Water Scarcity in India Essay

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Water is an essential resource to sustain life. From 50 – 90 percent of the weight of living organisms is water. Water is the major constituent of living matter. Water, essential for growth of all crops, is the natural resource in shortest supply. More than 20 countries lack sufficient water to grow enough food for their people. The situation is getting worse as needs for water rise along with population growth, urbanization and increases in household and industrial uses. According to a UN report two-thirds of mankind will suffer moderate to severe water crisis within next 30 years if remedial steps are not taken. World Bank report estimates 5 million deaths from unsafe drinking water and investments to the tune of $ 600 billion worldwide to repair and improve water delivery system.

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Water scarcity underscores the need for better water management. A lack of water has driven up the use of wastewater for agricultural production in poor urban and rural communities. More than 10% of people worldwide consume foods irrigated by wastewater that can contain chemicals or disease-causing organisms. India is the wettest place in the world which receives an annual rainfall of about 15,000 mm and yet the village often faces drinking water shortage because of widespread deforestation resulting in drying up of water sources soon after raining season is over. The other side of the picture is that Jasalmer in Rajasthan. It receives just about 100 mm of annual rainfall and yet this desert town could manage to collect enough water for its use. Control strategy for water management in India is slow. Cities are considered as major sources of pollution. It may be the Yamuna in Delhi or the Ganga in Kanpur.

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The United Nations World Water Development Report 2, 2006^ “Public Services”, Gapminder video^ Fredrik Segerfeldt (2005), “Private Water Saves Lives”, Financial Times 25 August^ David Zetland, “Running Out of Water”^ David Zetland, “Water Crisis”^ WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (2008), Progress in Drinking-water . and Sanitation: special focus on sanitation. (MDG Assessment Report 2008) pp. 2, 25^ Nurit Klio, Water Resources and Conflict in the Middle East, Routledge, Oxfordshire, England (2001)^ Contested Environments. edited by Nick Bingham, Andrew Blowers, Chris Belshaw, John Wiley and sons, Chichester, UK (2003)^ Water: a source of Middle East peace? The Guardian, October 2008^ “Looming water crisis simply a management problem” by Jonathan Chenoweth, New Scientist 28 Aug., 2008, pp.

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