Literature on natural disasters and climate change

...Start of the Literature on natural disasters and climate change...

Natural disasters and global climate change . The research topic is natural disasters and global climate change. Changes in climate not only affect average temperatures, but also extreme temperatures, increasing the likelihood of weather-related natural disasters. If global climate change causes the global average temperature to rise, there will be less cold weather, and a greater probability of hot and record hot weather. An increase in temperature variability will extend the extremes of temperature, both cold and hot. It is a globalization problem happened in all over the world. The global climate change and natural disasters have impacts on natural resources and the environment. The following three articles will give a more detail understanding of the natural disasters and global climate change.

...Middle of the Literature on natural disasters and climate change...

Methods &Theory The article begins by showing some example of natural disasters had happened, and these impacts for people and countries development. And the authors also state ‘global warming is expected to lead to an increase in both the severity and the frequency of climate-related disasters’ (Bergholt &Lujala, 2012) . The authors discuss the effect of climate-related disasters at the economic aspect with recent research. Then the authors present their hypotheses-‘H1: Climate-related disasters have a negative effect on economic growth; H2: negative income growth shocks caused by climate-related disasters increase the likelihood of armed civil conflict onset’ (Bergholt &Lujala, 2012). Using Econometric methods with data help analysis the hypotheses, and with consideration on the variables, such as economic growth and armed civil conflict, only use the data during the period 1980-2007. The authors assess the results and found that ‘climate-related natural disasters have a negative effect on growth and that the impact is considerable’ (Bergholt &Lujala, 2012). This has two important implications: ‘if climate change increases the frequency or makes weather-related natural disasters more severe, it is an economic concern for countries susceptible to these types of hazards’ (Bergholt &Lujala, 2012).

...End of the Literature on natural disasters and climate change...

The human actives influence the climate change, the climate change causes natural disasters. The most common one is global warming, people always link climate change with global warming, however, global warming is not the only consequence of the climate change. From the selected articles, we can find that climate change will also increase the frequency of extreme weather events occur. From the long-term trend, it will have a local climate change in each region. Indeed, many of the world’s extreme weather happened in these years, some astronomy, as well as El Nino, ocean circulation weather these have occurred. There are also many events in New Zealand, like the strong breeze, heavy snowfall. For the climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction, we should prepare the most fundamental preparation, reduce the damage made by human activities. Moreover, when there are some special natural disaster that cannot reduce or block by human behavior, we need to understand how to response the emergency.

Hire Writer Login and Download 1633 words (4.1 pages)

Did not find what you were looking for?

We will write for you an essay on any given topic for 3 hours

Order now!

Our Services

Add Your Comment

Related essays

Strengthening Community Resilience Through Disaster Risk Management Environmental Sciences Essay

Their experiences on disasters could influence their behavior; however for community members who have not experienced extreme natural disaster, raising their interest in prevention and capacity building becomes more difficult as it seems abstract for them, unlike physical measures or infrastructure such as installing early warning devices and others.Supporting the claim of Sperling (2005:17), DRM and adaptation to climate change have converging agendas; this therefore offers an opportunity “to build a comprehensive risk management framework which recognizes current and future vulnerabilities as well as the compound effects of multiple disasters within a given region”... As noted, disasters have enormous impact on human development while...

4574 words (11.4 pages)
Effectiveness Of Bottom Up And Top Down Environmental Sciences Essay

There are important linkages between urban poverty and vulnerability to disasters and climate change (Dodman and Satterthwaite 2008).For example, in Indonesia, DRR has been integrated into spatial planning which has resulted in a reduction of vulnerability to natural hazards (Mitchell 2003).Furthermore, early warning systems are essential to reduce the impact of disasters and these are developed from the top-down, increasing the resilience of the urban poor to climate change related disasters.The framework focuses on asset vulnerability to climate change and identifies climate change adaptation from the bottom-up.As Schipper and Pelling (2006:29) argue, measures to mitigate the risk of disaster need to focus on reducing vulnerability wit...

3621 words (9.1 pages)
Climate Changes Implications To Pacific Islands

In the Pacific islands itself, there are many innovative community-based projects initiate by Oxfam that aim to climate-proof villages and develop resilience to the impacts of climate change and natural disasters.The number is growing as people in rural areas are losing their livelihoods and land because of natural disasters and sea level rise.According to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change (UNFCCC), climate change refers to a change of climate that is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that changes the composition of the global atmosphere and that is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods.The adverse impacts of climate change alter the distribution and quality...

4958 words (12.4 pages)
× We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Login with Social Media