History of the automobile Essay


...Start of the History of the automobile Essay...

The history of the automobile accounts for the birth and development of the automobile, a major technological invention that significantly changed societies in many countries during the 20th century. It originated in the 19th century during the Industrial Revolution, when the technique gave pride of place to the steam engine as a source of energy, and then turned massively towards oil and the internal combustion engine, with as a competitor long neglected the electric motor. The automobile has gradually established itself in developed countries as the main mode of transport for the movement of people and goods. Its industry has been one of the most important and influential sectors since the beginning of the 20th century and its worldwide boom has been spectacular: 250,000 automobiles were counted in 1907, 500,000 in 1914 with the appearance of the Ford.


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In France, the automobile played an important role during the First World War. The soldiers, who used to use the horse or walk on foot, take advantage automobiles to move faster, but also easily transport ammunition and food. It is the entire organization on the battlefield and mainly from behind that is thus modified. In fact, the transport of the wounded is now carried out in specially equipped trucks, thus putting an end to horse-drawn ambulances. The Taxis de la Marne are an example of this upheaval caused by the automobile.


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Moreover, due to the plummeting sales in the United States, in January 2009 China became the world's largest automobile market. Finding anyway inevitable according to specialists, the financial crisis has only accelerated the movement. In addition, measures taken by the Chinese government in favor of the automotive sector, such as lowering purchase taxes, have further accentuated the phenomenon. Some very long-term forecasts estimate that the global car fleet could reach 2.5 billion vehicles by 2060, of which nearly 70% would be due to currently low-motor countries such as China or the India. Bibliographical supplements .


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