The waste land by Eliot Essay

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The activities described include “The hot water at ten. /And if it rains, a closed car at four” (135-6). Again, these references are negative, and typical of the perversity of the wasteland. Whereas water is usually seen as desirable and purifying; here it is merely for a regular bath, or something to get away from. This is characteristic of the deadening of the people to nature and beauty as part of their spiritual death. The pair’s boredom with life ties into the section’s theme that sex without love in the modern world has become a battle within and between the sexes. This is yet another aspect of the waste land, and parallels the negative symbolism of the water; whereas the couple should be happy and loving, they are bored and disinterested, almost at war. The third section, “The Fire Sermon,” contains two sections of long description of the Thames River: The river’s tent is broken: the last fingers of leaf Clutch and sink into the wet bank.

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” In the beginning of this section, the idea of aridity is repeated, this time with insistent, repetitive language from line 331 to line 358: “Here is no water but only rock/Rock and no water and the sandy road” (331-2). This insistence is followed later by relief: “… Then a damp gust/Bringing rain” (393-4). Finally, rain has come to the waste land, bringing with it the rebirth and cleansing that it has traditionally symbolized. This is a double symbolism in that the symbolism of the water has reverted from a perversion back to its normal meaning, symbolizing the approaching end of the waste land. The rain falling on the parched earth is a metaphor for the reawakening of the people shell-shocked from the world war, ready to begin their lives again. Water is again mentioned in this section in reference to the Hindu word for control, Damyata: Damyata: The boat responded Gaily, to the hand expert with sail and oar The sea was calm, your heart would have responded Gaily, when invited, beating obedient To controlling hands (418-422) This is one of the three parts of the thunder’s advice to reach Nirvana, according to Hindu myth; the other two are “give” and “sympathize. ” The three together comprise the theme of this section. In this passage, control refers to regaining control of your life, in particular to the Fisher King legend, in which a king’s land falls to waste when he himself is diseased.

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Eliot draws our attention towards burnt-out ends of cigarettes, grimy scraps, withered leaves and broken blinds, none of which are refreshing or pleasing even in the remotest sense of the words. The modern poet looks for meaning not in the beautiful and refreshing aspects of Nature like the Romantics, but in the dull and dreary aspects.of mundane living. And failing to find any assurance in these, they are disillusioned and frustrated. The modern poet is not obsessed with ‘beauty’, but he etches life’s ugliness in verse. The portrayal is so stark and real that it has a great impact on the reader and transforms their mood completely. The lonely cab horse may symbolically represent the lonely man or even the lonely poet, who is frustrated with life and steams and stamps in disgust. The lighting of the lamp doesn’t illuminate in a positive sense. It only serves to highlight the miserable condition of the streets after the gush of rainfall.

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