Compare, Contrast and Analyse Chapters 1 and 39 of ”Great Expectations”

...Start of the Compare, Contrast and Analyse Chapters 1 and 39 of ”Great Expectations” ...

“Great Expectations”, written between December 1860 and August 1861 by Charles Dickens; it was Dickens’ thirteenth novel. Dickens had been a well-recognised figure within the literary world for the good part of twenty five years. He was seen as an author who helped shape literature of the age. His vivid imagery and development of characters had become one of his trademarks; despite this the public did not well receive many of his novels written just before “Great Expectations”, in particular his ‘darker’ novels. As a result of this, sales of his magazine “All Year Round”, which featured novels, released in instalments, were falling.

...Middle of the Compare, Contrast and Analyse Chapters 1 and 39 of ”Great Expectations” ...

Dickens highlights the point that money doesn’t buy happiness through the use of pathetic fallacy in this quote. The use of the word “wretched”, which has connotations of dismal, woeful and vile, creates an effect of a dark, ominous, relentless storm. The setting and atmosphere in chapter thirty-nine shares many similarities with chapter one, in both chapters the setting and atmosphere is vicious, harsh and unbearable to Pip. However unlike in chapter one, Pip is protected from the elements, showing Pip as a less vulnerable character and also represents the change in Pip’s status, as he is now sitting reading, sheltered in an apartment on the top floor. In both chapters one and thirty-nine Dickens uses the harsh, threatening atmosphere to represent the imminent arrival of Magwitch.

...End of the Compare, Contrast and Analyse Chapters 1 and 39 of ”Great Expectations” ...

Dickens expresses views on society – he manages to challenge the stereotypes of the different classes in society and how people conform or do not conform to the stereotypes placed upon them. Dickens shows through Pip the judgemental attitude of the upper classes that were deemed superior and more respectable to those of lower class. Yet Pip’s behaviour in chapter thirty-nine would be deemed disrespectful by the reader; further to this, the reader would have seen Magwitch’s polite, caring and generous behaviour towards Pip as more acceptable than the behaviour of Pip the “gentleman”. Magwitch who is also a convict, conforms to the stereotype of a criminal in chapter one, however in chapter thirty nine, Magwitch is portrayed as loving, caring and selfless, thus breaking the stereotype and also showing that people should not be judged as they have the potential to change ion future.

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