Water conflict

...Start of the Water conflict ...

From the outset, water shortage is not a regional issue anymore. It became more and more globalized during the past few decades. Water deficit have became a common problem for many countries all over the world, no matter LEDCs or MEDCs. For example, in many regions of India, the water table is falling by 1-3 meter per year. In some areas, the consumption of water is even 2 times bigger than the recharge. Similarly, the water table is falling by 2-3 meters per year under much of the North China plain. USA, one of the world most developed countries, is also facing similar problems. In its Southern Great Plain, where irrigation is heavily dependent on Ogallala aquifer, “also known as the High Plains Aquifer, is a vast yet shallow underground water table aquifer located beneath the Great Plains in the United States”.

...Middle of the Water conflict ...

For instance, in Canada, water shortage causes lower lake levels. This led to a reduction in shipping loads as well as water availability for clean hydro-electric power on the Great Lake. Similarly, as water shortage decreases production of crops. It will also affect some power-producing industries as crops can also be used to generate energies. On the demand side of the economy, the influences of water are also significant. Water price goes up as a result of water scarcity. Simultaneously, it will lead a rise of price in other sectors of the whole economy, as water is the fundamental resource of almost every economic activity. As a result this, consumption is restricted. Moreover, it causes instability of the economy, such as inflation and unemployment.

...End of the Water conflict ...

In arid areas, many countries share one same river. They all want to divert the river in order to main their food production and economic development. But the water resources are limited. In addition, even though many countries attempted to eliminate the conflicts by using peace agreement. But these agreements rarely worked out. This is another for existence of water conflict in arid regions. So these countries use military actions to ensure their dominance over the water resources . This is how conflicts arise in these areas.

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