This means the role of leader and manager are highly interconnected in the modern society.Leadership substitution means organizational context, personal characteristics, or group processes can produce the same effect as leaders who possess interpersonal and hierarchal leadership (Tosi & Kiker, 1997, p.110).This means any action can be seen as leadership or not at all, depending on the follower’s perception (M. Alvesson, S. Sveningsson, 2003, pp.An individual can be a leader and a manager, but this does not mean the terms are the same, the attributions are just overlapping as the environment continues to change.In my view, this just means the role of leaders and managers are highly interconnected.
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1223 words (3.1 pages)
Spokesman means represent an organization or unit to speak to outsiders or stakeholders about information to positively influence the way people inside and outside of the organization respond to it.This means consider the criteria which relevant and will influence the decision making.Negotiator means seek to negotiate solutions between unions, suppliers, other managers, customer or shareholders.Figurehead means the manager is seen as a symbol of status and authority.Disturbance means the responsibility for handling an unexpected event.
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Mass markets mean that product cater for public which sell considerably cheap in the perception of consumers.Contingency theory means the context and the situation.This does not mean that leaders do not pay attention to tasks.This table is summary the above gives a sense of the differences between a leader and a manager.You can think of a niche market as a narrowly defined group of potential customers and niche market mean that products cater for a particular segment of consumers, which sell at considerably cheap but premium, in the perception of consumer.
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While manager 1 is very much involved in leading and controlling and has little to moderate involvement in the planning and organising functions, manager 2 is widely involved in all management functions.What are the differences and similarities between manager 1 and manager 2. .Woolworth’s manager 1 described it as scrutinising reports and communicating with planners, while Mugg & Bean’s manager 2 described it as the process of taking daily quality controls.Demands are what the manager must do, Constraints are factors that may encumber what the manager can do and choices are activities the manager may do but does not have to.While manager 1 the title ‘Operations and Foods manager’ for the Woolworths Food store, manager 2 is the own...
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This means that manager must provide workers with feedback and coach them to higher levels of performance.It is a procedure that can both reward and discipline, a means by which employees can be coached and counselled, and a vehicle through which improvements to performance level can be negotiated.Owned by line manager .It means, determining areas of work a manager should examine when measuring performance.It is important to clarify what it means.
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Its seems to me that Microsoft stands alone as a mega company.From this it has shown differences and similarities in its results.the manager would ask a cashier to work on the till for 5 hours and the cashier doesn’t really have a choice.Bibliography Bill Gates and the making of Microsoft James Wallace Working for McDonalds in Europe Tony Royale www.microsoft.com www.mcdonalds.com Business Studies for AS Hodder and StoughtonThis means an autocratic style is not needed to make people work hard.
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To be able to understand what the individual words within the term ‘Business Ethics’ mean, we refer to Microsoft Encarta which states that business is a “complex economic operations concerning those functions that govern the production, distribution, and sale of goods and services for the benefit of the buyer and the profit of the seller.” And it defines the term ethics by stating that they are the “principles or standards of human conduct, sometimes called morals (Latin, , customs), and, by extension, the study of such principles, sometimes called moral philosophy… it [moral philosophy] is concerned with questions such as ‘When is an act right?’, ‘When is an act wrong?’, and ‘What is the nature, or determining standard, of good and bad...
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Enhanced shareholder value means greater net worth.A popular means of enhancing productivity at automakers is to adopt enterprise resource planning.An ERP package links all the departments of a company by means of an electronic network.The financial manager performs his appointed functions in a way so that costs are cut or revenues are increased or product quality and productivity is enhanced or risk is reduced or a good reputation for the company is built.What the financial manager should do is to develop an understanding of the raw materials market in the auto industry and set a limit for the production manager that he or she should never incur more than this much at the end of the month in sourcing raw materials.
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That means when any employee join in the organization they will be sitting with the manager they have to make a plan about their targets.Target means what is their vision and objectives.Manager follow impoverished management.Next they will be reviwed that means where are they and what trac are they?They will said ok,if u r not happy u can go out.
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Guest Services / Retail / Human Resources / Health & Safety etc.The advantage of thorpe park having a tall organisational structure is because the general manager of Thorpe park is responsible for less employees as there is managers for each area such as health and safety manager,finance manager,human resources manager etc.the general manager is only responsible for area managers the fewer people at the top who manager people below them and at the lower levers there are more employees and fewer managers the function of each layer will be clear and distinc there will clear lines of control and responsibilitys and each employee can be closly supervised.however the disadvantages of Thorpe park having a tall organisational structure are ...
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The focus on quantitative goals focus on values and behavior, as well as goals .This means that the manager must ensure that workers with feedback and coach them to higher levels of productivity.Owner The owner of the personnel department line manager .According to Armstrong, Baron (1998) Performance management should be a device or means to ensure that managers of good governance.“Performance means that both behaviors and results.
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•Processual – means using a method or particular process.Even though the best approach is sense-making, all change perspectives could have been used during this process.This draw on the interpreter image, which is when a change manager creates meaning for other organizational members, helping them make sense of various organizational events and actions (Palmer, Dunford, & Akin, 2009).If they had communicated issues prior to getting notice of a short deadline and helped staff understand the meaning behind it, it could have prevented the loss of money and mistrust between staff and management.The poor attitudes and resistance to the swipe card by the BA staff was directly related to the poor implementation of the program by BA manageme...
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Their dimensions of diversity include gender, race, culture, age, family/carer status, religion, and disability.The following paper brie y debates the rhetoric of managing diversity and considers whether managing diversity is a distinct approach to managing people or a means of diluting equal opportunities in UK organizations.By drawing on literature and empirical data, we consider whether managing diversity is a distinct approach to managing people or a means of diluting equal opportunities in UK organizations and pose a number of cautionary questions, including: what does it matter and to whom?The de nition provided also embraces a range of individual skills, educational quali cations, work experience and background, languages, and oth...
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The manager must ensure that employees are adhering to company policies in order to be successful with the task.Sometimes, the manager completes the tasks personally, while other times require the manager to assign tasks to certain employees.Is every good manager a good leader?Today's Manager, p.27 (1).A manager is one who is in charge and is ultimately responsible for the outcome.
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The HR manager can make employees feel that the company is their own and get them to personalize the job by taking care of them, coach them and bring them back up.The line manager has line authority which is the authority exerted by an HR manager by directing the activities of the people in his or her own department and in service areas.•A line manager is a manager who is authorized to direct the work of subordinates and is responsible for accomplishing the organization’s tasks.Adding value means boosting profitability and performance in measurable ways and it means helping the company and the employees gain in a measurable way from the human resource managers’ actions.The HR manager is motivating the employees instead of criticizing or ...
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What “success” means to the student is the primary factor in the process.The success of a hybrid student all dependants on the individual student.Once the student has defined what success means to them, determined their goals for the class, and established a good time management plan, the student then needs to have the discipline to follow through.After defining what success means to the student, the student should then establish a good time management plan.The last and most important step in being a successful hybrid student is discipline.
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They have strong interpersonal skill that means listening to others problem, information collection, and selection idea and arrange meeting.In this project, a financial manager can be better understood the result then the marketing manager.Always need to monitoring requirements of the stuff and review work flow that means its progresses.In proper skill means technical skill in specialized training of a unique task include skill stuff to motivate and delegate roles to solve problem quickly and communicate properly with all other team member.Co-ordinating means the task are carried by the stuff and mesh together for to achieve the project goal.
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.. (Proctor, 2002) poses organisations by means of ethical questions they could ask before attempting to manage ô€„ƒ or change ô€„ƒ culture to influence organisational capability: .However, just for the reason that peoples behaviours have changed in a number of measurable way, it does not mean the organisational culture has changed ô€„ƒ although behaviour change may be all that managers are interested in.Flexible learning practices have had a wide impact on many determinants of organisational culture: learners; teachers, their job designs, work, safety in addition to professional growth; human resources practices; organisational management; as well as technological resources.Novel technology, novel systems, company mergers in addition t...
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To prepare the project schedule, the project manager has to figure out what the tasks are, how long they will take, what resources they require, and in what order they should be done.Conversely, pouring the concrete foundation may be on the critical path, but if the project manager obtains an addition crew and the pour is completed early it could come off the critical path (or reduce the length of the critical path).The Essential Functions of a Project Manager A project manager (PM) is a facilitator.Managing the people resources means having the right people, with the right skills and the proper tools, in the right quantity at the right time.It also means ensuring that they know what needs to be done, when, and how.
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A positive psychological contract is one in which both parties – the employee and the employer, the individual and the manager – agree on mutual expectations and pursue courses of action that provide for those expectations to be realized.This means that everything people do at work leads to outcomes that further the achievement of organizational goals.This means clarifying what organizational, team and individual effectiveness look like and taking steps to ensure that those defined levels of effectiveness are achieved.It is a means of getting better results from the organization, teams and individuals by understanding and managing performance within an agreed framework of planned goals, standards and competence requirements.assessing pro...
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These three constraints are often competing constraints: increased scope typically means increased time and increased cost, a tight time constraint could mean increased costs and reduced scope, and a tight budget could mean increased time and reduced scope.Portfolio management is tactical.Describe the relationship between the strategic planning process and portfolio management in an organization.Strategic planning is proactive.Briefly discuss the importance of the project charter, and compare the roles played by the project sponsor and the project manager with respect to the preparation of this document.
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This means that how they read, for what they read and how they interpret their reading into study or their works.But, according to the free dictionary, reading is the act or activity of one that reads.According to the first definition, learning to read means learning to pronounce words.From both definition we can understand that reading habits is the act or activity of one that reads acquired behavior pattern as regularly followed until it has become almost involuntary.According to the third definition, learning to read means learning to bring meaning to a text in order to get meaning from it.
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ISO/TR 14062, Environmental management – Integrating environmental aspects into product design and development, enables organizations to identify the likely effects on the environment of their future products and make effective decisions during the design and development stages to improve their environmental performance.An example is a technical report which promotes the convergence of environment-friendly products with company profits.This means what the organization does to: – minimize harmful effects on the environment caused by its activities, and to – achieve continual improvement of its environmental performance.In addition to standards on environmental management systems and supporting tools, TC 207 works on documents to facilitat...
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First need to understand what means about changes that means organizational changes.And in cultural change management means the stuff co operation with other and work flow in group member.Conflict takes place in organization because organizations function by means of adjustment and compromises among competitive elements in their structure and membership.Risk may be come in any side of the organization that means operational, process and cultural risk, etc.E theory means change from the economical approach and O theory means changes from the organizational capabilities approach.
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Finally, our goal does not imply that the financial manager should take illegal or unethical actions in the hope of increasing the value of the equity in the firm.Second, what do we mean by the long run?The goal of maximizing profits may refer to some sort of “long-run” or “average” profits, but it’s unclear exactly what this means.First, do we mean something like accounting net income or earnings per share?What we mean is that the financial manager best serves the owners of the business by identifying goods and services that add value to the firm because they are desired and valued in the free marketplace If we assume that stockholders buy stock because they seek to gain financially, then the answer is obvious: Good decisions increase t...
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It is a general review of how companies use immoral means to make high profits .This means that there is more decision making power that is delegated to the junior and middle staff in an organization.I have learnt that as a manager we should conduct our business following a code of ethics.The concept of organization as system means that the organization functions together as a system made of different interdependence parts.In this regard as a manager I will ensure that all products from the company bears clear information on the label and carry out advertisement to inform the consumers on the product.
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Orientation on people means that the leader will pay lots of attention to maintaining trust in the company, establishing warm relations with all the employees, giving them only appropriate tasks and motivating them.It means developing a shared vision and commitment.It means physically bringing people together in formal group meetings for open discussion of broad-based issues.It means encouraging positive, informal interactions between group members.It means hiring people who will work well together.
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Corporate Governance is a mechanism through which boards and directors are able to direct, monitor and supervise the conduct and operation of the .corporation and its management in a manner that ensures appropriate levels of authority, accountability, stewardship, leadership, direction and control.Corruption often from protonage and is associate with bribery •Types of corruption The types of corruption are as follows: 1)Bribery 2)Theft and fraud .azsaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa- aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa 1)What is corporate governance?Corruption often from protonage and is associate with bribery •Types of corruption The types of corruption are as follows: .
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The “entrepreneurial” decision role of the manager, as described in the text, is necessary to ensure the survival of the company in a turbulent market.The roles of “resource allocator” and “disturbance handler” on the other hand apply to the risk assessment attitude of the manager.The latter theory is often regarded as the more effective one, and most certainly resembles what I believe a good manager is.In describing the leader role of a manager, Mintzberg outlines a distinct similarity between management and leadership when he states that: “Formal authority vests him (the manager) with great potential power; leadership determines in large part how much of it he realises”.In essence, leadership can mean whatever you want it to mean, as t...
2731 words (6.8 pages)