The history of philosophy is full of dichotomies.On the other hand, Western Philosophy is the philosophy found in the Western countries which is classified according to era beginning with Greek Philosophy, Medieval Philosophy, Renaissance Philosophy and Modern Philosophy.In Eastern Philosophy, their religion is integrated with their philosophy and is considered as their way of life.Eastern Philosophy is the philosophy found in the Asian continent which includes Indian Philosophy such as Hinduism, Chinese Philosophy such as Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism, Japanese Philosophy, such as Zen Buddhism and Iranian Philosophy such as Zoroastrianism.“God in Buddhism: Is there One?” Hollisticshop.co.uk.
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Let’s move back to the question at the beginning—“Is the world around us knowable?” The different answers toward it imply the real reasons behind the differences between Eastern and Western philosophy and that is the ways they look the world.The difference between the methodology of Eastern and Western philosophy is also a big concern.One of the greatest reasons for the difference between Eastern and Western philosophy is geography.The fact is the methodology of Eastern and Western philosophy is extremely different from each other and we cannot use the definition of Western philosophy to judge Eastern philosophy.Western philosophy can be divided into Ancient Greek philosophy, medieval philosophy, modern philosophy and contemporary philos...
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Historically, western philosophy began in Greece.MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY Medieval Philosophy was the period predominantly composed of philosophers who were concerned with proving the existence of God and with reconciling Christianity/Islam with the classical philosophy of Greece particularly that of Aristotle .Eastern Philosophy In the East, philosophers have been more concerned with ordaining society in a harmonious manner, finding humanity’s proper place in society and nature, acting and thinking in a way that would promote unity and order in the universe.The eastern world chose to embrace religion as their main pursuit of knowledge, while the western world broke philosophy into a bunch of different branches.Ancient western philosophy had ...
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Thus, if we talk about philosophy, we talk about a school of thoughts.Eastern philosophy is based mainly in Asia, more specifically the Chinese philosophy.Summary: * Western philosophy is mainly used in the Western parts of the world, such as in the European countries, while the Eastern philosophy is prevalent in Asian countries.PHILOSOPHY greek meaning “love of wisdom”, encompassed the love of all wisdom, but only in recent centuries came to refer to a special branch of enquiry, separate from other sciences, such as “natural philosophy”.Anaximenes * one ruling material principle is air; imperceptible.
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Western Individualism and Eastern Collectivism .The essence of the Eastern world view is the awareness of the unity and the mutual inter‑relation of all things and events, the experience of all phenomena in the world as manifestation of a basic oneness.The Western idea of democracy does not fit into the Eastern scheme of things easily.As Greek and Latin are to Western civilisation, so classical Chinese is to East Asian civilisation.Western civilisation based itself on the struggle between the Good and Evil, God and Satan or Psyche and Cupid.
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The Western idea of democracy does not fit into the Eastern scheme of things easily.Western civilisation based itself on the struggle between the Good and Evil, God and Satan or Psyche and Cupid.Eastern philosophical thought is based on this notion of the Yin and the Yang.The essence of the Eastern world view is the awareness of the unity and the mutual inter?The Eastern traditions refer to this ultimate, indivisible reality as Brahman in Hinduism, Dharmakaya in Buddhism and Tao in Taoism.
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Asian architectures are also different from that of the Western as can be seen with their museums and temples.Asian cuisine is also very distinguishable with western cuisine.Therefore, the themes and myths behind the Western and Eastern culture are different in such a way that the Western culture is focus in modernization while the Eastern culture is seem to be centered on traditions.The Western and Eastern Culture .Western Culture .
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Instead it was the name given to the relationship between Eastern European countries and Western European countries along with the USA.I believe that the other causes of the Cold War can only be put in chronological order to show their importance, as one cause led to the other; the long term causes led to short term causes, showing a knock –on effect.For that reason, the root cause, in this case communism vs. capitalism is the most significant cause, and the following causes are arguably just as important as each other.The Berlin Blockade would also probably not have occurred, as the system of government within Eastern European countries would not have clashed and either side would therefore not have been worried about Germany joining th...
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The Tables established the basic principle of the legal code.The Beginnings of Rome: Italy from the Bronze Age to the Punic Wars (Circa 1,000 to 264 B. C. ).London: Routledge.The Roman Empire built the foundation by which western civilization (as we know it today) was created.The the Greek-speaking, Constantinople-based Roman Empire is commonly referred to as the Byzantine Empire (also the Eastern Roman Empire).
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In Eastern thought education is viewed as expanding ones knowledge and curiosity for self-fulfillment.A young Eastern student murdered a professor, innocent by standards and himself.Adversely Chinese Philosophy is based on Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism which has the central theme of harmony.“Greek philosophy thus differed greatly from Chinese in that it was deeply concerned with the question of which properties made an object what it was, and which were alterable without changing nature of the object.Greek Philosophy did not rely on the senses but heavily relied on logical reasoning.
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Indian philosophies were several traditions which included but limited to, Hindu philosophy, Buddhist philosophy, Sikh philosophy, Jainism and Carvaka (atheist school of thought with ancient roots in India).Eastern religions have not spent as much time as western philosopher questioning the nature of God and his role in the creation of mankind.East Asian Philosophy includes Confucianism, which is a complex system of moral, social, political, philosophical, and quasi-religious thought that has had tremendous influence on the culture and history of East Asia, Taoism which refers to a variety of related philosophical and religious traditions that have influenced Eastern Asia, Shinto which is the indigenous religion of Japan, Legali...
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Salinger expresses his beliefs through Holden in the novel.Salinger attempts to push the reader into their own journey, in which he or she might wrestle between Western and Eastern thought in a similar way as he did.As a result, he began to read about Eastern Philosophy after the war.Eastern philosophy influenced Salinger greatly after he served in the war, and in turn The Catcher in the Rye is influenced by that philosophy.The eastern principles he learned about were appealing to him, so he decided to model Holden Caulfield, the protagonist in The Catcher in the Rye, after Siddhartha Gautama, who is commonly known as The Buddha.
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With Buddhist principles ingrained in these teachings Hesses educates us about the key to true happiness and accepting life.Hermann Hesses’ Siddhartha shows an inspiring story of a man’s life and his rise to greatness.This novel was a milestone in sharing eastern philosophies with the western world.These Buddhist ideals that led Siddhartha to enlightenment can be applied in our lives too.People everywhere are able to relate to these valuable life lessons Siddhartha exemplifies.
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The Ethiopian Orthodox priest is the greatest expression of the distinction involving Western and Eastern Christianity.There are various corollaries of the Ethiopian Orthodoxy belief on religion, including the notion of Trinity as well as the philosophy of history.While the Western Christianity is hailed as one of the foundations of government primarily in the European regions, the Eastern Christianity, particularly the Ethiopian Orthodoxy, remained distant with the workings of politics and societal affairs.Discussion Ethiopian Orthodox Church is considered as the primordial of all Eastern Christianities though the Armenian Orthodox Church is also termed as the oldest strand of Christianity (Yesehaq, 1997).As how the Orthodox Church expr...
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To name a few of these concepts, immortality, self-perfection, and asceticism, are just some of the prominent concepts in one particular Eastern religious tradition, Daoism.Nevertheless, in contemporary times, and with the arrival of Eastern philosophy, religions, and traditions in the West, many people are turning inward and using a tool believed to have more power than an atomic bomb, the human min... .However, contemporary philosophers and scholars of Eastern thought and tradition are trying to establish an open discussion about these ancient ideas and beliefs that are alive and well in the 21st century Eastern Asia.In short, the world has been separated by Eastern and Western philosophy, cultures, traditions, and religions.While ther...
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 Modern era New trends have emerged during 19th and 20th centuries due to challenge of western philosophy and Modernity to traditional Islamic philosophy.Eastern philosophy Main article: Eastern philosophy In the West, the term Eastern philosophy refers very broadly to the various philosophies of “the East”, namely Asia, including China,India, Japan, Persia and the general area.Ancient philosophy Further information: Ancient philosophy Ionia, source of early Greek philosophy, in western Asia Minor Western Philosophy is generally said to begin in the Greek cities of western Asia Minor (Ionia) with Thales of Miletus, who was active around 585 B. C. and left us the opaque dictum, “all is water.All cultures — be they pre...
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Another prominent Nationalist researcher, Ernest Gellner states that, “nationalism is primarily a political principle that holds that the political and the national unit should be congruent (Gellner, 1983)”.According to the eight previous scholars, there are a myriad of styles of nationalism including: political, cultural, ethnic, civic, eastern, and western.His definition states, “Nationalism is a state of mind, in which the supreme loyalty of the individual is felt to be due to the nation-state (Kohn, 1965).” Kohn’s argument includes both eastern and western types of nationalism which refer to Eastern and Western Europe.Alter does not seem to have a specific argument on nationalism, as in civic vs. ethnic or western vs. eastern but jus...
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Enlightenment is a term provided for by historians which describes a period during Western philosophy and culture in which reason was declared as the main source for authority.Another concrete evidence on the validity of the influence of the Enlightenment ideals not only to the Western countries but also to the other countries was the wide spread of the Western culture to many parts of the world.Nevertheless, along with these changes in terms of education, scientific and rational revolutions, and many others brought about by the Western Enlightenment is the ideological attacks against some of the fundamental institutions of the Western culture primarily the religion.In total, the Western Enlightenment brought light and darkness to differ...
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Thales of Miletus was discovered to be the first Western philosopher dating back from ancient Greece, paving way for three of the most iconic philosophers: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.Western philosophy relates to our search and knowledge of the truth and how the evolution of culture today came to be.Including all principles and the source of ethical decision making, Western philosophy is found to be at the root of it all.Political philosophy accepted amount many different cultures around the world, and it could also noticeable in various ways.Social philosophy and political philosophy also work hand in hand.
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I have to agree with Descartes, because he set out to prove God existence, and not to say without any prove that he does not exists.The Western philosopher that I felt Rene Descartes made the most compelling argument.The difference is that Gandi was to teach that Hinduism life was for every day humans to live according to the Divine Being (God).Philosophy has divided into two separate categories, the Eastern philosophy, and Western Philosophy.I think the same way as he did, because how do things exists for a reason and it has to exists because of someone and not an idea.
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It can be seen from this principle that no claim to biological superiority or any type of superiority for that matter is made.During the postwar era, some scholars argued that propaganda efforts by the Soviet Union were successful in building a coalition of far-right wing dissidents (Neo-Nazis) that would destabilize capitalist Western democracies (Western Germany), all but eliminating xenophobia as a root cause of Neo-Nazism.While Western Germany was economically better off than their Eastern brethren, they had to bear witness to foreigners coming to Germany and receiving free housing, meals, medical care, and language training along with a stipend while they have to make their own way forward.Eventually, the political philosophy was re...
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Graham and Lam (2003) note that transactions between Western and Chinese companies can often fail due to a lack of respect for such formalities in which the Western company often issues a “call me Mary” approach thus not respecting a seemingly small but significant cultural consideration.Other conclusions are that despite the high level of differences between UK and Chinese cultural models there are many elements which although not exactly matching have to a greater or lesser extent a general fit for example the Chinese concept of Guanxi may whist not exactly fitting with the Western concept of networking dose none the less have a resonance which allows Western managers to adapt the model to understand the Chinese version.In addition the...
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* the original bridgeheads via urban hearths like Boston, Massachusetts, Richmond, Virginia, and then Charleston, South Carolina, such accents got rooted in these regions, in accordance with Mufwene’s “Founder Principle” * Eastern New England has continued this tradition largely to the present day: with important cultural centers and economic prosperity through trade, whaling, and later early industrialization those who had established themselves there saw little reason to leave, so linguistically and culturally the region is somewhat different from the rest of the US.* accents are acceptable also among upper-class speakers (consider resent US Presidents from the South), nonstandard grammatical phenomena (like multiple negation, the use ...
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.. On the second point of refusal of Western concept of liberal democracy and human rights so much so as to ignore any benefit coming in, it is argued that the religious, social, political and economic diversity that Asia has, persisting inter-national level or intra-national level, it demands western liberal ideas to flow in to avoid any sort of clash.This shows double standard on the part of advocates of Asian values as the concept of sovereignty is also a concept having western origin.Therefore, the focus of this paper would be on right vs. culture and universalism vs. relativism to know how cultural set-up impacts the international human rights set-up.Therefore, the concept of Asian values does not seem to only emerge out of cultura...
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Wollenburg (1995) had identified the poor treatment of students of Asian descent in Western educational institutions and argued that it is partly due to a lack of understanding of different conceptions of learning.Smith’s western perspective influenced by Dewey promote creativity, critical thinking, communication, and collaboration through inquiry teaching and active learning.At the start of the article, the authors clearly examined how different education processes are valued differently by Socrates and Confucius from the Western and Eastern cultures respectively.After scrutinizing the philosophies of education in both eastern and western cultures and comparing and contrasting their own views of teaching and learning, they managed to ga...
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De Waele, seeks to clarify and categorize the relationship between the original theory of cleavages as it is applied to Western model and the post-communist experience undertaking his project with the view of three cleavages: .In the formation process of the parties (1988-89), in the subsequent three elections from 1990 to 1998, the same cleavage sets have mattered and structured party competition, namely: the three cleavage families of Westernization vs. traditionalism, post-communism vs. anti-post-communism and pro-market commodification (winners) vs. welfare statist decommodification (losers).The example with Hungarian party competition seems to reflect and even to anticipate new developments of Western party systems.Therefore, indica...
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– Hungarian party competition seems to reflect and even to anticipate new developments of Western party systems.De Waele, seeks to clarify and categorize the relationship between the original theory of cleavages as it is applied to Western model and the post-communist experience undertaking his project with the view of three cleavages: .The example with Hungarian party competition seems to reflect and even to anticipate new developments of Western party systems.Therefore, indicates that even the model of Lipset-Rokkan was more applicable for Western European countries, especially because of different economical and political development, the existing of cleavages in East Europe was possible even before 1989, and the model is still useful...
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The central figure of the novel is Jasmine who comes from the Eastern world – India – to the United States of America, where women are provided with more rights and opportunities being historically more fluid.Furthermore, the author pays special attention to the promise of American lifestyle, individualism and female freedom stressing that Eastern lands are characterized by strong cultural ties and women’s suppression and subordination.When she decides to leave town with her former lover she feels guilt for having abandoned a man who loves her.She presents Americanization from the Western viewpoint with all locales, hero lifestyles and mobility.Mukherjee, Bharati.
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” (Page 217) These two particular quotes illustrated that other people’s lives as well as their own lives were pointless, and that it would not even scare them to see their own lives or other people’s lives perish.The eastern societies are firm believers in patriotism and are powerful patriots.Among the eastern society in the novel, appropriate education, value for life and the individual were merely betrayed and violated, they simply did not exist.The western society too believed in patriotism, however not nearly as strongly as the easterners.I have served my purpose.
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Fang Yizhi observed of western science, “use a variety of techniques for swift computations, but they are still out of touch with general principles.” They used the mind and not the natural world.The Eastern philosophy used science with a spiritual twist.He was the founder of a way of life, philosophy, or religion named Confucianism after a Latinized form of the founder’s name.” .In general, the Eastern and most Polytheistic religions are more reverential toward nature.6 The West and the World, A History of Civilization, From the Ancient World to 1700, Kevin Reilly, 103 .
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