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Though Lohri festival has no religious significance but it holds a great social significance and is celebrated as a day of imparting social love to one and all. The festival of Lohri is meant to relieve people from worldly day to day routine, and make them relaxed, cheerful and happy. It is the time when people from all castes and social strata come together forgetting all past differences and grievances. Every year Lohri succeeds in bridging the social gap, as people visit homes, distribute sweets and greet each other. Apart from this, the festival of Lohri is related to the harvest season. Harvest and fertility festivals a special significance for an agrarian country like India. Punjab being a predominantly agricultural state that prides itself on its food grain production, it is little wonder that Lohri is its one of the most significant festival. Thus, Lohri is symbolic of ripening of the crops and of copious harvest.
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In turn, the people give them popcorn, peanuts, crystal sugar, sesame seeds (til) or gur as well as money. Turning them back empty-handed is regarded inauspicious. Lohri marks the end of winter on the last day of Paush, and beginning of Magha (around January 12 and 13), when the sun changes its course. It is associated with the worship of the sun and fire and is observed by all communities with different names, as Lohri is an exclusively Punjabi festival. The questions like When it began and why is lost in the mists of antiquity. The origin of Lohri is related to the central character of most Lohri songs is Dulla Bhatti, a Muslim highway robber who lived in Punjab during the reign of Emperor Akbar. Besides robbing the rich, he rescued Hindu girls being forcibly taken to be sold in slave market of the Middle East. He arranged their marriages to Hindu boys with Hindu rituals and provided them with dowries. Understandably, though a bandit, he became a hero of all Punjabis.
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Fire is associated with concepts of life and health. Fire, like water, is a symbol of transformation and regeneration. It is the representative of the sun, and is thus related, on the one hand with rays of light, and on the other with gold. It is capable of stimulating the growth of cornfields and the well being of man and animals. It is the imitative magic purporting to assure the supply of light and heat. It is also an image of energy and spiritual strength. That is why the Lohri fire gets sanctified and is venerated like a deity. On this occasion, people offer peanuts, popcorn and sweets made of til- chirva, gajak and revri – to propitiate fire as a symbol of the sun god.
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During this period people consume sugar cane and decorate their homes with kolam.It is in this period that we plan important events.The holiday has an astrological significance, it marks the beginning of the period of Uttarayana, when the sun travels in the sky its six months of northernmost race.In Karnataka, the holiday is an opportunity to visit neighbors, friends and relatives to exchange wishes.Makara Sankranthi refers to the entry of the sun into the zodiacal sign of Makara, that is, Capricorn.
Sikhism Rule: The Afghans were forced to retreat and Lahore was occupied by the Sikhs in 1758, Jassa singh Ahluwalia proclaimed Sikh's sovereignty and became its head.After the death of the Afghan ruler Ahmad Shah in June 1773, his power of Afghans declined in Punjab, than natuarly it punjab finally came under the Sikh rule.Giddha is also kind of folk dance and song usually sung by girls/women during special occasion.Music: Bhangra dance is related with the ripening of crops, and it is performed by the farmers of the villages.He struck coins to commemorate his victory.
 * Shrikhand: A creamy dessert made out of strained yogurt, often served with dried fruits such as mangoes. * Rasgulla: A popular sweetmeat, produced by boiling small balls of casein in sugar syrup. * Jalebi: Dough fried in a coil shape dipped in sugar syrup, often taken with milk, tea, yogurt, or lassi. * Kaju Katli: Similar to barfi, mainly comprises cashew powder along with ghee, cardamom powder and sugar. * Sandesh: A sweet made from cheese, kneaded with fine ground sugar and molasses.
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