to be a coward.Besides even when soldiers sent letters back home it was all covered up by censorship; censorship is when you cover all the bad words up in a letter any words that would not persuade men to join the army was taken out.Furthermore peer pressure was affective because people could them names if they didn’t sign up like they would called you yellow and other words like coward.Before men joined the war they barely knew anything about warfare they thought it was just pride and glory.
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It is the custom here for troops to take turn about in the front lines of trenches, one division taking a number of sections of the front trench for three days then moving back to the second line for another three days and then back to the third line, then back again to the front line.I just finished digging out the trench and adding on the duckboards for preparation for tomorrow’s warfare.I have been up into the front line and just came back yesterday, conditions are not exactly pleasant there, but one feels they are doing their bit and finds out what our troops had to put up with during the past seven or eight months.Afterwards, we fire in front of them into the early-morning mist in a ritual dubbed the “morning hate,” to doubly unsure...
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World War I was the last time that the tactic of trench warfare was ever used.When the allies reached the trench, they soon realized that they could not break through the line that the trench provided.In order to prevent the trench from caving in, sandbags were stacked against the trench walls.44 divisions (nearly one million men) were transferred from the Eastern to the Western Front ready to face the British and French.Many viewed trench warfare to be an effective tactic against enemy advancement.
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Because of the inhumane nature of these weapons, many leaders of the world questioned the correctness of their usage and as a result, modern warfare has evolved to factor in society’s concerns for the moral and ethical elements of warfare as well as recognise how this type of war affects the human consciousness and psych.Instead of utilizing fatal or disabling poisons, they opted for tear-inducing irri... ....only massive worldwide change, but also intense psychological transformation.... middle of paper ... .The first country to officially begin using chemical warfare was France.
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Trench warfare was a very perilous technique of armed conflict.Trench Foot was another medical condition peculiar to trench life.A separate, but related event to trench warfare was the great influenza pandemic.The movie “All Quiet On The Western Front,” illustrates life in the trenches perfectly.The amount of lives lost using trench warfare was hardly worth the amount of land gained.
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Remarque has them killed, brutally injured and mentally destroyed, all to prove how terrible war can truly be.It portrays the horribleness of war through the German soldiers; Baumer and his companions.All Quite on the Western Front symbolizes war exactly.” During WW1 men between the ages of 18 and 30 had to enter the military draft.Through this novel we can truly go back and see the experiences of WW1 soldiers and how the war changed them in every way possible, as a result All Quite on the Western Front is considered one of the best war novels ever written.
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By the end of the warfare merely fifteen had been built.The Americans did have tanks in addition to Germans but Germans used tanks sometimes but stuck with making chemical warfare.(History of military tanks of WW1) .Because of this the tank was the most quickly urbanized weapon structure in the history of warfare (History of the tank).As War were fought in the trenches which is when opposing armies on the Western Front had dug miles of parallel to protect themselves from enemy first.
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On the whole, aerial warfare cannot be said to have played a fundamental role in World War I, as it did in World War II.* Battle of Somme .* Battle of the Marne .* As the Battle of Somme began in the summer of 1916, Allied airplanes flew freely over the Front.– Key tasks that aircrafts could perform were discovered, experimented with, and refined: observation and reconnaissance, tactical and strategic bombing, ground attack, and naval warfare.
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All three armies left complex trench systems behind them and as they became grounded, a ‘war of movement’ became a ‘war of position’.Nothing had prepared the BEF’s troops for this new type of warfare.In trench warfare there was very little room for manoeuvre, no flanks were exposed and no circling or pincer movements could be carried out.This etiquette was also demonstrated in the Christmas truces in 1914 up and down the Western Front.The wires were more often then not cut by exploding shells, so the communication between the trench and advancing troops was poor.
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Without sufficient resources, Germany would not be able support its soldiers on the Western Front, as a restriction of food and munitions would cut off the vital resources needed to sustain the German army in France.America took a long time to mobilize, but eventually over 250,000 American troops were being sent to the Western Front by March 1918. .Why was the stalemate broken on the Western Front?With such effective methods being used to a greater extent, it became evident that trench warfare could not sustain such forms of fighting, thus contributing towards the overall breaking of the stalemate.Trench warfare had begun in 1914, and was the ultimate cause of the stalemate, with both sides only making small advances at a time.
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Source 2: A trench at Lone Pine after the battle, showing Australian and Turkish dead on the parapet.The bayonet for the SMLE rifle.Source 2 shows a trench at Lone Pine after the battle.The standard issued Lee-Enfield was about half a meter long, with a 43cm blade and handle.It was in 1914, when the British Government decided to interfere with the Western Front and weaken Germany, by attacking Turkey.
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Germany also put in a naval blockade around England.The standstill started a whole new type of strategy, trench warfare.The trench warfare for most of the war was at a stale mate.Most Europeans of that time were stubborn and the Germans were known to be belligerent people and the French to save their hides and the war’s cause had no option to just not budge.They were killing Russians without much trouble but the English and French offered trouble so they had to stay in the western front and continue trench warfare in order to weaken the primary fighters in WWI.
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Russia also started war on the eastern front and Germany had to face the armies on both the fronts and could not win the war as per the Schlieffen Plan.French people resisted the advance of Germany with the help of Britain Army because of trench warfare and the usage of guns and tanks.The war didn’t finish by Christmas 1914 because France and Belgium put up resistance to protect their countries.Germany had planned under Schlieffen Plan to march to Paris both from Eastern and Western sides but due to British Forces on the Western Side, Germany could move towards Paris only though the Eastern Side.The main lesson learnt about warfare was how to conduct the battle from trenches.
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In the fall of 1914, a series of battles occured in the region of northern France known as the Western Front.How did it affect the fighting on the Western Front?By early 1915, armies on the Western Front began digging long trenches to protect themselves from opposing armies.War was also going on in a region known as the Eastern Front, which strecthed along the Russian and German border.July 3rd 1916 We had a number of reinforcements sent to us, and paraded at 9-30 p.m and moved up the line to Foncquevillers a little to the north of Hebuterne and were billeted in cellars, turned out to work at 11-p.m and went up the trenches and in places we were waist deep in water, and at last got to the fire trench and went on top and put out 150yds of...
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Adolf Hitler banned All Quiet on the Western Front in Germany because in order for his plan of strengthening Germany and taking over the world to succeed he believed he had to instill nationalism in every German citizen and make them believe that Germany could be the most powerful country in the world; All Quiet on the Western Front showed weakness of Germany and bad conditions of war that would make German soldiers less confident and less willing to fight and make German citizens less supportive of a war.Even though All Quiet on the Western Front showed bravery of a group of young German soldiers, the novel also showed the horror of trench warfare and the terrible conditions of war....of all German people of a war in order to fulfill hi...
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The role of Canada in World War I may not be remembered as significant, but their gain of true independence and improved warfare is to be greatly appreciated.“Canada’s Part in the Great World War.” Old and Sold.History of the Americas- Course Companion.Berliner, Leppard, Mamaux, Rogers & Smith.His parliamentary followers backed his opposition; this united front, however, was built more on circumstances than it was on deeper political principles.
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Adding to the atrocities of trench life, were the horrible scents lingering there: (source E) the smell of the mud, human waste and decomposing bodies.However, contrary to this evidence that the WW1 generals were all ‘donkeys’ there is evidence to prove otherwise.Less widely known is the fact that 78 British and Dominion officers of the rank Brigadier General or above died on active duty in WW1.The question being – where the soldiers of WW1 brave men, sent to their deaths by incompetent officers?Anyone who wants to criticise the generals of WW1 will immediately refer to battles such as the Somme or Passchendaele – the most horrific, and where the British suffered most loss.
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Lice were among many of the other problems faced in trench warfare.The devastating conditions of trench warfare proved to be a major catastrophe in World War I.Many chores within the trenches consisted of refilling the sandbags, repairing the trench boards that lined the floors in the inside, and draining the trench of an access of water.The reason being was so that if the trench was infiltrated with enemies the enemy would not be able to gain access to the hole trench, but rather only one point Another reason for the zigzagged trenches was to compress a bomb or bomb shell if it landed in the trench.A combination of air attacks, mortar bombardment, and tank invasions soon overcame trench warfare.
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Two late entries into the war both came in on the allied side and further attracted the Central Powers from the Western Front even if for a short time.There was no stabilizing front or the kind of siege warfare that was typical of the Western front.This astonishing success required Germany to yet again move reserves off the Western Front in support of the fragile Austrian army.Instead, it was heavily engaged on both the Western and the Eastern Front, on the latter sustaining substantial forces on Austrian territory to prop up its Hapsburg ally.” .On both sides of the trench line that made up the Western Front, the high commands would eventually reach the conclusion that, on the densely defended Western Front at least, to break through th...
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