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INTRODUCTION . Background of the Study . RA 9003, otherwise known as the “Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000,” mandates that segregation and collection of solid waste at source shall be conducted at the barangay level specifically for biodegradable, compostable and recyclable wastes, and that the respective cities and municipalities shall promote initiatives in the community to undertake waste segregation and collection at source pursuant to the spirit of the law. Complementing this provision, the law mandates that “collection of non-recyclable materials and special wastes shall be the responsibility of the municipality or city” (Section 10, RA 9003). These mandates are defined in accordance with the Local Government Code (RA7160). Recently, the city of Manila enacted City Ordinance No. 7876 which provides measures for the proper segregation of trash. Under this ordinance, all waste materials belong to either one of the following groups: biodegradable (nabubulok), non-biodegradable (di-nabubulok), and residual.
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This started the existing programs and activities of schools and higher education institutions and the integration of environmental science subjects in tertiary education level. School Based Solid Waste Management is being practiced in varying degrees in a number of schools throughout Metro Manila. Quezon City had launched the “Green School Brigade” program where students from six public elementary schools were encouraged to bring recyclable wastes and take them to their schools in exchange for school supplies or grocery items (Reganit, 2008 as cited in Baula, 2005). Marikina City instituted the “Eco Savers” program in 2004, requiring students from 18 public elementary schools to bring recyclable garbage from their households to their schools (Best Practices, 2007). Thirty-six schools in Makati City had also been chosen to engage in waste segregation (Recycling, 2008 as cited in Baula, 2005). Private companies, as part of their social obligation, also pushed efforts towards waste management campaign. Samsung Electronics Philippines Manufacturing Corporation in partnership with Toyota Autoparts Inchad chosen one hundred students from five partner schools were chosen as participants to the training program.
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RTU should look into other schools program and make them guidelines for better policy making and program implementation. The university can adopt other schools’ system regarding waste management. The university should have separate Solid Waste Management Department for better monitoring of solid waste . Acosta,V.L, Paul, J.G. et.al, Implementing Regional Ecology Centers in the Visayas Region,Philippines: Networking To Enhance Sector Development And . Solid Waste Management Bennagen, M.E., Nepomuceno, G. and Covar, R., 2002, Resources, Environment & Economics Center For Studies (REECS); A Summary of EEPSEA Research Report 2002.RR3, Resources, Environment & Economics Center For Studies Aquino, P.A., Delina, L,et.al; Mobilizing Public Support for a Sustainable Solid Waste Management: The Case Study of Santo Tomas Municipality, Philippines Sumalde, Z., 2005, A Summary of EEPSEA Research Report 2005-RR1,Implementation and Financing of Solid Waste Management in the Philippines Ballados, M.T., Assessing the Solid Waste Management Practices in Bacolod City, Philippines Baula, E., 2010 School-Based Solid Waste Management Initiative in the Philippines: Lessons and Experiences of the Toyota Auto Parts and Sta. Rosa City Partnership Torres, E., Solid Waste Management in the Philippines .
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All waste materials, whether they are solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive fall within the remit of waste management.Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials.Waste segregation means dividing waste into dry and wet.More extensive awareness- raising activities and training on ecological waste management are needed, together with stricter enforcement of the Law and local ordinances must be observed.Recognizing the importance of the environment’s immediate recovery and effects of improper waste management to the Philippines, there is a need for understanding and reformation of attitudes and concern towards the protection of environment.
The Solid Waste Management Questionnaire is composed of three (3) criteria: (1) the respondent’s demographic profile; (2) the solid waste management practices namely; (3) garbage disposal, garbage composting, garbage segregation, garbage recycling and garbage combustion.Recycling is a processing used materials (waste) into new products to prevent a waste of potentially useful materials, reduce the consumption of fresh raw materials, reduce energy usage, reduce air pollution (from incineration) and water pollution (from landfilling) by reducing the need for “conventional” waste disposal, lower greenhouse gas emissions as compared to virgin production.Components of the program include public awareness campaigns, composting of biodegradable...
A study by O’Neill (2010), Restaurants pushing toward zero waste focus on decreasing their waste wherever possible and then diverting all remaining waste toward recycling & composting environments.According to Kets (2011), industrial waste is one issue that is a big concern for waste management in Australia and specialised environmental services have the ability to provide complete management solutions for industrial clients.3.3 Material Recovery Facility (MRF) 3.4 Compost making, 3.5 Continuous advocacy training on waste management, 3.6 Clean and green and livelihood training seminars 3.7 Barangay Solid Waste Management Committee 4.(2009), showed that a self-administered questionnaire investigated knowledge, perceptions of the ...
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