Punjab Essay

...Start of the Punjab Essay...

Punjab (in Punjabi (gurmukhi): ਪੰਜਾਬ, Pañjāb, / pənˈdʒaːb /; in Hindi: पंजाब; in English: Punjab) is a state in northwestern India. The Punjab is bordered to the east by Himachal Pradesh, to the south by Haryana, the territory of Chandigarh, to the southwest by Rajasthan and to the west by the Pakistani province of Punjab. The state capital is Chandigarh, a territory and also the capital of Haryana. During the partition of India in 1947, the Punjab province of the British Raj was divided between India and Pakistan. In 1966, the Indian Punjab was again divided into three states: Himachal Pradesh and Haryana, Hindiphones, and the current Punjab, Punjabiphone and predominantly Sikh.

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In 1947, the partition of British India cut between India and Pakistan what was previously the province of Punjab. The western part, populated mainly by Muslims, returns to Pakistan and forms the province of Pakistani Punjab, while the eastern part, mainly Sikh and Hindu, returns to India. This partition causes significant population displacements and massacres between communities. Several small princely states, including that of Patiala, also integrated India and in 1950, two Punjabis states were created: the Punjab proper, on the territory of the former province, and the Union States of Patiala and Eastern Punjab (PEPSU) which brings together the former princely States. In 1956, the PEPSU was united in the Punjab, while several Himalayan districts were integrated into the new state of Himachal Pradesh.

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The bhangra (Punjabi ਭੰਗੜਾ pɑ̀ŋɡɾɑ̀ː) is a form of dance and music that originated in the Punjab. Originally the bhangra dance is a popular dance of Punjabis farmers celebrating the harvest season. The specific movements of the bhangra reflect the way we cultivate the land. This dance was popularized by Punjabi communities in the UK and the US, where competitions are held. Today bhangra exists across the world in different forms: pop music, film soundtracks or cultural shows.

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