Robespierre: Hero or Villain? Essay

...Start of the Robespierre: Hero or Villain? Essay...

Maximilien Robespierre has always been known to be controversial and misunderstood. He was the face of the French Revolution. In accordance with the Jacobins, they controlled the time known as the Reign of Terror, due to their influence in the accumulation of murders of those opposed to the revolution. Reign of Terror was a symbolic time period within the French Revolution that involved corruption of power and influence and mass executions. With Robespierre at the forefront, he became one of the most important men in the Revolution. As soon as Maximilien Robespierre decided to react to enemies of the revolutions, mass execution being his choice of force; his implementation of the Reign of Terror was a villainous act striking those who spoke out as traitors with the belief that those people were sinners and were to be killed for the betterment of humanity. From the time Robespierre became active and prominent in the National Assembly and the Parisian Jacobin Club, he was never considered much more than an average man; he was not regarded as one to sport the face of the Reign of Terror. With a pale complexion, cat-like facial features and glasses that seemingly never stayed on his nose, he embodied that of a man in the Old Regime (Palmer 6-7).

...Middle of the Robespierre: Hero or Villain? Essay...

“Let the maximum of wealth be fixed; . Let no individual possess more than this maximum; . Let nobody rent more land than can be tilled with a specific . number of ploughs; . Let no citizen own more than one workshop or more than one . Robespierre made the right to vote conditional on whether or not ones taxes were paid. With all of the chaos and commotion going on with the Revolution, a sense of victory without the people was impossible. Robespierre once said, “The domestic danger comes from the bourgeois; to defeat the bourgeois we must rally the people.” This concept helped to create a defense policy that rested on the Sansculottes and the middle bourgeoisie, this of which Robespierre became that symbol (Soboul 56). The Jacobins and Sansculottes forced this revolutionary of national defense upon the French leadership and upper class.

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24 Sept. 2014. . Mirabeau, quoted in Jean Matrat, _Robespierre, or the Tyranny of the_ . _Majority,_ trans. Alan Kendall (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1971), p. 51. . R. R. Palmer, _Twelve Who Ruled: The Year of Terror in the French_ . _Revolution_ (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1941), pp. _Robespierre and the Popular Movement of 1793-1794_. University Press, 0.

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