Coral Reefs Salt Marshes Mangroves

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• Salt marshes are found along low lying coastlines where boggy ground is flooded by sea water either daily or less frequently. • Many UK salt marshes have been reclaimed for farm land, but those that remain provide valuable habitats where salt-tolerant plants grow and birds nest. Salt marshes also pay a vital role for coastal protection, they contain creeks which allow tidal waters to flow both in and out which reduces the wave energy.

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Changing temperatures . Mangroves are trees and shrubs that grow in saline coastal habitats (saltwater habitats). Mangroves roots, which are exposed at low tide, trap silt and help create new land.

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Coral can be easily stressed by increased human activity, if continued for long periods coral begins to die. Reefs are under threat from pollution, over-fishing and increased acid in the ocean. Coral are appreciated because of, biodiversity, coastal protection,fish species and tourist/leisure appeal.

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