Maharashtra Essay

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Maharashtra (in Marathi: महाराष्ट्र (mahārāṣṭra)) is a state in western India created in 1960, on linguistic grounds. Its population was 112,372,972 in 2011, which ranks it as the second most populous state in India. Only eleven countries in the world have a larger population. Its capital is Bombay, the economic capital and the largest city in India. It is the state that receives the most foreign direct investment. It produces 32% of Indian exports. Maharashtra is home to several protected areas, some of which are tiger reserves. Of the 92 Indian national parks in 2004, five were located in this state and more specifically in the region of Vidarbha.

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Each year, around 1.4 million seasonal workers are engaged in the cutting of sugar cane in Maharashtra. According to a network of NGOs specializing in the fight for women's rights: “The cane cutters live in miserable conditions, without drinking water or sanitation in their makeshift shelters. women are particularly vulnerable: their body is not only exploited but it is also controlled. There is an increase in the number of hysterectomies performed on cane cutters and a peak just before the start of the harvest. Thus, according to two surveys, 36% of workers in the city of Bid have undergone uterine removal (which is very high compared to the regional average of 2.6% and national average of 3.2%). The objective pursued by sugar entrepreneurs is to obtain greater productivity from their employees, who can then work uninterruptedly. The Maharahstra has seven airports, including two in its capital Mumbai: Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport and Santa Cruz Domestic Airport. Other cities are also equipped: Lohegaon Airport (Pune), Chikkalthana Airport (Aurangabad Airport), Dr. Ambedkar International Airport (Nagpur), Kolhapur Airport, Sholapur Airport. Maharashtra has two main ports, the Mumbai Port Trust (MbPT), the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT).

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The Aashadi Ekadashi festival is one of the most important in Maharashtra. In August-September, Ganesh Chaturthi celebrates devotion to Ganesha. The Maha Shivaratri and Elephant Festival festivals celebrate devotion to Shiva. The Gokul Ashtami (or Krishna Janmashtami) celebrates Krishna. The same day, we also celebrate Dahi-Handi. Devotion to Krishna is also celebrated during Kaartik Aamawasya (or Diwali) and Narak Chaturdashi. Other festivals celebrated on a large scale include Vijayadashami or Dussehra, Navaratri, Holi, Diwali, Eid al-Fitr. According to the 2001 census, the distribution of religions is as follows: .

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