For her part, University of Michigan president Mary Sue Coleman expressed her intention to continue the fight for a diversified campus.I have asked our attorneys for their full and undivided support in defending diversity at the University of Michigan” (Lewin).On October 16, 2000, twenty Fortune 500 companies which included 3M, Abbott Laboratories, Microsoft Corporation, and The Procter & Gamble Company filed a joint amicus brief supporting the University of Michigan.According to his statement which was released by the Office of the Press Secretary, although he was supportive of racial diversity in colleges and universities, he did not approve of the method employed by the University of Michigan.The result was a considerable drop in ...
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The University of Michigan Should NOT Use Affirmative Action .29 Oct. 2000. .Carl Cohen is the professor of Philosophy at the University of Michigan and has been since 1955.Jennifer Gratz, Patrick Hamacher, and Barber Grutter have filed lawsuits against the University of Michigan for being denied admission based on their race.The University of Michigan is racist and should accept the students with the best grades and ACT scores no matter what race they are.
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Only in this case can the University of Michigan hope to select the best and the brightest and create a balanced, cooperative student body on its campus.The Michigan Bar Journal .University of Michigan’s admission policies have aroused a great deal of controversy.Chetly Zarko in 2003 edition of the Michigan Bar Journal states that “the U-M system most egregiously discriminates against one group: poorer, non-minorities”.Considering applicants from the viewpoint of their race, University of Michigan treats them unfairly.
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Much like the University of Dayton’s policy is those found at Wright State University.At the University of Texas, four white students sued the university for being rejected, even though they had been accepted.These guidelines allow the university to make wise choices about admissions.The University of Dayton does have special opportunities for minority students to come and experience the university.Policies similar to the University of Dayton’s and Wright State University’s and many other colleges around the country are important examples of effective methods of handling admissions.
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This type of policy can be repealed completely, replaced with a college admissions process that favors first generation college applicants, or replaced with a policy based on an applicant’s socioeconomic status.In Michigan, the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals rul... .Last summer, the Supreme Court ruled against the use of race in the college admissions process in the case of Fisher v. University of Texas.This country was established on the ideals of equality for all races, and affirmative action goes against all these ideals.Many people are pressuring colleges to change their admissions policy and abolish affirmative action.
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In fact, at universities who have done away with race-based admissions, such as the University of Texas at Austin, the number of minorities enrolled decreased.For example, in addition to the 1996 case of Hopwood v. State of Texas, the University of Michigan was also sued.Bowen, W. and Bok, D. (1994) The Shape of the River: Long Term Consequences of Considering Race in College and University Admissions.They did a study on Harvard and University of Michigan law school students.Ward Connerly, a University of California Board of Regents member and opponent to race-based admissions, states that this type of policy perpetuates racial inequality (Connerly B6).
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Academic Search Premier.Should universities eliminate affirmative action polices that give preferential treatment in admissions to minority status?History Reference Center.Chace, William M. "Affirmative Inaction: Opposition to affirmative action has drastically reduced minority enrollment at public universities; private institutions have the power and the responsibility to reverse the trend."17 Aug. 2011. .
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With this in mind the courts made the right choice to allow the law school of Michigan to continue to promote diversity.For those reasons, the court’s decision is lawful.In other words the policy allowed minorities to have a chance of getting into the school and then they compare GPA, act, sat, etc.Also promoting diversity in the school improves people’s social education so when they go out into the real world they can handle any type of relationships.According to Thomas, “there is no compelling state interest in Michigan maintaining an elite law school, due to the fact that a number of states do not have law schools, let alone elite ones.
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Harvard Education Publishing Group, 2001. .Defending Diversity: Affirmative Action at the University of .University of Michigan Press.Diversity Challenged: Evidence on the Impact of .and the Search for Alternatives.
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The opinions of the Supreme Court justices in affirmative action cases have been generally divided partly because of conflicting political beliefs but moreover because the issue is basically so complicated.But in 2003, the landmark case involving the affirmative action policies of University of Michigan, which became one of the most imperative rulings on the issue in 25 years, the Supreme Court finally and positively supported higher education’s right of affirmative action.At present, statistics proved that affirmative action has helped strengthen the black professionals’ ranks, yet African-American in general has been left behind.The Court held as constitutional the use of race, among other aspects, of the University of Michigan in its ...
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In fact, the University of Michigan rates their potential applicants based on a point system.Affirmative action was created to end discrimination, but it seems it is only creating more.This policy leads to reverse discrimination, lowers standards, is unconstitutional, and is stereotypical....h, the students are ill-equipped to handle the schools they have been admitted to because they have not had such high standards in high school (Messerli).The University of Michigan is known to participate in this practice.
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Many students here, in this classroom, will or has seen the affects through their college admissions.Surely I will be there by your side proposing this change!As Martin Luther King once said, " I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a world where they are not judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character."# At Stanford, there has been discrimination in favor of racial minorities in admissions.C. I am asking you to take a stand against Affirmative Action and support equality of all US citizens.
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He claims that minority status is more or less irrelevant in college admissions and that class is the determining factor.Newsweek has a story on this same debate which has hit the nation spotlight once more with a case being brought against the University of Michigan by some white students who claimed that the University’s admissions policies accepted minority students over them, even though they had better grades than the minority students.... middle of paper ... ."Affirmative Action."Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service.
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Rose states, “…The Court rejected the University's admissions practices because the University automatically awarded points to minority applicants based solely on their race” (Rose4).LII / Legal Information Institute."Schuette v. Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action."The case has been in the making for over eight years, originating from the state of Michigan in 2006 from the introduction of Proposition 2.The next case, Gratz v. Bollinger, followed the same lines only dealing with University admissions as opposed to the Law School admission process.
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Another issue that rises with affirmative action is that minority groups may gain an image of inferiority since the whites may think that a black student was able to enter the university or a black person is able to get a job only because of affirmative action even if the black person has all the necessary qualifications (Hoffman).The Supreme Court has handed out its decision in the Michigan University case and the decision maintained that the school may use the race as part of the admission policy to maintain the diversity of the student body.The affirmative action program would work better if it would remove barriers for those who have the credentials to succeed instead of giving them a definite advantage in admissions.Voters in Califo...
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We will observe the effects and outcomes on minorities from California’s Proposition 209, which banned the use of affirmative action in admissions at the enormous University of California system and why states ought to adopt similar measures.For over four decades many states’ public universities have used race in the awarding of admissions preferences for minority applicants.Affirmative Action: State Action.It is the author’s sincere desire to influence state policy makers to ban the use of racial preferences, ideally through voter referendums, in public universities vis-à-vis admissions and that preference points ... .The consequences in terms of cost in time, money, and loss of self-confidence are dire.
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Throughout these periods, the opinions of the Supreme Court justices in affirmative action cases have been generally divided partly because of conflicting political beliefs but moreover because the issue is basically so complicated.Rather than tackling the whole policy, the Court has approached majority of the cases in a piecemeal manner, focusing on its narrow features.Amendments to eliminate the Disadvantaged Business Enterprise program sponsored through the Transportation Bill were rejected by both houses, and the upper house rejected an endeavor to abolish the use of affirmative action in higher education admissions programs supported through the Higher Education Act.The 1978 decision of the United States Supreme Court in the Univers...
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At Southern Methodist University in Dallas, for example, Young Conservatives of Texas offered cookies at different prices.Supporters George E. Curry, a strong supporter of affirmative action (AA) knew it would happen when anti-affirmative action supporters would begin to poke fun at the decision made by the Supreme Court on the University of Michigan landmark case.However since we will never live in a colorblind society, I believe that there should be monitors to make sure that all admission and hiring is done on the up and up.AA does not cure all of America’s social ills, but it can help eliminate the gaps between the average incomes and educations levels of different races.No discrimination and no reverse discrimination.
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The Supreme Court upheld the University of Michigan Law School's policy, ruling that race can be one of many factors considered by colleges when selecting their students because it furthers "a compelling interest in obtaining the educational benefits that flow from a diverse student body.The most important affirmative action decisions since the Bakke decision were in the landmark 2003 cases involving University of Michigan’s affirmative action programs.Allan Bakke, a white applicant, had been denied admission twice to the University of California Medical School at Davis, while less qualified minority students were being accepted.Two cases, first tried in 2000 and 2001, were involved: Gratz v. Bollinger, which challenged the University of...
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The ten percent law has improved economic and geographical diversity because it draws the top students out of every part of Texas.Affirmative action is an issue that needs to be educated to people because it affects everyone at some point in their life.Although many college admissions officials feel that affirmative action is the only way to promote diversity, these policies should not be used as a deciding factor in college admissions because they are a form of reverse discrimination, hurtful to students, and unconstitutional in law.George W. Bush even stated that race-neutral policies are more successful than the policies of affirmative action.The Hispanic population has increased by 29% while the African American population has increa...
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One of my close friends received an acceptance letter from the University of Michigan and I couldn’t believe she got in because her score on the ACT test was very low.The lawyers of Barbara Grutter are already working on her appeal against the university, which will bring the issue even more controversy.A case that revolved around affirmative action recently occurred at the University of Michigan campus last year.A bitterly divided federal Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled 5 to 4 in favor of the school's race-conscious admissions policy.Williams, Walter E. “Affirmative Action can't be mended.” Cato Journal 17 (1997): 1-10 .
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“Affirmative Ambiguity.” The Washington Post.Some people believe that instigating affirmative action in the college admissions process would create a diverse education.Thernstrom, Abigail.“Affirmative Actions; Colleges Rulings Add Insult to Injury; Court’s Upholding of Admissions Preference Glosses Over Need for Better Early Schooling.” The Los Angeles Times.Paul Gaston, a university professor who has taught for more than 40 years, witnessed the changes on campus and claimed that “befo... ... middle of paper ... ... affirmative action likes a wheelchair for the un-needing.
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Sometimes affirmative action can seem unfair to Caucasians who may qualify can feel a sense of discrimination themselves it can create a hostile environment if not dealt with properly Nancy Cantor a woman who is the Chancellor at The University of Syracuse is in favor of affirmative action and hopes that the process will improve in the future and create more harmony and understanding and that all people will be treated with respect and dignity.Another set of terms that are found in the textbook is Affirmative Action which is a political, and social controversy about race and equality when hiring potential employees or admitting students into a college university usually this involves minorities who may or may not have the necessary crede...
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“Universities record drop in black admissions.” The Washington Post.Court’s upholding of Admissions Preference Glosses over Need for Better .29 June 2003. .“Affirmative Actions; Colleges Rulings Add Insult to Injury; .By 1978 the first controversy in college admissions arose in the Bakke v. Regents of the University of California case.
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“An important policy lesson concerns the disproportionate emphasis on standardized tests in college admissions despite growing evidence that high school grades are stronger predictors of college success” (Niu & Tienda 65).As evident in old United States affirmative action court cases, unfair policies were sometimes implemented.In a perfect world, we would not need to rely on complex systems to ensure everyone has an equal chance at higher education.Texas, alongside other states across America, sought alternatives they hoped would enrich diversity.Sadly, the majority of these programs were unable to sustain the healthy amounts of diversity the universities once knew.
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Chronical of Higher Education.The applicability of these programs in today's American society has been challenged by people ranging from the everyday "Joe", who is finding reverse discrimination in the workplace, to college applicants, who are finding that it takes more than good grades to get admitted, to the Supreme Court, who is finding that some college admissions policies are unconstitutional and promote diversity through unfair means.in Michigan, the state legislature is conducting hearings on the "fairness" of affirmative action.28 April 1995: A12.Williams, Ronald.
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The University Record.Capitalism Magazine.The six of the judges believe that the defined number system is in many ways similar as having a set quota in admitting minority students , which was banned in the case of University of California v. Bakke of 1978.In Bakke's case, the University defends itself for having such quota with the fact that admitting minority students into medical school can help improve social discrimination because the minority are less likely to have the education or the financial status to go to a medical school.The Supreme Court ruled the University of Michigan's point system unconstitutional in the undergraduate level, but kept the same system for the Law school.
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* Winter, Greg."Affirmative action edict may affect how wind blows in governor's race."* Rothman, Stanley."Is Diversity Overrated?"However, Bush also criticized the University of Michigan for showing prefe... .
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When affirmative action applies to college admissions, it produces reverse discrimination because certain groups are rejected because of the need of diversity.Even if affirmative action is meant to be “positive discrimination” for those that are undermined, it harms this group more than the purpose of this practice, therefore, affirmative action has no place in college and shouldn’t be considered as a factor in admissions.Race is predisposed to humans the minute they’re born and to give additional points to a speci... .... it should be eliminated.Affirmative action hurts minorities more than it benefits them because they realize that they aren’t academically prepared when placed in classes with highly competitive students, leading this g...
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“Tuition for Year 2004/2005.” New York State University, 2004: Undergraduate Catalog.“Tuition for Year 2004/2005.” Michigan State University, 2004: Undergraduate Catalog.The in-state and out-of-state tuitions at Penn State are at least $2,000 more than the tuitions for attending Michigan State (PSU Registrar 2004).Let’s consider Michigan State University , with an enrollment of nearly 35,000.The Pennsylvania State University is one of the biggest state universities in the nation, with over 40,000 students currently enrolled in that university system.
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