“The Tradition of Political Science”.For example, some would argue that models of democracy are essentially a Western invention, as with the concepts of bureaucracy.This approach came from the Canadian tradition, and is divided into two branches.Also, the basic frameworks of analysis and the basic assumptions of the discipline is in fact very Western, and uses the Western civilization as the model of government or model of replication.People follow a certain leader because tradition and culture endows authority to that leader.
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* Max Weber-Traditional, Rational –Legal and Charismatic Authority –By Dana Williams .Those who govern or rule either have, or appear to have, a legitimate legal right to do so.As a political or legal system develops in this rational manner, authority takes on a legal form.It blocks the development of rational or legal forms of authority or acts as a barrier to the development of more rational or legal forms of authority characteristic of western societies.Rational-legal authority (also known as rational authority, legal authority, rational domination, legal domination, or bureaucratic authority) is a form of leadership in which the authority of an organization or a ruling regime is largely tied to legal rationality, legal legitimacy a...
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Chaste--ie, Without ornamentation or self-indulgence .This imquiry must be: (divorce from classics and new marriage) .It must follow rules and the correct method for acquiring knowledge.Undertaken with Christian humility and reverence, and directed toward charitable use (eleviate human suffering) .... middle of paper ... .
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There were disagreements between the popes and princes of Western Europe that gradually worsened.In Western Europe, the Germanic tradition was splitting property among sons.Christian populations followed the religious guidance of the pope of Constantinople and the pope of the Western Church had similar authority.Between 1000-1200 western Europe transformed from subsistence farming where only basic needs were met for food, shelter and clothing to growing population and agricultural production.Its political power came from trade rather than from landholding like the manorial system of western Europe.
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Graves, Florence and Norrgard, Lee.Marx writes the "legal and political superstructure" of a society will arise from the "mode of production of material life conditions for general process of social, political and intellectual life" (Marx Critique 20)."Money to burn: How Chicago's traders get their way on capital Hill.""Legal education as corporate ideology: Student adjustment to the Law School Experience."A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy.
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Some juries are appointed as major juries.The jury is not very common in the court system other than the British and American common law tradition.Every four weeks, two groups of seven juries will be selected.Another major jury group to be held Tuesday and Thursday 2 days a weekThe court will only gather the jury's report only if every effort is made to make effective use of the jury's time and the jury is planning to start the trial on the second day.
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Europe before the war has been separated by the Huntington Line which marked the countries of the Orthodox Christianity and Islam in the East and the Western Christianity in the West.Geographically, the United Nations classify the countries of Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands, Switzerland and Liechtenstein as Western Europe.After the war, the imaginary line separating the countries of Europe should have been completely eliminated and be regarded as historical events which made Europe into a powerful and stable union of nations.This separation is however biased and discriminatory as it has been thought that Slavic culture is inferior with that of the Germanic or Western culture.Nationalists and those conc...
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This can be the contribution of Islam to Western societies”(11) In return the West has to control its arrogance and reassess its stance towards the rest of the world.Islam offers much to Western societies presently dominated by the anarchic demands of rampant ‘isms’: individualism, materialism, consumerism and secularism.The continued existence of Israel is not negotiable, but the ways in which Western nations have treated the concerns and sensibilities of the Palestinians have not been sympathetic enough.Western attempts to propagate ideas about Western civilisation as ‘universal civilisation’ have resulted in significant reactions against a new imperialism: ‘cultural imperialism’, ‘human rights imperialism’, and so on.The whole panoply...
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The issue of advance directives depends on many religious questions which can be discussed from different perspectives separately, but their combination in relation to the problem of advance directives provides the next barrier because of the challenges to find the single appropriate decision.The situation is complicated with the fact that according to the religious beliefs, it is impossible to reject the necessary treatment and it is impossible to make the decisions about euthanasia or suicide.It is necessary to respond to many traditional visions of the Muslim understanding of the death concept to use the Western concept of advance medical directives in these countries.If the idea of advance medical directives is rather typical for the...
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Parliament can delegate the legislative process to local councils, legal authorities and government ministries.Common law is, along with civil law in continental Europe, part of the western legal tradition.The Federal Constitution is the result of ten years of discussion, having "roots in British legal tradition and Australian democracy" .In Victoria and Western Australia the tribunal is called the Victims of Crime Assistance Tribunal.Most statutes are meant to be applied primarily, not by legal practitioners and judges, but by those who make administrative decisions.
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In addition woman make up seven out of the five hundred highest paid executives in Australia’s top one hundred and fifty firms (Najaman, Western 2003: p. p 89-112).While woman have entered industries, which were traditionally dominated by men (such as mining), they often pay a high cost for non-conformity through bullying tactics that include isolation and harassment (Najaman, Western 2003: p. p 89-112).They concluded that in 1999 woman accounted for only 4% of company directors and 12% of senior management positions in firms with more than 100 employees (Najaman, Western 2003: p. p 89-112).This is examined in the works of Claire Williams and John Western who explored the hierarchical relations of a number of dominant industries in Austr...
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In conclusion, Eastern philosophy is more about, the scientific aspect of philosophy without questioning the practically of it.Many postmodern philosophers believe the only variant of Eastern and Western philosophy is that of Geographic’s however some scholars will disagree that it is not geographical but of natural language and investigated thinking.All cultures involved have lived their lives by means of experience and by doing so they have gotten the best out of their lives.Even in religious culture, they do not question the beliefs but rather embrace them without fear of judgment and ridicule from others.Eastern religions have not spent as much time as western philosopher questioning the nature of God and his role in the creation of ...
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While western women with a dramatic growth in democracy and decline in colonialism fought for their rights, Filipino and Indigenous women are still lived under double oppression, cultural and legal.The other group is western women.Western women are also experience domestic violence, sexual harassment and emotional abuse but the number of women suffered from domestic violence is lower in comparison with Filipino and indigenous communities.It is possible to say that emotional abuse is the main form of domestic violence among western women.Women’s Rights .
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Sates and political systems become hegemonic by turning their ideological priorities into universal principles and values....nforce foreign-policy with nationalistic agendas, under the banner of human rights.... middle of paper ... .Allows western states to breach HR .Human rights laws are dominated by national policy goals.
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All the happenings stated above are the gifts of Western culture to our Indian culture.Therefore instead of saying that Western culture ruins our children it will be appropriate if we guide our younger generation with what to choose and what to discard from the Western culture.This is becoming popular day by day in our country only because of the impact of the secular nature of the Western culture.If one glances into the past, we find numerous examples where Western cultural ethos has helped to remove superstitions, fallacies and disastrous acts from our own Indian culture.The Western concept of ‘Divorce’ was introduced in the country thus giving an opportunity for the husbands and wives to separate legally and live independent and honou...
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A playwright himself, he adapted many of Shakespeare’s plays to the Thai stage.Recently, some of the classical plays have been successfully revised by shortening episodes and by introducing modern stage techniques and devices.Many Western works have been translated.(See also Music, Oriental.)In modern times Thai writers have made use of Western literary forms.
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In the words of Sterling and Moore (1987: 75), “Although Weber denied that he was posing a unilineal process of rationalization, he did tend to view legal systems as moving from irrational to rational, and from substantive to formal rationality.” Moreover, Weber links his typology of law to his typology of politics.Legal theory and social theory.Modernism, which dominated Western society throughout the 20th century until the 1960s, assumed that all human enterprises should be conducted according to the principles of universal rationality, with a strongly centralizing tendency emphasized in all social institutions.Once again, according to Sterling and Moore (1987: 76), “As law becomes rationalized, it becomes its own legitimizing principl...
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Western organizations with their democratically-based ideals determine which organizations to set up or to fund.Indigenous priorities may be segregate, which would not resonate well with Western nation and therefore not receive funding, thus limiting the development of associationalism to those gro .Western organizations create the platforms, supply funds, and secure offices and equipment.Particularly, the development of civil society and its institutions depends on the state and its activity in creating political, legal and others conditions.Fauson states that organizations in Kazakhstan were not created by the grass-roots desire for change or to have an impact on policy, but rather were based on the priorities of the Western donors.
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Rather, it refers to a social relation of each of a number of individuals as a consequence of those individuals participating in the same evolving tradition.So, if we talk about nationality .While most states aspire to become nation-states in this sense, they tend to limit their claims to legitimacy to an aspiration for political unity and popular sovereignty that, even in old-established Western states, risks being challenged by ethnic communities within their borders.This is, of course, a peculiarly Western conception of the nation.When those individuals not only participate in the same tradition but also understand themselves as being different from those who do not, then there exists a self-designating shared belief, which is called ...
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Many oppose the idea of allowing homosexual marriages, in truth it is against religious beliefs.In society marriage presents an amount of faithfulness, aspiring towards fidelity.The act of marriage is a sanction between traditionally complementary sexes (male and female) universally seen as a heterosexual ritual.It is widely recognized as a ritual between both man and woman.Publically opposing the idea of marriage by homosexuals openly shows bias towards equality of citizens under the law and places heterosexuals and homosexuals on separate planes as human beings.
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2.1.1 Legal system.“The Legal System in Hong Kong”. It is the first time the Chinese Empire (Qing Dynasty) encountered with a western European country in the battlefield.For more than a century, Hong Kong is considered as the bridge between the mainland China and the western world.These differences vary from the legal system, the election to Human rights.
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Even though most of the students went back to the city they still passed their re-educated values gained from countryside to their off springs; which is completely different with western countries.According to Tian (2007), a western businessman pointed that it is common that lots of people from carious government departments and commissions (such like planning, economic and foreign trade commissions and the like) get involved in the negotiation team.According to Pye (1992) and Tian (2007), some western businessmen argued this as a negotiating ploy.In other words, the root cause of this phenomenon is the indifference of Chinese legal concept.Lots of western negotiators argued that the Chinese brought up proposals for revising what had bee...
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Since 1956, Indian laws treat males and females as equal in matters of inheritance without a legal will.Western writers and media usually misses, in important ways, crucial aspects of Indian culture and traditions. There is a considerable inclination in the Western countries to distance and highlight the differences in Indian culture from the mainstream of Western traditions, rather than discover and show similarities.The study reports a stark contrast between Western perceptions of the culture of India, versus the direct experience of the interviewed people.For generations, India has had a prevailing tradition of the joint family system.
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In modern times, where Western societies have attempted to formulate a comprehensive definition of race, an overwhelmingly white / Caucasian identity is invoked as the societal norm, with others who are not a part of the white definition cast in the position as a racial ‘other’.Malik, Kenan (1996) The Meaning of Race: Race, History and Culture in Western Society (New York: NYU Press) .The legal definition of racism is at once subtle and bluntly constructed.There is little question that racism is endemic in the progression of the development of all Western nations.Keita, L. (2002) The Western Journal of Black Studies 26: 1, 55 .
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Under the international background of the globalization, the development of our national culture is facing the severe test, and full of new opportunities.In legislation, the Chinese government has Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn festival, Qingming traditional festival of the national legal holidays.We have a lot more than western things, there are also many less than western.This situation makes the Chinese people pay more attention to the Western festivals.The process of cultural globalization will inevitably lead to world culture full range of conflict in the world field “, occupy a leading global cultural transmission performance for the US-led Western culture in the position of the dominant culture.
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Political (Legal) Factors .As UK and HK are using the same legal systems, it would be easier for the management of Tang Dynasty to understand the legal environment of UK as well as when there would be any dispute between others within the designated territory.Ricky W. Griffin Sixth Edition, International Business .Whether Chinese herbs could be widely recognised and accepted in the UK will be another issue as most of the westerners will believe in western medicine more than Chinese medicine.Also, knowledge of Chinese traditional medicine and use of herbs is lack in most of the western countries as people rely on western medicine rather than Chinese traditional medicine.
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For example a monarchy in Western Europe can get authority because they ruled the populace over a long period of time.Functionalist view conflict in a negative manner.Even the traditional authority can exist in modern democracies because the people respect the monarchy or authority of monarchy at least in a limited symbolic head of states in Western Europe.According to Max Weber authority can arise from tradition, charisma of certain powerful people or from legal-rational.Conflict and struggle take place as different groups work to maximize their benefit in the same time other groups loose.
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Seven centuries ago Marco Polo stood in awe of a different kind of Gujarati business men- the ordinary merchants of Lata who according to the Venetial traveller “are among the best and most trustworthy merchants in the world; for nothing on earth would they tell a lie and all that they say is true.” Isn’t this an example of the difference between India and Bharat?In the western conception of Individual freedom and liberty, morality is a shackle.It would be quite wrong to assume that the traditional, classical reliance on individual and situational self-control was completely abandoned…threats of punishment of are not purely secular…as most legal commentators have assumed…transgressions of Dharma are also seen as sins, which require penan...
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The damage that Indian culture has experienced can be broken down into three parts which are, pursuit of wealth, complex of the west and the most essential of all the power of western media.Undoubtedly, western culture and Indian culture are poles apart.It had started get fixing with western clothing, western languages, western mannerisms and everything else westernized.Bangladeshi culture is influenced by three great religions- Hinduism, Buddhism band Islam in successive order, with Islam having the most pervading and lasting impact.Mostly, the young generation is very much interested on English movies, western music, dresses, foods and other things rather than Bengali culture.Openness and self dependency are a few words that define wes...
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Gestures and traditional customs might have completely different meanings than those in modern Western countries, such as Western Europe, Australia, North America or Canada.Japan is doing more and more business with Western countries, mainly with the US and the EU, therefore many Japanese and Western businessmen get together in business meetings and negotiations both in Japan and overseas.The cultural differences of doing business in modern Western countries and Japan are often restrained, but they are reflected in everyday business activities and may also affect negotiations and contracts between Western and Japanese enterprises.The Japanese are adopting the Western business style and a more legalistic approach to business dealings.Nego...
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