Waste Management Essay

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INTRODUCTION . Background of the Study . RA 9003, otherwise known as the “Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000,” mandates that segregation and collection of solid waste at source shall be conducted at the barangay level specifically for biodegradable, compostable and recyclable wastes, and that the respective cities and municipalities shall promote initiatives in the community to undertake waste segregation and collection at source pursuant to the spirit of the law. Complementing this provision, the law mandates that “collection of non-recyclable materials and special wastes shall be the responsibility of the municipality or city” (Section 10, RA 9003). These mandates are defined in accordance with the Local Government Code (RA7160). Recently, the city of Manila enacted City Ordinance No. 7876 which provides measures for the proper segregation of trash. Under this ordinance, all waste materials belong to either one of the following groups: biodegradable (nabubulok), non-biodegradable (di-nabubulok), and residual.

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This started the existing programs and activities of schools and higher education institutions and the integration of environmental science subjects in tertiary education level. School Based Solid Waste Management is being practiced in varying degrees in a number of schools throughout Metro Manila. Quezon City had launched the “Green School Brigade” program where students from six public elementary schools were encouraged to bring recyclable wastes and take them to their schools in exchange for school supplies or grocery items (Reganit, 2008 as cited in Baula, 2005). Marikina City instituted the “Eco Savers” program in 2004, requiring students from 18 public elementary schools to bring recyclable garbage from their households to their schools (Best Practices, 2007). Thirty-six schools in Makati City had also been chosen to engage in waste segregation (Recycling, 2008 as cited in Baula, 2005). Private companies, as part of their social obligation, also pushed efforts towards waste management campaign. Samsung Electronics Philippines Manufacturing Corporation in partnership with Toyota Autoparts Inchad chosen one hundred students from five partner schools were chosen as participants to the training program.

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RTU should look into other schools program and make them guidelines for better policy making and program implementation. The university can adopt other schools’ system regarding waste management. The university should have separate Solid Waste Management Department for better monitoring of solid waste . Acosta,V.L, Paul, J.G. et.al, Implementing Regional Ecology Centers in the Visayas Region,Philippines: Networking To Enhance Sector Development And . Solid Waste Management Bennagen, M.E., Nepomuceno, G. and Covar, R., 2002, Resources, Environment & Economics Center For Studies (REECS); A Summary of EEPSEA Research Report 2002.RR3, Resources, Environment & Economics Center For Studies Aquino, P.A., Delina, L,et.al; Mobilizing Public Support for a Sustainable Solid Waste Management: The Case Study of Santo Tomas Municipality, Philippines Sumalde, Z., 2005, A Summary of EEPSEA Research Report 2005-RR1,Implementation and Financing of Solid Waste Management in the Philippines Ballados, M.T., Assessing the Solid Waste Management Practices in Bacolod City, Philippines Baula, E., 2010 School-Based Solid Waste Management Initiative in the Philippines: Lessons and Experiences of the Toyota Auto Parts and Sta. Rosa City Partnership Torres, E., Solid Waste Management in the Philippines .

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