Languages in India Essay

...Start of the Languages in India Essay...

Languages ​​in India are very diverse and belong to several language families. The 2011 census counted 270 mother tongues in the country, including 122 important languages. The Indian Constitution recognizes 22 official languages. 77% of Indians speak an Indo-Aryan language (of which the most widely spoken in the country, Hindi, is the mother tongue of 422 million Indians, or 41% of the population), 20% a Dravidian language. The other families represented are the Austro-Asian, Sino-Tibetan and Tai-Kadai languages ​​as well as some isolates.

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The People's Linguistic Survey of India, a private research institution, counted 66 different alphabets and 780 languages ​​in a national survey. The Anthropological Survey of India counted 325 languages ​​used in 5,633 communities. Finally, the Indian census of 2011 - which uses its own terminology to distinguish between "languages" subdivided into "mother tongues" - counts 270 identifiable mother tongues of which 29 have more than one million native speakers . Hindi and Urdu are considered to be two registers of the same language, Hindustani: they are differentiated by writing (devanagari for Hindi and an adaptation of the Arabic alphabet for 'Urdu) and their learned vocabularies, drawn from Sanskrit in Hindi and Persian and Arabic in Urdu. Hindi is the most widely spoken language in India, with 422 million speakers, or 41% of the population, mainly in the north of the country.

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Tamil is the official language of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka, alongside Sinhala. People speaking this language are called Tamils ​​or Tamilans. Kannara or Kannada, official language of Karnataka. Inscriptions found in this language date back to 578. . Malayalam, spoken in the south of the country and notably in the states of Kerala and Lakshadweep, as well as the territory of Pondicherry, is a language which separated from Tamil around the tenth century.

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