The term biology is formed by the composition of the two Greek words bios (βιος) in French "life" and logos (λογος) which means "speech, word".Thus Claude Bernard, in the first of the Lessons on the phenomena of life common to animals and plants (1878), explicitly declares that one does not have to define a priori the notion of life , because biology must be an experimental science; this would be an a priori definition and "the method which consists in defining and deducing everything from a definition may be suitable for the sciences of the mind, but it is contrary to the very spirit of the experimental sciences".This last quote illustrates the confusion between the study of life and that of the matter of living beings, where the tempta...
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Posing questions about the living world and seeking science-based answers are the central activities of biology, the scientific study of life.O Compared to such nonliving xamples, however, the unrivaled complexity of biological systems makes the emergent properties of life especially challenging to study.O The biosphere consists of all the environments on Earth that are inhabited by life.O The phenomenon of life defies a simple, one-sentence definition.Inquiring About Life Organisms are adapted to the environments they live in.
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Why do we study about life in biology?“What is life,” this may be a thought that many people ponder?How do we study life?We also further analyze the 6 characteristics of life in biology.Everyone holds a different perspective on life, I remember once my chemistry teacher telling me that “life is nothing but the transferring of electrons,” but a biologist or a poet might tell you otherwise.” According to the dictionary life is “ The condition that distinguishes organisms from inorganic objects and dead organisms, being manifested by growth through metabolism, reproduction, and the power of adaptation to the environment through changes originating internally.” I believe that the best way to analyze what life is by distinguishing the differe...
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Biology major has many courses that are not only sciences to help the students to understand the other aspects.World religions helps the student to get into each religion and culture through each chapter and each lesson.Religion beliefs sometimes can prevent doctors from saving someone’s life.Biology major students can be doctors, pharmacists or any job of the medical career.Students of the biology major need to study world religion as a requirement.
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With central traits terms like intelligent, honest, shy, and anxious are considered.Infants are obviously dependant of their providers but if they are influenced in a negative aspect you may be able to override their biological influences as in their early adolescent life they will display those significant influences that trigger them from their instable infant life.It has been suggested that cardinal traits are rare and usually develop late in life.Central traits are the general characteristics that are the foundation of personality.Biological influences are hard to measure because as a human you can change depending on your personal surroundings and the influential people in your life.
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They all use the same transcription mechanism to convert the information in DNA into products to sustain their life (RNA).They all use the same information system to control their life (DNA).Chemistry forms the underpinnings of all biology and without some knowledge of it, the concepts of biology will just be floating abstractions.The first step toward an understanding of biology is a backward one .Biology is divided into zoology –the study of animal life- and botany – the study of plants.
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Biology is actually a greek word.Biology is also studied on a scale displaying organisms and how they may react at certain points of growth.Biology really started to grow with the growth in research by scientist Anton Van Leenwenhoek.•How did natural resources limit or advance biology.Then biology being the study of organisms.
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It determines the relative functions of parts, it crosses another important sub-field in biology.a) Science of life .In 1992 he was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship and in 1996 published “Privileged Hands: A Scientific Life”.e) Physiology – it is a broad sub-field in biology.3) Name 5 approaches/disciplines that are related to biology and make connections why you consider them related to biology.
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As we live and continue getter older we will see progress and strive for personal growth at some point.Sometimes we find ourselves in situations that provoke our behavior in an unethical matter and principles we stand for leave at that very moment.Depending on what morals and perspective you have set for your life you will find yourself facing a positive or either a negative outcome.Learning how to cope with different challenges build confident and promotes a healthy personality.People seem to judge you as you behave instead of your true character.
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Having just finished his training as a physician, Friedrich moved to Tubingen to do work in the laboratory of a biochemist, his goal being to clarify the structuring blocks of life.Its detection has not only modernized science and medication but it has impacted all areas of life; either they are legal, social, criminal or heritage related.Many discoveries are emerged in this area and the focus of this paper is on major discoveries of modern biology in the field of DNA, biotechnology and cell biology.In this science fiction, Frankenstein has created a human life which became a monster; this monster became the reason for the destruction of Frankenstein, the creator of human life.DNA is the blue print of life from its beginning to its devel...
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I like Jeffery’s words, who said that “It was her best choice in the life and she likes her profession very much.” Reading about this person next facts I understood that I want to have the same to her career: “growing up, Sharon Jeffery knew that she wanted to be a marine biologist.First of all, if you were not determined from the beginning (for example, during study-time in a college), what it will be, your professional way, then, that coming you to accept in this life, a decision about the choice of kind of activity will become one of the most essential decisions in your life.Reading different facts about marine biology and listen to people who realize themselves in this sphere I understood that career of marine biologist is something ...
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“The Double Helix: A Personal View.” Medical Research Council Laboratory for Molecular Biology 248 (1974): 766-69.On the other hand, this discovery was indeed revolutionary in that it formed such an important biological foundation that has allowed civilization to recognize a new microscopic dimension in their surroundings, allowing for tremendous technological advancement, growth and the expansion of knowledge Schrödinger questioned many biological conundrums in his article “What is Life?”, one being why the human body was so large in comparison with the single atom (Schrödinger, 2).“The Discovery of the Structure of DNA.” Contemporary Physics 44.4 (2003): 289-305.Essentially, the determination of the structure of DNA, and thus its prope...
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Both the biological and the psychological explanations are supported by evidence which say their explanations.He said that there had to be something in between the two school of thought, and that society very well may feel the gasps that show up in the life of a person.An example of altruistic behavior is the leader of the silverback gorillas becomes angry and beats on of the females, another gorilla comes in to save the female and paid for it by being brutally beaten.This act sparec the female from being injured and likely saved the baby’s life she had with her at the time.Psychology can easily be used in daily life.5. Compare and contrast biological psychology and cultural psychology.
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Works Cited "Advantages & Disadvantages of a Job in Marine Biology."Some branches of marine biology study the affects of said plants.If I become a marine biologist, I may be able to explore that.Marine biology is a very interesting and intriguing career to me.Work.chron.com.
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Key words: psychology, biology PSYCHOLOGY AND BIOLOGY The Conflict between Psychology and Biology Psychology is the scientific study of humans or animal mental functions and behaviors (Malton, 2002).Biology studies topics such as biochemistry, genetics, microbiology, cell biology, molecular biology and others in botany (Mises, 1956).Historically, the two topics were considered very distinct in that biology was meant to study life processes, and psychology was to study the state of mind and soul and how they bring about human satisfaction during interaction with all other external environment (Mises, 1956).If this is realized then the clear distinction between psychology and biology will be appreciated PSYCHOLOGY AND BIOLOGY References Le...
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Zhaurova, K. (2008).Nature Publishing Group, 5:16-18.By first examining the development of gene sequencing technology we will be able to view its role in evolutionary biology, its contribution to phylogenetics, and how it has changed our understanding of the biological tree of life.PLoS Biology, 9:1-8.The diversity and the unity of life are equally meaningful and striking aspects of our Earth (Dobzhansky, 1973).
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Out of all man's wonderful gifts the ability to draw conclusions from what we see and what we do not see, to move our minds through space and time, and to recognize ourselves in the past on the steps to the present: the ability for man to leave his mark.Art and science are probably the two biggest cultural advantages that man has outside the range of anything that an animal can do.The both are derived by man's ability to visualize the future, to foresee what may happen and plan to anticipate it, and to represent it to ourselves in images that we project and move about inside our head or in technological advances.The mode of life that people choose are defined as a cultural adaption and not a biological one.This adaption is known as the t...
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Methodology in both perspectives differs because the Biological perspective tends to use experiments to investigate the effect of our biology on our behaviour.The same could be said for the biological perspective in that its contribution to psychology has been very influential, for example it has provided us with another argument to the nature-nurture debate.Both these perspectives differ in many ways, for instance the Biological perspective assumes that it is our Biology, the action of nerves, hormones and genes that produces our behaviour.Laboratory experiments do not reflect a real life situation.The contents of our unconscious can give us a neurosis, which is an anxiety state that affects the quality of your life.
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Bioenergetics: Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, late 18th century… helped to place the chemistry of life into the context of a larger understanding of chemistry and energetics.The major theories of biology have been tested over years and provide information helping you to understand the science of biology.Ten characteristics distinguish an object or thing from an actual living organism.Cells: Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann, 17th century… the cell is the smallest Unit capable of exhibiting all of the characteristics of life.What Are the Characteristics of a Living Organism .
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But, since cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease, it can decrease or sometimes stop development in several ways for example, sufferers of cystic fibrosis have a short life expectancy of there thirties.For example, if someone is diagnosed with cystic fibrosis, the humanistic approach says that for someone to develop, a person must follow through Maslow’s hierarchy of needs where they must achieve the basic necessities of life fists such as good housing, good quality food and health which are all included in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.Cystic fibrosis is an incurable disease, which means that once an individual has been diagnosed with the disease, they will have it for the rest of their life, which would make it impossible for them to devel...
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Science and technology have paved way to the people’s mindset that indeed, the possibility of a longer and more youthful life can be available.In England, this was the age of macaroni, the young fop whose clothing, powdered wig, rouge, and red lips, were supposedly inspired by Italian fashion.Dossey (2002:12-16) With all these debate over the significance of “extending” this particular stage in life, science and technology played a crucial role in addressing these matters.Bio, from the Greek combining form: bios, which means “life”.Experiments have been conducted on the possibility of extending the life span of people with the intake of certain medicines or even through surgery.
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This is called ‘Diathesis stress model’ of human behaviour.Taylor et al (2000) suggested that women produce a calmer response to stress due to a hormone.Biological Biological explanation of gender.Through evolution, men in their role as ‘hunter gatherer’, may have developed a stronger ‘+ght or ;ight response than women, who had the role of caring for the children.It could be argued, that the interaction of both nature (biology) and nurture (environment) both play vital roles in our behaviour.
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For example, an individual may become violent in order to stop harassment, they may engage in stealing to reduce financial problems, and they may turn to illegal substances as an escape from the daily stresses in life.When a person is in a situation that sources strain on to their life, they will begin to experience negative emotions which will generate for corrective action which leads to criminal behavior (Beck, 2009).For example: The Psychodynamic Theory revolves around the idea that an individuals early life experiences impact his or her likelihood for committing future crimes.This theory states that individuals participate in illegal activity as a means to escape from a struggle they are experiencing in their life.Mrs. Morris .
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Moreover, as the present analysis showed, biodiversity is a crucial factor in developing industries, agriculture, tourism and cultural sphere of human life.If the latter is destructed, it may result in negative consequence for the human development, ecology and life prospects.html> Ranganathan, J & Irwin, F. ‘Restoring Nature’s Capital: An Action Agenda to Sustain Ecosystem Services’, 2007, May 7.org/publication/restoring-natures-capital> Tansley, A. G. ‘The use and abuse of vegetational terms and concepts’.Ecology 16, 284-307, 1935. .
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Chemical Attacks [Electronic Version].Stebbins, M. (2006a).Introduction to Biological Weapons [Electronic Version].We have learned that whatever the type of weapons for mass destruction is there is only one end goal in the usage of such – creating chaos and disruption aside from the blatant disregard to life and property.Stebbins, M. (2006b).
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Evolution of life and Entropy The contradiction can however be explained, by subscribing to one of the two very different schools of thought.Accordingly, the tendency of biological systems during evolution to generate relatively highly stable structures of higher hierarchies leads to the selection of relatively less stable structures of lower hierarchies.This rejuvenates the lower hierarchical structures and causes nearly unbounded evolution of the biological world.In the most general sense, Evolution of life means, growing in ordered combinations from cells, to tissues and organs, to plants and animals, families, communities, and ecosystem.This principle of the stability of chemical substances is a thermodynamic principle.
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Describe the hierarchical organization of life.So we must base our definition on common history of life on earth.Mendel’s chromosomal theory of inheritance over came this obstacle by being incorporated into Darwin’s theory creating Neo-Darwinism.Genetic approach is crossing populations of organisms that are true-breeding for alternative traits that follow through generations.How does Neo-Darwinism differ from Darwinism?
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• Life is enormously diverse.o Applied to biology, this theme is a guide to the anatomy of life at all its structural levels.• Until about 20 years ago, biologists divided the diversity of life into five kingdoms: plants, animals, fungi, single-celled eukaryotic organisms, and prokaryotes.o If life is traced back far enough, all living things have a common ancestor.Concept 1.2 The Core Theme: Evolution accounts for the unity and diversity of life.
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It began in the Renaissance period with Rene Descartes.He discussed “natural selection” and that the strongest, most capable species will survive and reproduce and ultimately remain in existence (Pinel, 2009).Describe the relationship between biological psychology and other fields in psychology and neuroscience.Biology is the study of physical processes of brain function.He refused to follow the church completely and offered the idea that the mind controls the body and the body and brain are of two separate entities.
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Life: Science of Biology.The toxins which apparently have no negative effect on the algae themselves may cause harm to co-existing biological life in various ways.William and his colleges, in their –Life, the Life of biology- have explicitly noted that the toxin produced is actually toxic to the nervous system of the fishes, (William, et al, 1998).Botany: A brief introduction to plant biology, New York.Life: Science of Biology, New York, John Wiles &Sons.
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