In certain areas of the southern Western Ghats, the bonnet macaques seasonally intrude into the rainforests and become transiently sympatric with lion-tailed macaques and Nilgiri langurs (Sushma, 2004).Nilgiri langurs are usually found in tropical evergreen forests of the Western Ghats at an altitude of 500 meter above sea level (Sunderraj, 2001; Sunderraj & Johnsingh, 2001) whereas the Hanuman langurs are distributed all over the Indian subcontinent-including several species/subspecies such as (Kumara et al, 2009; Sharma et al, 2009; Karanth et al, 2010; Karanth, 2010).Nelliyampathy is a Hill Station on the Western Ghats mountain ranges in Palakkad, Kerala.Since there is a lack of systematic and long-term study on rainforest Hanuma...
2502 words (6.3 pages)
The carpet layer of herbs and grasses can not grow because very dense layer of leaf canopy of trees does not allow enough light to reach to the ground.Common subdominants in these forests are Mangifera, Eugenia, Myristica, Pterospermum, Polyalthia, Elaeocarpus, Schlechera, Artocarpus, Memeocylon, Poeciloneuron, Cinnamomum, Diospyros, Sapindus, Vitex, Holigarna, Alstonia, Hardwickia, Spondias, Dendrocalamus, Calamus, Bombax, Veteria, Calophyllum, Pandanus, Cedrela, Tetrameles, Strobilanthes, Emblica, Michelia, Ixora, Hopea, Lagerstroemia, several species of ferns and orchids.Forests have rich carpet layer of herbs, grasses ferns and orchids.Characteristic feature of these forests is dense growth of evergreen trees intermixed with deciduou...
358 words (0.9 pages)
When they touch base at the sanctuary steps, they break the coconut here and proceed forward to get the flash of the Master.Area: Western Ghats, Kerala Devoted to:lord Ayyappa Entry:free Photography:allow Sanctuary Timing:6:00am to 10:00pm Noteworthiness: Heavenly journey of the Hindus Going to Timing:30 Mins Best time to Visit:oct to Walk Closest Track Station:kottayam, Chengannur Closest Airfield: Thiruvananthapuram About Sabarimala Sanctuary Sabarimala is a Hindu journey focus spotted in the Western Ghat mountain reaches of Pathanamthitta Area in Kerala.sabarimala Sree Dharma Sastha Sanctuary, devoted to Master Ayyappa, is the most acclaimed and noticeable around all the Sastha sanctuaries in Kerala.Individuals originating from rest o...
414 words (1.0 pages)
The main portion of Western Himalaya lies in J & K state comprising 67.5 .The Western Himalayan region is one of the 12 biogeographic regions of India and includes Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttaranchal.These species are distributed in more than 4000 genera occurring in diffenent ecosystems from the humid tropics of Western Ghats to the Alpine zones of the Himalayas and from Mangrooves of tidal Sunderbans to the dry desert of Rajasthan.Out of the 25 biodiversity ‘Hotspots’ identified in the world (Myers, 1990), India has two, namely Eastern Himalaya and Western Ghats.The wide variation of rainfall patterns in the Western Ghats, coupled with the region’s complex geography, produces a great variety of vegetation types.
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One can stay near the paddy fields or tea plantations and take regular hikes in these places.Besides luxuriant and flimsy bionetwork of sultry rainforests, Kerala as well has some extraordinary eco-tourism destinations in the form of its thriving emerald backwaters, palm-fringed sea-shores, rambling tea and spice plantations on mount gradients and many national parks and wildlife sanctuaries heaving with remarkable assortment of wildlife.The typical way of eating which on a banana leaf can be experienced if one decided to try out the home stays.Western Ghat is also one of the world’s 18 hotspots of bio diversity.For eco tourists, Kerala has no dearth of activities.
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Most bracket forming species are found growing on , , that are medicinally important and used as folk medicine in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala (Vaidya and Rabba, 1991).It is hoped that the recent phylogenetic studies on the molecular data will provide new and objective means for the classification of and related genera.Similarly in the Western Ghats of Karnataka and Kerala the fruit bodies growing on are also used as medicine.This mushroom is known as Sang-Hwang in Korea, Song Gen or sanghuang in China and Meshimakobu in Japan (Wu ., 2012) In India, especially in Western Ghats, many species of are used in the day to day life as folk medicine to cure teeth, tongue and throat related ailment, to stop excess...
2791 words (7.0 pages)
Aromatic pickle mango (locally called and GI tagged) is a special type of pickle mango harvested and semi-domesticated from rivenrine habitats of the Western Ghats.In the central Western Ghats of Karnataka state, India, these effervescent fruit types are locally termed as “ ” and extensively collected from the wild habitats even today.In: Uma Shaanker, R., Hiremath, Ankila J., Joseph, Gladwin C., and Rai, Nitin D. (eds).European J. Agronomy, 7:15-23. .Vasudeva, R., Hombegowda, H.C., Uma Shaanker, R. and Ganeshaiah, K N., 2003, Strategies for domestication of NTFP yielding species: A case study from the Central Western Ghats.
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Edge of the Darbhanga Ghat and Munshi Ghat are quite dead because of the fort wall but still we can observe activities there.If the success of the ghat is to be evaluated y applying parameters suggested by the Project for Public Space, the rating would be poor.However, care has been taken by those who developed ghats on river to ensure that the river is not canalized by embankments as we see at other places.Ghats are present day riverfronts.Ghats are perhaps the best example of evolved places.
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The best time to visit this place is probably between the months of October and May.This sanctuary is at Mananthavady in Wayanad close to the Western Ghats.The Western Ghats of Kerala are lush, verdant and consist of dense and thick rainforests.This sanctuary was formed in the year 1983 by a very famous and learned Indian ornithologist, Dr. Salim Ali.The rivers Shenduruny and Kalatupuzha are at its very centre.
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The Laterite soil is broadly spread in India and is basically found on the summits of the Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats, Rajmahal Hills, Vindhyas, Satpuras and Malwa level.Southern Black Soils (SBS) .Southern Light Soils (SLS) .The light soils existing in Prakasam and Nellore districts constitute the southern light soils (SLS).Aside from the Himalayan region, this soil is also found in the Western and Eastern Ghats and in some parts of the Peninsular India.
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Another of the biggest cities, Bangalore, is located where the Penner and Palar rivers meet, in the south of India, in the verge of the Eastern Ghats.India Physical Map.Bombay, the most populated city in India, is located in the western coast of the country, in the Western Ghats.India Geographical Map.Forest Vegetation Map of India.
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Afterward environmental awareness increased dramatically in India.Achieved a major victory in 1980 with a 15-year ban on green felling in the Himalayan forests More than 1,00,000 trees have been saved from excavation.The movement has spread to many states in the country.Generated pressure for formulation of a natural resource policy.Started protecting forest slopes and Restoring bare ones.
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.. Varanasi has its own airport, the Babatpur airport, that is about 25 km from the city centre.This temple, unfortunately, was also the site of a vicious terrorist attack but that failed to diminish the faith of the devotees who still throng to this temple in large numbers to pay obeisance to Hanuman.Durga Temple: Is another temple of worship and is presided over by Goddess Durga.By day, these ghats witness frantic activity of devotees wanting to take a dip in the holy waters and by evening, these ghats turn into a magnificent spectacle of lights – it is here that the Ganga aarti is performed in the evening.The city is well connected by rail and road with other cities in India.
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One of the most appropriate places you can visit is Kerala, the lowermost state of India with Arabian Sea on the west, Indian Ocean below and towering Western Ghats on the east.These resorts will take you close to nature where you can explore wildlife, practice some trekking and jive with rare birds apart from relishing a luxurious stay.If you want to be comfortable, opt for extensive packages that facilitate your stay even though you are close to nature.In these forests, you can see the best of wildlife totally unhindered and unrestricted.For this purpose, there are many wildlife resorts available in Corbett national Park, Bharatpur, Periyar, Ranthambore and Nainital.
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...f cork borer (6 mm), and extracts (80μ/l) were added in each well.The MIC of Phellinus test samples were carried out by broth dilution method.The test tubes were observed for growth of microorganisms.The concentration of Phellinus samples extracts was 2 μl/ml to 1024 μl/ml [5,10].A set of test tubes containing 9 ml broth medium was prepared, to the first tube a known concentration of Phellinus sample extract was added and the solution was mixed thoroughly.
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#3 Nestled between the pristine waters of the Arabian sea on the west and the lush Western Ghat mountains on the east, its intense network of rivers and lagoons, thick forests, exotic wildlife, tranquil stretches of emerald backwaters and a long shoreline of serene beaches make it a traveler’s paradise.The major tourist destinations in the State include Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Kovalam, Thrissur, Kozhikode, Munnar, Palakkad, Alappuzha, Kollam, Kannur, Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, and Sabrimalai.In Kerala you experience freshness and touch of mother earth everywhere.The backwaters of Kerala are unique attraction to tourists.The biggest among these backwaters is the Vembanad Lake, with an area of 200 sq km, which opens out into the Arabia...
441 words (1.1 pages)
From Otsu’s point of view, every world religion has true God in itself, but …Endo was known for his harsh criticism towards European stiffness regarding the idea of God being addressed in one and only true way which is prescribed in Catholicism.As Otsu says in the book, his mentality affects his perception of the European Christianity.He was outcasted by the society in general.“In the final analysis, the faith of the Europeans is conscious and rational, and these people reject anything they cannot slice into categories with their rationality and their conscious minds” (p. 117, Deep River).
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Formation of modern Kerala, on the basis of the language (Malayalam) spoken in the territory, was thus an enforced affair.And it was made a state in the Republic of India on 26 January 1950.Still, only about half of Kerala was unified.Under the new set-up that was emerging in India, all princely states had to give up their claims to sovereignty and merge with the Indian Union.But, that dream of a separate country in the Indian sub – continent, did not become a reality.
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Nearest railway station is at Nanjangud town (55 km) and Mysore (80 km).Nearest airport at Bangalore (220 kms).Hot summer months can find people getting away to the enchanting hill towns of Ooty and Wellington.June to September is the monsoon season.Other places of interest are the 3 other reserves of Nagarhole, Mudumalai and Wayanad, the famous Vrindavan Gardens and Shrirangapatna fort of Tipu Sultan.
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He traveled the western coast of India from Surate to Calicut.A railway line, built across the Western Ghats, connects Mangalore to Hassan.It is also the largest city on the coast of Kanara and the part of the Western Ghats called Malnad.The city is a plain 30 km inland from the coast that turns into hilly, undulating terrain strongly to the east in the Western Ghats.Mangalore is located on the west coast of India has an average elevation of 22 m above sea level and is bounded on the west by the Arabian Sea and on the is by the Western Ghats.
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 Siegel MR, Latch GCM., Expression of antifungal activity in agar culture by isolates of grass endophytes, Mycologia, 83(1991) 529–537.67(4)2003: 491–502.Despite the wide distribution of grass along the central Western Ghats of Karnataka only limited work has been done for their association with fungal endophytes. Raviraja N S, Fungal endophytes in five medicinal plant species from Kudremukh Range, Western Ghats of India, Journal of Basic Microbiology. Gary Strobel and Bryn Daisy , Bioprospecting for Microbial Endophytes and Their Natural Products, Microbiol Mol Biol Rev.
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The price is from £25 per night, this will change depending on how many nights, rooms and people there are.The type of visitors to travel to Goa would be couples, as Goa has many romantic areas, perfect for young or old couples.The average daytime temperature in Goa is about 25°- 30°, it has little if not any rainfall from December to April, from then on it rains roughly 3 days in May, 24 days in June, 28 days in July, 27 days in August, 14 days in September, 6 days in October and 3 days in November.It would also be good for educational purposes, as there are many colleges, courses, resources and people are able to study abroad.Goa’s landscapes are remarkably varied, ranging from thickly forested western Ghats mountain range in its inter...
593 words (1.5 pages)
The cable car ride to reach this temple is very popular amongst tourists and pilgrims alike... Like the other dhams in Uttarkhand, Jolly Grant airport in Dehradun is your best bet to reach Haridwar... Hari – ki – Pauri: This is a ghat constructed on the banks of the Ganga by king Vikramaditya to commemorate his brother Brithari’s penance to invoke divine blessings... Neel Dhara Pakshi Vihar: A bird watcher’s delight, the Neel Dhara bird sanctuary is situated approximately 3.5 km from the city.Mansa Devi Temple: Situated atop the Bilwa Parvat and offering a panoramic view of the city below, Mansa Devi temple is the place to go if you need your desires (mansa) to be fulfilled.
467 words (1.2 pages)
An increase in popularity of eastern spirituality in the Western world brings many tourists here.It is however important to remember that as residents of the global north we are poor judges of what is truly beneficial to these regions.Some facets of Western lifestyle however not only replace traditional culture, but also are directly contradictory to them.(Kala: 2008) A preserved site is the Ghats in Pushkar, a Hindu pilgrimage site.This is the result of many youth trying to emulate Western tourists (Kala: 2008).
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This is because the ground gets baked hard and the soil is unable to absorb the water easily.The action of heavy rain is stronger when there are no trees and the plains are bare.As the human population increases, the demand on the land also increases.Improper use of land leads to soil erosion.Sheet erosion is common in the Himalayan foothills, in Assam, Western ghats and Eastern ghats.
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This era was witness to the emergence of Travancore as a parallel commercial and cultural center which had the good fortune of being ruled by a long lineage of elite monarchs.In this contemporary era, Kerala is bereft of its Syrian Christian population as well who have migrated to the Malabar region in search of fertile and cultivable land.Over the years, the state has been witness to radical reforms introduced in favor of farmers and laborers and has also experienced mass exodus of people to the Middle East Asian countries in search of wealth and employment.Like the rest of the country, people in Kerala expressed their discontent against the British rule through numerous revolts and uprisings during the 18th and 19th century and the sta...
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Coal India (state monopoly), which supplies nearly 80% of coal production, fails to meet the targets set by the five-year plans.The government plans to increase the share of nuclear power in its production to 25% by 2050, against 3% currently.Since 1990, the automobile industry has grown from a production of two hundred thousand to more than a million and a half units manufactured in the context, often, of joint ventures between Indian manufacturers and firms Western.The electricity production deficit is estimated at 10% for the whole country in 2012.Rice is thus the staple food of a large part of the Indian population, it thus occupies nearly a quarter of cultivated areas, particularly in the regions of the lower Ganges plain as well as...
3557 words (8.9 pages)
Nearest airport is Cochin at 200-kms and Madurai in Tamil Nadu at140-kms.Hire a taxi to reach periyar.The best season to visit Periyar wildlife sanctuary is from the months of October and June.Most of the rainfall occurs during the southwest monsoon from June to September.Periyar is located in biodiversity hotspot of India ie.the Western Ghats in God?s Own Country, Kerala.It is home to rare, endemic and endangered flora and fauna.The biodiversity value of this national park can be understood from the fact that the park is home to 62 species of mammals, 320 species of birds, 45 species of reptiles, 27 species of amphibians, and 38 species of fishes.In last century a dam was built on the river falling in this area which led to the formati...
714 words (1.8 pages)
After an hour’s delay at the Aricha ferry ghat, it took us another hour to cross the river.The other half of our journey from ferry ghat to Khulna was torturous.The next day, everyone woke up early and prepared to leave.I was honored to be given the chance to light the fire.From there on, we sang and Akter sir danced and overall the camp-fire was a success.
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His reaction to the western influence represents the most typical response so far.Therefore Vivekenamda rejected many of his own traditions but did not absorb any of the external influences either such as Islamic and Christian traditions.Especially western ideas in this case.Western Science and philosophy began to establish itself.For the Liberal minded a western education was the key to improving the lot of the average Hindu.
1383 words (3.5 pages)