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Girangaon (Marathi: गिरणगाव, literally “mill village”) was a name commonly used to refer to an area now part of central Mumbai, India, which at one time had almost 130 textile mills, with the majority being cotton mills. The mills of Girangaon contributed significantly to the prosperity and growth of Mumbai during the later nineteenth century and for the transformation of Mumbai into a major industrial metropolis.  Girangaon covered an area of 600 acres (2.4 km2), not including the workers’ housing. The mill workers lived in a community, and they fostered a unique culture which shaped Mumbai at the turn of the twentieth century. This textile industry flourished until the early 1980s, after which most of the mills were shut down, as the owners deemed them unprofitable and declared they were incapable of paying their workers’ wages. Origins It was in the late 17th century when cotton trade between Mumbai and China began.. The riches derived from selling the Chinese opium during British colonial rule, was later used to finance the cotton trade. Cotton trade really took off with the establishment of a rail link to Thana in 1853 and then to Deccan in 1863.
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 The windows were kept closed to keep out the stench of the gutters and to keep dirty water from flowing into the house during the monsoon season. Due to this overcrowding, the distinction between home and street was blurred; Girangaon residents spent more of their time on the street than in the home. There was great participation in communal festivals likeMoharram, Ganesh Chaturthi and Gokulashtami. Local shop keepers and mill owners were often coerced into contributing to such festivals, and adjoining localities competed with each other in the grandness of their contributions.  The local liquor shop or gymnasium was a common meeting place. The workers of Girangaon patronized arts like poetry, theatre and dance (tamasha).  Several notable actors first found fame here. Protests In late 1981, Dutta Samant was chosen by a large group of Bombay mill workers to lead them in a precarious conflict between the Bombay Millowners Association and the unions, thus rejecting the INTUC-affiliated Rashtriya Mill Mazdoor Sangh which had represented the mill workers for decades. Samant planned a massive strike forcing the entire industry of the city to be shut down for over a year.
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 In February 2009, the NTC decided to auction another nine mills, covering an area of 90 acres, for about Rs 4000 crore.  The Shrinivas Mills of Lalbaug, covering 16 acres, are being redeveloped into World One – Asia’s tallest residential building. There are conservation efforts underway to preserve the old mills as museums. Such a museum was opened at the United Mills in Lalbaug.  A popular play, Cotten 54, Polyester 64, has been written, based on Neera Adarkar and Meena Menon’s book, One hundred years, One hundred voices. The Millworkers of Girangaon: An Oral History. A festival was organized by an NGO Pukar to celebrate the culture and people of Girangaon in November 2008.  Seven mill structures were granted heritage protection status by the Government of Maharashtra.
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(Mumbai FSI conundrum: The perfect storm: the four factors restricting the construction of new floor space in Mumbai – By Alain Bertaud 2004).Now known as the Mill Lands, the textile industry was located in the central districts of the Island City.All this led to huge losses and the running of the Cotton Textile Mills became unviable.(Deutsche Bank Research 6 may,2006) .. Navi Mumbai: Navi Mumbai is being developed as a counter magnet to Mumbai, with the basic objective of curbing further congestion in the city.Bombay had first developed as an industrial city through the growth and expansion of the cotton textile industry from the late nineteenth century to the nineteen forties.
The Textile industry contributes around 14% to India’s Industrial Production, 4% to the GDP and 17% to the country’s export earnings.India has the potential to increase its textile and apparel share in world trade from the current 4.5% to about 8%, reaching $80 billion in value by 2020.BDMCL manufactures cotton textile, non-woven fabrics and di-methyl terephthalate (DMT).It is also not a very innovative company as they have innovated very little in the textile front, focussing mainly on improving technology to keep its processes up to date.The textile division was initially located at Worli, Mumbai, but has been relocated to Ranjangaon near Pune.
Mumbai is the Indian city in which we find the tallest skyscrapers in the country: since the 1970s and especially since the 2000s more than 160 skyscrapers have been built there and dozens of others are under construction, including several over 300 meters in height and even over 400 meters like the World One.The Navi Mumbai International Airport project, which would relieve existing infrastructure, has been approved by the government.Mumbai is home to a large number of newspapers in the Marathi language (Maharashtra Times, Navakaal, Lokmat, Loksatta, Mumbai Chaufer, Saamana and Sakaal ) and in English (notably The Times of India, Daily News and Analysis).Bollywood, the Hindi-language film industry, is based in Mumbai and is one of the l...
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