The Rise of the Novel in the Eighteenth Century Essay

...Start of the The Rise of the Novel in the Eighteenth Century Essay...

The new form, i.e the novel is about certain realistic people living in a certain society and not about fanciful characters, supermen or monsters. On the contrary, the characters are ‘individualized’: which means that every individual, person or character ( ordinary or extraordinary) is independent from other individuals. In the past, individuals or characters in the prose works never stood for themselves: they stood for certain abstracts or qualities :Mr. Greedy, Mr. Angry, Mrs. Domineering, ..etc. With the rise of this literary form, individuals are drawn realistically as independent, regardless of their social status or personal capacity. The characters are analyzed in detail, and shown as complex individuals, affected by social pressures. b) The rise of the middle class: The new middle class in England ( consisting of merchants, lawyers, businessmen, doctors,..etc.) were very educated, but they were unlike the upper classes who were taught in Greek and Latin.

...Middle of the The Rise of the Novel in the Eighteenth Century Essay...

3- When his ship was first overtaken by a strong storm, Crusoe prayed to God that if He spared his life, he would directly go home. However, when the sea became calm again, he forgot his vows. 4- The ship was overtaken once again by another storm, and the captain told him that it was “the hand of Providence” punishing Crusoe for his disobedience and breaking his vows to God. 5- The captain warned him that henceforth he would meet with “disasters and disappointments” if he did not go back to his father. What the captain said proved to be true. 6- On his next voyage to The Canary Islands, Crusoe was kidnapped by pirates and became a miserable slave for two years. 7- On his next voyage to Africa, “the Hand of God” punished him again. A strong storm struck the ship, and all the other seamen were drowned except Crusoe who found himself in a deserted island. 8- It was not until several horrible incidents took place in the island ( the earthquake, the hurricane, his illness, and the terrible dream), that Crusoe realized for the first time his ‘wrongdoings’, that he lived in wickedness “without desire of good or consciousness of evil.” 9- From now on, Crusoe starts to re-evaluate his life, to pray to God sincerely, and to reappraise his duty to God.

...End of the The Rise of the Novel in the Eighteenth Century Essay...

At the same time, however, he has many moral reflections which show his mental stress. c) The final stage of this process of gradual moral and spiritual re-awakening culminates in the episode his illness and dream after the earthquake. For the first time, Crusoe recognizes that he is the doer of all his misfortunes, and realizes that he is responsible of all his wrongdoings for has neither asked God for help when he is in danger, nor thanked Him when he is rescued. With this admission of guilt, Crusoe moves quickly in the road of moral and spiritual recovery. Thus he sincerely prays to God for help for the first time. After that, he feels not only physical but also spiritual ease and comfort. As he triumphs over the cannibals, saves Friday and the captain of the ship and his crew, and finally saves himself, he reaches complete satisfaction 5. Thus Crusoe is portrayed as a complex round character who reaches his moral and spiritual growth, after many experiences, .

Hire Writer Login and Download 1853 words (4.6 pages)

Did not find what you were looking for?

We will write for you an essay on any given topic for 3 hours

Order now!

Our Services

Add Your Comment

Related essays

A Look At Daniel Defoes Robinson Crusoe English Literature Essay

A main part of the plot of the novel relies on the fact that Crusoe is shipwrecked on the island as God’s way of bringing him to repentance and redemption.He writes: “Besides this I shar’d the island into parts with ’em, reserv’d to myself the Property of the whole, but gave them such Parts respectively as they agre’d on; and having settl’d all Things with them, and engag’d them not to leave the Place, I left them there”.In the episode where Crusoe, after having decided not to interfere in the cannibalistic customs of the Indians on the island, changes his mind on the spur of the moment and does interfere, the reason of his intervention is that one of the victims is a European.In Brazil, besides exploring other opportunities for making m...

2343 words (5.9 pages)
Moral Economy in Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe and Locke’s Second Treatise of Government

Because he must labor in order to survive, he develops a sense of ownership over the entire island and the island itself becomes a sort of fortress in that the surrounding ocean is a barrier from the rest of the world.Thus, regarding England’s increasing fascination with chinoiserie, Defoe felt that “the humours of the common people…make them grievous to our trade, and [are] ruining…our manufactures and the poor; so [much] that the Parliament were oblig’d to make two Acts at several times to restrain, and at last prohibit the use of them” (Liu 729).All fruits of the earth were for the use of all men,“and nobody has originally a private dominion, exclusive of the rest of mankind, in any of them, as they are thus in their natural state” (L...

3074 words (7.7 pages)
Capitalism and Individualism in Robinson Crusoe Essay

When the novel came of age in the Victorian era the female practitioners of the form advanced the medium greatly, among them Jane Austen and Charlotte Bronte.The English Civil War, the overcoming of monarchy, the uprooting of the old aristocratic order, the annulment of organized religion, all this stemmed from Puritan zeal.The only cognizance made towards the existence of society is in the introduction of the exchange mechanism, so that the surplus product of one’s labors can be exchanged with that of another’s to mutual benefit.According to the doctrines set out by Luther and Calvin, the Protestant establishes a personal communion with God, justified by his faith in Jesus Christ as the Savior, and in the Bible as the word of God.The no...

3995 words (10.0 pages)
× We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Login with Social Media